Plant Index


 
 
 

Morella pensylvanica

Morella pensylvanica (Mirb.) Kartesz

northern bayberry

Synonym(s): Myrica pensylvanica
Morella pensylvanica (Northern Bayberry)
Image ID: 15733
Image by: Sorrie, Bruce A.
Image Collection: NCBG Digital Library

PLANT INDEX

ID_PLANT: MOPE6
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Morella pensylvanica
Include in WOTAS: 0
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2020-01-01

GENUS INDEX

GENUS CODE: MOREL2
GENUS SCIENTIFIC: Morella
GENUS AUTHORITY: Lour.
GENUS COMMON: Bayberry
GENUS SUMMARY: Wilbur (1994) makes a compelling case for the recognition of three genera among eastern North American Myricaceae, and for application of the name Myrica to Myrica gale. The typification of the genus Myrica with Myrica gale Linnaeus has been confirmed (Brummitt 1999); thus, the familiar southeastern species placed by many authors in Myrica must take another name. Wilbur (1994) prefers to treat our species as subgenus Cerothamnus (Tidestrom) Wilbur of genus Morella Loureiro; subgenus Morella is restricted to e. Asia, the Philippines, and Malaysia, and differs in a number of ways from subgenus Cerothamnus, including its fleshy and succulent, rather than waxy and hard, berries. Small maintained Cerothamnus at the generic level. Wilburs inclusion of Cerothamnus in Morella may well be warranted (and is followed here), but I disagree with his provisional decision to include the taxon treated below as Morella pumila in Morella cerifera, and the taxon treated below as Morella pensylvanica in Morella caroliniensis, though their appropriate rank may be questioned.
GENUS IDENTIFICATION:
GENUS REFERENCES: Bornstein in FNA (1997); Wilbur (1994)=Z; Wilbur (2002a); Kubitzki in Kubitzki, Rohwer, & Bittrich (1993).

FAMILY INDEX

FAMILY CODE: MYRICA
FAMILY SCIENTIFIC: Myricaceae
FAMILY AUTHORITY: Blume 1829
FAMILY COMMON: Bayberry Family
FAMILY SUMMARY: A family of about 3-5 genera and 55 species, trees and shrubs, nearly cosmopolitan. See Morella for discussion of our 3 genera.
FAMILY REFERENCE: Bornstein in FNA (1997); Wilbur (1994)=Z; Elias (1971b)=Y; Kubitzki in Kubitzki, Rohwer, & Bittrich (1993).

NCBG DESCRIPTIVES

INTRO:
STEMS:
LEAVES:
INFLORESCENCE:
FLOWERS:
FRUITS:
COMMENTS:
HEIGHT:

DURATION: Perennial
HABIT: Shrub, Tree

LEAF ARRANGEMENT: Alternate
LEAF COMPLEXITY: Simple
LEAF RETENTION: Deciduous

FLORAL CHARACTERISTICS
SYMMETRY:
BLOOM TIME: Apr
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
x x x x x x x

BLOOM COLOR:
White Red Pink Orange Yellow Green Blue Lavender Purple Violet Brown Not Applicable
x

FRUITING PERIOD: Aug-Oct.

DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE:
NATIVE RANGE:

HORTICULTURAL
Plant Sale Text:

Bloom Table Text:

NCBG Location:

Cultural Notes:

SOIL MOISTURE: Dry, Average
LIGHT EXPOSURE: Sun, Part Shade, Shade
MINIMUM HARDINESS ZONE:
MAXIMUM HARDINESS ZONE:
GERMINATION CODE:
WILDLIFE VALUE:
DEER RESISTANCE:

GRIM ACCESSIONS

acc_id acc_num acc_dt coll_id Action
7777 2001-0133 2001-06-27 View


GRIM COLLECTIONS

Coll_id Project Collection date Collector Action
451 SOS 2015-08-19 Maynard View
456 SOS 2015-08-20 Heraty View
461 SOS 2015-08-25 Maynard View
605 SOS 2015-11-09 Heraty View


GRIM PLANTINGS

plt_num acc_id loc_num pers_num inst_dt Action
10981 7777 6 NCBG staff 1978-01-01 View

USDA PLANTS DATABASE

USDA Symbol: MOPE6
USDA Common Name: Northern Bayberry
Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N), SPM (N)
Distribution: USA (CT, DC, DE, MA, MD, ME, NC, NH, NJ, NY, OH, PA, RI, VA, VT), CAN (NB, NF, NS, ON, PE, QC), FRA (SPM)
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Tree, Shrub

