Plant Index


 
 
 

Onoclea sensibilis

Onoclea sensibilis L.

sensitive fern, bead fern

Onoclea sensibilis (Sensitive Fern)
Image ID: 15876
Image by: Sorrie, Bruce A.
Image Collection: NCBG Digital Library

PLANT INDEX

ID_PLANT: ONSE
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Onoclea sensibilis
Include in WOTAS: 0
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2018-11-09

GENUS INDEX

GENUS CODE: ONOCL
GENUS SCIENTIFIC: Onoclea
GENUS AUTHORITY: L.
GENUS COMMON: Sensitive fern
GENUS SUMMARY: A genus of 1 species, of temperate e. North America and e. Asia.
GENUS IDENTIFICATION:
GENUS REFERENCES: Gastony & Ungerer (1997)=Z; Johnson in FNA (1993b); Xing, Wang, & Kato in FoC (2013); Kramer et al. in Kramer & Green (1990).

FAMILY INDEX

FAMILY CODE: ONOCLE
FAMILY SCIENTIFIC: Onocleaceae
FAMILY AUTHORITY: Pichi Sermolli 1970
FAMILY COMMON: Sensitive Fern Family
FAMILY SUMMARY: A family of 4 genera and 5 species (but see below), of north temperate regions. The family as here circumscribed is monophyletic and sister to Blechnaceae (Smith et al. 2006). Christenhusz, Zhang, & Schneider (2011) prefer to combine the 5 species in the family into a single genus (Onoclea).
FAMILY REFERENCE: Christenhusz, Zhang, & Schneider (2011); Smith et al. (2006)

NCBG DESCRIPTIVES

INTRO:
STEMS:
LEAVES:
INFLORESCENCE:
FLOWERS:
FRUITS:
COMMENTS:
HEIGHT: 1-2 ft.

DURATION: Perennial
HABIT: Herb, Fern

LEAF ARRANGEMENT:
LEAF COMPLEXITY:
LEAF RETENTION: Deciduous

FLORAL CHARACTERISTICS
SYMMETRY:
BLOOM TIME: Not Applicable
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
x x x x x x x

BLOOM COLOR:
White Red Pink Orange Yellow Green Blue Lavender Purple Violet Brown Not Applicable
x

FRUITING PERIOD:

DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE:
NATIVE RANGE: e. North America & e. Asia

HORTICULTURAL
Plant Sale Text: Sensitive fern makes an excellent groundcover, spreading readily by means of its rhizomes. It looks its best in an area that stays consistently moist. It is one of the easiest ferns to grow. Plant where spreading will be an asset rather than a problem. Commonly found growing in marshes, ditches and swamps, it will tolerate more sunlight if planted in soil that stays wet. Can provide shelter for frogs and salamanders. The genus Onoclea supports up to 3 species of lepidoptera.

Bloom Table Text:

NCBG Location:

Cultural Notes:

SOIL MOISTURE: Average, Moist/Wet
LIGHT EXPOSURE: Part Shade, Shade
MINIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 3
MAXIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 9
GERMINATION CODE:
WILDLIFE VALUE:
DEER RESISTANCE:

GRIM ACCESSIONS

acc_id acc_num acc_dt coll_id Action
980 1985-0674 View
1985 1986-1776 View
3975 1992-0131 View
5307 1995-0429 View
6211 1995-1343 View



GRIM PLANTINGS

plt_num acc_id loc_num pers_num inst_dt Action
1850 980 79 NCBG staff 1967-12-31 View
1851 980 11 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
1852 980 71 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
1853 980 79 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
1854 980 94 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
1855 980 74 NCBG staff 1985-07-01 View
1856 980 9 NCBG staff 1985-06-05 View
1857 980 68 NCBG staff 1985-06-05 View
1858 980 145 NCBG staff 1985-06-05 View
3180 1985 6 NCBG staff 1986-12-23 View
6303 3975 200 NCBG staff 1993-03-01 View
7763 5307 203 NCBG staff 1992-01-01 View
8866 6211 2 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View

