Plant Index


 
 
 

Magnolia grandiflora

Magnolia grandiflora L.

southern magnolia, bull bay

Cultivar(s): Kay Parris, Little Gem
Magnolia grandiflora (Southern Magnolia)
Image ID: 8517
Image by: Parkins, Grant Morrow
Image Collection: NCBG Digital Library

PLANT INDEX

ID_PLANT: MAGR4
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Magnolia grandiflora
Include in WOTAS: 0
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2019-08-30

CULTIVAR INDEX

Cult_id Cultivar_name Action
636 Kay Parris View
178 Little Gem View

GENUS INDEX

GENUS CODE: MAGNO
GENUS SCIENTIFIC: Magnolia
GENUS AUTHORITY: L.
GENUS COMMON: Magnolia
GENUS SUMMARY: As treated here, a genus of about 130 species, trees and shrubs, of e. Asia (Himalayas and Sri Lanka to Japan and w. Malaysia) and America (e. North America to West Indies, Central America, and South America); alternate treatments in current use divide Magnolia into as many as 16 genera (of which Magnolia Linnaeus, Houpoea N.H. Xia & C.Y. Wu, Metamagnolia Sima & S.G. Lu, Paramagnolia Sima & S.G. Lu, and Yulania Spach are represented in our flora). Molecular phylogenetics show Magnolia virginiana and M. grandiflora as closely related in a New World primarily subtropical clade, M. macrophylla in a clade with its close relatives, M. fraseri and M. pyramidata together, M. acuminata as basal in a clade that is otherwise Asian (equivalent to subgenus Yulania), and M. tripetala grouped in another clade that is otherwise Asian (Azuma et al. 2001). The sections used follow Figlar & Nooteboom (2004).
GENUS IDENTIFICATION:
GENUS REFERENCES: Sima & Lu (2012)=Q; Tobe (1998)=Y; Spongberg (1998)=X; Frodin & Govaerts (1996)=V; Palmarola-Bejerano, Romanov, & Bobrov (2008)=U; Azuma, Thien, & Kawano (1999); Azuma et al. (2001); Figlar & Nooteboom (2004); Nooteboom in Kubitzki, Rohwer, & Bittrich (1993); Kim et al. (2001); Hunt (1998).

FAMILY INDEX

FAMILY CODE: MAGNOL
FAMILY SCIENTIFIC: Magnoliaceae
FAMILY AUTHORITY: A.L. de Jussieu 1789
FAMILY COMMON: Magnolia Family
FAMILY SUMMARY: A family of about 7 genera and 223 species, trees and shrubs, tropical and warm temperate, of e. and se. Asia, and from e. North America south through West Indies and Central America to Brazil.
FAMILY REFERENCE: Nie et al. (2008); Hardin (1972); Hardin & Jones (1989)=Z; Meyer in FNA (1997); Figlar & Nooteboom (2004); Frodin & Govaerts (1996); Nooteboom in Kubitzki, Rohwer, & Bittrich (1993); Kim et al. (2001).

NCBG DESCRIPTIVES

INTRO:
STEMS:
LEAVES:
INFLORESCENCE:
FLOWERS:
FRUITS:
COMMENTS:
HEIGHT: 60-80 ft.

DURATION: Perennial
HABIT: Tree

LEAF ARRANGEMENT: Alternate
LEAF COMPLEXITY: Simple
LEAF RETENTION: Evergreen

FLORAL CHARACTERISTICS
SYMMETRY:
BLOOM TIME: Apr-Jun
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
x x x x

BLOOM COLOR:
White Red Pink Orange Yellow Green Blue Lavender Purple Violet Brown Not Applicable
x

FRUITING PERIOD: Sep-Oct.

DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE:
NATIVE RANGE: southeastern United States

HORTICULTURAL
Plant Sale Text:

Bloom Table Text:

NCBG Location:

Cultural Notes:

SOIL MOISTURE: Dry, Average, Moist/Wet, Well-drained
LIGHT EXPOSURE: Sun, Part Shade, Shade
MINIMUM HARDINESS ZONE:
MAXIMUM HARDINESS ZONE:
GERMINATION CODE:
WILDLIFE VALUE:
DEER RESISTANCE:

GRIM ACCESSIONS

acc_id acc_num acc_dt coll_id Action
690 1985-0329 View
2504 1986-2363 View
3293 1990-0152 View
3785 1991-0480 View
4498 1992-0654 View
5156 1995-0275 View
6190 1995-1322 View
6565 1996-0195 View
7224 1999-0188 1999-12-01 View
8003 2004-0011 2004-02-19 View
8334 2005-0051 2005-04-12 View



GRIM PLANTINGS

plt_num acc_id loc_num pers_num inst_dt Action
1376 690 153 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
1377 690 175 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
1378 690 176 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
1379 690 178 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
1380 690 179 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
4262 2504 112 NCBG staff 1967-12-31 View
5470 3293 6 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
6093 3785 199 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
6826 4498 200 NCBG staff 1993-03-01 View
7582 5156 203 NCBG staff 1992-01-01 View
8845 6190 2 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
9272 6565 142 NCBG staff 1996-04-05 View
10173 7224 119 NCBG staff 1999-05-01 View
11249 8003 153 NCBG staff 2003-04-08 View
11606 8334 112 NCBG staff 2005-03-15 View

