Plant Index


 
 
 

Parthenium integrifolium

Parthenium integrifolium L.

wild quinine

Parthenium integrifolium (Wild Quinine)
Image ID: 29853
Image by: Oglesby, Emily
Image Collection: NCBG Digital Library

PLANT INDEX

ID_PLANT: PAIN3
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Parthenium integrifolium
Include in WOTAS: 1
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2019-02-12

GENUS INDEX

GENUS CODE: PARTH2
GENUS SCIENTIFIC: Parthenium
GENUS AUTHORITY: L.
GENUS COMMON: Feverfew
GENUS SUMMARY: A genus of about 16 species, herbs and shrubs, of North America and the West Indies. Mears (1975) does not seem to me to be a fully satisfactory explanation of the variation within the genus. Morphologically and ecologically, P. auriculatum seems worthy of specific status, and I have not followed Mearss reduction of it to varietal status. P. integrifolium var. henryanum, var. mabryanum, and var. integrifolium serve to describe real patterns of variation, but are disturbingly confluent morphologically, ecologically, and geographically.
GENUS IDENTIFICATION:
GENUS REFERENCES: Mears (1975)=Z; Cronquist (1980)=SE; Strother in FNA (2006c).

FAMILY INDEX

FAMILY CODE: ASTERA
FAMILY SCIENTIFIC: Asteraceae
FAMILY AUTHORITY: Dumortier 1822 or COMPOSITAE Giseke 1792
FAMILY COMMON: Aster Family
FAMILY SUMMARY: A family of about 1500-1700 genera and 20,000-25,000 species, shrubs, herbs, trees, and vines, cosmopolitan in distribution.
FAMILY REFERENCE: Cronquist (1980)=SE throughout family treatment.

NCBG DESCRIPTIVES

INTRO: Erect perennial of dryish, open and sparsely wooded habitats, such as open forests and woodlands, barrens and clearings.
STEMS: Stems 1-several from a crown, simple or branched above, smooth or hairy.
LEAVES: Leaves alternate, petiolate, lance-elliptic, to 10 in. long (reduced and becoming sessile upward), toothed and sometimes slightly lobed basally, rough-hairy.
INFLORESCENCE:
FLOWERS: Composite flowers (heads) in a flat-topped, branched, terminal cluster; heads about 1/3 in. wide, consisting of 5-6 very short-petaled, white ray florets encircling a center disk of many tiny, whitish-cream, tubular florets.
FRUITS:
COMMENTS: Two varieties are recognized, with the typical variety having wider leaves (to about 3 in.) that are never lobed, and var. mabryanum having narrower leaves (to about 1 1/2 in.), which are often undulately lobed, and blooming later into the fall.
HEIGHT: 1-3 ft.

DURATION: Perennial
HABIT: Herb

LEAF ARRANGEMENT: Alternate
LEAF COMPLEXITY: Simple
LEAF RETENTION:

FLORAL CHARACTERISTICS
SYMMETRY: Mixed
BLOOM TIME: May-Oct
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
x x x x x x

BLOOM COLOR: White
White Red Pink Orange Yellow Green Blue Lavender Purple Violet Brown Not Applicable
x

FRUITING PERIOD:

DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE: Dry forests, Woods margins
NATIVE RANGE: eastern United States

HORTICULTURAL
Plant Sale Text: Wild quinine is not often offered for sale, though it is easily grown. This Southeastern native perennial produces upright corymbs of milky white flowers that are a good nectar source for butterflies. Its foliage provides a handsome, rugged contrast to the white flowers. It is tolerant of drought once established. Wild quinine is found growing in open woods and sunny meadows. This species has been used by the Catawba tribe to treat fevers and burns. The genus Parthenium supports up to 15 species of lepidoptera.

Bloom Table Text: A native perennial that is equally at home on the prairie or in a cultivated display garden, Wild Quinine shines with bright white flowers from late spring through mid-summer. It prefers full sun but still grows well in part shade and can tolerate soils between moist and slightly dry. The flowers attract Halictine bees, wasps, flies, beetles, and plant bugs. The beetles usually feed on pollen, while the other insects seek nectar primarily. Mammalian herbivores appear to ignore this plant as a food source because the attractive large basal leaves are sandpapery in texture and bitter-tasting.

