Plant Index


 
 
 
 

Penstemon australis

Penstemon australis Small

sandhill beardtongue, eustis lake beardtongue, southern beardtongue

Penstemon australis (Sandhill Beardtongue)
Image ID: 16092
Image by: Sorrie, Bruce A.
Image Collection: NCBG Digital Library

PLANT INDEX

ID_PLANT: PEAU
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Penstemon australis
Include in WOTAS: 1
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2019-02-25

GENUS INDEX

GENUS CODE: PENST
GENUS SCIENTIFIC: Penstemon
GENUS AUTHORITY: Schmidel
GENUS COMMON: Beardtongue
GENUS SUMMARY: [contributed by Alan S. Weakley and Dwayne Estes]
GENUS IDENTIFICATION:
GENUS REFERENCES: Estes (2012)=Y; Clements, Baskin, & Baskin (1998)=Z; Pennell (1935)=P. Key based on Y and Z.

FAMILY INDEX

FAMILY CODE: PLANTA
FAMILY SCIENTIFIC: Plantaginaceae
FAMILY AUTHORITY: A.L. de Jussieu 1789
FAMILY COMMON: Plantain Family
FAMILY SUMMARY: As radically recircumscribed, a family of about 120 genera and 1800 species.
FAMILY REFERENCE: Albach, Meudt, & Oxelman (2005); Olmstead et al. (2001); Schwarzbach in Kadereit (2004); Fischer in Kadereit (2004).

NCBG DESCRIPTIVES

INTRO: Erect perennial of sandhills, flatwoods, dry hammocks and dry sandy roadsides.
STEMS: Stems 1-several (not branched above the base), reddish-purple, usually hairy.
LEAVES: Leaves opposite, sessile, lance-shaped, to 4 in. long, somewhat thick-firm, vaguely coarsely toothed, smooth to minutely hairy.
INFLORESCENCE:
FLOWERS: Flowers in a moderately compact, terminal panicle, with branches angled upward; pink to lavender-purple; to 1 in. long; bilaterally symmetric; tubular and with 2 lips, the upper 2-lobed and slightly shorter than the lower, which is 3 lobed. Corolla throat white with purple lines and a barely protruding yellow-bearded tongue. Flower parts--corolla, calyx, stalks and inflorescence branches--are often covered with glandular hairs.
FRUITS:
COMMENTS: Identification of Penstemon species is difficult due to variations in flower characters such as color, patterning, relative length of parts, and degree of constriction/dilation of the corolla tube.
HEIGHT: 8-28 in.

DURATION: Perennial
HABIT: Herb

LEAF ARRANGEMENT: Opposite
LEAF COMPLEXITY: Simple
LEAF RETENTION:

FLORAL CHARACTERISTICS
SYMMETRY: Bilateral (Zygomorphic)
BLOOM TIME: May-Jul
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
x x x x x

BLOOM COLOR: Pink to lavender
White Red Pink Orange Yellow Green Blue Lavender Purple Violet Brown Not Applicable
x x x

FRUITING PERIOD: Jul-Aug.

DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE: Disturbed, Pine savannas, Sandhills
NATIVE RANGE: southeastern United States

HORTICULTURAL
Plant Sale Text:

Bloom Table Text:

NCBG Location:

Cultural Notes:

SOIL MOISTURE: Dry, Average
LIGHT EXPOSURE: Sun, Part Shade
MINIMUM HARDINESS ZONE:
MAXIMUM HARDINESS ZONE:
GERMINATION CODE:
WILDLIFE VALUE:
DEER RESISTANCE:

GRIM ACCESSIONS

acc_id acc_num acc_dt coll_id Action
369 2011-0241 2011-11-29 373 View
3393 1991-0020 View
5852 1995-0980 View


GRIM COLLECTIONS

Coll_id Project Collection date Collector Action
373 HORT 2010-07-11 Poythress View
2027 NPMD 2020-07-13 Kunz View
2028 NPMD 2020-07-23 Kunz View
2165 NPMD 2019-08-15 Touloupas View


GRIM PLANTINGS

plt_num acc_id loc_num pers_num inst_dt Action
896 369 43 NCBG staff 2011-10-25 View
897 369 43 NCBG staff 2011-11-02 View
5627 3393 58 NCBG staff 1990-05-01 View
8367 5852 204 NCBG staff 1993-01-01 View

USDA PLANTS DATABASE

USDA Symbol: PEAU
USDA Common Name: Eustis Lake Beardtongue
Native Status: L48 (N)
Distribution: USA (AL, FL, GA, KY, MS, NC, SC, TN, VA)
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Forb/herb

NATIONAL WETLAND INDICATOR STATUS

Region:AGCPAKAWCBEMPGPHIMWNCNEWMVE
Status: FACU FACU

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers 2016 National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.3 (Lichvar, R.W., D.L. Banks, W.N. Kirchner, and N.C. Melvin. 2016. The National Wetland Plant List: 2016 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2016-30: 1-17. Published 28 April 2016. ISSN 2153 733X). Regions: AGCP-Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain, AK-Alaska, AW-Arid West, CB-Caribbean, EMP-Eastern Mountains and Piedmont, GP-Great Plains, HI-Hawaii, MW-Midwest, NCNE-Northcentral and Northeast, WMCV-Western Mountains, Valleys & Coast

WEAKLEY FLORA

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Penstemon australis
COMMON NAME: Southern Beardtongue, Sandhill Beardtongue
SYNONYMY: [= K, P, S, Y, Z; < P. australis - C, F, G, RAB, Va, W, WH3]
PHENOLOGY: May-Jul; Jul-Aug.
HABITAT: Sandhills, flatwoods, dry hammocks, dry sandy roadsides.
COMMENTS: Se. VA south to c. peninsular FL, west to s. and wc. AL, primarily on the Coastal Plain, but not uncommon westward into the Piedmont and lower Mountains, and extending in the interior into c. TN.
RANGE MAP: Penstemon australis.png

Key to Map Symbols
ABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora)
Plantaginaceae A.L. de Jussieu 1789 (Plantain Family)
SUMMARY: As radically recircumscribed, a family of about 120 genera and 1800 species.
REFERENCE: Albach, Meudt, & Oxelman (2005); Olmstead et al. (2001); Schwarzbach in Kadereit (2004); Fischer in Kadereit (2004).
ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora)
Penstemon Schmidel (Beardtongue)
SUMMARY: [contributed by Alan S. Weakley and Dwayne Estes]
REFERENCE: Estes (2012)=Y; Clements, Baskin, & Baskin (1998)=Z; Pennell (1935)=P. Key based on Y and Z.

HERBARIUM RESOURCES

SERNEC: Find Penstemon australis in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)
UNC SERNEC: Find Penstemon australis in University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)

WEB RESOURCES

USDA: Find Penstemon australis in USDA Plants
NPIN: Find Penstemon australis in NPIN Database
FNA: Find Penstemon australis in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Penstemon australis

NCBG IMAGE RECORDS

ID IMAGE1: 16092
ID IMAGE2: 0
ID IMAGE3: 19578

From the Image Gallery


Image ID: 16093

Image ID: 19578

Image ID: 11621

Image ID: 21356

Image ID: 21981
6 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

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