USDA PLANTS DATABASE

USDA Symbol: MAGR4
USDA Common Name: Southern Magnolia
Native Status: L48 (N), PR (I)
Distribution: USA (AL, AR, FL, GA, KY, LA, MD, MS, NC, PA, SC, TN, TX, VA), USA+ (PR)
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Tree

NATIONAL WETLAND INDICATOR STATUS

Region:AGCPAKAWCBEMPGPHIMWNCNEWMVE
Status: FAC UPL FACU FAC

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers 2016 National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.3 (Lichvar, R.W., D.L. Banks, W.N. Kirchner, and N.C. Melvin. 2016. The National Wetland Plant List: 2016 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2016-30: 1-17. Published 28 April 2016. ISSN 2153 733X). Regions: AGCP-Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain, AK-Alaska, AW-Arid West, CB-Caribbean, EMP-Eastern Mountains and Piedmont, GP-Great Plains, HI-Hawaii, MW-Midwest, NCNE-Northcentral and Northeast, WMCV-Western Mountains, Valleys & Coast

2018 Natural Heritage Program List of Rare Plant Species of North Carolina

NHP IDS RANKROUNDED S RANKG RANKROUNDED G RANKSTATE STATUSFEDERAL STATUS
22005 S2? S2 G5 G5 W1

This information is derived from the 2018 North Carolina Natural Heritage Program List of Rare Plant Species.

WEAKLEY FLORA

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Magnolia grandiflora
COMMON NAME: Southern Magnolia, Bull Bay
SYNONYMY: [= C, Fl, FNA, GW, K, Q, RAB, S, V, Va, Y, Z; {Magnolia s.s.}]
PHENOLOGY: Apr-Jun; Sep-Oct.
HABITAT: Maritime forests, mesic Coastal Plain bluffs and flats, bottomlands, now also widely naturalized, spreading from cultivation into wet to mesic (and even dry) forests.
COMMENTS: The pre-Columbian range was apparently from se. NC south to c. peninsular FL, west to e. TX, largely on the Coastal Plain, now somewhat expanded northward and inland by naturalization from centuries of horticultural planting. Curtis (1860) states that the northern limit of this tree is in Brunswick County, south of the Cape Fear; but it flourishes in cultivation through all the lower part of the State. This is, of course, the classic southern magnolia, along with live oak (Quercus virginiana), and bald-cypress (Taxodium distichum), one of the totem trees of the Deep South.
RANGE MAP: Magnolia grandiflora.png

Key to Map Symbols
ABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora)
Magnoliaceae A.L. de Jussieu 1789 (Magnolia Family)
SUMMARY: A family of about 7 genera and 223 species, trees and shrubs, tropical and warm temperate, of e. and se. Asia, and from e. North America south through West Indies and Central America to Brazil.
REFERENCE: Nie et al. (2008); Hardin (1972); Hardin & Jones (1989)=Z; Meyer in FNA (1997); Figlar & Nooteboom (2004); Frodin & Govaerts (1996); Nooteboom in Kubitzki, Rohwer, & Bittrich (1993); Kim et al. (2001).
ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora)
Magnolia L. (Magnolia)
SUMMARY: As treated here, a genus of about 130 species, trees and shrubs, of e. Asia (Himalayas and Sri Lanka to Japan and w. Malaysia) and America (e. North America to West Indies, Central America, and South America); alternate treatments in current use divide Magnolia into as many as 16 genera (of which Magnolia Linnaeus, Houpoea N.H. Xia & C.Y. Wu, Metamagnolia Sima & S.G. Lu, Paramagnolia Sima & S.G. Lu, and Yulania Spach are represented in our flora). Molecular phylogenetics show Magnolia virginiana and M. grandiflora as closely related in a New World primarily subtropical clade, M. macrophylla in a clade with its close relatives, M. fraseri and M. pyramidata together, M. acuminata as basal in a clade that is otherwise Asian (equivalent to subgenus Yulania), and M. tripetala grouped in another clade that is otherwise Asian (Azuma et al. 2001). The sections used follow Figlar & Nooteboom (2004).
REFERENCE: Sima & Lu (2012)=Q; Tobe (1998)=Y; Spongberg (1998)=X; Frodin & Govaerts (1996)=V; Palmarola-Bejerano, Romanov, & Bobrov (2008)=U; Azuma, Thien, & Kawano (1999); Azuma et al. (2001); Figlar & Nooteboom (2004); Nooteboom in Kubitzki, Rohwer, & Bittrich (1993); Kim et al. (2001); Hunt (1998).

HERBARIUM RESOURCES

SERNEC: Find Magnolia grandiflora in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)
UNC SERNEC: Find Magnolia grandiflora in University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)

WEB RESOURCES

USDA: Find Magnolia grandiflora in USDA Plants
NPIN: Find Magnolia grandiflora in NPIN Database
FNA: Find Magnolia grandiflora in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Magnolia grandiflora

NCBG IMAGE RECORDS

ID IMAGE1: 8517
ID IMAGE2: 8276
ID IMAGE3: 3902

From the Image Gallery


Image ID: 3904

Image ID: 3910

Image ID: 8276

Image ID: 8516

Image ID: 8519

Image ID: 37865

Image ID: 37866

Image ID: 37867

Image ID: 3902

Image ID: 3906

Image ID: 3908

Image ID: 15563

Image ID: 15564

Image ID: 24626

Image ID: 11475
16 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

Go back