Plant Index


 
 
 

Osmunda cinnamomea

Osmunda cinnamomea L.

cinnamon fern

Osmunda cinnamomea (Cinnamon Fern)
Image ID: 17355
Image by: Sorrie, Bruce A.
Image Collection: NCBG Digital Library

PLANT INDEX

ID_PLANT: OSCI
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Osmunda cinnamomea
Include in WOTAS: 0
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2018-10-18
SELECTED SYNONYM: Osmundastrum cinnamomeum

GENUS INDEX

GENUS CODE: OSMUN
GENUS SCIENTIFIC: Osmunda
GENUS AUTHORITY: L.
GENUS COMMON: Osmunda
GENUS SUMMARY: A genus of ca. 7 species, if circumscribed (as here) to exclude Todea, Leptopteris, and Osmundastrum, following Metzgar et al. (2008). Our two species are in separate clades within Osmunda that are estimated to have diverged over 100 million years ago (Schneider et al. 2015).
GENUS IDENTIFICATION:
GENUS REFERENCES: Metzgar et al. (2008)=Z; Zhang, Iwatsuki, & Kadokawa in FoC (2013); Tsutsumi et al. (2011); Lellinger (1985); Whetstone & Atkinson in FNA (1993b); Kramer in Kramer & Green (1990); Yatabe, Nishida, & Murakami (1999).

FAMILY INDEX

FAMILY CODE: OSMUND
FAMILY SCIENTIFIC: Osmundaceae
FAMILY AUTHORITY: Martinov 1820
FAMILY COMMON: Royal Fern Family
FAMILY SUMMARY: A family of 4 genera and about 15-25 species. Schneider et al. (2015) estimate the divergence time between Osmundastrum and Osmunda at > 200 million years.
FAMILY REFERENCE: Metzgar et al. (2008)=Z; Schneider et al. (2015); Lellinger (1985); Whetstone & Atkinson in FNA (1993b); Kramer in Kramer & Green (1990); Yatabe, Nishida, & Murakami (1999).

NCBG DESCRIPTIVES

INTRO:
STEMS:
LEAVES:
INFLORESCENCE:
FLOWERS:
FRUITS:
COMMENTS:
HEIGHT: 2-3 ft.

DURATION: Perennial
HABIT: Herb, Fern

LEAF ARRANGEMENT:
LEAF COMPLEXITY:
LEAF RETENTION: Deciduous

FLORAL CHARACTERISTICS
SYMMETRY:
BLOOM TIME: Mar-May
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
x x x x

BLOOM COLOR:
White Red Pink Orange Yellow Green Blue Lavender Purple Violet Brown Not Applicable
x x

FRUITING PERIOD:

DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE:
NATIVE RANGE: eastern North America to Mexico, Central & South America

HORTICULTURAL
Plant Sale Text: Cinnamon Fern is so named because of the cinnamon-colored fibers at the base of its fronds. This fern produces showy large fiddleheads in the spring. It grows at a moderate pace and forms clumps 2-3 feet wide. Once established, each fern’s fronds are displayed in an upright "vase" shape. Its fronds turn yellow, then bronze, in the fall. This native fern is typically found growing in moist soils alongside streams and on shaded ledges and bluffs.

Bloom Table Text:

NCBG Location:

Cultural Notes: The Cherokee and Iroquois tribes used this fern for treating rheumatism and colds.

SOIL MOISTURE: Average, Moist/Wet
LIGHT EXPOSURE: Part Shade, Shade
MINIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 2
MAXIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 10
GERMINATION CODE:
WILDLIFE VALUE:
DEER RESISTANCE:

GRIM ACCESSIONS

acc_id acc_num acc_dt coll_id Action
946 1985-0638 View
947 1985-0639 View
1988 1986-1779 View
2102 1986-1904 View
2320 1986-2153 View
2472 1986-2317 View
2996 1988-0068 View
3017 1988-0098 View
3313 1990-0177 View
6213 1995-1345 View
6883 1998-0089 View
8209 2004-0228 2006-05-19 View



