Plant Index


 
 
 

Physostegia virginiana

Physostegia virginiana (L.) Benth.

obedient plant

Cultivar(s): Summer Snow
Physostegia virginiana (Obedient Plant)
Image ID: 30039
Image by: Oglesby, Emily
Image Collection: NCBG Digital Library

PLANT INDEX

ID_PLANT: PHVI8
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Physostegia virginiana
Include in WOTAS: 1
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2019-09-06

CULTIVAR INDEX

Cult_id Cultivar_name Action
1468 Summer Snow View

GENUS INDEX

GENUS CODE: PHYSO2
GENUS SCIENTIFIC: Physostegia
GENUS AUTHORITY: Benth.
GENUS COMMON: Lionsheart
GENUS SUMMARY: A genus of about 12 species, perennial herbs, of North America.
GENUS IDENTIFICATION:
GENUS REFERENCES: Cantino (1982)=Z; Harley et al. in Kadereit (2004). Key adapted from Z and GW.

FAMILY INDEX

FAMILY CODE: LAMIAC
FAMILY SCIENTIFIC: Lamiaceae
FAMILY AUTHORITY: Lindley 1836 or LABIATAE A.L. de Jussieu 1789
FAMILY COMMON: Mint Family
FAMILY SUMMARY: A family of about 230-250 genera and 6700-7170 species, herbs, shrubs, vines, and trees, cosmopolitan. The placement in the Lamiaceae of several genera traditionally placed in Verbenaceae (e.g. Clerodendrum) is strongly supported by several lines of evidence.
FAMILY REFERENCE: Harley et al. in Kadereit (2004).

NCBG DESCRIPTIVES

INTRO: Erect, colonial perennial of stream banks, seepages, marshes, grassy balds, other open or semi-open moist to wet habitats and disturbed areas; rare as a native, more common as an escape from cultivation.
STEMS: Stems multiple and scattered on long, horizontal rhizomes; 4-angled; unbranched; smooth.
LEAVES: Leaves opposite, sessile to short-petiolate, oblong-lance-shaped or elliptic, to 5 in. long, with sharply pointed and widely spaced teeth, smooth.
INFLORESCENCE:
FLOWERS: Flowers closely spaced, in 4 vertical rows along a terminal raceme (2-10 in. long); pink to purplish-pink (rarely white); about 1 in. long; tubular and inflated; opening to 2 lips, a hooded upper one and a 3-lobed lower one. The tubular calyx is shorter than the corolla and may be gland-dotted or covered in stalked glands.
FRUITS:
COMMENTS: Sometimes separated into 2 subspecies, with P. virginiana ssp. praemorsa forming small clumps rather than large clonal patches and usually having sterile floral bracts below the lowermost flowers (usually absent in ssp. virginiana).
HEIGHT: 3-4 ft.

DURATION: Perennial
HABIT: Herb

LEAF ARRANGEMENT: Opposite
LEAF COMPLEXITY: Simple
LEAF RETENTION:

FLORAL CHARACTERISTICS
SYMMETRY: Bilateral (Zygomorphic)
BLOOM TIME: Jul-Oct
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
x x x x

BLOOM COLOR: Pink to purplish-pink
White Red Pink Orange Yellow Green Blue Lavender Purple Violet Brown Not Applicable
x x x

FRUITING PERIOD:

DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE: Bogs/pocosins, Bottomlands, Pine savannas
NATIVE RANGE: eastern North America

HORTICULTURAL
Plant Sale Text: Obedient-plant grows easily with little care and tolerates most growing conditions. Its one-inch-long lavender flowers are clustered on upright spikes and are often visited by hummingbirds. Obedient-plant is commonly found growing in bogs and pine savannahs of the eastern United States. This southeastern native perennial thrives in soil of average moisture, too. Because of its colonizing root system, Obedient-plant tends to spread rapidly. Either plant it in a location where it can spread, or dig out any unwanted runners every year or so.

Bloom Table Text: Obedient-plant grows easily with little care and tolerates most growing conditions. Its one-inch-long lavender flowers are clustered on upright spikes and are often visited by hummingbirds. Obedient-plant is commonly found growing in bogs and pine savannahs of the eastern United States. This southeastern native perennial thrives in soil of average moisture, too. Because of its colonizing root system, Obedient-plant tends to spread rapidly. Either plant it in a location where it can spread, or dig out any unwanted runners every year or so.

