Plant Index


 
 
 

Limonium carolinianum

Limonium carolinianum (Walter) Britton

carolina sea-lavender, lavender thrift

Synonym(s): Limonium angustatum, Limonium carolinianum var. angustatum, Limonium carolinianum var. angustifolium, Limonium carolinianum var. compactum, Limonium carolinianum var. nashii, Limonium carolinianum var. obtusilobum, Limonium carolinianum var. trichogonum, Limonium nashii, Limonium nashii var. albiflorum, Limonium nashii var. angustatum, Limonium nashii var. trichogonum, Limonium obtusilobum, Limonium trichogonum
Limonium carolinianum (Carolina Sea-lavender)
Image ID: 25885
Image by: Dakar, Jacob
Image Collection: NCBG Digital Library

PLANT INDEX

ID_PLANT: LICA17
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Limonium carolinianum
Include in WOTAS: 1
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2017-12-16

GENUS INDEX

GENUS CODE: LIMON
GENUS SCIENTIFIC: Limonium
GENUS AUTHORITY: Mill.
GENUS COMMON: Sea lavender
GENUS SUMMARY: A genus of about 350 species, dwarf shrubs, perennial and annual herbs, of cosmopolitan distribution.
GENUS IDENTIFICATION:
GENUS REFERENCES: Luteyn (1976)=Z; Smith in FNA (2005); Kubitzki in Kubitzki, Rohwer, & Bittrich (1993).

FAMILY INDEX

FAMILY CODE: PLUMBA
FAMILY SCIENTIFIC: Plumbaginaceae
FAMILY AUTHORITY: A.L. de Jussieu 1789
FAMILY COMMON: Leadwort Family
FAMILY SUMMARY: A family of about 24-27 genera and 650-775 species, shrubs, vines, and herbs, of cosmopolitan distribution. Lledó et al. (1998) and other authors suggest that the portion of the Plumbaginaceae often recognized as tribe Staticeae or subfamily Staticoideae (which includes Limonium) would be better treated as a distinct family.
FAMILY REFERENCE: Morin in FNA (2005); Lledó et al. (1998); Kubitzki in Kubitzki, Rohwer, & Bittrich (1993).

NCBG DESCRIPTIVES

INTRO: Erect perennial found in tidal marshes, especially on salt flats.
STEMS: Stems wide-branched and smooth.
LEAVES: Leaves in a basal rosette, petiolate, broadly oval to spoon-shaped, 2-12 in. long, with q prominent mid-vein, leathery-fleshy and smooth.
INFLORESCENCE:
FLOWERS: Flowers along one side of each of the stiffly forking branches, creating a fan-like effect; pink to lavender or blue; 1/4 in. long; consisting of 5 overlapping, rounded petals and a reddish, 5-lobed calyx.
FRUITS:
COMMENTS:
HEIGHT: 8-28 in.

DURATION: Perennial
HABIT: Herb

LEAF ARRANGEMENT: Basal
LEAF COMPLEXITY: Simple
LEAF RETENTION:

FLORAL CHARACTERISTICS
SYMMETRY: Radial (Actinomorphic)
BLOOM TIME: Aug-Oct
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
x x x x x x

BLOOM COLOR: Pink to lavender
White Red Pink Orange Yellow Green Blue Lavender Purple Violet Brown Not Applicable
x x x

FRUITING PERIOD:

DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE: maritime
NATIVE RANGE:

HORTICULTURAL
Plant Sale Text:

Bloom Table Text:

NCBG Location:

Cultural Notes:

SOIL MOISTURE: Average, Moist/Wet
LIGHT EXPOSURE: Sun, Part Shade
MINIMUM HARDINESS ZONE:
MAXIMUM HARDINESS ZONE:
GERMINATION CODE:
WILDLIFE VALUE:
DEER RESISTANCE:


GRIM COLLECTIONS

Coll_id Project Collection date Collector Action
544 SOS 2015-10-13 Dakar View
548 SOS 2015-10-14 Driskill View
851 SOS 2016-11-02 Flood View
855 SOS 2016-11-03 Dakar View


