Plant Index


 
 
 

Phegopteris hexagonoptera

Phegopteris hexagonoptera (Michx.) Fée

broad beech fern, broad beechfern

Synonym(s): Dryopteris hexagonoptera, Thelypteris hexagonoptera
Phegopteris hexagonoptera (Broad Beech Fern)
Image ID: 16162
Image by: Sorrie, Bruce A.
Image Collection: NCBG Digital Library

PLANT INDEX

ID_PLANT: PHHE11
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Phegopteris hexagonoptera
Include in WOTAS: 0
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2018-09-18

GENUS INDEX

GENUS CODE: PHEGO
GENUS SCIENTIFIC: Phegopteris
GENUS AUTHORITY: Fée
GENUS COMMON: Beechfern
GENUS SUMMARY: A genus of 4 species, north temperate and boreal.
GENUS IDENTIFICATION:
GENUS REFERENCES: Smith in FNA (1993b); Lin, Li, Iwatsuki, & Smith in FoC (2013)=Z; Smith in Kramer & Green (1990).

FAMILY INDEX

FAMILY CODE: THELYP
FAMILY SCIENTIFIC: Thelypteridaceae
FAMILY AUTHORITY: Pichi Sermolli 1970
FAMILY COMMON: Marsh Fern Family
FAMILY SUMMARY: A family of 15-30 genera (generic circumscription especially controversial and problematic) and 900-1000 species.
FAMILY REFERENCE: Almeida et al. (2016); He & Zhang (2012); Smith in FNA (1993b); Lin, Li, Iwatsuki, & Smith in FoC (2013); Smith & Cranfill (2002); Lellinger (1985); Mickel (1979); Smith in Kramer & Green (1990). {add for FL: Christella augescens, Christella “grandis”, Christella patens var. patens, Amauropelta resinifera, Amauropelta sancta, Goniopteris “sclerophylla”, Meniscium reticulatum, Meniscium serratum}

NCBG DESCRIPTIVES

INTRO:
STEMS:
LEAVES:
INFLORESCENCE:
FLOWERS:
FRUITS:
COMMENTS:
HEIGHT: 1-2 ft.

DURATION: Perennial
HABIT: Herb, Fern

LEAF ARRANGEMENT:
LEAF COMPLEXITY:
LEAF RETENTION: Deciduous

FLORAL CHARACTERISTICS
SYMMETRY:
BLOOM TIME: Not Applicable
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
x x x x x

BLOOM COLOR:
White Red Pink Orange Yellow Green Blue Lavender Purple Violet Brown Not Applicable
x

FRUITING PERIOD:

DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE: Moist forests
NATIVE RANGE: eastern North America

HORTICULTURAL
Plant Sale Text: Broad beech fern adds a very nice delicate texture to any shade garden. The fronds are a deep green, slightly hairy, and broadly triangular in form. This fern does well in dappled sunlight, but can also flourish in shade. The broad beach fern prefers acidic soils with lots of organic matter. In the fall this plant has a nice yellowish hue that makes it stand out among the ferns.

Bloom Table Text:

NCBG Location:

Cultural Notes:

SOIL MOISTURE: Dry, Average, Moist/Wet, Well-drained
LIGHT EXPOSURE: Part Shade, Shade
MINIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 5
MAXIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 9
GERMINATION CODE:
WILDLIFE VALUE:
DEER RESISTANCE:

GRIM ACCESSIONS

acc_id acc_num acc_dt coll_id Action
239 2011-0067 2011-04-05 238 View
976 1985-0670 View
3147 1989-0112 View
6230 1995-1362 View
7572 2000-0335 2000-10-06 View


