Plant Index


 
 
 
 

Lithospermum canescens

Lithospermum canescens (Michx.) Lehm.

hoary puccoon

Synonym(s): Batschia canescens
Lithospermum canescens (Hoary Puccoon)
Image ID: 12561
Image by: Cressler, Alan M.
Image Collection: NCBG Digital Library

PLANT INDEX

ID_PLANT: LICA12
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Lithospermum canescens
Include in WOTAS: 1
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2019-01-23

GENUS INDEX

GENUS CODE: LITHO3
GENUS SCIENTIFIC: Lithospermum
GENUS AUTHORITY: L.
GENUS COMMON: Stoneseed
GENUS SUMMARY: A genus of about 60 species, herbs (mostly perennials), nearly cosmopolitan. Recent studies strongly suggest that Onosmodium is better included in a broadened Lithospermum (Cohen & Davis 2009; Weigend et al. 2009), as Onosmodium is embedded within Lithospermum in a subclade also including L. tuberosum; morphologically, Onosmodium shows a subset of the characteristics in a broader and more diverse Lithospermum.
GENUS IDENTIFICATION:
GENUS REFERENCES: Weakley et al. (2011)= U; Cohen & Davis (2009); Cochrane (1976)=X; Turner (1995a)=Y; Cusick (1985)=V; Al-Shehbaz (1991)=Z. Key based in part on X and Y.

FAMILY INDEX

FAMILY CODE: BORAGI
FAMILY SCIENTIFIC: Boraginaceae
FAMILY AUTHORITY: A.L. de Jussieu 1789
FAMILY COMMON: Borage Family
FAMILY SUMMARY: A family of about 155 genera and ca. 3200 species, herbs, shrubs, and trees, nearly cosmopolitan (Al-Shehbaz 1991).
FAMILY REFERENCE: Nazaire & Hufford (2012); Ferguson (1998); Diane, Förther, & Hilger (2002); Hilger & Diane (2003); Al-Shehbaz (1991)=Z throughout the family; Wilson (1960a); Constance (1963). Key to genera based on RAB, C, and Z. [see also EHRETIACEAE, HELIOTROPIACEAE, HYDROLEACEAE, and HYDROPHYLLACEAE]

NCBG DESCRIPTIVES

INTRO: A densely furry, erect to leaning perennial found in dry woodlands and glades over calcareous rocks (limestone, dolostone) or mafic rocks (diabase).
STEMS: Stems clumped and from a thickened taproot, simple or branched, densely leafy and hairy.
LEAVES: Leaves alternate, sessile, the lower ones very short, the upper lance-shaped to narrowly oblong and up to 2 in. long by ½ in. wide, with a prominent central vein and densely hairy.
INFLORESCENCE:
FLOWERS: Flowers in dense, sometimes coiled clusters at ends of upper branches, straightening as flowers open; orange-yellow; 1/2 in. wide; tubular with 5 spreading, rounded lobes and 5 hairy, linear to lance-shaped, flattened sepals that are no more than ¼ in. long.
FRUITS: Fruit a small, white nutlet.
COMMENTS:
HEIGHT: 4-20 in.

DURATION: Perennial
HABIT: Herb

LEAF ARRANGEMENT: Alternate
LEAF COMPLEXITY: Simple
LEAF RETENTION:

FLORAL CHARACTERISTICS
SYMMETRY: Radial (Actinomorphic)
BLOOM TIME: Apr,-May
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
x x x x

BLOOM COLOR: Orange-yellow
White Red Pink Orange Yellow Green Blue Lavender Purple Violet Brown Not Applicable
x x

FRUITING PERIOD:

DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE: Dry forests, Outcrops and glades
NATIVE RANGE: eastern & central North America

HORTICULTURAL
Plant Sale Text:

Bloom Table Text:

NCBG Location:

Cultural Notes:

SOIL MOISTURE: Dry, Average
LIGHT EXPOSURE: Sun, Part Shade, Shade
MINIMUM HARDINESS ZONE:
MAXIMUM HARDINESS ZONE:
GERMINATION CODE:
WILDLIFE VALUE:
DEER RESISTANCE:

GRIM ACCESSIONS

acc_id acc_num acc_dt coll_id Action
66 2013-0014 2013-05-07 69 View
5533 1995-0656 View