NCBG Location: Education Center Landscape, Piedmont Habitat

Cultural Notes:

SOIL MOISTURE: Well-drained
LIGHT EXPOSURE: Sun
MINIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 4
MAXIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 9
GERMINATION CODE:
WILDLIFE VALUE: Bee Friendly, Butterfly Friendly
DEER RESISTANCE:

GRIM ACCESSIONS

acc_id acc_num acc_dt coll_id Action
274 2011-0130 2011-06-16 279 View
312 2011-0179 2011-07-12 317 View
4400 1992-0556 View
5272 1995-0392 View
6221 1995-1353 View
8074 2004-0082 2004-09-09 View
9085 2004-0230 2006-05-19 1157 View
9228 2014-0013 2020-05-07 0 View
9375 2021-0038 2021-04-05 2447 View
9450 2021-0109 2021-07-13 0 View


GRIM COLLECTIONS

Coll_id Project Collection date Collector Action
279 HORT 2009-01-01 NCBG staff View
317 HORT 2004-10-11 Liloia View
1125 HORT 2005-11-01 Bryan View
1157 HORT 2003-11-06 Bryan View
2447 HORT Parkins View


GRIM PLANTINGS

plt_num acc_id loc_num pers_num inst_dt Action
662 274 21 NCBG staff 2011-04-08 View
726 312 19 NCBG staff 2011-05-12 View
727 312 43 Steen 2011-11-02 View
6728 4400 200 NCBG staff 1993-03-01 View
7727 5272 203 NCBG staff 1992-01-01 View
8876 6221 2 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
11346 8074 142 NCBG staff 2003-04-14 View
11478 9085 81 NCBG staff 2004-09-23 View
11479 9085 115 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
12332 9228 18 Liloia 2014-08-26 View
12602 9375 234 Wait 2020-06-25 View
12603 9375 235 Wait 2020-06-25 View
12843 9450 21 Liloia 0000-00-00 View

USDA PLANTS DATABASE

USDA Symbol: PAIN3
USDA Common Name: Wild Quinine
Native Status: L48 (N)
Distribution: USA (AL, AR, CT, GA, IA, IL, IN, KS, KY, LA, MA, MD, MI, MN, MO, MS, NC, NY, OH, OK, PA, SC, TN, TX, VA, WI, WV)
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Forb/herb

WEAKLEY FLORA

SCIENTIFIC NAME:
COMMON NAME:
SYNONYMY:
PHENOLOGY:
HABITAT:
COMMENTS:
RANGE MAP:

Key to Map Symbols
ABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora)
Asteraceae Dumortier 1822 or COMPOSITAE Giseke 1792 (Aster Family)
SUMMARY: A family of about 1500-1700 genera and 20,000-25,000 species, shrubs, herbs, trees, and vines, cosmopolitan in distribution.
REFERENCE: Cronquist (1980)=SE throughout family treatment.
ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora)
Parthenium L. (Feverfew)
SUMMARY: A genus of about 16 species, herbs and shrubs, of North America and the West Indies. Mears (1975) does not seem to me to be a fully satisfactory explanation of the variation within the genus. Morphologically and ecologically, P. auriculatum seems worthy of specific status, and I have not followed Mearss reduction of it to varietal status. P. integrifolium var. henryanum, var. mabryanum, and var. integrifolium serve to describe real patterns of variation, but are disturbingly confluent morphologically, ecologically, and geographically.
REFERENCE: Mears (1975)=Z; Cronquist (1980)=SE; Strother in FNA (2006c).

HERBARIUM RESOURCES

SERNEC: Find Parthenium integrifolium in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)
UNC SERNEC: Find Parthenium integrifolium in University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)

WEB RESOURCES

USDA: Find Parthenium integrifolium in USDA Plants
NPIN: Find Parthenium integrifolium in NPIN Database
FNA: Find Parthenium integrifolium in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Parthenium integrifolium

NCBG IMAGE RECORDS

ID IMAGE1: 29853
ID IMAGE2: 0
ID IMAGE3: 8420

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27 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

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