Plant Index


 
 
 
 

Lachnanthes caroliniana

Lachnanthes caroliniana (Lam.) Dandy, orth. var.

redroot, carolina redroot, carolina bloodroot

Lachnanthes caroliniana (Redroot)
Image ID: 15173
Image by: Sorrie, Bruce A.
Image Collection: NCBG Digital Library

PLANT INDEX

ID_PLANT: LACA15
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Lachnanthes caroliniana
Include in WOTAS: 1
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2019-02-25

GENUS INDEX

GENUS CODE: LACHN2
GENUS SCIENTIFIC: Lachnanthes
GENUS AUTHORITY: Elliott
GENUS COMMON: Lachnanthes
GENUS SUMMARY: A monotypic genus, an herb, of se. North America and the West Indies.
GENUS IDENTIFICATION: Identification notes: A very distinctive plant when in flower, with its densely woolly inflorescence and flowers. When not in flower, recognizable by its equitant (iris-like) base and bright red roots.
GENUS REFERENCES: Simpson in Kubitzki (1998b); Robertson in FNA (2002a); Gandhi (1999)=Y; Robertson (1976)=Z.

FAMILY INDEX

FAMILY CODE: HAEMOD
FAMILY SCIENTIFIC: Haemodoraceae
FAMILY AUTHORITY: R. Brown 1810
FAMILY COMMON: Bloodwort Family
FAMILY SUMMARY: A family of about 14 genera and 100 species, herbs, of semicosmopolitan distribution, but centered in Australia. The Haemodoraceae is primarily a family of the Southern Hemisphere; Lachnanthes is the only member native to e. North America. Lophiola has often been treated in the Haemodoraceae; it is better placed in the Nartheciaceae (or Liliaceae sensu lato), see Lophiola (Nartheciaceae) for additional details.
FAMILY REFERENCE: Robertson (1976)=Z; Simpson in Kubitzki (1998b); Robertson in FNA (2002a). [also see MELANTHIACEAE]

NCBG DESCRIPTIVES

INTRO: Erect perennnial with iris-like growth form, found in wet savannas, pocosin edges, shores of Coastal Plain depression ponds (and similar ponds in the mountains of Virginia), ditches and other wet, disturbed places.
STEMS: Stems unbranched, hairy near top.
LEAVES: Leaves mostly basal and overlapping at the base (a few shorter, alternate, clasping leaves on the stem), linear and pointed, to 18 in. long and ¾ in. wide, parallel-veined.
INFLORESCENCE:
FLOWERS: Flowers in a terminal, generally flat-topped cluster; flowers pale yellow, about ⅓ in. long, with 6 erect tepals (3 shorter, 3 longer), which are yellow on the inner surface and silvery-green and woolly on the outer surface; there are 3 protruding stamens and a style.
FRUITS: Fruit a reddish, rounded capsule enclosed in persistent, furry tepals.
COMMENTS:
HEIGHT: 1-3 ft.

DURATION:
HABIT:

LEAF ARRANGEMENT: Basal
LEAF COMPLEXITY: Simple
LEAF RETENTION:

FLORAL CHARACTERISTICS
SYMMETRY: Radial (Actinomorphic)
BLOOM TIME: Jun-early Sep
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
x x x x x

BLOOM COLOR: Silvery-green and yellow
White Red Pink Orange Yellow Green Blue Lavender Purple Violet Brown Not Applicable
x x

FRUITING PERIOD: Sep-Nov.

DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE: Bogs/pocosins, Disturbed, Pine savannas
NATIVE RANGE: eastern North America & Cuba

HORTICULTURAL
Plant Sale Text:

Bloom Table Text:

NCBG Location:

Cultural Notes:

SOIL MOISTURE: Moist/Wet
LIGHT EXPOSURE: Sun, Part Shade
MINIMUM HARDINESS ZONE:
MAXIMUM HARDINESS ZONE:
GERMINATION CODE:
WILDLIFE VALUE:
DEER RESISTANCE:

GRIM ACCESSIONS

acc_id acc_num acc_dt coll_id Action
63 2013-0011 2013-05-07 66 View
1848 1986-1629 View
7953 2003-0005 2003-06-30 View


