Synonym(s): Pinus australis
Image ID: 16245
Image by: Sorrie, Bruce A.
Image Collection: NCBG Digital Library
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Pinus palustris
Include in WOTAS: 0
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2018-10-02
GENUS CODE: PINUS GENUS SCIENTIFIC:Pinus GENUS AUTHORITY: L. GENUS COMMON: Pine GENUS SUMMARY: A genus of about 110 species, trees, of the Northern Hemisphere, south to Central America. The State Tree of North Carolina is the “Pine,” the species left (artfully and politically?) ambiguous. GENUS IDENTIFICATION: Identification notes: Young saplings generally have shorter needles than larger saplings and mature trees; measurements in the key are those of mature trees. Seedlings have needles single, rather than fascicled. “Cones” in the key below refers to mature (brown) female cones. GENUS REFERENCES: Kral in FNA (1993b); Silba (2011)=Z; Duncan & Duncan (1988); Wang & Wang (2014); Gernandt et al. (2005); Price, Liston, & Strauss (1998); Richardson (1998); Page in Kramer & Green (1990).
FAMILY CODE: PINACE FAMILY SCIENTIFIC:Pinaceae FAMILY AUTHORITY: Sprengel ex F. Rudolphi 1830 FAMILY COMMON: Pine Family FAMILY SUMMARY: A family of about 12 genera and about 220 species, trees and shrubs, almost exclusively in the Northern Hemisphere. FAMILY REFERENCE: Thieret in FNA (1993b); Price (1989)=Z; Page in Kramer & Green (1990).
FRUITING PERIOD: Sep-Oct. DISTRIBUTION
NATIVE RANGE: southeastern United States HORTICULTURAL
Plant Sale Text: Much of the Southeast was once covered in these graceful trees. Longleaf pines have three distinctive stages of growth. They spend their first few years hunkered down in the grass stage during which they look much like a clump of grass as they put down a deep taproot. Once they are well established, they shoot straight up into the bottlebrush stage. Soon thereafter they will take on their well branched mature form. This species is more characteristic of the sandy soils of our coastal plains. The Pinus genus supports up to 191 lepidoptera species.
This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers 2016 National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.3 (Lichvar, R.W., D.L. Banks, W.N. Kirchner, and N.C. Melvin. 2016. The National Wetland Plant List: 2016 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2016-30: 1-17. Published 28 April 2016. ISSN 2153 733X). Regions: AGCP-Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain, AK-Alaska, AW-Arid West, CB-Caribbean, EMP-Eastern Mountains and Piedmont, GP-Great Plains, HI-Hawaii, MW-Midwest, NCNE-Northcentral and Northeast, WMCV-Western Mountains, Valleys & Coast
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Pinus palustris
COMMON NAME: Longleaf Pine, Southern Pine
SYNONYMY: [= Ar, C, FNA, K, RAB, Va, WH3; = P. australis Michaux f. - F, G, S]
PHENOLOGY: Mar-Apr; Sep-Oct.
HABITAT: Formerly throughout the Coastal Plain, Sandhills, and lower Piedmont, on a wide variety of soils (sandy, loamy, clayey, or peaty), from very dry to very wet conditions, in savannas, woodlands, and forests affected by relatively frequent natural (lightning caused) fires (likely augmented by native Americans), now reduced to less than a tenth of its former abundance by a variety of forces, including turpentining, timbering, free-range hogs, fire suppression, and site conversion by foresters to other trees, now extremely rare in VA and north of the Neuse River in NC, still occurring in some abundance in the outer Coastal Plain from Carteret County, NC south into GA, in the Bladen Lakes area of Bladen and Cumberland counties, and in the Sandhills of Harnett, Hoke, Scotland, Richmond, Moore, Anson, and Montgomery counties, NC and south into GA.
COMMENTS: A Southeastern Coastal Plain endemic: se. VA south to FL and west to se. TX; it extends slightly into the Piedmont in most states where it occurs, and further into the Piedmont and low mountains in GA and AL. The species has been heavily exploited for timber and turpentine production, and it has been estimated that by 1930 only ten percent of its original volume of timber remained (Price 1989); certainly much less now remains. Longleaf Pine is featured in the official NC State Toast (Here’s to the land of the longleaf Pine…) and the highest honor that the Governor of North Carolina can bestow on an individual for service to the state is to appoint him or her to the honorary Order of the Longleaf Pine. A hybrid with P. taeda, P. ×sondereggeri H.H. Chapman, occurs.
RANGE MAP: Pinus palustris.png
Key to Map SymbolsABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora) Pinaceae Sprengel ex F. Rudolphi 1830 (Pine Family) SUMMARY: A family of about 12 genera and about 220 species, trees and shrubs, almost exclusively in the Northern Hemisphere. REFERENCE: Thieret in FNA (1993b); Price (1989)=Z; Page in Kramer & Green (1990).ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora) Pinus L. (Pine) SUMMARY: A genus of about 110 species, trees, of the Northern Hemisphere, south to Central America. The State Tree of North Carolina is the “Pine,” the species left (artfully and politically?) ambiguous. REFERENCE: Kral in FNA (1993b); Silba (2011)=Z; Duncan & Duncan (1988); Wang & Wang (2014); Gernandt et al. (2005); Price, Liston, & Strauss (1998); Richardson (1998); Page in Kramer & Green (1990).
SERNEC: Find Pinus palustris in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available) UNC SERNEC: Find Pinus palustris in
University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)