Plant Index


 
 
 

Pinguicula caerulea

Pinguicula caerulea Walter

blue butterwort, blueflower butterwort

Pinguicula caerulea (Blue Butterwort)
Image ID: 16220
Image by: Sorrie, Bruce A.
Image Collection: NCBG Digital Library

PLANT INDEX

ID_PLANT: PICA7
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Pinguicula caerulea
Include in WOTAS: 1
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2017-12-26

GENUS INDEX

GENUS CODE: PINGU
GENUS SCIENTIFIC: Pinguicula
GENUS AUTHORITY: L.
GENUS COMMON: Butterwort
GENUS SUMMARY: A genus of about 46-80 species, herbs, of America, Mediterranean Europe, and circumboreal America and Eurasia.
GENUS IDENTIFICATION:
GENUS REFERENCES: Schnell (2002b)=Z; Godfrey & Stripling (1961); Wood & Godfrey (1957); Schnell (1980a); Fischer et al. in Kadereit (2004). Key based in part on GW.

FAMILY INDEX

FAMILY CODE: LENTIB
FAMILY SCIENTIFIC: Lentibulariaceae
FAMILY AUTHORITY: Richard 1808
FAMILY COMMON: Bladderwort Family
FAMILY SUMMARY: A family of 3 genera and about 270-320 species, insectivorous herbs, cosmopolitan.
FAMILY REFERENCE: Fischer et al. in Kadereit (2004).

NCBG DESCRIPTIVES

INTRO: Scapose, carnivorous perennial found in pine savannas and wet pine flatwoods, mostly in the outer Coastal Plain, rarely extending inland to seepages and sandhill-pocosin ecotones in the fall-line Sandhills of NC and SC.
STEMS: Stem a single, hairy flowering scape arising from the basal rosette of leaves.
LEAVES: Leaves basal, in a rosette about 5 in. wide, oval with curled up margins, fleshy, yellowish-green and oily feeling.
INFLORESCENCE:
FLOWERS: Flowers held singly at top of scape, mostly at a right-angle to scape; pale blue to violet veined with darker violet; about 1 in. wide; bilaterally symmetric and tubular, with 5 spreading, notched corolla lobes, a hairy lump on inside bottom of the throat, and a backward-pointing spur.
FRUITS:
COMMENTS: Insects are trapped on the upper surface of leaves, which secrete a musty-smelling mucilage and digestive fluids.
HEIGHT: to 8 in.

DURATION: Perennial
HABIT: Herb

LEAF ARRANGEMENT: Basal
LEAF COMPLEXITY: Simple
LEAF RETENTION:

FLORAL CHARACTERISTICS
SYMMETRY: Bilateral (Zygomorphic)
BLOOM TIME: Apr-May
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
x x

BLOOM COLOR: Blue to blue-violet
White Red Pink Orange Yellow Green Blue Lavender Purple Violet Brown Not Applicable
x x x x x

FRUITING PERIOD:

DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE: Bogs/pocosins, Pine savannas, Sandhills
NATIVE RANGE: NC, SC, GA & FL

HORTICULTURAL
Plant Sale Text:

Bloom Table Text:

NCBG Location:

Cultural Notes:

SOIL MOISTURE:
LIGHT EXPOSURE:
MINIMUM HARDINESS ZONE:
MAXIMUM HARDINESS ZONE:
GERMINATION CODE:
WILDLIFE VALUE:
DEER RESISTANCE:

GRIM ACCESSIONS

acc_id acc_num acc_dt coll_id Action
321 2011-0188 2011-08-16 326 View
1853 1986-1634 View
2382 1986-2219 View
8818 2007-0091 2007-04-23 View


GRIM COLLECTIONS

Coll_id Project Collection date Collector Action
326 HORT 2010-05-15 Poythress View


GRIM PLANTINGS

plt_num acc_id loc_num pers_num inst_dt Action
742 321 125 Poythress 2011-08-16 View
743 321 128 Poythress 2011-08-16 View
744 321 127 Poythress 2011-08-16 View
745 321 64 Liloia 2013-06-18 View
2945 1853 64 NCBG staff 1967-12-31 View
4074 2382 151 NCBG staff 1986-12-31 View
12078 8818 125 Liloia 2007-04-19 View

USDA PLANTS DATABASE

USDA Symbol: PICA7
USDA Common Name: Blueflower Butterwort
Native Status: L48 (N)
Distribution: USA (FL, GA, NC, SC)
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Forb/herb

NATIONAL WETLAND INDICATOR STATUS

Region:AGCPAKAWCBEMPGPHIMWNCNEWMVE
Status: OBL OBL

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers 2016 National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.3 (Lichvar, R.W., D.L. Banks, W.N. Kirchner, and N.C. Melvin. 2016. The National Wetland Plant List: 2016 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2016-30: 1-17. Published 28 April 2016. ISSN 2153 733X). Regions: AGCP-Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain, AK-Alaska, AW-Arid West, CB-Caribbean, EMP-Eastern Mountains and Piedmont, GP-Great Plains, HI-Hawaii, MW-Midwest, NCNE-Northcentral and Northeast, WMCV-Western Mountains, Valleys & Coast

2018 Natural Heritage Program List of Rare Plant Species of North Carolina

NHP IDS RANKROUNDED S RANKG RANKROUNDED G RANKSTATE STATUSFEDERAL STATUS
21103 S3 S3 G4 G4 W6

This information is derived from the 2018 North Carolina Natural Heritage Program List of Rare Plant Species.

WEAKLEY FLORA

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Pinguicula caerulea
COMMON NAME: Blue Butterwort
SYNONYMY: [= GW, K, RAB, S, WH3, Z; Pinguicula elatior Michaux]
PHENOLOGY: Apr-May.
HABITAT: Pine savannas and wet pine flatwoods, mostly in the outer Coastal Plain, rarely extending inland to seepages and sandhill-pocosin ecotones in the fall-line Sandhills of NC and SC.
COMMENTS: Se. NC (Carteret and Johnston counties) south to s. peninsular FL, west to e. Panhandle FL. Schnell (1980a) discusses populations with white corollas.
RANGE MAP: Pinguicula caerulea.png

Key to Map Symbols
ABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora)
Lentibulariaceae Richard 1808 (Bladderwort Family)
SUMMARY: A family of 3 genera and about 270-320 species, insectivorous herbs, cosmopolitan.
REFERENCE: Fischer et al. in Kadereit (2004).
ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora)
Pinguicula L. (Butterwort)
SUMMARY: A genus of about 46-80 species, herbs, of America, Mediterranean Europe, and circumboreal America and Eurasia.
REFERENCE: Schnell (2002b)=Z; Godfrey & Stripling (1961); Wood & Godfrey (1957); Schnell (1980a); Fischer et al. in Kadereit (2004). Key based in part on GW.

HERBARIUM RESOURCES

SERNEC: Find Pinguicula caerulea in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)
UNC SERNEC: Find Pinguicula caerulea in University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)

WEB RESOURCES

USDA: Find Pinguicula caerulea in USDA Plants
NPIN: Find Pinguicula caerulea in NPIN Database
FNA: Find Pinguicula caerulea in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Pinguicula caerulea

NCBG IMAGE RECORDS

ID IMAGE1: 16220
ID IMAGE2: 0
ID IMAGE3: 21718

From the Image Gallery


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Image ID: 21718

Image ID: 21716
10 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

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