Plant Index


 
 
 
 

Mertensia virginica

Mertensia virginica (L.) Pers. ex Link

virginia bluebells, virginia cowslip

Mertensia virginica (Virginia Bluebells)
Image ID: 9286
Image by: Ware, Richard & Teresa
Image Collection: NCBG Digital Library

PLANT INDEX

ID_PLANT: MEVI3
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Mertensia virginica
Include in WOTAS: 1
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2018-02-06

GENUS INDEX

GENUS CODE: MERTE
GENUS SCIENTIFIC: Mertensia
GENUS AUTHORITY: Roth
GENUS COMMON: Bluebells
GENUS SUMMARY: A genus of about 45 species, north temperate.
GENUS IDENTIFICATION:
GENUS REFERENCES: Al-Shehbaz (1991)=Z.

FAMILY INDEX

FAMILY CODE: BORAGI
FAMILY SCIENTIFIC: Boraginaceae
FAMILY AUTHORITY: A.L. de Jussieu 1789
FAMILY COMMON: Borage Family
FAMILY SUMMARY: A family of about 155 genera and ca. 3200 species, herbs, shrubs, and trees, nearly cosmopolitan (Al-Shehbaz 1991).
FAMILY REFERENCE: Nazaire & Hufford (2012); Ferguson (1998); Diane, Förther, & Hilger (2002); Hilger & Diane (2003); Al-Shehbaz (1991)=Z throughout the family; Wilson (1960a); Constance (1963). Key to genera based on RAB, C, and Z. [see also EHRETIACEAE, HELIOTROPIACEAE, HYDROLEACEAE, and HYDROPHYLLACEAE]

NCBG DESCRIPTIVES

INTRO: Erect to ascending perennial found in nutrient-rich, moist, alluvial soils of floodplain forests and thickets.
STEMS: Stems branched above, smooth.
LEAVES: Leaves alternate, short-petiolate to sessile, oval-elliptic to spoon-shaped, to 2½ in. long (basal ones biggest), gray-green.
INFLORESCENCE:
FLOWERS: Flowers nodding in bractless, coiled racemes terminating the stem and branches; pink in bud, turning blue (occasionally white); funnel-shaped with a distinctly long tube that is densely furry at the base and opens to a shallowly undulate bell with 5 small folds. Anthers and style are prominently visible in the corolla throat.
FRUITS: Fruit a small nutlet with wrinkled surface.
COMMENTS: Sometimes colonial and seen in large masses.
HEIGHT: 12-28 in.

DURATION: Perennial
HABIT: Herb

LEAF ARRANGEMENT: Alternate
LEAF COMPLEXITY: Simple
LEAF RETENTION:

FLORAL CHARACTERISTICS
SYMMETRY: Radial (Actinomorphic)
BLOOM TIME: Mar-May
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
x x x x x

BLOOM COLOR: Blue
White Red Pink Orange Yellow Green Blue Lavender Purple Violet Brown Not Applicable
x x x

FRUITING PERIOD:

DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE: Bottomlands
NATIVE RANGE: eastern United States

HORTICULTURAL
Plant Sale Text:

Bloom Table Text:

NCBG Location:

Cultural Notes:

SOIL MOISTURE: Average, Moist/Wet
LIGHT EXPOSURE: Part Shade, Shade
MINIMUM HARDINESS ZONE:
MAXIMUM HARDINESS ZONE:
GERMINATION CODE:
WILDLIFE VALUE:
DEER RESISTANCE:

GRIM ACCESSIONS

acc_id acc_num acc_dt coll_id Action
225 2011-0053 2011-03-30 224 View
2100 1986-1901 View
3036 1988-0119 View
6826 1998-0031 View
7754 2001-0109 2001-06-14 View
7787 2001-0143 2001-07-05 View


GRIM COLLECTIONS

Coll_id Project Collection date Collector Action
224 HORT 2006-05-15 Bryan View
1158 HORT 2005-05-12 Bryan View
1381 HORT 2006-05-04 Bryan View


