Plant Index


 
 
 

Mitchella repens

Mitchella repens L.

partridge-berry, partridgeberry

Mitchella repens (Partridge-berry)
Image ID: 15709
Image by: Sorrie, Bruce A.
Image Collection: NCBG Digital Library

PLANT INDEX

ID_PLANT: MIRE
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Mitchella repens
Include in WOTAS: 1
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2018-09-17

GENUS INDEX

GENUS CODE: MITCH
GENUS SCIENTIFIC: Mitchella
GENUS AUTHORITY: L.
GENUS COMMON: Mitchella
GENUS SUMMARY: A genus of 2 species, perennials, ours and 1 in e. Asia. Mitchella is sister to Damnacanthus of e. Asia (Huang et al. 2013).
GENUS IDENTIFICATION:
GENUS REFERENCES: Huang et al. (2013)=Y; Rogers (2005)=Z.

FAMILY INDEX

FAMILY CODE: RUBIAC
FAMILY SCIENTIFIC: Rubiaceae
FAMILY AUTHORITY: A.L. de Jussieu 1789
FAMILY COMMON: Madder Family
FAMILY SUMMARY: A family of about 630-650 genera and 10,200-13,000 species, trees, shrubs, vines, and rarely herbs, cosmopolitan, but especially diverse in tropical and subtropical areas. Subfamily and tribe classification follows Bremer & Eriksson (2009).
FAMILY REFERENCE: Bremer & Eriksson (2009); Rogers (1987, 2005).

NCBG DESCRIPTIVES

INTRO: Prostrate, loosely mat-forming, evergreen perennial of deciduous and coniferous forests, stream banks, heath balds and maritime forests.
STEMS: Stems branched, trailing and rooting at nodes, minutely hairy or smooth.
LEAVES: Leaves opposite, short-petiolate, oval and truncate to rounded at the base, to 1 in. long, leathery, dark-green and noticeably veiny.
INFLORESCENCE:
FLOWERS: Flowers in pairs in leaf axils, white (sometimes tinged pink), 1/2 in. long, tubular with hairs inside and opening to 4 recurved, pointed corolla lobes.
FRUITS: Fruit a bright red, round drupe.
COMMENTS:
HEIGHT: to 4 in. (trailing 1/2-1 ft.)

DURATION: Perennial
HABIT: Herb

LEAF ARRANGEMENT: Opposite
LEAF COMPLEXITY: Simple
LEAF RETENTION: Evergreen

FLORAL CHARACTERISTICS
SYMMETRY: Radial (Actinomorphic)
BLOOM TIME: May-July
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
x x x x x x x

BLOOM COLOR: White
White Red Pink Orange Yellow Green Blue Lavender Purple Violet Brown Not Applicable
x x x

FRUITING PERIOD: Jun-Jul.

DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE: Bottomlands, Dry forests, High elevation, Moist forests
NATIVE RANGE: eastern North America

HORTICULTURAL
Plant Sale Text: Partridge-berry is a low-growing, creeping native species that produces tiny white flowers in late spring, followed by edible bright red berries that persist into the winter. Its small rounded deep green leaves look good throughout the year. Partridge-berry is slow to get established but needs little care under optimal conditions. Be sure to keep fallen leaves from accumulating on top of this plant, lest it be smothered. This species makes a fine evergreen groundcover.

Bloom Table Text:

NCBG Location:

Cultural Notes:

SOIL MOISTURE: Dry, Average, Moist/Wet
LIGHT EXPOSURE: Part Shade, Shade
MINIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 3
MAXIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 8
GERMINATION CODE:
WILDLIFE VALUE: Bee Friendly, Bird Friendly
DEER RESISTANCE:

GRIM ACCESSIONS

acc_id acc_num acc_dt coll_id Action
381 2011-0272 2011-12-19 385 View
382 2011-0273 2011-12-19 386 View
1346 1986-1121 View
2101 1986-1902 View
2665 1987-0120 View
3208 1990-0048 View
3818 1991-0513 View
4590 1992-0746 View
5404 1995-0526 View
6202 1995-1334 View
7067 1999-0013 1999-05-24 View
7960 2003-0012 2003-08-02 View
8205 2004-0224 2006-05-19 View


GRIM COLLECTIONS

Coll_id Project Collection date Collector Action
385 HORT NCBG staff View
386 HORT 2010-10-18 Gocke View
1142 HORT 2006-10-05 Bryan View
1711 HORT 2005-01-01 Bryan View
1811 HORT 2006-10-01 Bryan View