GRIM COLLECTIONS

Coll_id Project Collection date Collector Action
66 HORT Poythress View
928 SOS 2017-08-29 Dakar View
930 SOS 2017-08-29 Faucette View
1079 HORT 2006-09-07 Bryan View
1112 HORT 2006-09-07 Bryan View
1863 HORT Bryan View


GRIM PLANTINGS

plt_num acc_id loc_num pers_num inst_dt Action
82 63 48 Mixon 2013-06-01 View
2939 1848 124 NCBG staff 1967-12-01 View
2940 1848 64 NCBG staff 1984-03-11 View
11195 7953 6 NCBG staff 2003-06-25 View
11196 7953 64 NCBG staff 2003-06-25 View

USDA PLANTS DATABASE

USDA Symbol: LACA15
USDA Common Name:
Native Status:
Distribution:
Duration:
Growth Habit:

NATIONAL WETLAND INDICATOR STATUS

Region:AGCPAKAWCBEMPGPHIMWNCNEWMVE
Status: OBL OBL OBL

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers 2016 National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.3 (Lichvar, R.W., D.L. Banks, W.N. Kirchner, and N.C. Melvin. 2016. The National Wetland Plant List: 2016 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2016-30: 1-17. Published 28 April 2016. ISSN 2153 733X). Regions: AGCP-Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain, AK-Alaska, AW-Arid West, CB-Caribbean, EMP-Eastern Mountains and Piedmont, GP-Great Plains, HI-Hawaii, MW-Midwest, NCNE-Northcentral and Northeast, WMCV-Western Mountains, Valleys & Coast

WEAKLEY FLORA

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Lachnanthes caroliniana
COMMON NAME: Redroot
SYNONYMY: [= C, FNA, GW, K2, RAB, Tn, Va, W, Y; = Lachnanthes caroliana - K1, WH3, Z, orthographic variant (correctable typographic error); = L. tinctoria (J.F. Gmelin) Elliott - F, G; = Gyrotheca tinctoria (J.F. Gmelin) Salisbury - S]
PHENOLOGY: Jun-early Sep; Sep-Nov.
HABITAT: Wet savannas, pocosin edges, shores of Coastal Plain depression ponds (and similar ponds in the mountains of Virginia), ditches, wet disturbed ground.
COMMENTS: The range is almost strictly on the Coastal Plain, and rather disjunct: s. NS, from MA to DE, from se. VA south to s. FL and west to e. LA (the Florida parishes), with inland disjunctions in w. VA and sc. TN (Coffee County); Cuba. The correct spelling of the specific epithet has been disputed; the original spelling was caroliana, but Gandhi (1999) argues convincingly that this is a correctable typographic error.
RANGE MAP: Lachnanthes caroliniana.png

Key to Map Symbols
ABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora)
Haemodoraceae R. Brown 1810 (Bloodwort Family)
SUMMARY: A family of about 14 genera and 100 species, herbs, of semicosmopolitan distribution, but centered in Australia. The Haemodoraceae is primarily a family of the Southern Hemisphere; Lachnanthes is the only member native to e. North America. Lophiola has often been treated in the Haemodoraceae; it is better placed in the Nartheciaceae (or Liliaceae sensu lato), see Lophiola (Nartheciaceae) for additional details.
REFERENCE: Robertson (1976)=Z; Simpson in Kubitzki (1998b); Robertson in FNA (2002a). [also see MELANTHIACEAE]
ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora)
Lachnanthes Elliott (Lachnanthes)
SUMMARY: A monotypic genus, an herb, of se. North America and the West Indies.
REFERENCE: Simpson in Kubitzki (1998b); Robertson in FNA (2002a); Gandhi (1999)=Y; Robertson (1976)=Z.

HERBARIUM RESOURCES

SERNEC: Find Lachnanthes caroliniana in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)
UNC SERNEC: Find Lachnanthes caroliniana in University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)

WEB RESOURCES

USDA: Find Lachnanthes caroliniana in USDA Plants
NPIN: Find Lachnanthes caroliniana in NPIN Database
FNA: Find Lachnanthes caroliniana in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Lachnanthes caroliniana

NCBG IMAGE RECORDS

ID IMAGE1: 15173
ID IMAGE2: 0
ID IMAGE3: 0

From the Image Gallery


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13 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

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