Plant Index


 
 
 
 

Nyssa aquatica

Nyssa aquatica L.

water tupelo, cotton gum, tupelo gum

Synonym(s): Nyssa uniflora
Nyssa aquatica (Water Tupelo)
Image ID: 15839
Image by: Sorrie, Bruce A.
Image Collection: NCBG Digital Library

PLANT INDEX

ID_PLANT: NYAQ2
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Nyssa aquatica
Include in WOTAS: 0
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2020-01-01

GENUS INDEX

GENUS CODE: NYSSA
GENUS SCIENTIFIC: Nyssa
GENUS AUTHORITY: L.
GENUS COMMON: Tupelo
GENUS SUMMARY: A genus of about 8-10 species, trees and shrubs, of e. North America, e. Asia, se. Asia, and Central America. The only other members of the genus are 2-4 e. and se. Asian species and a single species of Costa Rica (Hammel & Zamora 1990, Wen & Stuessy 1993).
GENUS IDENTIFICATION: Identification notes: Nyssa sylvatica is often mistaken (especially as seedlings, saplings, or fire-sprouts) for Diospyros virginiana, because of their similar, alternate, glossy-green, acuminate leaves. Nyssa can be distinguished by its three vascular bundle scars per leaf scar (vs. one Diospyros), leaves often with a few irregular teeth (vs. never toothed), leaves pale to medium green beneath (vs whitish-green beneath), leaves lacking reddish to dark glands on the midrib above and the petiole (vs. present), and leaves glabrous or nearly so below (vs. glabrate to tomentose with curly hairs) (McKenney 1967).
GENUS REFERENCES: Burckhalter (1992)=Z; Wen & Stuessy (1993)=Y; Eyde (1966)=X; Ward (2008b)=V.

FAMILY INDEX

FAMILY CODE: NYSSAC
FAMILY SCIENTIFIC: Nyssaceae
FAMILY AUTHORITY: A.L. de Jussieu ex Dumortier 1829
FAMILY COMMON: Tupelo Family
FAMILY SUMMARY: A family of 5 genera and 22 species, trees and shrubs, of e. Asia, se. Asia, e. North America, and Central America. The circumscription and recognition of this family has been controversial; Nyssaceae has sometimes been included in a broadly circumscribed Cornaceae, but this appears to be phylogenetically incorrect (Xiang et al. 2002).
FAMILY REFERENCE: Xiang et al. (2002).

NCBG DESCRIPTIVES

INTRO:
STEMS:
LEAVES:
INFLORESCENCE:
FLOWERS:
FRUITS:
COMMENTS:
HEIGHT:

DURATION: Perennial
HABIT: Tree

LEAF ARRANGEMENT: Alternate
LEAF COMPLEXITY: Simple
LEAF RETENTION: Deciduous

FLORAL CHARACTERISTICS
SYMMETRY:
BLOOM TIME: Apr-May
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
x x x x

BLOOM COLOR:
White Red Pink Orange Yellow Green Blue Lavender Purple Violet Brown Not Applicable
x

FRUITING PERIOD: Sep-Oct.

DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE:
NATIVE RANGE: eastern United States

HORTICULTURAL
Plant Sale Text:

Bloom Table Text:

NCBG Location:

Cultural Notes:

SOIL MOISTURE: Average, Moist/Wet
LIGHT EXPOSURE: Sun, Part Shade, Shade
MINIMUM HARDINESS ZONE:
MAXIMUM HARDINESS ZONE:
GERMINATION CODE:
WILDLIFE VALUE:
DEER RESISTANCE:

GRIM ACCESSIONS

acc_id acc_num acc_dt coll_id Action
1981 1986-1772 View
8283 2004-0321 2007-07-20 View


GRIM COLLECTIONS

Coll_id Project Collection date Collector Action
513 SOS 2015-10-01 Dakar View


GRIM PLANTINGS

plt_num acc_id loc_num pers_num inst_dt Action
3169 1981 61 NCBG staff 1986-12-22 View
11567 8283 157 NCBG staff 2004-01-01 View

USDA PLANTS DATABASE

USDA Symbol: NYAQ2
USDA Common Name: Water Tupelo
Native Status: L48 (N)
Distribution: USA (AL, AR, DC, FL, GA, IL, KY, LA, MO, MS, NC, SC, TN, TX, VA)
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Tree

NATIONAL WETLAND INDICATOR STATUS

Region:AGCPAKAWCBEMPGPHIMWNCNEWMVE
Status: OBL OBL OBL OBL

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers 2016 National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.3 (Lichvar, R.W., D.L. Banks, W.N. Kirchner, and N.C. Melvin. 2016. The National Wetland Plant List: 2016 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2016-30: 1-17. Published 28 April 2016. ISSN 2153 733X). Regions: AGCP-Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain, AK-Alaska, AW-Arid West, CB-Caribbean, EMP-Eastern Mountains and Piedmont, GP-Great Plains, HI-Hawaii, MW-Midwest, NCNE-Northcentral and Northeast, WMCV-Western Mountains, Valleys & Coast

WEAKLEY FLORA

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Nyssa aquatica
COMMON NAME: Water Tupelo, Tupelo Gum, Cotton Gum
SYNONYMY: [= C, F, GW, K, RAB, S, V, Va, WH3, X, Y, Z; = N. uniflora Wangenheim - G]
PHENOLOGY: Apr-May; Sep-Oct.
HABITAT: River swamps, where inundated for substantial periods of time.
COMMENTS: Se. VA south to Panhandle FL, west to se. TX, north in the Mississippi Embayment to se. MO, s. IL, and e. KY, primarily on the Coastal Plain, but with scattered locations in other physiographic provinces, such as in sc. TN.
RANGE MAP: Nyssa aquatica.png

Key to Map Symbols
ABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora)
Nyssaceae A.L. de Jussieu ex Dumortier 1829 (Tupelo Family)
SUMMARY: A family of 5 genera and 22 species, trees and shrubs, of e. Asia, se. Asia, e. North America, and Central America. The circumscription and recognition of this family has been controversial; Nyssaceae has sometimes been included in a broadly circumscribed Cornaceae, but this appears to be phylogenetically incorrect (Xiang et al. 2002).
REFERENCE: Xiang et al. (2002).
ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora)
Nyssa L. (Tupelo)
SUMMARY: A genus of about 8-10 species, trees and shrubs, of e. North America, e. Asia, se. Asia, and Central America. The only other members of the genus are 2-4 e. and se. Asian species and a single species of Costa Rica (Hammel & Zamora 1990, Wen & Stuessy 1993).
REFERENCE: Burckhalter (1992)=Z; Wen & Stuessy (1993)=Y; Eyde (1966)=X; Ward (2008b)=V.

HERBARIUM RESOURCES

SERNEC: Find Nyssa aquatica in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)
UNC SERNEC: Find Nyssa aquatica in University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)

WEB RESOURCES

USDA: Find Nyssa aquatica in USDA Plants
NPIN: Find Nyssa aquatica in NPIN Database
FNA: Find Nyssa aquatica in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Nyssa aquatica

NCBG IMAGE RECORDS

ID IMAGE1: 15839
ID IMAGE2: 4200
ID IMAGE3: 0

From the Image Gallery


Image ID: 4200

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Image ID: 38099

Image ID: 34171

Image ID: 11564
7 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

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