Plant Index


 
 
 

Leucothoe fontanesiana

Leucothoe fontanesiana (Steud.) Sleumer

mountain doghobble, highland doghobble, switch-ivy

Synonym(s): Leucothoe axillaris var. editorum, Leucothoe catesbaei, Leucothoe editorum
Cultivar(s): Girard's Rainbow, Scarletta
Leucothoe fontanesiana (Mountain Doghobble)
Image ID: 12546
Image by: Cressler, Alan M.
Image Collection: NCBG Digital Library

PLANT INDEX

ID_PLANT: LEFO
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Leucothoe fontanesiana
Include in WOTAS: 0
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2017-09-24

CULTIVAR INDEX

Cult_id Cultivar_name Action
1422 Girard's Rainbow View
1423 Scarletta View

GENUS INDEX

GENUS CODE: LEUCO5
GENUS SCIENTIFIC: Leucothoe
GENUS AUTHORITY: D. Don
GENUS COMMON: Doghobble
GENUS SUMMARY: A genus of 5 species, shrubs, of Japan, Himalayan Asia, w. North America, and e. North America.
GENUS IDENTIFICATION:
GENUS REFERENCES: Judd et al. (2013)= Z; Tucker in FNA (2009); Stevens et al. in Kubitzki (2004). [also see Agarista and Eubotrys]

FAMILY INDEX

FAMILY CODE: ERICAC
FAMILY SCIENTIFIC: Ericaceae
FAMILY AUTHORITY: A.L. de Jussieu 1789
FAMILY COMMON: Heath Family
FAMILY SUMMARY: A family of about 107-124 genera and 3400-4100 species, primarily shrubs, small trees, and subshrubs, nearly cosmopolitan. The Ericaceae is very important in our area, which is one of the north temperate centers of diversity for the Ericaceae, with a great diversity of genera and species, many of them rather narrowly endemic. Along with Quercus and Pinus, various members of this family are dominant in much of our landscape.
FAMILY REFERENCE: Tucker in FNA (2009); Gillespie & Kron (2010, 2013); Kron et al. (2002); Wood (1961); Judd & Kron (1993); Kron & Chase (1993); Luteyn et al. (1996)=L; Dorr & Barrie (1993); Cullings & Hileman (1997); Stevens et al. in Kubitzki (2004).

NCBG DESCRIPTIVES

INTRO:
STEMS:
LEAVES:
INFLORESCENCE:
FLOWERS:
FRUITS:
COMMENTS:
HEIGHT: 6 ft.

DURATION: Perennial
HABIT: Shrub

LEAF ARRANGEMENT:
LEAF COMPLEXITY: Simple
LEAF RETENTION: Evergreen

FLORAL CHARACTERISTICS
SYMMETRY:
BLOOM TIME: Apr-May
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
x x x x

BLOOM COLOR: White flowers
White Red Pink Orange Yellow Green Blue Lavender Purple Violet Brown Not Applicable
x

FRUITING PERIOD: Sep-Oct.

DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE:
NATIVE RANGE: VA, NC, TN, SC & GA

HORTICULTURAL
Plant Sale Text: Mountain doghobble is found primarily in the Blue Ridge Mountains, though some populations make it into the Piedmont. Despite being a mountain species, it is a very tough plant that is adaptable a wide range of environmental conditions. Mountain doghobble usually grows as a low, arching shrub, and does very well in full shade. It has creamy white flowers clustered at the ends of its branches in spring.

Bloom Table Text:

NCBG Location:

Cultural Notes:

SOIL MOISTURE: Dry, Average, Moist/Wet
LIGHT EXPOSURE: Part Shade, Shade
MINIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 6
MAXIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 8
GERMINATION CODE:
WILDLIFE VALUE: Bee Friendly
DEER RESISTANCE:

GRIM ACCESSIONS

acc_id acc_num acc_dt coll_id Action
17 2018-0003 2018-01-08 19 View
100 2012-0072 2012-11-13 101 View
912 1985-0595 View
914 1985-0597 View
2091 1986-1891 View
2299 1986-2130 View
2300 1986-2131 View
6163 1995-1295 View
6515 1996-0140 View
6792 1997-0006 View
8450 2005-0524 2005-12-20 View
8652 2006-0257 2006-09-21 View


GRIM COLLECTIONS

Coll_id Project Collection date Collector Action
19 HORT 2015-10-24 Daley View
101 HORT 2012-04-01 Tomberlin View