NCBG Location: Education Center Landscapes, Native Perennial Circle, Herb Garden, Children's Wonder Garden

Cultural Notes:

SOIL MOISTURE: Average, Moist/Wet
LIGHT EXPOSURE: Sun, Part Shade
MINIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 3
MAXIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 9
GERMINATION CODE:
WILDLIFE VALUE: Bee Friendly, Butterfly Friendly
DEER RESISTANCE:

GRIM ACCESSIONS

acc_id acc_num acc_dt coll_id Action
388 2011-0279 2011-12-20 392 View
2844 1987-0355 View
6456 1996-0076 View
6471 1996-0093 View
9029 1997-0009 2006-09-20 1662 View
9073 2003-0043 2006-09-20 1234 View


GRIM COLLECTIONS

Coll_id Project Collection date Collector Action
392 HORT 2010-09-11 Poythress View
1234 HORT 2002-10-23 Bryan View
1662 HORT 1996-10-18 Bryan View
2435 NPMD 2020-10-06 Kunz View


GRIM PLANTINGS

plt_num acc_id loc_num pers_num inst_dt Action
929 388 44 NCBG staff 2011-10-18 View
930 388 48 Mixon 2013-06-01 View
931 388 32 Mixon 2012-03-28 View
932 388 42 NCBG staff 2012-03-21 View
4732 2844 121 NCBG staff 1967-12-31 View
9132 6456 146 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
9155 6471 146 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
9602 9029 11 NCBG staff 1997-01-01 View
9603 9029 70 NCBG staff 1997-01-01 View
11237 9073 27 NCBG staff 2003-01-01 View

USDA PLANTS DATABASE

USDA Symbol: PHVI8
USDA Common Name: Obedient Plant
Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N)
Distribution: USA (AL, AR, CT, DC, DE, FL, GA, IA, IL, IN, KS, KY, LA, MA, MD, ME, MI, MN, MO, MS, MT, NC, ND, NE, NH, NJ, NM, NY, OH, OK, PA, RI, SC, SD, TN, TX, UT, VA, VT, WI, WV), CAN (MB, NB, NS, ON, QC)
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Forb/herb

NATIONAL WETLAND INDICATOR STATUS

Region:AGCPAKAWCBEMPGPHIMWNCNEWMVE
Status: FACW FACW FAC FACW FACW FACW FACW

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers 2016 National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.3 (Lichvar, R.W., D.L. Banks, W.N. Kirchner, and N.C. Melvin. 2016. The National Wetland Plant List: 2016 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2016-30: 1-17. Published 28 April 2016. ISSN 2153 733X). Regions: AGCP-Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain, AK-Alaska, AW-Arid West, CB-Caribbean, EMP-Eastern Mountains and Piedmont, GP-Great Plains, HI-Hawaii, MW-Midwest, NCNE-Northcentral and Northeast, WMCV-Western Mountains, Valleys & Coast

WEAKLEY FLORA

SCIENTIFIC NAME:
COMMON NAME:
SYNONYMY:
PHENOLOGY:
HABITAT:
COMMENTS:
RANGE MAP:

Key to Map Symbols
ABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora)
Lamiaceae Lindley 1836 or LABIATAE A.L. de Jussieu 1789 (Mint Family)
SUMMARY: A family of about 230-250 genera and 6700-7170 species, herbs, shrubs, vines, and trees, cosmopolitan. The placement in the Lamiaceae of several genera traditionally placed in Verbenaceae (e.g. Clerodendrum) is strongly supported by several lines of evidence.
REFERENCE: Harley et al. in Kadereit (2004).
ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora)
Physostegia Benth. (Lionsheart)
SUMMARY: A genus of about 12 species, perennial herbs, of North America.
REFERENCE: Cantino (1982)=Z; Harley et al. in Kadereit (2004). Key adapted from Z and GW.

HERBARIUM RESOURCES

SERNEC: Find Physostegia virginiana in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)
UNC SERNEC: Find Physostegia virginiana in University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)

WEB RESOURCES

USDA: Find Physostegia virginiana in USDA Plants
NPIN: Find Physostegia virginiana in NPIN Database
FNA: Find Physostegia virginiana in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Physostegia virginiana

NCBG IMAGE RECORDS

ID IMAGE1: 30039
ID IMAGE2: 0
ID IMAGE3: 5284

From the Image Gallery


Image ID: 30037

Image ID: 30026

Image ID: 30027

Image ID: 30028

Image ID: 30029

Image ID: 30031

Image ID: 30032

Image ID: 30033

Image ID: 30034

Image ID: 30035

Image ID: 30036

Image ID: 30030

Image ID: 30038

Image ID: 30040

Image ID: 30041

Image ID: 30042

Image ID: 30043

Image ID: 30044

Image ID: 30050

Image ID: 38411

Image ID: 38412

Image ID: 38413

Image ID: 30024

Image ID: 8030

Image ID: 8031

Image ID: 8128

Image ID: 8129

Image ID: 8640

Image ID: 8641

Image ID: 19582

Image ID: 30017

Image ID: 30025

Image ID: 30023

Image ID: 30022

Image ID: 30019

Image ID: 30020

Image ID: 30021

Image ID: 30018

Image ID: 30047

Image ID: 30055

Image ID: 30054

Image ID: 30053

Image ID: 30052

Image ID: 30051

Image ID: 30049

Image ID: 30048

Image ID: 30046

Image ID: 30045

Image ID: 5284

Image ID: 19704

Image ID: 20369

Image ID: 20370

Image ID: 20371

Image ID: 20372

Image ID: 11087
56 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

Go back