Plant Index


 
 
 

Persea borbonia

Persea borbonia (L.) Spreng.

red bay, redbay

Synonym(s): Persea littoralis, Tamala borbonia, Tamala littoralis
Persea borbonia (Red Bay)
Image ID: 5504
Image by: Hardin, J.W.
Image Collection: Herbarium Collection

PLANT INDEX

ID_PLANT: PEBO
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Persea borbonia
Include in WOTAS: 0
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2018-08-17

GENUS INDEX

GENUS CODE: PERSE
GENUS SCIENTIFIC: Persea
GENUS AUTHORITY: Mill.
GENUS COMMON: Bay
GENUS SUMMARY: A genus of about 150-200 species, trees and shrubs, of Asia and America. The avocado is a member of this genus, Persea americana P. Miller.
GENUS IDENTIFICATION:
GENUS REFERENCES: Wofford in FNA (1997); Godfrey (1988)=Z; Clewell (1985); Rohwer in Kubitzki, Rohwer, & Bittrich (1993).

FAMILY INDEX

FAMILY CODE: LAURAC
FAMILY SCIENTIFIC: Lauraceae
FAMILY AUTHORITY: A.L. de Jussieu 1789
FAMILY COMMON: Laurel Family
FAMILY SUMMARY: A family of about 50 genera and 2500-3500 species, trees and shrubs, of tropical, subtropical, and (rarely) warm temperate regions. Laurus nobilis Linnaeus, Laurel, Bay, native to the Mediterranean region of Europe and the bay leaf of commerce; planted as an ornamental and spice, especially in warmer parts of our area, but is not known to escape in our area.
FAMILY REFERENCE: Van der Werff in FNA (1997); van der Werff & Richter (1996); Rohwer in Kubitzki, Rohwer, & Bittrich (1993).

NCBG DESCRIPTIVES

INTRO:
STEMS:
LEAVES:
INFLORESCENCE:
FLOWERS:
FRUITS:
COMMENTS:
HEIGHT: Usually to 40 ft.

DURATION: Perennial
HABIT: Shrub, Tree

LEAF ARRANGEMENT:
LEAF COMPLEXITY: Simple
LEAF RETENTION: Evergreen

FLORAL CHARACTERISTICS
SYMMETRY:
BLOOM TIME: May-June
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
x x

BLOOM COLOR:
White Red Pink Orange Yellow Green Blue Lavender Purple Violet Brown Not Applicable
x

FRUITING PERIOD: Sep-Oct.

DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE:
NATIVE RANGE: southeastern United States

HORTICULTURAL
Plant Sale Text: Red bay is a member of the laurel family and is chiefly grown for its handsome evergreen foliage. Small dark blue to blackish fruits appear in the fall and provide a valuable food source for birds. This Southeastern native species is found growing in coastal areas, particularly in swamps, from Delaware to Florida. Another common name for this species is “Florida Mahogany” due to its fine wood. Although easy to grow, red bay is infrequently offered for sale. The genus Persea supports up to 16 species of lepidoptera.

Bloom Table Text:

NCBG Location:

Cultural Notes:

SOIL MOISTURE: Average, Moist/Wet
LIGHT EXPOSURE: Sun, Part Shade
MINIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 7
MAXIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 9
GERMINATION CODE:
WILDLIFE VALUE: Butterfly Friendly, Bird Friendly
DEER RESISTANCE:

GRIM ACCESSIONS

acc_id acc_num acc_dt coll_id Action
939 1985-0629 View
1992 1986-1783 View
2882 1987-0408 View
3326 1990-0193 View
3882 1992-0027 View
4821 1994-0027 View
6767 1996-0430 View
7641 2000-0406 2007-07-17 View



GRIM PLANTINGS

plt_num acc_id loc_num pers_num inst_dt Action
1735 939 155 NCBG staff 1981-09-29 View
3187 1992 62 NCBG staff 1967-12-31 View
3188 1992 56 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
3189 1992 6 NCBG staff 1967-12-31 View
3190 1992 61 NCBG staff 1986-12-23 View
4785 2882 8 NCBG staff 1983-05-26 View
4786 2882 8 NCBG staff 1983-05-26 View
5525 3326 53 NCBG staff 2001-03-15 View
6198 3882 95 NCBG staff 1988-12-01 View
7215 4821 94 NCBG staff 1994-03-01 View
9566 6767 119 NCBG staff 1967-12-01 View
10814 7641 59 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View