USDA PLANTS DATABASE

USDA Symbol: ONSE
USDA Common Name: Sensitive Fern
Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N), SPM (N)
Distribution: USA (AL, AR, CO, CT, DC, DE, FL, GA, IA, IL, IN, KS, KY, LA, MA, MD, ME, MI, MN, MO, MS, NC, ND, NE, NH, NJ, NY, OH, OK, PA, RI, SC, SD, TN, TX, VA, VT, WI, WV, WY), CAN (LB, MB, NB, NF, NS, ON, PE, QC), FRA (SPM)
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Forb/herb

NATIONAL WETLAND INDICATOR STATUS

Region:AGCPAKAWCBEMPGPHIMWNCNEWMVE
Status: FACW FACW FACW FACW FACW FACW

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers 2016 National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.3 (Lichvar, R.W., D.L. Banks, W.N. Kirchner, and N.C. Melvin. 2016. The National Wetland Plant List: 2016 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2016-30: 1-17. Published 28 April 2016. ISSN 2153 733X). Regions: AGCP-Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain, AK-Alaska, AW-Arid West, CB-Caribbean, EMP-Eastern Mountains and Piedmont, GP-Great Plains, HI-Hawaii, MW-Midwest, NCNE-Northcentral and Northeast, WMCV-Western Mountains, Valleys & Coast

WEAKLEY FLORA

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Onoclea sensibilis var. sensibilis
COMMON NAME: Sensitive Fern, Bead Fern
SYNONYMY: [= Va; < O. sensibilis - Ar, C, F, FNA, FoC, G, Il, K, Pa, RAB, S, W, WH3, WV; = O. sensibilis - Z]
PHENOLOGY: May-Jun.
HABITAT: Marshes, swamps, wet disturbed places.
COMMENTS: The species ranges from NL (Newfoundland) west to MN and CO, south to Fl and TX; also in e. Asia. Var. sensibilis is North American; var. interrupta is Asian. The recognition of two varieties is supported by molecular evidence. Alternatively, species status is sometimes given (Gastony & Ungerer 1997). The specific epithet and common name refer to the fact that the fronds wither at the first touch of frost, not that they respond to touch. The peculiar fertile leaves (with their brown, beadlike, fertile pinnules) are collected for use in dried arrangements.
RANGE MAP: Onoclea sensibilis var. sensibilis.png

Key to Map Symbols
ABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora)
Onocleaceae Pichi Sermolli 1970 (Sensitive Fern Family)
SUMMARY: A family of 4 genera and 5 species (but see below), of north temperate regions. The family as here circumscribed is monophyletic and sister to Blechnaceae (Smith et al. 2006). Christenhusz, Zhang, & Schneider (2011) prefer to combine the 5 species in the family into a single genus (Onoclea).
REFERENCE: Christenhusz, Zhang, & Schneider (2011); Smith et al. (2006)
ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora)
Onoclea L. (Sensitive fern)
SUMMARY: A genus of 1 species, of temperate e. North America and e. Asia.
REFERENCE: Gastony & Ungerer (1997)=Z; Johnson in FNA (1993b); Xing, Wang, & Kato in FoC (2013); Kramer et al. in Kramer & Green (1990).

HERBARIUM RESOURCES

SERNEC: Find Onoclea sensibilis in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)
UNC SERNEC: Find Onoclea sensibilis in University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)

WEB RESOURCES

USDA: Find Onoclea sensibilis in USDA Plants
NPIN: Find Onoclea sensibilis in NPIN Database
FNA: Find Onoclea sensibilis in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Onoclea sensibilis

NCBG IMAGE RECORDS

ID IMAGE1: 15876
ID IMAGE2: 0
ID IMAGE3: 15876

From the Image Gallery


Image ID: 29825

Image ID: 29824

Image ID: 29823

Image ID: 29822

Image ID: 29814

Image ID: 29821

Image ID: 29820

Image ID: 29819

Image ID: 20330

Image ID: 29818

Image ID: 29816

Image ID: 29815

Image ID: 20333

Image ID: 20332

Image ID: 20331

Image ID: 29817

Image ID: 11574

Image ID: 38136
19 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

Go back