GRIM COLLECTIONS

Coll_id Project Collection date Collector Action
69 HORT 2011-05-25 Poythress View


GRIM PLANTINGS

plt_num acc_id loc_num pers_num inst_dt Action
85 66 21 Liloia 2013-05-03 View
8047 5533 204 NCBG staff 1993-01-01 View

USDA PLANTS DATABASE

USDA Symbol: LICA12
USDA Common Name: Hoary Puccoon
Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N)
Distribution: USA (AL, AR, DC, GA, IA, IL, IN, KS, KY, MD, MI, MN, MO, MS, NC, ND, NE, NJ, NY, OH, OK, PA, SC, SD, TN, TX, VA, WI, WV), CAN (MB, ON, SK)
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Forb/herb

2018 Natural Heritage Program List of Rare Plant Species of North Carolina

NHP IDS RANKROUNDED S RANKG RANKROUNDED G RANKSTATE STATUSFEDERAL STATUS
16157 S2 S2 G5 G5 T

This information is derived from the 2018 North Carolina Natural Heritage Program List of Rare Plant Species.

WEAKLEY FLORA

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Lithospermum canescens
COMMON NAME: Hoary Puccoon, Indian-paint
SYNONYMY: [= C, F, G, Il, K, Pa, RAB, V, Va, W, WV, Z; = Batschia canescens Michaux - S]
PHENOLOGY: Apr-May.
HABITAT: Dry woodlands and glades over calcareous rocks (such as limestone, dolostone) or mafic rocks (such as diabase).
COMMENTS: ON west to SK, south to c. NC, nw. GA, AL, and TX.
RANGE MAP: Lithospermum canescens.png

Key to Map Symbols
ABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora)
Boraginaceae A.L. de Jussieu 1789 (Borage Family)
SUMMARY: A family of about 155 genera and ca. 3200 species, herbs, shrubs, and trees, nearly cosmopolitan (Al-Shehbaz 1991).
REFERENCE: Nazaire & Hufford (2012); Ferguson (1998); Diane, Förther, & Hilger (2002); Hilger & Diane (2003); Al-Shehbaz (1991)=Z throughout the family; Wilson (1960a); Constance (1963). Key to genera based on RAB, C, and Z. [see also EHRETIACEAE, HELIOTROPIACEAE, HYDROLEACEAE, and HYDROPHYLLACEAE]
ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora)
Lithospermum L. (Stoneseed)
SUMMARY: A genus of about 60 species, herbs (mostly perennials), nearly cosmopolitan. Recent studies strongly suggest that Onosmodium is better included in a broadened Lithospermum (Cohen & Davis 2009; Weigend et al. 2009), as Onosmodium is embedded within Lithospermum in a subclade also including L. tuberosum; morphologically, Onosmodium shows a subset of the characteristics in a broader and more diverse Lithospermum.
REFERENCE: Weakley et al. (2011)= U; Cohen & Davis (2009); Cochrane (1976)=X; Turner (1995a)=Y; Cusick (1985)=V; Al-Shehbaz (1991)=Z. Key based in part on X and Y.

HERBARIUM RESOURCES

SERNEC: Find Lithospermum canescens in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)
UNC SERNEC: Find Lithospermum canescens in University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)

WEB RESOURCES

USDA: Find Lithospermum canescens in USDA Plants
NPIN: Find Lithospermum canescens in NPIN Database
FNA: Find Lithospermum canescens in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Lithospermum canescens

NCBG IMAGE RECORDS

ID IMAGE1: 12561
ID IMAGE2: 0
ID IMAGE3: 12561

From the Image Gallery


Image ID: 7413

Image ID: 15400

Image ID: 20246

Image ID: 29539

Image ID: 29538

Image ID: 20256

Image ID: 20255

Image ID: 20254

Image ID: 20253

Image ID: 20252

Image ID: 20251

Image ID: 20250

Image ID: 20249

Image ID: 20248

Image ID: 20247

Image ID: 2853

Image ID: 15399

Image ID: 15398

Image ID: 15397

Image ID: 12977

Image ID: 7414

Image ID: 7412

Image ID: 7411

Image ID: 2856

Image ID: 2855

Image ID: 2854
27 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

Go back