Plant Index


 
 
 

Pinus palustris

Pinus palustris Mill.

longleaf pine, southern pine

Synonym(s): Pinus australis
Pinus palustris (Longleaf Pine)
Image ID: 16245
Image by: Sorrie, Bruce A.
Image Collection: NCBG Digital Library

PLANT INDEX

ID_PLANT: PIPA2
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Pinus palustris
Include in WOTAS: 0
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2018-10-02

GENUS INDEX

GENUS CODE: PINUS
GENUS SCIENTIFIC: Pinus
GENUS AUTHORITY: L.
GENUS COMMON: Pine
GENUS SUMMARY: A genus of about 110 species, trees, of the Northern Hemisphere, south to Central America. The State Tree of North Carolina is the “Pine,” the species left (artfully and politically?) ambiguous.
GENUS IDENTIFICATION: Identification notes: Young saplings generally have shorter needles than larger saplings and mature trees; measurements in the key are those of mature trees. Seedlings have needles single, rather than fascicled. “Cones” in the key below refers to mature (brown) female cones.
GENUS REFERENCES: Kral in FNA (1993b); Silba (2011)=Z; Duncan & Duncan (1988); Wang & Wang (2014); Gernandt et al. (2005); Price, Liston, & Strauss (1998); Richardson (1998); Page in Kramer & Green (1990).

FAMILY INDEX

FAMILY CODE: PINACE
FAMILY SCIENTIFIC: Pinaceae
FAMILY AUTHORITY: Sprengel ex F. Rudolphi 1830
FAMILY COMMON: Pine Family
FAMILY SUMMARY: A family of about 12 genera and about 220 species, trees and shrubs, almost exclusively in the Northern Hemisphere.
FAMILY REFERENCE: Thieret in FNA (1993b); Price (1989)=Z; Page in Kramer & Green (1990).

NCBG DESCRIPTIVES

INTRO:
STEMS:
LEAVES:
INFLORESCENCE:
FLOWERS:
FRUITS:
COMMENTS:
HEIGHT: 80-100 ft.

DURATION: Perennial
HABIT: Tree

LEAF ARRANGEMENT: Fascicled
LEAF COMPLEXITY: Simple
LEAF RETENTION: Evergreen

FLORAL CHARACTERISTICS
SYMMETRY:
BLOOM TIME: Mar-Apr
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
x x x x

BLOOM COLOR:
White Red Pink Orange Yellow Green Blue Lavender Purple Violet Brown Not Applicable
x

FRUITING PERIOD: Sep-Oct.

DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE:
NATIVE RANGE: southeastern United States

HORTICULTURAL
Plant Sale Text: Much of the Southeast was once covered in these graceful trees. Longleaf pines have three distinctive stages of growth. They spend their first few years hunkered down in the grass stage during which they look much like a clump of grass as they put down a deep taproot. Once they are well established, they shoot straight up into the bottlebrush stage. Soon thereafter they will take on their well branched mature form. This species is more characteristic of the sandy soils of our coastal plains. The Pinus genus supports up to 191 lepidoptera species.

Bloom Table Text:

NCBG Location:

Cultural Notes:

SOIL MOISTURE: Dry, Average, Moist/Wet, Well-drained
LIGHT EXPOSURE: Sun, Part Shade, Shade
MINIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 7
MAXIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 9
GERMINATION CODE:
WILDLIFE VALUE: Bird Friendly
DEER RESISTANCE:

GRIM ACCESSIONS

acc_id acc_num acc_dt coll_id Action
39 2015-0001 2015-04-10 41 View
161 2007-0386 2007-12-20 162 View
542 1985-0161 View
1368 1986-1145 View
2213 1986-2031 View
2322 1986-2157 View
3585 1991-0244 View
3925 1992-0078 View
4877 1994-0095 View
6774 1996-0438 View
7559 2000-0322 2000-10-06 View
7848 2001-0208 2001-11-29 View
8447 2005-0521 2005-12-20 View
8941 1990-0153 0000-00-00 1046 View
8942 1990-0198 0000-00-00 1082 View
9270 2020-0002 2020-01-21 1978 View
9303 2020-0040 2021-01-12 2070 View


GRIM COLLECTIONS

Coll_id Project Collection date Collector Action
41 HORT Gocke View
162 HORT Morris View
1046 HORT 1988-11-11 Ward View
1082 HORT 1988-11-11 Ward View
1398 HORT 2006-11-04 Bryan View
1978 HORT 2020-01-17 Liloia View
2070 HORT 0000-00-00 Gocke View


