Plant Index


 
 
 

Marshallia graminifolia

Marshallia graminifolia (Walter) Small

grassleaf barbara’s buttons, grassleaf barbara’s-buttons

Marshallia graminifolia (Grassleaf Barbara’s Buttons)
Image ID: 19380
Image by: Stuart, Will
Image Collection: NCBG Digital Library

PLANT INDEX

ID_PLANT: MAGR6
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Marshallia graminifolia
Include in WOTAS: 1
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2017-12-18

GENUS INDEX

GENUS CODE: MARSH
GENUS SCIENTIFIC: Marshallia
GENUS AUTHORITY: Schreb.
GENUS COMMON: Barbara's buttons
GENUS SUMMARY: A genus of about 11 species, perennial herbs, of the se. United States. Marshallia ranges from sc. VA, sw. PA, WV, s. KY, s. MO, and c. OK, south to c. peninsular FL, and sw. TX.
GENUS IDENTIFICATION:
GENUS REFERENCES: Weakley& Poindexter (2012); Channell (1957)=Z; Watson in FNA (2006c); Watson & Estes (1990)=Y; Cronquist (1980)=SE; Watson, Elisens, & Estes (1991); Watson, Jansen, & Estes (1991); Beadle & Boynton (1901)=X.

FAMILY INDEX

FAMILY CODE: ASTERA
FAMILY SCIENTIFIC: Asteraceae
FAMILY AUTHORITY: Dumortier 1822 or COMPOSITAE Giseke 1792
FAMILY COMMON: Aster Family
FAMILY SUMMARY: A family of about 1500-1700 genera and 20,000-25,000 species, shrubs, herbs, trees, and vines, cosmopolitan in distribution.
FAMILY REFERENCE: Cronquist (1980)=SE throughout family treatment.

NCBG DESCRIPTIVES

INTRO: Erect, sometimes clumped perennial of wet pine savannas and seepage slopes.
STEMS: Stems ridged, simple or sparingly branched
LEAVES: Leaves numerous and mostly basal; lower ones erect, linear to narrowly elliptic (tapered at both ends) and 2-8 in. long; upper leaves sparse, shorter and ascending.
INFLORESCENCE:
FLOWERS: Composite flowers (heads) solitary at tops of stems; heads about 1 in. wide, composed of pink to whitish tubular disk florets whose narrow lobes are twisted/curled.
FRUITS:
COMMENTS:
HEIGHT: 12-18 in.

DURATION: Perennial
HABIT: Herb

LEAF ARRANGEMENT: Alternate
LEAF COMPLEXITY: Simple
LEAF RETENTION: Semi-evergreen

FLORAL CHARACTERISTICS
SYMMETRY: Mixed
BLOOM TIME: Late Jul-mid Oct
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
x x x x

BLOOM COLOR: Pink to white
White Red Pink Orange Yellow Green Blue Lavender Purple Violet Brown Not Applicable
x x

FRUITING PERIOD:

DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE: Pine savannas
NATIVE RANGE: NC, SC & GA

HORTICULTURAL
Plant Sale Text:

Bloom Table Text:

NCBG Location:

Cultural Notes:

SOIL MOISTURE:
LIGHT EXPOSURE:
MINIMUM HARDINESS ZONE:
MAXIMUM HARDINESS ZONE:
GERMINATION CODE:
WILDLIFE VALUE:
DEER RESISTANCE:

GRIM ACCESSIONS

acc_id acc_num acc_dt coll_id Action
82 2013-0030 2013-12-19 85 View
1832 1986-1613 View
2209 1986-2026 View
7028 1998-0311 View
7583 2000-0346 2000-10-18 View
9209 2006-0325 2020-05-05 1152 View


GRIM COLLECTIONS

Coll_id Project Collection date Collector Action
85 HORT 2010-10-08 Poythress View
86 HORT 2006-09-07 Bryan View
1111 HORT 2006-09-07 Bryan View
1152 HORT 2006-10-08 Liloia View


