Plant Index


 
 
 

Monarda clinopodia

Monarda clinopodia L.

basil beebalm, basil bergamot, white bergamot

Synonym(s): Monarda allophylla, Monarda fistulosa var. clinopodia
Monarda clinopodia (Basil Beebalm)
Image ID: 38013
Image by: Bradley, Keith
Image Collection: NCBG Digital Library

PLANT INDEX

ID_PLANT: MOCL
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Monarda clinopodia
Include in WOTAS: 0
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2019-09-26

GENUS INDEX

GENUS CODE: MONAR
GENUS SCIENTIFIC: Monarda
GENUS AUTHORITY: L.
GENUS COMMON: Beebalm
GENUS SUMMARY: A genus of about 12-20 species, herbs, of North America. Many of our species are cultivated, especially M. didyma in various selected forms. Additional studies are needed on a number of taxonomic problems in Monarda. Most of the varieties recognized above have been considered valid by a succession of workers; they do seem to describe morphologically distinguishable (if not entirely discrete) entities which make phytogeographic sense.
GENUS IDENTIFICATION:
GENUS REFERENCES: McClintock & Epling (1942)=Z; Scora (1967)=Y; Fosberg & Artz (1953)=X; Gill (1977); Prather & Keith (2003); Harley et al. in Kadereit (2004).

FAMILY INDEX

FAMILY CODE: LAMIAC
FAMILY SCIENTIFIC: Lamiaceae
FAMILY AUTHORITY: Lindley 1836 or LABIATAE A.L. de Jussieu 1789
FAMILY COMMON: Mint Family
FAMILY SUMMARY: A family of about 230-250 genera and 6700-7170 species, herbs, shrubs, vines, and trees, cosmopolitan. The placement in the Lamiaceae of several genera traditionally placed in Verbenaceae (e.g. Clerodendrum) is strongly supported by several lines of evidence.
FAMILY REFERENCE: Harley et al. in Kadereit (2004).

NCBG DESCRIPTIVES

INTRO:
STEMS:
LEAVES:
INFLORESCENCE:
FLOWERS:
FRUITS:
COMMENTS:
HEIGHT: 2-3 ft

DURATION: Perennial
HABIT: Herb

LEAF ARRANGEMENT:
LEAF COMPLEXITY:
LEAF RETENTION:

FLORAL CHARACTERISTICS
SYMMETRY: Bilateral (Zygomorphic)
BLOOM TIME: Late May-Sep
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
x x x x x x

BLOOM COLOR:
White Red Pink Orange Yellow Green Blue Lavender Purple Violet Brown Not Applicable
x x

FRUITING PERIOD: Jul-Oct.

DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE:
NATIVE RANGE: eastern United States

HORTICULTURAL
Plant Sale Text: Basil bee-balm has upright cymes of showy, unusual flowers. Its flowers are white in color, with small purple spots on the lower lip, with white to pinkish bracts underneath. This species is found growing at the sunny edges of woods in the mountains and upper piedmont. Basil bee-balm has foliage that is pleasantly aromatic when crushed. This native perennial is easy to grow and needs little care. It is particularly appealing when it has grown into a good-sized colony and many flowering stalks are in bloom. Over time, it will spread and form a handsome colony.

Bloom Table Text:

NCBG Location:

Cultural Notes:

SOIL MOISTURE: Dry, Average, Moist/Wet
LIGHT EXPOSURE: Sun, Part Shade, Shade
MINIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 3
MAXIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 9
GERMINATION CODE:
WILDLIFE VALUE: Bee Friendly, Butterfly Friendly, Hummingbird Friendly
DEER RESISTANCE:

GRIM ACCESSIONS

acc_id acc_num acc_dt coll_id Action
165 2006-0699 2019-07-02 166 View
4763 1993-0045 View
6599 1996-0234 View
9091 2004-0274 2006-06-19 1673 View


