Plant Index


 
 
 

Magnolia virginiana

Magnolia virginiana L.

sweetbay, northern sweet bay

Synonym(s): Magnolia virginiana var. australis, Magnolia virginiana var. parva
Cultivar(s): Santa Rosa
Magnolia virginiana (Sweetbay)
Image ID: 15570
Image by: Sorrie, Bruce A.
Image Collection: NCBG Digital Library

PLANT INDEX

ID_PLANT: MAVI2
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Magnolia virginiana
Include in WOTAS: 0
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2018-11-08

CULTIVAR INDEX

Cult_id Cultivar_name Action
179 Santa Rosa View

GENUS INDEX

GENUS CODE: MAGNO
GENUS SCIENTIFIC: Magnolia
GENUS AUTHORITY: L.
GENUS COMMON: Magnolia
GENUS SUMMARY: As treated here, a genus of about 130 species, trees and shrubs, of e. Asia (Himalayas and Sri Lanka to Japan and w. Malaysia) and America (e. North America to West Indies, Central America, and South America); alternate treatments in current use divide Magnolia into as many as 16 genera (of which Magnolia Linnaeus, Houpoea N.H. Xia & C.Y. Wu, Metamagnolia Sima & S.G. Lu, Paramagnolia Sima & S.G. Lu, and Yulania Spach are represented in our flora). Molecular phylogenetics show Magnolia virginiana and M. grandiflora as closely related in a New World primarily subtropical clade, M. macrophylla in a clade with its close relatives, M. fraseri and M. pyramidata together, M. acuminata as basal in a clade that is otherwise Asian (equivalent to subgenus Yulania), and M. tripetala grouped in another clade that is otherwise Asian (Azuma et al. 2001). The sections used follow Figlar & Nooteboom (2004).
GENUS IDENTIFICATION:
GENUS REFERENCES: Sima & Lu (2012)=Q; Tobe (1998)=Y; Spongberg (1998)=X; Frodin & Govaerts (1996)=V; Palmarola-Bejerano, Romanov, & Bobrov (2008)=U; Azuma, Thien, & Kawano (1999); Azuma et al. (2001); Figlar & Nooteboom (2004); Nooteboom in Kubitzki, Rohwer, & Bittrich (1993); Kim et al. (2001); Hunt (1998).

FAMILY INDEX

FAMILY CODE: MAGNOL
FAMILY SCIENTIFIC: Magnoliaceae
FAMILY AUTHORITY: A.L. de Jussieu 1789
FAMILY COMMON: Magnolia Family
FAMILY SUMMARY: A family of about 7 genera and 223 species, trees and shrubs, tropical and warm temperate, of e. and se. Asia, and from e. North America south through West Indies and Central America to Brazil.
FAMILY REFERENCE: Nie et al. (2008); Hardin (1972); Hardin & Jones (1989)=Z; Meyer in FNA (1997); Figlar & Nooteboom (2004); Frodin & Govaerts (1996); Nooteboom in Kubitzki, Rohwer, & Bittrich (1993); Kim et al. (2001).

NCBG DESCRIPTIVES

INTRO:
STEMS:
LEAVES:
INFLORESCENCE:
FLOWERS:
FRUITS:
COMMENTS:
HEIGHT: 20-30 ft.

DURATION: Perennial
HABIT: Shrub, Tree

LEAF ARRANGEMENT: Alternate
LEAF COMPLEXITY: Simple
LEAF RETENTION: Semi-evergreen

FLORAL CHARACTERISTICS
SYMMETRY:
BLOOM TIME: Apr-July
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
x x x x x x

BLOOM COLOR: White flowers
White Red Pink Orange Yellow Green Blue Lavender Purple Violet Brown Not Applicable
x

FRUITING PERIOD: Jul-Oct.

DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE: Bogs/pocosins
NATIVE RANGE: eastern United States

HORTICULTURAL
Plant Sale Text: Sweet-bay is an excellent tree for small gardens. This species produces creamy white, fragrant flowers that last for several weeks. Sweet-bay is typically found in coastal woods, pocosins and savannahs, and tolerates soggy to average soils. The flowers are followed by aggregate cones that produce a number of bright red seeds. Its seeds are eaten by a number of birds including towhees and woodpeckers. Sweet-bay is also a larval host for swallowtails. The genus Magnolia supports up to 21 species of lepidoptera.

Bloom Table Text:

NCBG Location:

Cultural Notes:

SOIL MOISTURE: Average, Moist/Wet
LIGHT EXPOSURE: Sun, Part Shade, Shade
MINIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 5
MAXIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 9
GERMINATION CODE:
WILDLIFE VALUE: Butterfly Friendly, Bird Friendly
DEER RESISTANCE:

GRIM ACCESSIONS

acc_id acc_num acc_dt coll_id Action
62 2013-0010 2013-05-06 65 View
702 1985-0346 View
1866 1986-1647 View
2208 1986-2025 View
2865 1987-0381 View
6571 1996-0201 View
7619 2000-0382 2000-11-29 View
7773 2001-0129 2001-06-27 View
8002 2004-0010 2004-02-19 View
8005 2004-0013 2004-02-19 View
8267 2004-0297 2006-09-01 View


GRIM COLLECTIONS

Coll_id Project Collection date Collector Action
65 HORT 2008-08-11 Kunz View
1252 HORT 2005-07-29 Bryan View


