Image ID: 15709
Image by: Sorrie, Bruce A.
Image Collection: NCBG Digital Library
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Mitchella repens
Include in WOTAS: 1
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2018-09-17
GENUS CODE: MITCH GENUS SCIENTIFIC:Mitchella GENUS AUTHORITY: L. GENUS COMMON: Mitchella GENUS SUMMARY: A genus of 2 species, perennials, ours and 1 in e. Asia. Mitchella is sister to Damnacanthus of e. Asia (Huang et al. 2013). GENUS IDENTIFICATION: GENUS REFERENCES: Huang et al. (2013)=Y; Rogers (2005)=Z.
FAMILY CODE: RUBIAC FAMILY SCIENTIFIC:Rubiaceae FAMILY AUTHORITY: A.L. de Jussieu 1789 FAMILY COMMON: Madder Family FAMILY SUMMARY: A family of about 630-650 genera and 10,200-13,000 species, trees, shrubs, vines, and rarely herbs, cosmopolitan, but especially diverse in tropical and subtropical areas. Subfamily and tribe classification follows Bremer & Eriksson (2009). FAMILY REFERENCE: Bremer & Eriksson (2009); Rogers (1987, 2005).
INTRO:Prostrate, loosely mat-forming, evergreenperennial of deciduous and coniferous forests, stream banks, heath balds and maritime forests. STEMS: Stems branched, trailing and rooting at nodes, minutely hairy or smooth. LEAVES: Leaves opposite, short-petiolate, oval and truncate to rounded at the base, to 1 in. long, leathery, dark-green and noticeably veiny. INFLORESCENCE: FLOWERS: Flowers in pairs in leaf axils, white (sometimes tinged pink), 1/2 in. long, tubular with hairs inside and opening to 4 recurved, pointed corolla lobes. FRUITS:Fruit a bright red, round drupe. COMMENTS: HEIGHT: to 4 in. (trailing 1/2-1 ft.) DURATION:
Opposite LEAF COMPLEXITY:
Simple LEAF RETENTION:
Evergreen FLORAL CHARACTERISTICS
BLOOM TIME: May-July
BLOOM COLOR: White
FRUITING PERIOD: Jun-Jul. DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE: Bottomlands, Dry forests, High elevation, Moist forests
NATIVE RANGE: eastern North America HORTICULTURAL
Plant Sale Text: Partridge-berry is a low-growing, creeping native species that produces tiny white flowers in late spring, followed by edible bright red berries that persist into the winter. Its small rounded deep green leaves look good throughout the year. Partridge-berry is slow to get established but needs little care under optimal conditions. Be sure to keep fallen leaves from accumulating on top of this plant, lest it be smothered. This species makes a fine evergreen groundcover.
This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers 2016 National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.3 (Lichvar, R.W., D.L. Banks, W.N. Kirchner, and N.C. Melvin. 2016. The National Wetland Plant List: 2016 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2016-30: 1-17. Published 28 April 2016. ISSN 2153 733X). Regions: AGCP-Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain, AK-Alaska, AW-Arid West, CB-Caribbean, EMP-Eastern Mountains and Piedmont, GP-Great Plains, HI-Hawaii, MW-Midwest, NCNE-Northcentral and Northeast, WMCV-Western Mountains, Valleys & Coast
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Mitchella repens
COMMON NAME: Partridge-berry
SYNONYMY: [= C, F, G, GW, K, Meso, Mo, Pa, RAB, S, Va, W, WH3, WV, Y, Z]
PHENOLOGY: May-Jul; Jun-Jul.
HABITAT: Deciduous and coniferous forests, stream-banks, heath balds, maritime forests, on rotten logs and hummocks in bottomlands and other wetter habitats.
COMMENTS: NS west to MN, south to c. peninsular FL and TX; disjunct in Guatemala. Plants in maritime forests are more robust than others and often have an ascendinghabit, the stems sometimes 20-30 cm tall.
RANGE MAP: Mitchella repens.png
Key to Map SymbolsABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora) Rubiaceae A.L. de Jussieu 1789 (Madder Family) SUMMARY: A family of about 630-650 genera and 10,200-13,000 species, trees, shrubs, vines, and rarely herbs, cosmopolitan, but especially diverse in tropical and subtropical areas. Subfamily and tribe classification follows Bremer & Eriksson (2009). REFERENCE: Bremer & Eriksson (2009); Rogers (1987, 2005).ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora) Mitchella L. (Mitchella) SUMMARY: A genus of 2 species, perennials, ours and 1 in e. Asia. Mitchella is sister to Damnacanthus of e. Asia (Huang et al. 2013). REFERENCE: Huang et al. (2013)=Y; Rogers (2005)=Z.
SERNEC: Find Mitchella repens in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available) UNC SERNEC: Find Mitchella repens in
University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)