USDA PLANTS DATABASE

USDA Symbol: LICA17
USDA Common Name: Lavender Thrift
Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N)
Distribution: USA (AL, CT, DE, FL, GA, LA, MA, MD, ME, MS, NC, NH, NJ, NY, RI, SC, TX, VA), CAN (LB, NB, NF, NS, PE, QC)
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Forb/herb

NATIONAL WETLAND INDICATOR STATUS

Region:AGCPAKAWCBEMPGPHIMWNCNEWMVE
Status: OBL OBL OBL OBL

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers 2016 National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.3 (Lichvar, R.W., D.L. Banks, W.N. Kirchner, and N.C. Melvin. 2016. The National Wetland Plant List: 2016 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2016-30: 1-17. Published 28 April 2016. ISSN 2153 733X). Regions: AGCP-Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain, AK-Alaska, AW-Arid West, CB-Caribbean, EMP-Eastern Mountains and Piedmont, GP-Great Plains, HI-Hawaii, MW-Midwest, NCNE-Northcentral and Northeast, WMCV-Western Mountains, Valleys & Coast

WEAKLEY FLORA

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Limonium carolinianum
COMMON NAME: Carolina Sea-lavender
SYNONYMY: [= C, FNA, GW, K, Va, WH3, Z; > L. carolinianum - F, S; > L. nashii Small - F, S; > L. carolinianum var. carolinianum - G, RAB; > L. nashii Small var. nashii - G, RAB; > L. carolinianum var. angustatum (A. Gray) Blake - G; > L. carolinianum var. obtusilobum (Blake) H.E. Ahles - RAB; > L. nashii Small var. angustatum (A. Gray) H.E. Ahles - RAB; > L. angustatum (A. Gray) Small - S; > L. obtusilobum Blake - S]
PHENOLOGY: Aug-Oct.
HABITAT: Tidal marshes, especially in hypersaline flats.
COMMENTS: Along the coast from NL (Labrador) south to s. FL, west to TX and ne. Mexico. Various treatments recognize from 1 to 4 taxa in our area. The most recent monographer, Luteyn (1976), recognizes only a polymorphic L. carolinianum – a treatment followed by most flora authors since. Godfrey & Wooten (1981) follow Luteyns treatment, but state we are not at all confident that Luteyns treatment is a reasonable one.
RANGE MAP: Limonium carolinianum.png

Key to Map Symbols
ABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora)
Plumbaginaceae A.L. de Jussieu 1789 (Leadwort Family)
SUMMARY: A family of about 24-27 genera and 650-775 species, shrubs, vines, and herbs, of cosmopolitan distribution. Lledó et al. (1998) and other authors suggest that the portion of the Plumbaginaceae often recognized as tribe Staticeae or subfamily Staticoideae (which includes Limonium) would be better treated as a distinct family.
REFERENCE: Morin in FNA (2005); Lledó et al. (1998); Kubitzki in Kubitzki, Rohwer, & Bittrich (1993).
ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora)
Limonium Mill. (Sea lavender)
SUMMARY: A genus of about 350 species, dwarf shrubs, perennial and annual herbs, of cosmopolitan distribution.
REFERENCE: Luteyn (1976)=Z; Smith in FNA (2005); Kubitzki in Kubitzki, Rohwer, & Bittrich (1993).

HERBARIUM RESOURCES

SERNEC: Find Limonium carolinianum in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)
UNC SERNEC: Find Limonium carolinianum in University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)

WEB RESOURCES

USDA: Find Limonium carolinianum in USDA Plants
NPIN: Find Limonium carolinianum in NPIN Database
FNA: Find Limonium carolinianum in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Limonium carolinianum

NCBG IMAGE RECORDS

ID IMAGE1: 25885
ID IMAGE2: 0
ID IMAGE3: 0

From the Image Gallery


Image ID: 25884

Image ID: 25886

Image ID: 34265

Image ID: 34266

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Image ID: 35219

Image ID: 34264

Image ID: 35170

Image ID: 35172

Image ID: 35218

Image ID: 35220

Image ID: 11411
16 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

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