USDA PLANTS DATABASE

USDA Symbol: PEBO
USDA Common Name: Redbay
Native Status: L48 (N)
Distribution: USA (AL, AR, FL, GA, LA, MS, NC, SC, TX)
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Tree, Shrub

NATIONAL WETLAND INDICATOR STATUS

Region:AGCPAKAWCBEMPGPHIMWNCNEWMVE
Status: FACW FACW FACW

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers 2016 National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.3 (Lichvar, R.W., D.L. Banks, W.N. Kirchner, and N.C. Melvin. 2016. The National Wetland Plant List: 2016 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2016-30: 1-17. Published 28 April 2016. ISSN 2153 733X). Regions: AGCP-Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain, AK-Alaska, AW-Arid West, CB-Caribbean, EMP-Eastern Mountains and Piedmont, GP-Great Plains, HI-Hawaii, MW-Midwest, NCNE-Northcentral and Northeast, WMCV-Western Mountains, Valleys & Coast

2018 Natural Heritage Program List of Rare Plant Species of North Carolina

NHP IDS RANKROUNDED S RANKG RANKROUNDED G RANKSTATE STATUSFEDERAL STATUS
21904 S2 S2 G5 G5 W7

This information is derived from the 2018 North Carolina Natural Heritage Program List of Rare Plant Species.

WEAKLEY FLORA

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Persea borbonia
COMMON NAME: Red Bay
SYNONYMY: [= FNA, G, GW, K1, K3, Z; < P. borbonia - F, RAB (also see P. palustris); = Tamala borbonia (Linnaeus) Rafinesque - S; = P. borbonia var. borbonia - WH3]
PHENOLOGY: May-Jun; Sep-Oct.
HABITAT: Hammocks, dunes, maritime forests, in dry sandy soils on barrier islands.
COMMENTS: E. NC (Carteret County) south to s. FL and west to se. TX; reports of the species north of NC are based on the inclusion of P. palustris in a broadly defined P. borbonia, or are simply in error, based on less hairy plants of P. palustris. This species is rare north of Florida and becoming rarer with the destruction of most maritime and near coastal upland forests for the construction of vacation homes and tourist accomodations.
RANGE MAP: Persea borbonia.png

Key to Map Symbols
ABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora)
Lauraceae A.L. de Jussieu 1789 (Laurel Family)
SUMMARY: A family of about 50 genera and 2500-3500 species, trees and shrubs, of tropical, subtropical, and (rarely) warm temperate regions. Laurus nobilis Linnaeus, Laurel, Bay, native to the Mediterranean region of Europe and the bay leaf of commerce; planted as an ornamental and spice, especially in warmer parts of our area, but is not known to escape in our area.
REFERENCE: Van der Werff in FNA (1997); van der Werff & Richter (1996); Rohwer in Kubitzki, Rohwer, & Bittrich (1993).
ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora)
Persea Mill. (Bay)
SUMMARY: A genus of about 150-200 species, trees and shrubs, of Asia and America. The avocado is a member of this genus, Persea americana P. Miller.
REFERENCE: Wofford in FNA (1997); Godfrey (1988)=Z; Clewell (1985); Rohwer in Kubitzki, Rohwer, & Bittrich (1993).

HERBARIUM RESOURCES

SERNEC: Find Persea borbonia in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)
UNC SERNEC: Find Persea borbonia in University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)

WEB RESOURCES

USDA: Find Persea borbonia in USDA Plants
NPIN: Find Persea borbonia in NPIN Database
FNA: Find Persea borbonia in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Persea borbonia

NCBG IMAGE RECORDS

ID IMAGE1: 5504
ID IMAGE2: 16107
ID IMAGE3: 5504

From the Image Gallery


Image ID: 16107

Image ID: 16108

Image ID: 5505

Image ID: 5506

Image ID: 11626
6 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

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