Plant Index


 
 
 

Maianthemum racemosum

Maianthemum racemosum (L.) Link

eastern solomon’s-plume, feathery false lily of the valley

Maianthemum racemosum (Eastern Solomon’s-plume)
Image ID: 15575
Image by: Sorrie, Bruce A.
Image Collection: NCBG Digital Library

PLANT INDEX

ID_PLANT: MARA7
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Maianthemum racemosum
Include in WOTAS: 1
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2018-10-16

GENUS INDEX

GENUS CODE: MAIAN
GENUS SCIENTIFIC: Maianthemum
GENUS AUTHORITY: F.H. Wigg.
GENUS COMMON: Mayflower
GENUS SUMMARY: A genus of about 28 species, herbs, of n. Europe, e. Asia, North America, and Central America. The inclusion of the traditional Smilacina in Maianthemum remains controversial and uncertain.
GENUS IDENTIFICATION:
GENUS REFERENCES: LaFrankie (1986)=Z; Judd (2003)=Y; LaFrankie in FNA (2002a); Conran & Tamura in Kubitzki (1998a).

FAMILY INDEX

FAMILY CODE: RUSCAC
FAMILY SCIENTIFIC: Ruscaceae
FAMILY AUTHORITY: M. Roemer 1840
FAMILY COMMON: Ruscus Family
FAMILY SUMMARY: As here circumscribed, a family of about 28 genera and 500 species, of North America, Central America, Europe, Africa, and Asia. The Convallariaceae has been supported by molecular studies (Judd 2003, Bogler & Simpson 1995). Molecular studies show that Nolina is much more closely related to Convallaria, Polygonatum, etc. than to the Agavaceae (Yucca and Manfreda in our flora), with which it has often been associated.
FAMILY REFERENCE: Bogler & Simpson (1995); Bogler in Kubitzki (1998a); Yeo in Kubitzki (1998a); Conran & Tamura in Kubitzki (1998a); Yamashita & Tamura (2000).

NCBG DESCRIPTIVES

INTRO: Ascending-arching perennial of moist to dry forests.
STEMS: Stem solitary, usually arching and with a slight zigzag, hairy or smooth, with a few sheathing bracts at the base.
LEAVES: Leaves alternate, nearly clasping, elliptic to lance-shaped and often with a long tip, to 3 in. long, with 3-5 main parallel veins, smooth or hairy above, hairy beneath.
INFLORESCENCE:
FLOWERS: Flowers in a plumelike terminal panicle 2--5 in. long, white, fragrant, tiny, consisting of 6 pointed tepals and 6 wide, flat stamens surrounding the white ovary.
FRUITS: Fruit a round berry starting out coppery green and turning bright red.
COMMENTS:
HEIGHT: 10-24 in.

DURATION: Perennial
HABIT: Herb

LEAF ARRANGEMENT: Alternate
LEAF COMPLEXITY: Simple
LEAF RETENTION:

FLORAL CHARACTERISTICS
SYMMETRY: Radial (Actinomorphic)
BLOOM TIME: Mid Apr-Jun
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
x x x

BLOOM COLOR: White
White Red Pink Orange Yellow Green Blue Lavender Purple Violet Brown Not Applicable
x

FRUITING PERIOD: Aug-Oct.

DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE: Dry forests, Moist forests
NATIVE RANGE: eastern & central North America

HORTICULTURAL
Plant Sale Text: Solomon’s-plume features clusters of tiny white flowers blooming at the ends of its arching stems in late spring. Its flowers are followed by showy reddish fruits in late summer that provide a nice contrast with the glossy green foliage. Solomon’s-plume is an excellent plant for your shade garden. Although this shade-loving native perennial is not often offered for sale, it is easy to grow in moist soil with lots of organic matter. You can plant it in combination with Wild Ginger to enhance your woodland garden.

Bloom Table Text:

NCBG Location:

Cultural Notes:

SOIL MOISTURE: Moist/Wet
LIGHT EXPOSURE: Shade
MINIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 4
MAXIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 9
GERMINATION CODE:
WILDLIFE VALUE:
DEER RESISTANCE:

GRIM ACCESSIONS

acc_id acc_num acc_dt coll_id Action
191 2011-0002 2011-01-04 190 View
2131 1986-1936 View
2348 1986-2185 View
2779 1987-0276 View
3598 1991-0262 View
4171 1992-0327 View
4990 1995-0108 View
5199 1995-0318 View
5695 1995-0820 View
6193 1995-1325 View
7059 1999-0002 1999-05-17 View
7586 2000-0349 2000-10-18 View


GRIM COLLECTIONS

Coll_id Project Collection date Collector Action
190 HORT 2008-05-05 Keith View
1133 HORT 2006-09-23 Ward View
1492 HORT 2006-08-14 Wilbur-Brooks View
1577 HORT 2005-09-30 Bryan View