GRIM PLANTINGS

plt_num acc_id loc_num pers_num inst_dt Action
81 62 48 Mixon 2013-01-08 View
1403 702 176 Liloia 0000-00-00 View
2959 1866 64 NCBG staff 1984-03-11 View
3820 2208 59 NCBG staff 1967-12-31 View
3821 2208 56 NCBG staff 1986-12-23 View
3822 2208 57 NCBG staff 1986-12-23 View
4765 2865 8 NCBG staff 1983-05-22 View
9278 6571 142 NCBG staff 1996-10-10 View
10787 7619 6 NCBG staff 1978-01-01 View
10977 7773 62 NCBG staff 1978-01-01 View
11247 8002 163 NCBG staff 2003-04-08 View
11248 8002 166 NCBG staff 2003-04-08 View
11251 8005 179 NCBG staff 2003-09-15 View
11539 8267 27 NCBG staff 1986-01-01 View
11540 8267 142 NCBG staff 1986-01-01 View

USDA PLANTS DATABASE

USDA Symbol: MAVI2
USDA Common Name: Sweetbay
Native Status: L48 (N)
Distribution: USA (AL, AR, DC, DE, FL, GA, LA, MA, MD, MS, NC, NJ, NY, PA, SC, TN, TX, VA)
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Tree, Shrub

NATIONAL WETLAND INDICATOR STATUS

Region:AGCPAKAWCBEMPGPHIMWNCNEWMVE
Status: FACW FACW OBL FACW

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers 2016 National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.3 (Lichvar, R.W., D.L. Banks, W.N. Kirchner, and N.C. Melvin. 2016. The National Wetland Plant List: 2016 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2016-30: 1-17. Published 28 April 2016. ISSN 2153 733X). Regions: AGCP-Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain, AK-Alaska, AW-Arid West, CB-Caribbean, EMP-Eastern Mountains and Piedmont, GP-Great Plains, HI-Hawaii, MW-Midwest, NCNE-Northcentral and Northeast, WMCV-Western Mountains, Valleys & Coast

2018 Natural Heritage Program List of Rare Plant Species of North Carolina

NHP IDS RANKROUNDED S RANKG RANKROUNDED G RANKSTATE STATUSFEDERAL STATUS
20706 S5 S5 G5 G5 W6

This information is derived from the 2018 North Carolina Natural Heritage Program List of Rare Plant Species.

WEAKLEY FLORA

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Magnolia virginiana var. virginiana
COMMON NAME: Northern Sweet Bay
SYNONYMY: [= F, Y; < M. virginiana - C, FNA, G, GW, K, Pa, Q, RAB, S, V, Va, W, X, Z; = M. virginiana ssp. virginiana - U; {Magnolia s.s.}]
PHENOLOGY: Apr-Jul; Jul-Oct.
HABITAT: Pocosins, bay forests, and swamps in the Coastal Plain, streamhead pocosins, swamps, and sandhill seeps in the Sandhills, bogs and peaty swamps in the Piedmont.
COMMENTS: Se. MA south to w. NC, s. SC, and e. GA.
RANGE MAP: Magnolia virginiana var. virginiana.png

Key to Map Symbols
ABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora)
Magnoliaceae A.L. de Jussieu 1789 (Magnolia Family)
SUMMARY: A family of about 7 genera and 223 species, trees and shrubs, tropical and warm temperate, of e. and se. Asia, and from e. North America south through West Indies and Central America to Brazil.
REFERENCE: Nie et al. (2008); Hardin (1972); Hardin & Jones (1989)=Z; Meyer in FNA (1997); Figlar & Nooteboom (2004); Frodin & Govaerts (1996); Nooteboom in Kubitzki, Rohwer, & Bittrich (1993); Kim et al. (2001).
ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora)
Magnolia L. (Magnolia)
SUMMARY: As treated here, a genus of about 130 species, trees and shrubs, of e. Asia (Himalayas and Sri Lanka to Japan and w. Malaysia) and America (e. North America to West Indies, Central America, and South America); alternate treatments in current use divide Magnolia into as many as 16 genera (of which Magnolia Linnaeus, Houpoea N.H. Xia & C.Y. Wu, Metamagnolia Sima & S.G. Lu, Paramagnolia Sima & S.G. Lu, and Yulania Spach are represented in our flora). Molecular phylogenetics show Magnolia virginiana and M. grandiflora as closely related in a New World primarily subtropical clade, M. macrophylla in a clade with its close relatives, M. fraseri and M. pyramidata together, M. acuminata as basal in a clade that is otherwise Asian (equivalent to subgenus Yulania), and M. tripetala grouped in another clade that is otherwise Asian (Azuma et al. 2001). The sections used follow Figlar & Nooteboom (2004).
REFERENCE: Sima & Lu (2012)=Q; Tobe (1998)=Y; Spongberg (1998)=X; Frodin & Govaerts (1996)=V; Palmarola-Bejerano, Romanov, & Bobrov (2008)=U; Azuma, Thien, & Kawano (1999); Azuma et al. (2001); Figlar & Nooteboom (2004); Nooteboom in Kubitzki, Rohwer, & Bittrich (1993); Kim et al. (2001); Hunt (1998).

HERBARIUM RESOURCES

SERNEC: Find Magnolia virginiana in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)
UNC SERNEC: Find Magnolia virginiana in University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)

WEB RESOURCES

USDA: Find Magnolia virginiana in USDA Plants
NPIN: Find Magnolia virginiana in NPIN Database
FNA: Find Magnolia virginiana in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Magnolia virginiana

NCBG IMAGE RECORDS

ID IMAGE1: 15570
ID IMAGE2: 8571
ID IMAGE3: 15571

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41 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

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