GRIM COLLECTIONS

Coll_id Project Collection date Collector Action
238 HORT Wilbur-Brooks View


GRIM PLANTINGS

plt_num acc_id loc_num pers_num inst_dt Action
534 239 32 Liloia 2011-03-29 View
1826 976 145 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
5278 3147 73 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
5279 3147 74 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
5280 3147 75 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
5281 3147 76 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
5282 3147 78 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
5283 3147 79 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
5284 3147 188 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
8885 6230 2 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
10650 7572 137 NCBG staff 1999-01-01 View
10651 7572 11 NCBG staff 1967-12-31 View
10652 7572 198 NCBG staff 1999-06-10 View

USDA PLANTS DATABASE

USDA Symbol: PHHE11
USDA Common Name: Broad Beechfern
Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N)
Distribution: USA (AL, AR, CT, DC, DE, FL, GA, IA, IL, IN, KS, KY, LA, MA, MD, ME, MI, MN, MO, MS, NC, NH, NJ, NY, OH, OK, PA, RI, SC, TN, TX, VA, VT, WI, WV), CAN (ON, QC)
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Forb/herb

NATIONAL WETLAND INDICATOR STATUS

Region:AGCPAKAWCBEMPGPHIMWNCNEWMVE
Status: FACU FAC FAC FACU FACU

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers 2016 National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.3 (Lichvar, R.W., D.L. Banks, W.N. Kirchner, and N.C. Melvin. 2016. The National Wetland Plant List: 2016 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2016-30: 1-17. Published 28 April 2016. ISSN 2153 733X). Regions: AGCP-Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain, AK-Alaska, AW-Arid West, CB-Caribbean, EMP-Eastern Mountains and Piedmont, GP-Great Plains, HI-Hawaii, MW-Midwest, NCNE-Northcentral and Northeast, WMCV-Western Mountains, Valleys & Coast

WEAKLEY FLORA

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Phegopteris hexagonoptera
COMMON NAME: Broad Beech Fern
SYNONYMY: [= Ar, FNA, Il, K1, K3, Pa, S, Tn, Va, WH3, WV; = Thelypteris hexagonoptera (Michaux) Weatherby - C, G, RAB, W; = Dryopteris hexagonoptera (Michaux) C. Christensen - F]
PHENOLOGY: Apr-Aug.
HABITAT: Mesic to submesic forests.
COMMENTS: QC west to ON, WI, and MN, south to Panhandle FL and e. TX.
RANGE MAP: Phegopteris hexagonoptera.png

Key to Map Symbols
ABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora)
Thelypteridaceae Pichi Sermolli 1970 (Marsh Fern Family)
SUMMARY: A family of 15-30 genera (generic circumscription especially controversial and problematic) and 900-1000 species.
REFERENCE: Almeida et al. (2016); He & Zhang (2012); Smith in FNA (1993b); Lin, Li, Iwatsuki, & Smith in FoC (2013); Smith & Cranfill (2002); Lellinger (1985); Mickel (1979); Smith in Kramer & Green (1990). {add for FL: Christella augescens, Christella “grandis”, Christella patens var. patens, Amauropelta resinifera, Amauropelta sancta, Goniopteris “sclerophylla”, Meniscium reticulatum, Meniscium serratum}
ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora)
Phegopteris Fée (Beechfern)
SUMMARY: A genus of 4 species, north temperate and boreal.
REFERENCE: Smith in FNA (1993b); Lin, Li, Iwatsuki, & Smith in FoC (2013)=Z; Smith in Kramer & Green (1990).

HERBARIUM RESOURCES

SERNEC: Find Phegopteris hexagonoptera in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)
UNC SERNEC: Find Phegopteris hexagonoptera in University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)

WEB RESOURCES

USDA: Find Phegopteris hexagonoptera in USDA Plants
NPIN: Find Phegopteris hexagonoptera in NPIN Database
FNA: Find Phegopteris hexagonoptera in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Phegopteris hexagonoptera

NCBG IMAGE RECORDS

ID IMAGE1: 16162
ID IMAGE2: 0
ID IMAGE3: 16162

From the Image Gallery


Image ID: 38360

Image ID: 12112

Image ID: 38361
4 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

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