GRIM PLANTINGS

plt_num acc_id loc_num pers_num inst_dt Action
49 39 54 Liloia 2015-04-06 View
50 39 55 Liloia 2015-04-06 View
51 39 59 Liloia 2015-04-06 View
323 161 54 Liloia 2007-12-20 View
1173 542 153 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
2381 1368 90 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
3843 2213 58 NCBG staff 1967-01-01 View
3844 2213 57 NCBG staff 1986-12-23 View
3845 2213 59 NCBG staff 1986-12-23 View
5471 8941 63 NCBG staff 1988-11-11 View
5472 8941 64 NCBG staff 1988-11-11 View
5538 8942 63 NCBG staff 1988-01-01 View
5539 8942 64 NCBG staff 1988-01-01 View
5540 8942 54 NCBG staff 1967-01-01 View
5541 8942 55 NCBG staff 1988-01-01 View
5854 3585 55 NCBG staff 1967-01-01 View
5855 3585 54 NCBG staff 1991-02-20 View
6247 3925 54 NCBG staff 1992-09-17 View
7287 4877 63 NCBG staff 1994-04-21 View
7288 4877 51 NCBG staff 1967-12-31 View
7289 4877 52 NCBG staff 1967-12-31 View
7290 4877 64 NCBG staff 1967-12-31 View
9573 6774 64 NCBG staff 1967-12-31 View
9574 6774 59 NCBG staff 1967-01-01 View
9575 6774 51 NCBG staff 1998-01-01 View
9576 6774 52 NCBG staff 1998-01-01 View
9577 6774 54 NCBG staff 1998-01-01 View
9578 6774 55 NCBG staff 1967-12-31 View
10622 7559 54 NCBG staff 1967-12-31 View
10623 7559 55 NCBG staff 1967-12-31 View
10624 7559 91 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
10625 7559 52 NCBG staff 1967-12-31 View
11669 8447 63 Liloia 2006-03-01 View
11670 8447 64 Liloia 2006-03-01 View
12180 7848 153 MacIntyre 2009-01-01 View
12398 9270 52 Liloia 2020-01-18 View
12399 9270 55 Liloia 2020-01-18 View
12437 9303 57 Liloia 2020-12-02 View

USDA PLANTS DATABASE

USDA Symbol: PIPA2
USDA Common Name: Longleaf Pine
Native Status: L48 (N)
Distribution: USA (AL, AR, FL, GA, LA, MS, NC, SC, TX, VA)
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Tree

NATIONAL WETLAND INDICATOR STATUS

Region:AGCPAKAWCBEMPGPHIMWNCNEWMVE
Status: FACU FAC FAC

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers 2016 National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.3 (Lichvar, R.W., D.L. Banks, W.N. Kirchner, and N.C. Melvin. 2016. The National Wetland Plant List: 2016 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2016-30: 1-17. Published 28 April 2016. ISSN 2153 733X). Regions: AGCP-Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain, AK-Alaska, AW-Arid West, CB-Caribbean, EMP-Eastern Mountains and Piedmont, GP-Great Plains, HI-Hawaii, MW-Midwest, NCNE-Northcentral and Northeast, WMCV-Western Mountains, Valleys & Coast

WEAKLEY FLORA

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Pinus palustris
COMMON NAME: Longleaf Pine, Southern Pine
SYNONYMY: [= Ar, C, FNA, K, RAB, Va, WH3; = P. australis Michaux f. - F, G, S]
PHENOLOGY: Mar-Apr; Sep-Oct.
HABITAT: Formerly throughout the Coastal Plain, Sandhills, and lower Piedmont, on a wide variety of soils (sandy, loamy, clayey, or peaty), from very dry to very wet conditions, in savannas, woodlands, and forests affected by relatively frequent natural (lightning caused) fires (likely augmented by native Americans), now reduced to less than a tenth of its former abundance by a variety of forces, including turpentining, timbering, free-range hogs, fire suppression, and site conversion by foresters to other trees, now extremely rare in VA and north of the Neuse River in NC, still occurring in some abundance in the outer Coastal Plain from Carteret County, NC south into GA, in the Bladen Lakes area of Bladen and Cumberland counties, and in the Sandhills of Harnett, Hoke, Scotland, Richmond, Moore, Anson, and Montgomery counties, NC and south into GA.
COMMENTS: A Southeastern Coastal Plain endemic: se. VA south to FL and west to se. TX; it extends slightly into the Piedmont in most states where it occurs, and further into the Piedmont and low mountains in GA and AL. The species has been heavily exploited for timber and turpentine production, and it has been estimated that by 1930 only ten percent of its original volume of timber remained (Price 1989); certainly much less now remains. Longleaf Pine is featured in the official NC State Toast (Here’s to the land of the longleaf Pine…) and the highest honor that the Governor of North Carolina can bestow on an individual for service to the state is to appoint him or her to the honorary Order of the Longleaf Pine. A hybrid with P. taeda, P. ×sondereggeri H.H. Chapman, occurs.
RANGE MAP: Pinus palustris.png

Key to Map Symbols
ABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora)
Pinaceae Sprengel ex F. Rudolphi 1830 (Pine Family)
SUMMARY: A family of about 12 genera and about 220 species, trees and shrubs, almost exclusively in the Northern Hemisphere.
REFERENCE: Thieret in FNA (1993b); Price (1989)=Z; Page in Kramer & Green (1990).
ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora)
Pinus L. (Pine)
SUMMARY: A genus of about 110 species, trees, of the Northern Hemisphere, south to Central America. The State Tree of North Carolina is the “Pine,” the species left (artfully and politically?) ambiguous.
REFERENCE: Kral in FNA (1993b); Silba (2011)=Z; Duncan & Duncan (1988); Wang & Wang (2014); Gernandt et al. (2005); Price, Liston, & Strauss (1998); Richardson (1998); Page in Kramer & Green (1990).

HERBARIUM RESOURCES

SERNEC: Find Pinus palustris in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)
UNC SERNEC: Find Pinus palustris in University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)

WEB RESOURCES

USDA: Find Pinus palustris in USDA Plants
NPIN: Find Pinus palustris in NPIN Database
FNA: Find Pinus palustris in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Pinus palustris

NCBG IMAGE RECORDS

ID IMAGE1: 16245
ID IMAGE2: 13022
ID IMAGE3: 5417

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33 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

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