NATIONAL WETLAND INDICATOR STATUS

Region:AGCPAKAWCBEMPGPHIMWNCNEWMVE
Status: FAC FAC FAC FAC

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers 2016 National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.3 (Lichvar, R.W., D.L. Banks, W.N. Kirchner, and N.C. Melvin. 2016. The National Wetland Plant List: 2016 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2016-30: 1-17. Published 28 April 2016. ISSN 2153 733X). Regions: AGCP-Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain, AK-Alaska, AW-Arid West, CB-Caribbean, EMP-Eastern Mountains and Piedmont, GP-Great Plains, HI-Hawaii, MW-Midwest, NCNE-Northcentral and Northeast, WMCV-Western Mountains, Valleys & Coast

WEAKLEY FLORA

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Morella pensylvanica
COMMON NAME: Northern Bayberry
SYNONYMY: [= K, Va; = Myrica pensylvanica Loiseleur - C, F, FNA, GW, Pa, RAB, Y; < Myrica pensylvanica - G (also see Morella heterophylla); < Cerothamnus carolinensis - S (also see Morella pensylvanica); < Morella caroliniensis (P. Miller) Small - Z; = Cerothamnus pensylvanicus (Mirbel) Moldenke]
PHENOLOGY: Apr; Aug-Oct.
HABITAT: Dunes, sometimes even on the foredune and stoloniferously colonizing the upper beach, more typically behind the foredune on secondary dunes and sandy flats, often growing intermixed with Morella cerifera, but able to occupy drier sites higher on the dunes, from VA north, also ranging inland in sandy situations.
COMMENTS: This species reaches its southern limit at Avon (Kinnakeet), Dare County, NC. On interdune flats, it often grows intermixed with Morella cerifera, but is readily distinguished (even at a distance) by its stoloniferous growth (appearing as dome-shaped clones 3-20 m in diameter), stouter twigs, and tardily deciduous leaves. The twigs of this species are noticeably stouter than those of Morella cerifera; measured at 10 cm from the twig tips, they are (2-) 3-5 mm in diameter, those of Morella cerifera ca. 1.5-2.5 mm.
RANGE MAP: Morella pensylvanica.png

Key to Map Symbols
ABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora)
Myricaceae Blume 1829 (Bayberry Family)
SUMMARY: A family of about 3-5 genera and 55 species, trees and shrubs, nearly cosmopolitan. See Morella for discussion of our 3 genera.
REFERENCE: Bornstein in FNA (1997); Wilbur (1994)=Z; Elias (1971b)=Y; Kubitzki in Kubitzki, Rohwer, & Bittrich (1993).
ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora)
Morella Lour. (Bayberry)
SUMMARY: Wilbur (1994) makes a compelling case for the recognition of three genera among eastern North American Myricaceae, and for application of the name Myrica to Myrica gale. The typification of the genus Myrica with Myrica gale Linnaeus has been confirmed (Brummitt 1999); thus, the familiar southeastern species placed by many authors in Myrica must take another name. Wilbur (1994) prefers to treat our species as subgenus Cerothamnus (Tidestrom) Wilbur of genus Morella Loureiro; subgenus Morella is restricted to e. Asia, the Philippines, and Malaysia, and differs in a number of ways from subgenus Cerothamnus, including its fleshy and succulent, rather than waxy and hard, berries. Small maintained Cerothamnus at the generic level. Wilburs inclusion of Cerothamnus in Morella may well be warranted (and is followed here), but I disagree with his provisional decision to include the taxon treated below as Morella pumila in Morella cerifera, and the taxon treated below as Morella pensylvanica in Morella caroliniensis, though their appropriate rank may be questioned.
REFERENCE: Bornstein in FNA (1997); Wilbur (1994)=Z; Wilbur (2002a); Kubitzki in Kubitzki, Rohwer, & Bittrich (1993).

HERBARIUM RESOURCES

SERNEC: Find Morella pensylvanica in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)
UNC SERNEC: Find Morella pensylvanica in University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)

WEB RESOURCES

USDA: Find Morella pensylvanica in USDA Plants
NPIN: Find Morella pensylvanica in NPIN Database
FNA: Find Morella pensylvanica in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Morella pensylvanica

NCBG IMAGE RECORDS

ID IMAGE1: 15733
ID IMAGE2: 5575
ID IMAGE3: 5566

From the Image Gallery


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16 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

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