GRIM PLANTINGS

plt_num acc_id loc_num pers_num inst_dt Action
108 82 64 Liloia 2013-06-14 View
109 82 48 Mixon 2013-06-01 View
2923 1832 64 NCBG staff 1984-03-11 View
3823 2209 59 NCBG staff 1967-12-31 View
9906 7028 6 NCBG staff 1998-08-16 View
10671 7583 59 NCBG staff 1998-11-01 View
12291 9209 142 Liloia 2008-01-09 View
12292 9209 64 Liloia 2008-09-30 View

USDA PLANTS DATABASE

USDA Symbol: MAGR6
USDA Common Name: Grassleaf Barbara's Buttons
Native Status: L48 (N)
Distribution: USA (AL, FL, GA, LA, MS, NC, SC, TX)
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Forb/herb

NATIONAL WETLAND INDICATOR STATUS

Region:AGCPAKAWCBEMPGPHIMWNCNEWMVE
Status: OBL OBL OBL

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers 2016 National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.3 (Lichvar, R.W., D.L. Banks, W.N. Kirchner, and N.C. Melvin. 2016. The National Wetland Plant List: 2016 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2016-30: 1-17. Published 28 April 2016. ISSN 2153 733X). Regions: AGCP-Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain, AK-Alaska, AW-Arid West, CB-Caribbean, EMP-Eastern Mountains and Piedmont, GP-Great Plains, HI-Hawaii, MW-Midwest, NCNE-Northcentral and Northeast, WMCV-Western Mountains, Valleys & Coast

WEAKLEY FLORA

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Marshallia graminifolia
COMMON NAME: Grassleaf Barbara's-buttons
SYNONYMY: [= GW, RAB, SE, Z; < M. graminifolia - FNA; = M. graminifolia var. graminifolia - K; > M. laciniarioides Small - S; > M. williamsonii Small - S; > M. graminifolia var. graminifolia - X; > M. graminifolia var. lacinarioides (Small) Beadle & F.E. Boynton - X; = M. graminifolia ssp. graminifolia - Y]
PHENOLOGY: Late Jul-mid Oct.
HABITAT: Pine savannas.
COMMENTS: Ne. NC south to se. SC, and rarely to e. GA (Emanuel County) (Sorrie 1998b).
RANGE MAP: Marshallia graminifolia.png

Key to Map Symbols
ABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora)
Asteraceae Dumortier 1822 or COMPOSITAE Giseke 1792 (Aster Family)
SUMMARY: A family of about 1500-1700 genera and 20,000-25,000 species, shrubs, herbs, trees, and vines, cosmopolitan in distribution.
REFERENCE: Cronquist (1980)=SE throughout family treatment.
ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora)
Marshallia Schreb. (Barbara's buttons)
SUMMARY: A genus of about 11 species, perennial herbs, of the se. United States. Marshallia ranges from sc. VA, sw. PA, WV, s. KY, s. MO, and c. OK, south to c. peninsular FL, and sw. TX.
REFERENCE: Weakley& Poindexter (2012); Channell (1957)=Z; Watson in FNA (2006c); Watson & Estes (1990)=Y; Cronquist (1980)=SE; Watson, Elisens, & Estes (1991); Watson, Jansen, & Estes (1991); Beadle & Boynton (1901)=X.

HERBARIUM RESOURCES

SERNEC: Find Marshallia graminifolia in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)
UNC SERNEC: Find Marshallia graminifolia in University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)

WEB RESOURCES

USDA: Find Marshallia graminifolia in USDA Plants
NPIN: Find Marshallia graminifolia in NPIN Database
FNA: Find Marshallia graminifolia in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Marshallia graminifolia

NCBG IMAGE RECORDS

ID IMAGE1: 19380
ID IMAGE2: 0
ID IMAGE3: 12571

From the Image Gallery


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Image ID: 11486
10 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

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