GRIM PLANTINGS

plt_num acc_id loc_num pers_num inst_dt Action
1742 946 70 NCBG staff 1996-01-01 View
1743 946 145 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
1744 946 200 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
1745 947 6 NCBG staff 1985-02-19 View
1746 947 200 NCBG staff 1985-02-19 View
3183 1988 61 NCBG staff 1986-12-23 View
3505 2102 74 NCBG staff 1967-12-31 View
3506 2102 188 NCBG staff 1986-12-31 View
3507 2102 189 NCBG staff 1986-12-31 View
3508 2102 75 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
3509 2102 77 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
3510 2102 187 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
4003 2320 81 NCBG staff 1986-12-31 View
4196 2472 27 NCBG staff 1986-12-31 View
4931 2996 164 NCBG staff 1988-05-01 View
5001 3017 81 NCBG staff 1988-06-01 View
5502 3313 59 NCBG staff 2001-03-15 View
5503 3313 56 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
8868 6213 2 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
9745 6883 157 NCBG staff 1998-02-27 View
11476 8209 81 NCBG staff 1967-12-31 View

USDA PLANTS DATABASE

USDA Symbol: OSCI
USDA Common Name: Cinnamon Fern
Native Status: L48 (N), PR (N), CAN (N), SPM (N)
Distribution: USA (AL, AR, CT, DC, DE, FL, GA, IA, IL, IN, KY, LA, MA, MD, ME, MI, MN, MO, MS, NC, NH, NJ, NY, OH, OK, PA, RI, SC, TN, TX, VA, VT, WI, WV), USA+ (PR), CAN (LB, NB, NF, NS, ON, PE, QC), FRA (SPM)
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Forb/herb

WEAKLEY FLORA

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Osmundastrum cinnamomeum
COMMON NAME: Cinnamon Fern
SYNONYMY: [= Ar, FoC, Tn, Va, Z; = Osmunda cinnamomea Linnaeus - FNA, G, Il, Pa, RAB, S, W, WH3, WV; > Osmunda cinnamomea var. cinnamomea - C, F, K; > Osmunda cinnamomea Linnaeus var. glandulosa Waters - F, K; > Osmundastrum cinnamomeum var. cinnamomeum - Y; > Osmundastrum cinnamomeum var. glandulosum (Waters) McAvoy - Y]
PHENOLOGY: Mar-May.
HABITAT: Bogs, peatlands, pocosins, wet savannas, floodplains, blackwater stream swamps, and other wetlands.
COMMENTS: NL (Labrador) west to MN, south to s. FL, c. TX; Mexico south through Central America to n. South America; West Indies; e. Asia. The species also occurs in e. Asia, where sometimes treated as a separate variety (but the combination is not available in Osmundastrum). The taxonomic significance of the densely glandular pubescent Osmundastrum cinnamomeum var. glandulosum (Waters) McAvoy needs additional evaluation; it is reported from scattered locations in e. North America, including SC and VA. Because of its geographic incoherence it is here regarded as a form.
RANGE MAP: Osmundastrum cinnamomeum.png

Key to Map Symbols
ABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora)
Osmundaceae Martinov 1820 (Royal Fern Family)
SUMMARY: A family of 4 genera and about 15-25 species. Schneider et al. (2015) estimate the divergence time between Osmundastrum and Osmunda at > 200 million years.
REFERENCE: Metzgar et al. (2008)=Z; Schneider et al. (2015); Lellinger (1985); Whetstone & Atkinson in FNA (1993b); Kramer in Kramer & Green (1990); Yatabe, Nishida, & Murakami (1999).
ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora)
Osmunda L. (Osmunda)
SUMMARY: A genus of ca. 7 species, if circumscribed (as here) to exclude Todea, Leptopteris, and Osmundastrum, following Metzgar et al. (2008). Our two species are in separate clades within Osmunda that are estimated to have diverged over 100 million years ago (Schneider et al. 2015).
REFERENCE: Metzgar et al. (2008)=Z; Zhang, Iwatsuki, & Kadokawa in FoC (2013); Tsutsumi et al. (2011); Lellinger (1985); Whetstone & Atkinson in FNA (1993b); Kramer in Kramer & Green (1990); Yatabe, Nishida, & Murakami (1999).

HERBARIUM RESOURCES

SERNEC: Find Osmunda cinnamomea in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)
UNC SERNEC: Find Osmunda cinnamomea in University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)

WEB RESOURCES

USDA: Find Osmunda cinnamomea in USDA Plants
NPIN: Find Osmunda cinnamomea in NPIN Database
FNA: Find Osmunda cinnamomea in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Osmunda cinnamomea

NCBG IMAGE RECORDS

ID IMAGE1: 17355
ID IMAGE2: 17341
ID IMAGE3: 24045

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28 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

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