Plant Index


 
 
 

Lyonia mariana

Lyonia mariana (L.) D. Don

piedmont staggerbush

Synonym(s): Neopieris mariana
Lyonia mariana (Piedmont Staggerbush)
Image ID: 7713
Image by: Parkins, Grant Morrow
Image Collection: NCBG Digital Library

PLANT INDEX

ID_PLANT: LYMA2
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Lyonia mariana
Include in WOTAS: 0
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2018-09-17

GENUS INDEX

GENUS CODE: LYONI
GENUS SCIENTIFIC: Lyonia
GENUS AUTHORITY: Nutt.
GENUS COMMON: Staggerbush
GENUS SUMMARY: A genus of about 35 species, shrubs and small trees, of e. and se. Asia, e. North America, Mexico, and the West Indies.
GENUS IDENTIFICATION:
GENUS REFERENCES: Judd (1981)=Z; Judd in FNA (2009); Stevens et al. in Kubitzki (2004).

FAMILY INDEX

FAMILY CODE: ERICAC
FAMILY SCIENTIFIC: Ericaceae
FAMILY AUTHORITY: A.L. de Jussieu 1789
FAMILY COMMON: Heath Family
FAMILY SUMMARY: A family of about 107-124 genera and 3400-4100 species, primarily shrubs, small trees, and subshrubs, nearly cosmopolitan. The Ericaceae is very important in our area, which is one of the north temperate centers of diversity for the Ericaceae, with a great diversity of genera and species, many of them rather narrowly endemic. Along with Quercus and Pinus, various members of this family are dominant in much of our landscape.
FAMILY REFERENCE: Tucker in FNA (2009); Gillespie & Kron (2010, 2013); Kron et al. (2002); Wood (1961); Judd & Kron (1993); Kron & Chase (1993); Luteyn et al. (1996)=L; Dorr & Barrie (1993); Cullings & Hileman (1997); Stevens et al. in Kubitzki (2004).

NCBG DESCRIPTIVES

INTRO:
STEMS:
LEAVES:
INFLORESCENCE:
FLOWERS:
FRUITS:
COMMENTS:
HEIGHT: 3-4 ft.

DURATION: Perennial
HABIT: Shrub

LEAF ARRANGEMENT:
LEAF COMPLEXITY: Simple
LEAF RETENTION: Deciduous

FLORAL CHARACTERISTICS
SYMMETRY:
BLOOM TIME: April-May
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
x x x x

BLOOM COLOR:
White Red Pink Orange Yellow Green Blue Lavender Purple Violet Brown Not Applicable
x x

FRUITING PERIOD: Sep-Oct.

DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE:
NATIVE RANGE: eastern United States

HORTICULTURAL
Plant Sale Text: Piedmont staggerbush is a small shrub with arching stems and glossy deciduous foliage. In spring, racemes of pinkish buds become white urn shaped blooms similar to blueberry flowers. Despite its common name, this plant is far more common in the coastal plain than in the piedmont. It can be found in dry sandy or rocky woods. This plant was used by the Cherokee to treat skin conditions. The Lyonia genus supports up to 11 species of lepidoptera.

Bloom Table Text:

NCBG Location:

Cultural Notes: This plant was used by the Cherokee to treat skin conditions.

SOIL MOISTURE: Dry, Average, Moist/Wet
LIGHT EXPOSURE: Sun, Part Shade, Shade
MINIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 5
MAXIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 9
GERMINATION CODE: 1, 4
WILDLIFE VALUE: Bee Friendly, Butterfly Friendly, Bird Friendly
DEER RESISTANCE:

GRIM ACCESSIONS

acc_id acc_num acc_dt coll_id Action
259 2011-0101 2011-05-04 264 View
3328 1990-0195 View
3730 1991-0425 View
4561 1992-0717 View
7605 2000-0368 2000-11-14 View
7782 2001-0138 2001-06-27 View
9005 1994-0071 0000-00-00 996 View


GRIM COLLECTIONS

Coll_id Project Collection date Collector Action
264 HORT 2006-11-18 Walker View
996 HORT 1994-06-20 View
1871 HORT Walker View