GRIM PLANTINGS

plt_num acc_id loc_num pers_num inst_dt Action
18 17 71 Tomberlin 2017-12-21 View
157 100 65 Poythress 2012-04-01 View
158 100 45 Mixon 2012-10-01 View
1681 912 198 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
1683 914 161 NCBG staff 1982-01-01 View
3480 2091 79 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
3481 2091 78 NCBG staff 1968-10-01 View
3482 2091 187 NCBG staff 1968-10-01 View
3978 2299 81 NCBG staff 1986-12-31 View
8818 6163 2 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
9210 6515 143 NCBG staff 1996-01-01 View
9211 6515 94 NCBG staff 1996-01-01 View
9600 6792 71 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
11671 8450 205 NCBG staff 1967-12-01 View
11870 8652 153 NCBG staff 2006-10-01 View
12219 8450 77 Liloia 2009-10-22 View
12221 8450 71 Liloia 2009-10-26 View

USDA PLANTS DATABASE

USDA Symbol: LEFO
USDA Common Name: Highland Doghobble
Native Status: L48 (N)
Distribution: USA (AL, GA, KY, MA, MD, NC, NJ, NY, SC, TN, VA)
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Shrub

NATIONAL WETLAND INDICATOR STATUS

Region:AGCPAKAWCBEMPGPHIMWNCNEWMVE
Status: FACW FACW FACW FACW

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers 2016 National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.3 (Lichvar, R.W., D.L. Banks, W.N. Kirchner, and N.C. Melvin. 2016. The National Wetland Plant List: 2016 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2016-30: 1-17. Published 28 April 2016. ISSN 2153 733X). Regions: AGCP-Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain, AK-Alaska, AW-Arid West, CB-Caribbean, EMP-Eastern Mountains and Piedmont, GP-Great Plains, HI-Hawaii, MW-Midwest, NCNE-Northcentral and Northeast, WMCV-Western Mountains, Valleys & Coast

WEAKLEY FLORA

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Leucothoe fontanesiana
COMMON NAME: Mountain Doghobble, Switch-ivy
SYNONYMY: [= FNA, GW, K, L, Va, W; = L. axillaris var. editorum (Fernald & Schubert) H.E. Ahles - RAB; = L. walteri (Willdenow) Melvin - C, Pa; = L. editorum Fernald & Schubert - F, G; = L. catesbaei (Walter) Gray - S]
PHENOLOGY: Apr-May; Sep-Oct.
HABITAT: Moist slopes, streambanks, ravines, often associated with Rhododendron maximum thickets.
COMMENTS: A Southern Appalachian endemic: sw. VA south through w. NC and e. TN to nw. GA.
RANGE MAP: Leucothoe fontanesiana.png

Key to Map Symbols
ABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora)
Ericaceae A.L. de Jussieu 1789 (Heath Family)
SUMMARY: A family of about 107-124 genera and 3400-4100 species, primarily shrubs, small trees, and subshrubs, nearly cosmopolitan. The Ericaceae is very important in our area, which is one of the north temperate centers of diversity for the Ericaceae, with a great diversity of genera and species, many of them rather narrowly endemic. Along with Quercus and Pinus, various members of this family are dominant in much of our landscape.
REFERENCE: Tucker in FNA (2009); Gillespie & Kron (2010, 2013); Kron et al. (2002); Wood (1961); Judd & Kron (1993); Kron & Chase (1993); Luteyn et al. (1996)=L; Dorr & Barrie (1993); Cullings & Hileman (1997); Stevens et al. in Kubitzki (2004).
ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora)
Leucothoe D. Don (Doghobble)
SUMMARY: A genus of 5 species, shrubs, of Japan, Himalayan Asia, w. North America, and e. North America.
REFERENCE: Judd et al. (2013)= Z; Tucker in FNA (2009); Stevens et al. in Kubitzki (2004). [also see Agarista and Eubotrys]

HERBARIUM RESOURCES

SERNEC: Find Leucothoe fontanesiana in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)
UNC SERNEC: Find Leucothoe fontanesiana in University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)

WEB RESOURCES

USDA: Find Leucothoe fontanesiana in USDA Plants
NPIN: Find Leucothoe fontanesiana in NPIN Database
FNA: Find Leucothoe fontanesiana in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Leucothoe fontanesiana

NCBG IMAGE RECORDS

ID IMAGE1: 12546
ID IMAGE2: 15276
ID IMAGE3: 12546

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22 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

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