Plant Index


 
 
 

Morella cerifera

Morella cerifera (L.) Small

common wax-myrtle, southern bayberry, wax myrtle

Synonym(s): Cerothamnus ceriferus, Cerothamnus pumilus, Morella cerifera var. pumila, Myrica cerifera, Myrica cerifera var. pumila, Myrica pusilla
Morella cerifera (Common Wax-myrtle)
Image ID: 12587
Image by: Cressler, Alan M.
Image Collection: NCBG Digital Library

PLANT INDEX

ID_PLANT: MOCE2
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Morella cerifera
Include in WOTAS: 0
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2018-11-09

GENUS INDEX

GENUS CODE: MOREL2
GENUS SCIENTIFIC: Morella
GENUS AUTHORITY: Lour.
GENUS COMMON: Bayberry
GENUS SUMMARY: Wilbur (1994) makes a compelling case for the recognition of three genera among eastern North American Myricaceae, and for application of the name Myrica to Myrica gale. The typification of the genus Myrica with Myrica gale Linnaeus has been confirmed (Brummitt 1999); thus, the familiar southeastern species placed by many authors in Myrica must take another name. Wilbur (1994) prefers to treat our species as subgenus Cerothamnus (Tidestrom) Wilbur of genus Morella Loureiro; subgenus Morella is restricted to e. Asia, the Philippines, and Malaysia, and differs in a number of ways from subgenus Cerothamnus, including its fleshy and succulent, rather than waxy and hard, berries. Small maintained Cerothamnus at the generic level. Wilburs inclusion of Cerothamnus in Morella may well be warranted (and is followed here), but I disagree with his provisional decision to include the taxon treated below as Morella pumila in Morella cerifera, and the taxon treated below as Morella pensylvanica in Morella caroliniensis, though their appropriate rank may be questioned.
GENUS IDENTIFICATION:
GENUS REFERENCES: Bornstein in FNA (1997); Wilbur (1994)=Z; Wilbur (2002a); Kubitzki in Kubitzki, Rohwer, & Bittrich (1993).

FAMILY INDEX

FAMILY CODE: MYRICA
FAMILY SCIENTIFIC: Myricaceae
FAMILY AUTHORITY: Blume 1829
FAMILY COMMON: Bayberry Family
FAMILY SUMMARY: A family of about 3-5 genera and 55 species, trees and shrubs, nearly cosmopolitan. See Morella for discussion of our 3 genera.
FAMILY REFERENCE: Bornstein in FNA (1997); Wilbur (1994)=Z; Elias (1971b)=Y; Kubitzki in Kubitzki, Rohwer, & Bittrich (1993).

NCBG DESCRIPTIVES

INTRO:
STEMS:
LEAVES:
INFLORESCENCE:
FLOWERS:
FRUITS:
COMMENTS:
HEIGHT: 10-15 ft.

DURATION: Perennial
HABIT: Subshrub, Shrub, Tree

LEAF ARRANGEMENT: Alternate
LEAF COMPLEXITY: Simple
LEAF RETENTION: Evergreen

FLORAL CHARACTERISTICS
SYMMETRY:
BLOOM TIME: Apr
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
x x x

BLOOM COLOR:
White Red Pink Orange Yellow Green Blue Lavender Purple Violet Brown Not Applicable
x x

FRUITING PERIOD: Aug-Oct.

DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE:
NATIVE RANGE: southeastern U.S. & Mexico

HORTICULTURAL
Plant Sale Text:

Bloom Table Text:

NCBG Location:

Cultural Notes:

SOIL MOISTURE: Dry, Average, Moist/Wet
LIGHT EXPOSURE: Sun, Part Shade, Shade
MINIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 7
MAXIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 10
GERMINATION CODE:
WILDLIFE VALUE: Butterfly Friendly, Bird Friendly
DEER RESISTANCE:

GRIM ACCESSIONS

acc_id acc_num acc_dt coll_id Action
1349 1986-1124 View
1871 1986-1652 View
2210 1986-2027 View
3791 1991-0486 View
5358 1995-0480 View
6205 1995-1337 View
7290 2000-0025 2000-01-31 View
8001 2004-0009 2004-02-19 View


GRIM COLLECTIONS

Coll_id Project Collection date Collector Action
463 SOS 2015-08-25 Heraty View
473 SOS 2015-09-09 Dakar View
488 SOS 2015-09-09 Maynard View
523 SOS 2015-10-06 Heraty View
588 SOS 2015-10-17 Maynard View
1235 HORT 2003-10-27 Liloia View
1489 HORT 2006-10-19 Liloia View