GRIM PLANTINGS

plt_num acc_id loc_num pers_num inst_dt Action
374 191 25 Heiney 2011-03-29 View
3614 2131 79 NCBG staff 1967-12-31 View
3615 2131 187 NCBG staff 1967-12-31 View
3616 2131 11 NCBG staff 1986-12-31 View
3617 2131 72 NCBG staff 1986-12-31 View
3618 2131 73 NCBG staff 1986-12-31 View
3619 2131 74 NCBG staff 1986-12-31 View
3620 2131 75 NCBG staff 1986-12-31 View
3621 2131 76 NCBG staff 1986-12-31 View
3622 2131 77 NCBG staff 1986-12-31 View
3623 2131 78 NCBG staff 1986-12-31 View
3624 2131 79 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
4033 2348 94 NCBG staff 1986-12-31 View
4616 2779 8 NCBG staff 1978-10-01 View
5880 3598 78 NCBG staff 1991-05-14 View
5881 3598 77 NCBG staff 1967-12-31 View
6499 4171 200 NCBG staff 1993-03-01 View
7409 4990 202 NCBG staff 1992-01-01 View
7648 5199 203 NCBG staff 1992-01-01 View
8209 5695 204 NCBG staff 1993-01-01 View
8848 6193 2 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
9945 7059 142 NCBG staff 1999-01-01 View
9946 7059 166 NCBG staff 1999-05-15 View
9947 7059 77 NCBG staff 1999-05-18 View
9948 7059 80 NCBG staff 1999-06-11 View
9949 7059 136 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
10675 7586 77 NCBG staff 1967-12-31 View

USDA PLANTS DATABASE

USDA Symbol: MARA7
USDA Common Name: Feathery False Lily Of The Valley
Native Status: L48 (N), AK (N), CAN (N)
Distribution: USA (AK, AL, AR, AZ, CA, CO, CT, DC, DE, FL, GA, IA, ID, IL, IN, KS, KY, LA, MA, MD, ME, MI, MN, MO, MS, MT, NC, ND, NE, NH, NJ, NM, NV, NY, OH, OK, OR, PA, RI, SC, SD, TN, TX, UT, VA, VT, WA, WI, WV, WY), CAN (AB, BC, MB, NB, NF, NS, NT, ON, PE, QC, SK)
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Forb/herb

NATIONAL WETLAND INDICATOR STATUS

Region:AGCPAKAWCBEMPGPHIMWNCNEWMVE
Status: FACU FAC FAC FACU FAC FACU FACU FAC

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers 2016 National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.3 (Lichvar, R.W., D.L. Banks, W.N. Kirchner, and N.C. Melvin. 2016. The National Wetland Plant List: 2016 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2016-30: 1-17. Published 28 April 2016. ISSN 2153 733X). Regions: AGCP-Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain, AK-Alaska, AW-Arid West, CB-Caribbean, EMP-Eastern Mountains and Piedmont, GP-Great Plains, HI-Hawaii, MW-Midwest, NCNE-Northcentral and Northeast, WMCV-Western Mountains, Valleys & Coast

WEAKLEY FLORA

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Maianthemum racemosum
COMMON NAME: Eastern Solomon's-plume, "False Solomon's-seal"
SYNONYMY: [= Maianthemum racemosum (Linnaeus) Link ssp. racemosum - FNA, K, Va, Y, Z; < Smilacina racemosa (Linnaeus) Desfontaines - C, G, RAB, W; > S. racemosa var. racemosa - F, WV; > S. racemosa var. cylindrata Fernald - F, WV; > Vagnera racemosa (Linnaeus) Morong - S; > Vagnera australis Rydberg - S; < M. racemosum - Pa, WH3]
PHENOLOGY: Mid Apr-Jun; Aug-Oct.
HABITAT: Moist to dry forests.
COMMENTS: The circumscription of this taxon has varied, from separate taxa at species, subspecies, or varietal rank in eastern vs. western North America, to recognizing a single polymorphic species. Recent evidence supports recognition of two taxa at species rank (A. Floden, pers. comm., 2015). The species ranges from NS west to MB, south to GA, FL Panhandle, and OK. A variety of chromosome races are known (2n = 36, 72, 144). The eastern M. racemosum is tetraploid; M. amplexicaule (Nuttall) LaFrankie is diploid and more western. Under the generic name Smilacina, two varieties had been described for our area, Smilacina racemosa var. racemosa and S. racemosa var. cylindrata Fernald, the former larger in nearly all respects and more northern than the latter, smaller, and more southern form (see F for details).
RANGE MAP: Maianthemum racemosum.png

Key to Map Symbols
ABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora)
Ruscaceae M. Roemer 1840 (Ruscus Family)
SUMMARY: As here circumscribed, a family of about 28 genera and 500 species, of North America, Central America, Europe, Africa, and Asia. The Convallariaceae has been supported by molecular studies (Judd 2003, Bogler & Simpson 1995). Molecular studies show that Nolina is much more closely related to Convallaria, Polygonatum, etc. than to the Agavaceae (Yucca and Manfreda in our flora), with which it has often been associated.
REFERENCE: Bogler & Simpson (1995); Bogler in Kubitzki (1998a); Yeo in Kubitzki (1998a); Conran & Tamura in Kubitzki (1998a); Yamashita & Tamura (2000).
ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora)
Maianthemum F.H. Wigg. (Mayflower)
SUMMARY: A genus of about 28 species, herbs, of n. Europe, e. Asia, North America, and Central America. The inclusion of the traditional Smilacina in Maianthemum remains controversial and uncertain.
REFERENCE: LaFrankie (1986)=Z; Judd (2003)=Y; LaFrankie in FNA (2002a); Conran & Tamura in Kubitzki (1998a).

HERBARIUM RESOURCES

SERNEC: Find Maianthemum racemosum in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)
UNC SERNEC: Find Maianthemum racemosum in University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)

WEB RESOURCES

USDA: Find Maianthemum racemosum in USDA Plants
NPIN: Find Maianthemum racemosum in NPIN Database
FNA: Find Maianthemum racemosum in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Maianthemum racemosum

NCBG IMAGE RECORDS

ID IMAGE1: 15575
ID IMAGE2: 0
ID IMAGE3: 22921

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