Plant Index


 
 
 

Orontium aquaticum

Orontium aquaticum L.

golden club, bog torches, goldenclub, never-wet

Orontium aquaticum (Golden Club)
Image ID: 15919
Image by: Sorrie, Bruce A.
Image Collection: NCBG Digital Library

PLANT INDEX

ID_PLANT: ORAQ
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Orontium aquaticum
Include in WOTAS: 1
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2018-11-09

GENUS INDEX

GENUS CODE: ORONT
GENUS SCIENTIFIC: Orontium
GENUS AUTHORITY: L.
GENUS COMMON: Goldenclub
GENUS SUMMARY: A monotypic genus, an aquatic herb, of e. North America.
GENUS IDENTIFICATION:
GENUS REFERENCES: Thompson in FNA (2000); Mayo, Bogner, & Boyce in Kubitzki (1998b).

FAMILY INDEX

FAMILY CODE: ARACEA
FAMILY SCIENTIFIC: Araceae
FAMILY AUTHORITY: A.L de Jussieu 1789
FAMILY COMMON: Arum Family
FAMILY SUMMARY: A family of about 100-110 genera and about 3000-4000 species, herbs and reduced aquatic herbs, cosmopolitan, but mostly tropical and subtropical. The Lemnaceae is phylogenetically embedded in the Araceae, and is here included in it as subfamily Lemnoideae (Angiosperm Phylogeny Group 1998, 2003; Keating 2004).
FAMILY REFERENCE: Thompson in FNA (2000); Cabrera et al. (2008); Cusimano et al. (2011); Mayo, Bogner, & Boyce in Kubitzki (1998b); Keating (2004); Serviss, McDaniel, & Bryson (2000); Landolt in FNA (2000); Landolt (1980); Landolt (1986); Landolt in Kubitzki (1998b); Les & Crawford (1999); Bown (2000).

NCBG DESCRIPTIVES

INTRO: Stemless, emergent perennial found on peaty soil in stagnant water (acidic to calcareous), including in beaver ponds, blackwater streams, swamps, pools in low pocosins, streambeds and tidal freshwater marshes.
STEMS:
LEAVES: Leaves crowded in a basal cluster and appearing before the separate flowering stalk, floating on water or extended above, long-petiolate, oval to elliptic, 4–12 in. long, with parallel veins, dark blue-green above and often with a waxy bloom that repels water, pale beneath.
INFLORESCENCE:
FLOWERS: Flowers on a separate, elongated, cylindric spadix at the end of a green and white club-like scape, extending above leaves and sometimes leaning; they are numerous, bright yellow, and tiny.
FRUITS: Fruits green and embedded in the fleshy spadix.
COMMENTS:
HEIGHT: 1-2 ft.

DURATION: Perennial
HABIT: Herb

LEAF ARRANGEMENT: Basal
LEAF COMPLEXITY: Simple
LEAF RETENTION:

FLORAL CHARACTERISTICS
SYMMETRY:
BLOOM TIME: Mar-Apr
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
x x x x

BLOOM COLOR: Yellow
White Red Pink Orange Yellow Green Blue Lavender Purple Violet Brown Not Applicable
x

FRUITING PERIOD:

DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE: Aquatic, Bogs/pocosins, Bottomlands
NATIVE RANGE: eastern United States

HORTICULTURAL
Plant Sale Text:

Bloom Table Text:

NCBG Location:

Cultural Notes:

SOIL MOISTURE: Moist/Wet
LIGHT EXPOSURE: Sun, Part Shade, Shade
MINIMUM HARDINESS ZONE:
MAXIMUM HARDINESS ZONE:
GERMINATION CODE:
WILDLIFE VALUE:
DEER RESISTANCE:

GRIM ACCESSIONS

acc_id acc_num acc_dt coll_id Action
1987 1986-1778 View
7523 2000-0283 2000-09-19 View


GRIM COLLECTIONS

Coll_id Project Collection date Collector Action
1179 HORT 2006-07-13 Liloia View


GRIM PLANTINGS

plt_num acc_id loc_num pers_num inst_dt Action
3182 1987 61 NCBG staff 1986-12-23 View
10572 7523 121 NCBG staff 1999-05-09 View

USDA PLANTS DATABASE

USDA Symbol: ORAQ
USDA Common Name: Goldenclub
Native Status: L48 (N)
Distribution: USA (AL, CT, DC, DE, FL, GA, KY, LA, MA, MD, MS, NC, NJ, NY, PA, RI, SC, TN, TX, VA, WV)
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Forb/herb

NATIONAL WETLAND INDICATOR STATUS

Region:AGCPAKAWCBEMPGPHIMWNCNEWMVE
Status: OBL OBL OBL OBL

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers 2016 National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.3 (Lichvar, R.W., D.L. Banks, W.N. Kirchner, and N.C. Melvin. 2016. The National Wetland Plant List: 2016 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2016-30: 1-17. Published 28 April 2016. ISSN 2153 733X). Regions: AGCP-Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain, AK-Alaska, AW-Arid West, CB-Caribbean, EMP-Eastern Mountains and Piedmont, GP-Great Plains, HI-Hawaii, MW-Midwest, NCNE-Northcentral and Northeast, WMCV-Western Mountains, Valleys & Coast

WEAKLEY FLORA

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Orontium aquaticum
COMMON NAME: Golden Club, Bog Torches, Never-wet
SYNONYMY: [= C, F, FNA, G, GW, K, Pa, RAB, S, Va, W, WH3, WV]
PHENOLOGY: Mar-Apr.
HABITAT: Generally in peaty and stagnant water (acidic to calcareous), such as beaver ponds, blackwater streams, swamps, pools in low pocosins, streambeds in the Piedmont, bogs and swamps in the mountains, tidal freshwater marshes.
COMMENTS: MA and c. NY south to s. FL and west to LA, north in the inland to w. NC, KY, and WV, primarily but by no means strictly Coastal Plain. The fresh leaves are unwettable, silvery-glistening when forced under water.
RANGE MAP: Orontium aquaticum.png

Key to Map Symbols
ABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora)
Araceae A.L de Jussieu 1789 (Arum Family)
SUMMARY: A family of about 100-110 genera and about 3000-4000 species, herbs and reduced aquatic herbs, cosmopolitan, but mostly tropical and subtropical. The Lemnaceae is phylogenetically embedded in the Araceae, and is here included in it as subfamily Lemnoideae (Angiosperm Phylogeny Group 1998, 2003; Keating 2004).
REFERENCE: Thompson in FNA (2000); Cabrera et al. (2008); Cusimano et al. (2011); Mayo, Bogner, & Boyce in Kubitzki (1998b); Keating (2004); Serviss, McDaniel, & Bryson (2000); Landolt in FNA (2000); Landolt (1980); Landolt (1986); Landolt in Kubitzki (1998b); Les & Crawford (1999); Bown (2000).
ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora)
Orontium L. (Goldenclub)
SUMMARY: A monotypic genus, an aquatic herb, of e. North America.
REFERENCE: Thompson in FNA (2000); Mayo, Bogner, & Boyce in Kubitzki (1998b).

HERBARIUM RESOURCES

SERNEC: Find Orontium aquaticum in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)
UNC SERNEC: Find Orontium aquaticum in University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)

WEB RESOURCES

USDA: Find Orontium aquaticum in USDA Plants
NPIN: Find Orontium aquaticum in NPIN Database
FNA: Find Orontium aquaticum in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Orontium aquaticum

NCBG IMAGE RECORDS

ID IMAGE1: 15919
ID IMAGE2: 0
ID IMAGE3: 22261

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50 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

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