GRIM PLANTINGS

plt_num acc_id loc_num pers_num inst_dt Action
621 259 37 Randall 2011-04-19 View
622 259 39 NCBG staff 2011-05-13 View
623 259 12 NCBG staff 2011-12-06 View
5529 3328 57 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
5530 3328 58 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
6037 3730 199 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
6890 4561 200 NCBG staff 1993-03-01 View
7262 9005 27 NCBG staff 1994-06-20 View
10723 7605 6 Stern 1997-03-24 View
10986 7782 59 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View

USDA PLANTS DATABASE

USDA Symbol: LYMA2
USDA Common Name: Piedmont Staggerbush
Native Status: L48 (N)
Distribution: USA (AR, CT, DC, DE, FL, GA, LA, MD, MO, NC, NJ, NY, OK, PA, RI, SC, TX, VA)
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Shrub

NATIONAL WETLAND INDICATOR STATUS

Region:AGCPAKAWCBEMPGPHIMWNCNEWMVE
Status: FAC FAC FAC FAC

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers 2016 National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.3 (Lichvar, R.W., D.L. Banks, W.N. Kirchner, and N.C. Melvin. 2016. The National Wetland Plant List: 2016 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2016-30: 1-17. Published 28 April 2016. ISSN 2153 733X). Regions: AGCP-Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain, AK-Alaska, AW-Arid West, CB-Caribbean, EMP-Eastern Mountains and Piedmont, GP-Great Plains, HI-Hawaii, MW-Midwest, NCNE-Northcentral and Northeast, WMCV-Western Mountains, Valleys & Coast

WEAKLEY FLORA

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Lyonia mariana
COMMON NAME: Staggerbush
SYNONYMY: [= C, F, FNA, G, GW, K, L, Pa, RAB, Va, WH3, Z; = Neopieris mariana (Linnaeus) Britton - S]
PHENOLOGY: Apr-May; Sep-Oct.
HABITAT: Pine flatwoods, savannas, pocosin-sandhill ecotones, dry rocky woodlands in the lower Piedmont (especially with chestnut oak).
COMMENTS: RI (formerly) and NY (Long Island) south to c. peninsular and e. Panhandle FL; disjunct west of the Misssissippi River in sc. MO, c. AR, nw. LA, se. OK, and e. TX. Readily distinguished by the broadly elliptic leaves borne at an ascending 45 degree angle, with bright pink axillary buds.
RANGE MAP: Lyonia mariana.png

Key to Map Symbols
ABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora)
Ericaceae A.L. de Jussieu 1789 (Heath Family)
SUMMARY: A family of about 107-124 genera and 3400-4100 species, primarily shrubs, small trees, and subshrubs, nearly cosmopolitan. The Ericaceae is very important in our area, which is one of the north temperate centers of diversity for the Ericaceae, with a great diversity of genera and species, many of them rather narrowly endemic. Along with Quercus and Pinus, various members of this family are dominant in much of our landscape.
REFERENCE: Tucker in FNA (2009); Gillespie & Kron (2010, 2013); Kron et al. (2002); Wood (1961); Judd & Kron (1993); Kron & Chase (1993); Luteyn et al. (1996)=L; Dorr & Barrie (1993); Cullings & Hileman (1997); Stevens et al. in Kubitzki (2004).
ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora)
Lyonia Nutt. (Staggerbush)
SUMMARY: A genus of about 35 species, shrubs and small trees, of e. and se. Asia, e. North America, Mexico, and the West Indies.
REFERENCE: Judd (1981)=Z; Judd in FNA (2009); Stevens et al. in Kubitzki (2004).

HERBARIUM RESOURCES

SERNEC: Find Lyonia mariana in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)
UNC SERNEC: Find Lyonia mariana in University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)

WEB RESOURCES

USDA: Find Lyonia mariana in USDA Plants
NPIN: Find Lyonia mariana in NPIN Database
FNA: Find Lyonia mariana in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Lyonia mariana

NCBG IMAGE RECORDS

ID IMAGE1: 7713
ID IMAGE2: 7558
ID IMAGE3: 8126

From the Image Gallery


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17 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

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