GRIM PLANTINGS

plt_num acc_id loc_num pers_num inst_dt Action
911 381 34 Neal 2011-11-20 View
912 381 35 Neal 2011-11-20 View
913 382 15 NCBG staff 2011-11-20 View
914 382 34 Mixon 2012-05-31 View
915 382 19 Liloia 2012-05-01 View
916 382 18 Liloia 2012-08-16 View
2343 1346 81 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
2344 1346 85 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
2345 1346 94 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
3501 2101 11 NCBG staff 1967-12-31 View
3502 2101 72 NCBG staff 1986-12-31 View
3503 2101 74 NCBG staff 1986-12-31 View
3504 2101 75 NCBG staff 1986-12-31 View
4464 2665 59 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
4465 2665 130 NCBG staff 2001-06-01 View
4466 2665 131 NCBG staff 2001-06-01 View
4467 2665 132 NCBG staff 2001-06-01 View
4468 2665 136 NCBG staff 2001-06-01 View
4469 2665 138 NCBG staff 2001-06-01 View
4470 2665 65 NCBG staff 2001-06-07 View
4471 2665 137 NCBG staff 2001-06-07 View
4472 2665 140 NCBG staff 2001-06-15 View
5371 3208 81 NCBG staff 1988-10-01 View
6127 3818 199 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
6919 4590 200 NCBG staff 1993-03-01 View
7907 5404 203 NCBG staff 1992-01-01 View
8857 6202 2 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
9964 7067 160 NCBG staff 1999-04-27 View
9965 7067 78 NCBG staff 1999-05-25 View
9966 7067 166 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
11203 7960 81 NCBG staff 2003-04-26 View
11471 8205 81 NCBG staff 2004-01-01 View

USDA PLANTS DATABASE

USDA Symbol: MIRE
USDA Common Name: Partridgeberry
Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N), SPM (N)
Distribution: USA (AL, AR, CT, DC, DE, FL, GA, IA, IL, IN, KY, LA, MA, MD, ME, MI, MN, MO, MS, NC, NH, NJ, NY, OH, OK, PA, RI, SC, TN, TX, VA, VT, WI, WV), CAN (NB, NF, NS, ON, PE, QC), FRA (SPM)
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Subshrub, Forb/herb

NATIONAL WETLAND INDICATOR STATUS

Region:AGCPAKAWCBEMPGPHIMWNCNEWMVE
Status: FACU FACU FAC FACU FACU

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers 2016 National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.3 (Lichvar, R.W., D.L. Banks, W.N. Kirchner, and N.C. Melvin. 2016. The National Wetland Plant List: 2016 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2016-30: 1-17. Published 28 April 2016. ISSN 2153 733X). Regions: AGCP-Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain, AK-Alaska, AW-Arid West, CB-Caribbean, EMP-Eastern Mountains and Piedmont, GP-Great Plains, HI-Hawaii, MW-Midwest, NCNE-Northcentral and Northeast, WMCV-Western Mountains, Valleys & Coast

WEAKLEY FLORA

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Mitchella repens
COMMON NAME: Partridge-berry
SYNONYMY: [= C, F, G, GW, K, Meso, Mo, Pa, RAB, S, Va, W, WH3, WV, Y, Z]
PHENOLOGY: May-Jul; Jun-Jul.
HABITAT: Deciduous and coniferous forests, stream-banks, heath balds, maritime forests, on rotten logs and hummocks in bottomlands and other wetter habitats.
COMMENTS: NS west to MN, south to c. peninsular FL and TX; disjunct in Guatemala. Plants in maritime forests are more robust than others and often have an ascending habit, the stems sometimes 20-30 cm tall.
RANGE MAP: Mitchella repens.png

Key to Map Symbols
ABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora)
Rubiaceae A.L. de Jussieu 1789 (Madder Family)
SUMMARY: A family of about 630-650 genera and 10,200-13,000 species, trees, shrubs, vines, and rarely herbs, cosmopolitan, but especially diverse in tropical and subtropical areas. Subfamily and tribe classification follows Bremer & Eriksson (2009).
REFERENCE: Bremer & Eriksson (2009); Rogers (1987, 2005).
ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora)
Mitchella L. (Mitchella)
SUMMARY: A genus of 2 species, perennials, ours and 1 in e. Asia. Mitchella is sister to Damnacanthus of e. Asia (Huang et al. 2013).
REFERENCE: Huang et al. (2013)=Y; Rogers (2005)=Z.

HERBARIUM RESOURCES

SERNEC: Find Mitchella repens in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)
UNC SERNEC: Find Mitchella repens in University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)

WEB RESOURCES

USDA: Find Mitchella repens in USDA Plants
NPIN: Find Mitchella repens in NPIN Database
FNA: Find Mitchella repens in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Mitchella repens

NCBG IMAGE RECORDS

ID IMAGE1: 15709
ID IMAGE2: 0
ID IMAGE3: 15710

From the Image Gallery


Image ID: 15710

Image ID: 37998

Image ID: 37999

Image ID: 38000

Image ID: 38001

Image ID: 11523

Image ID: 19384

Image ID: 19562
9 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

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