GRIM COLLECTIONS

Coll_id Project Collection date Collector Action
166 HORT 2003-09-25 Wilbur-Brooks View
1673 HORT 2003-09-25 Bryan View
1700 HORT 2005-01-01 Liloia View


GRIM PLANTINGS

plt_num acc_id loc_num pers_num inst_dt Action
330 165 187 Liloia 2006-02-28 View
331 165 11 Liloia 2008-04-25 View
7114 4763 11 Liloia 1993-07-28 View
9319 6599 27 NCBG staff 1996-11-25 View
11523 9091 115 Liloia 2004-06-21 View

USDA PLANTS DATABASE

USDA Symbol: MOCL
USDA Common Name: White Bergamot
Native Status: L48 (N)
Distribution: USA (AL, CT, DC, DE, GA, IL, IN, KY, MA, MD, MI, MO, NC, NJ, NY, OH, PA, RI, SC, TN, VA, VT, WV)
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Forb/herb

NATIONAL WETLAND INDICATOR STATUS

Region:AGCPAKAWCBEMPGPHIMWNCNEWMVE
Status: FACU FACU FACU FACU

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers 2016 National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.3 (Lichvar, R.W., D.L. Banks, W.N. Kirchner, and N.C. Melvin. 2016. The National Wetland Plant List: 2016 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2016-30: 1-17. Published 28 April 2016. ISSN 2153 733X). Regions: AGCP-Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain, AK-Alaska, AW-Arid West, CB-Caribbean, EMP-Eastern Mountains and Piedmont, GP-Great Plains, HI-Hawaii, MW-Midwest, NCNE-Northcentral and Northeast, WMCV-Western Mountains, Valleys & Coast

WEAKLEY FLORA

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Monarda clinopodia
COMMON NAME: Basil Bergamot, Basil Beebalm
SYNONYMY: [= C, F, G, K, Mo, Pa, RAB, S, Va, W, Y, Z; = M. fistulosa Linnaeus var. clinopodia (Linnaeus) Cooperrider]
PHENOLOGY: Late May-Sep; Jul-Oct.
HABITAT: Mesic, forested slopes.
COMMENTS: NJ, w. NY, and IL, south to n. GA and c. AL (some of the range perhaps accountable to cultivation). There appear to be a number of chemical races in M. clinopodia which may warrant taxonomic status.
RANGE MAP: Monarda clinopodia.png

Key to Map Symbols
ABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora)
Lamiaceae Lindley 1836 or LABIATAE A.L. de Jussieu 1789 (Mint Family)
SUMMARY: A family of about 230-250 genera and 6700-7170 species, herbs, shrubs, vines, and trees, cosmopolitan. The placement in the Lamiaceae of several genera traditionally placed in Verbenaceae (e.g. Clerodendrum) is strongly supported by several lines of evidence.
REFERENCE: Harley et al. in Kadereit (2004).
ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora)
Monarda L. (Beebalm)
SUMMARY: A genus of about 12-20 species, herbs, of North America. Many of our species are cultivated, especially M. didyma in various selected forms. Additional studies are needed on a number of taxonomic problems in Monarda. Most of the varieties recognized above have been considered valid by a succession of workers; they do seem to describe morphologically distinguishable (if not entirely discrete) entities which make phytogeographic sense.
REFERENCE: McClintock & Epling (1942)=Z; Scora (1967)=Y; Fosberg & Artz (1953)=X; Gill (1977); Prather & Keith (2003); Harley et al. in Kadereit (2004).

HERBARIUM RESOURCES

SERNEC: Find Monarda clinopodia in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)
UNC SERNEC: Find Monarda clinopodia in University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)

WEB RESOURCES

USDA: Find Monarda clinopodia in USDA Plants
NPIN: Find Monarda clinopodia in NPIN Database
FNA: Find Monarda clinopodia in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Monarda clinopodia

NCBG IMAGE RECORDS

ID IMAGE1: 38013
ID IMAGE2: 0
ID IMAGE3: 39901

From the Image Gallery


Image ID: 39901
2 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

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