GRIM PLANTINGS

plt_num acc_id loc_num pers_num inst_dt Action
467 225 138 Liloia 2011-03-25 View
468 225 137 Liloia 2011-03-25 View
3500 2100 75 NCBG staff 1986-12-31 View
5052 3036 1 NCBG staff 1986-12-31 View
5053 3036 1 NCBG staff 1986-12-31 View
5054 3036 75 NCBG staff 1986-12-31 View
9662 6826 1 NCBG staff 1998-01-01 View
9663 6826 1 NCBG staff 1998-01-01 View
9664 6826 11 NCBG staff 1998-01-01 View
9665 6826 65 NCBG staff 1998-01-01 View
9666 6826 71 NCBG staff 1998-01-01 View
9667 6826 158 NCBG staff 1998-03-11 View
9668 6826 164 NCBG staff 1998-03-11 View
10956 7754 1 NCBG staff 1998-01-01 View
10957 7754 1 NCBG staff 1998-01-01 View
10958 7754 1 NCBG staff 1998-01-01 View
10991 7787 66 NCBG staff 2000-11-01 View
10992 7787 71 NCBG staff 2000-11-01 View

USDA PLANTS DATABASE

USDA Symbol: MEVI3
USDA Common Name: Virginia Bluebells
Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N)
Distribution: USA (AL, AR, DC, DE, GA, IA, IL, IN, KS, KY, MA, MD, ME, MI, MN, MO, MS, NC, NJ, NY, OH, PA, SC, TN, VA, WI, WV), CAN (ON, QC)
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Forb/herb

NATIONAL WETLAND INDICATOR STATUS

Region:AGCPAKAWCBEMPGPHIMWNCNEWMVE
Status: FAC FACW FACW FAC

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers 2016 National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.3 (Lichvar, R.W., D.L. Banks, W.N. Kirchner, and N.C. Melvin. 2016. The National Wetland Plant List: 2016 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2016-30: 1-17. Published 28 April 2016. ISSN 2153 733X). Regions: AGCP-Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain, AK-Alaska, AW-Arid West, CB-Caribbean, EMP-Eastern Mountains and Piedmont, GP-Great Plains, HI-Hawaii, MW-Midwest, NCNE-Northcentral and Northeast, WMCV-Western Mountains, Valleys & Coast

2018 Natural Heritage Program List of Rare Plant Species of North Carolina

NHP IDS RANKROUNDED S RANKG RANKROUNDED G RANKSTATE STATUSFEDERAL STATUS
19901 S2 S2 G5 G5 W7

This information is derived from the 2018 North Carolina Natural Heritage Program List of Rare Plant Species.

WEAKLEY FLORA

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Mertensia virginica
COMMON NAME: Virginia Bluebells, Virginia Cowslip
SYNONYMY: [= C, F, G, Il, K, Pa, RAB, S, Va, W, WV, Z; = M. pulmonarioides Roth]
PHENOLOGY: Mar-May.
HABITAT: Nutrient-rich, moist, alluvial soils of floodplain forests and thickets.
COMMENTS: NY west to WI, and IA, south to n. NC, nw. GA, AL, and n. AR. Pringle (2004) discusses the nomenclatural reasons for retaining the name M. virginica.
RANGE MAP: Mertensia virginica.png

Key to Map Symbols
ABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora)
Boraginaceae A.L. de Jussieu 1789 (Borage Family)
SUMMARY: A family of about 155 genera and ca. 3200 species, herbs, shrubs, and trees, nearly cosmopolitan (Al-Shehbaz 1991).
REFERENCE: Nazaire & Hufford (2012); Ferguson (1998); Diane, Förther, & Hilger (2002); Hilger & Diane (2003); Al-Shehbaz (1991)=Z throughout the family; Wilson (1960a); Constance (1963). Key to genera based on RAB, C, and Z. [see also EHRETIACEAE, HELIOTROPIACEAE, HYDROLEACEAE, and HYDROPHYLLACEAE]
ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora)
Mertensia Roth (Bluebells)
SUMMARY: A genus of about 45 species, north temperate.
REFERENCE: Al-Shehbaz (1991)=Z.

HERBARIUM RESOURCES

SERNEC: Find Mertensia virginica in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)
UNC SERNEC: Find Mertensia virginica in University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)

WEB RESOURCES

USDA: Find Mertensia virginica in USDA Plants
NPIN: Find Mertensia virginica in NPIN Database
FNA: Find Mertensia virginica in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Mertensia virginica

NCBG IMAGE RECORDS

ID IMAGE1: 9286
ID IMAGE2: 0
ID IMAGE3: 9286

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51 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

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