GRIM PLANTINGS

plt_num acc_id loc_num pers_num inst_dt Action
2350 1349 94 NCBG staff 2006-10-12 View
2351 1349 81 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
2964 1871 64 NCBG staff 1984-03-11 View
3824 2210 219 NCBG staff 1995-01-01 View
3825 2210 142 NCBG staff 1999-01-01 View
3826 2210 53 NCBG staff 1967-12-31 View
3827 2210 6 NCBG staff 1986-12-23 View
3828 2210 58 NCBG staff 1986-12-23 View
3829 2210 59 NCBG staff 1986-12-23 View
3830 2210 61 NCBG staff 1986-12-23 View
3831 2210 62 NCBG staff 1986-12-23 View
3832 2210 51 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
3833 2210 52 Liloia 0000-00-00 View
3834 2210 71 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
3835 2210 205 NCBG staff 1967-12-01 View
6099 3791 199 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
7831 5358 203 NCBG staff 1992-01-01 View
8860 6205 2 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
10255 7290 174 NCBG staff 1967-01-01 View
11246 8001 166 NCBG staff 2003-04-08 View
12277 2210 27 NCBG staff 2017-01-01 View

USDA PLANTS DATABASE

USDA Symbol: MOCE2
USDA Common Name: Wax Myrtle
Native Status: L48 (N), HI (I), PR (N)
Distribution: USA (AL, AR, DE, FL, GA, HI, LA, MD, MS, NC, NJ, OK, SC, TX, VA, WV), USA+ (PR)
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Tree, Subshrub, Shrub

NATIONAL WETLAND INDICATOR STATUS

Region:AGCPAKAWCBEMPGPHIMWNCNEWMVE
Status: FAC FAC FAC FAC FAC FAC

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers 2016 National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.3 (Lichvar, R.W., D.L. Banks, W.N. Kirchner, and N.C. Melvin. 2016. The National Wetland Plant List: 2016 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2016-30: 1-17. Published 28 April 2016. ISSN 2153 733X). Regions: AGCP-Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain, AK-Alaska, AW-Arid West, CB-Caribbean, EMP-Eastern Mountains and Piedmont, GP-Great Plains, HI-Hawaii, MW-Midwest, NCNE-Northcentral and Northeast, WMCV-Western Mountains, Valleys & Coast

WEAKLEY FLORA

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Morella cerifera
COMMON NAME: Common Wax-myrtle, Southern Bayberry
SYNONYMY: [= Va; = Myrica cerifera Linnaeus var. cerifera - RAB, Y; < Myrica cerifera - C, FNA, GW, WH3 (also see Morella pumila); = Myrica cerifera - F, G; < Morella cerifera (Linnaeus) Small - K1, K2, Z (also see Morella pumila); = Cerothamnus ceriferus (Linnaeus) Small - S]
PHENOLOGY: Apr; Aug-Oct.
HABITAT: Interdune swales (where often dominant), pocosins, brackish marshes, other wet to moist habitats, now also widely planted (including in the Piedmont) as an ornamental or landscaping shrub and persistent or naturalizing in suburban woodlands.
COMMENTS: As a native, widespread in the Coastal Plain of Southeastern United States: NJ south to FL and west to TX. Our most common Morella, and also the largest, sometimes becoming a small tree, to at least 10 m tall and 20 cm DBH. See Morella pumila for a discussion of the controversial taxonomy of Morella cerifera and Morella pumila.
RANGE MAP: Morella cerifera.png

Key to Map Symbols
ABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora)
Myricaceae Blume 1829 (Bayberry Family)
SUMMARY: A family of about 3-5 genera and 55 species, trees and shrubs, nearly cosmopolitan. See Morella for discussion of our 3 genera.
REFERENCE: Bornstein in FNA (1997); Wilbur (1994)=Z; Elias (1971b)=Y; Kubitzki in Kubitzki, Rohwer, & Bittrich (1993).
ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora)
Morella Lour. (Bayberry)
SUMMARY: Wilbur (1994) makes a compelling case for the recognition of three genera among eastern North American Myricaceae, and for application of the name Myrica to Myrica gale. The typification of the genus Myrica with Myrica gale Linnaeus has been confirmed (Brummitt 1999); thus, the familiar southeastern species placed by many authors in Myrica must take another name. Wilbur (1994) prefers to treat our species as subgenus Cerothamnus (Tidestrom) Wilbur of genus Morella Loureiro; subgenus Morella is restricted to e. Asia, the Philippines, and Malaysia, and differs in a number of ways from subgenus Cerothamnus, including its fleshy and succulent, rather than waxy and hard, berries. Small maintained Cerothamnus at the generic level. Wilburs inclusion of Cerothamnus in Morella may well be warranted (and is followed here), but I disagree with his provisional decision to include the taxon treated below as Morella pumila in Morella cerifera, and the taxon treated below as Morella pensylvanica in Morella caroliniensis, though their appropriate rank may be questioned.
REFERENCE: Bornstein in FNA (1997); Wilbur (1994)=Z; Wilbur (2002a); Kubitzki in Kubitzki, Rohwer, & Bittrich (1993).

HERBARIUM RESOURCES

SERNEC: Find Morella cerifera in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)
UNC SERNEC: Find Morella cerifera in University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)

WEB RESOURCES

USDA: Find Morella cerifera in USDA Plants
NPIN: Find Morella cerifera in NPIN Database
FNA: Find Morella cerifera in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Morella cerifera

NCBG IMAGE RECORDS

ID IMAGE1: 12587
ID IMAGE2: 17618
ID IMAGE3: 12587

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37 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

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