Plant Index


 
 
 

Juniperus virginiana

Juniperus virginiana L.

eastern redcedar, coastal red-cedar, red-cedar, southern red-cedar

Cultivar(s): Burkii, Glauca, Grey Owl, Hillspire, Reptans
Juniperus virginiana (Eastern Redcedar)
Image ID: 19682
Image by: Dakar, Jacob
Image Collection: NCBG Digital Library

PLANT INDEX

ID_PLANT: JUVI
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Juniperus virginiana
Include in WOTAS: 0
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2019-11-30

CULTIVAR INDEX

Cult_id Cultivar_name Action
1413 Burkii View
1414 Glauca View
1415 Grey Owl View
1730 Hillspire View
1416 Reptans View

GENUS INDEX

GENUS CODE: JUNIP
GENUS SCIENTIFIC: Juniperus
GENUS AUTHORITY: L.
GENUS COMMON: Juniper
GENUS SUMMARY: A genus of about 60 species, trees and shrubs, of temperate, boreal, and subtropical regions of the Northern Hemisphere. Various species of Juniperus, especially creeping species, are frequently used in landscaping. Molecular studies suggest that section Juniperus (J. communis var. depressa in our area) and section Sabina (J. virginiana in our area) are quite divergent (Adams & Demeke 1993). Smalls (1933) recognition of the genus Sabina may prove to be warranted; some modern authors accept it (especially Europeans) and recent molecular evidence provides some support.
GENUS IDENTIFICATION:
GENUS REFERENCES: Adams (2008b, 2008c)=Z; Adams in FNA (1993b); Adams (1986); Adams & Demeke (1993); Adams (1995, 2008a); Page in Kramer & Green (1990).

FAMILY INDEX

FAMILY CODE: CUPRES
FAMILY SCIENTIFIC: Cupressaceae
FAMILY AUTHORITY: Bartlett 1830
FAMILY COMMON: Cypress Family
FAMILY SUMMARY: A family of about 29 genera and about 130 species. Recent studies indicate that the separation of the Taxodiaceae from the Cupressaceae is not warranted, and they are here combined (Gadek et al. 2000; Brunsfeld et al. 1994). The subfamilial classification used here follows Gadek et al. (2000).
FAMILY REFERENCE: Farjon (2005); Hart & Price (1990); Hardin (1971b); Watson & Eckenwalder in FNA (1993b); Page in Kramer & Green (1990).

NCBG DESCRIPTIVES

INTRO:
STEMS: Pith absent. Young twigs (1-year-old or less) green or reddish-brown, 0.75–1 mm wide, glabrous. Twigs (2–4 years old) glabrous, scaly. Leaf scars absent, bundle scars absent, stipule scars absent. Bark of mature trunks exfoliating or shreddy. Buds axillary or terminal, green, 0.1–0.5 mm long.
LEAVES: Leaves evergreen, needle-like or scale-like, simple, sessile, opposite or whorled or decussate, four-ranked or imbricate, spreading or ascending or appressed, needles solitary, 0.1–1 cm long, 0.05–0.15 cm wide, awl-shaped or lanceolate or oval or ovate or rhombic, leaf margins entire, leaf apices acuminate or acute or obtuse, leaf bases decurrent or sheathing, leaf cross section two-angled or three-angled, keeled below. Leaf upper surface blue-green or brown or green or reddish-brown or yellow-green, glabrous. Leaf lower surface blue-green or brown or green or reddish-brown or yellow-green, glabrous. Stipules absent.
INFLORESCENCE:
FLOWERS: Pollen cones shedding pollen January or February or March, (0.25–)0.3–0.4(–0.6) cm long. Seed cone maturation 1 years. Seed cones remaining closed, terminal, sessile, nearly symmetric or symmetric, before opening globose or ovoid, 0.3–0.6(–0.7) cm long, immature seed cones green, mature seed cones blue or violet. Seed cone scales fleshy.
FRUITS:
COMMENTS: Seed cones fleshy and berry-like.
HEIGHT: (2–)10–20(–37) m tall.

DURATION: Perennial
HABIT: Tree

LEAF ARRANGEMENT: Opposite, Whorled
LEAF COMPLEXITY: Simple
LEAF RETENTION: Evergreen

FLORAL CHARACTERISTICS
SYMMETRY:
BLOOM TIME:
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
x x x

BLOOM COLOR: N/A
White Red Pink Orange Yellow Green Blue Lavender Purple Violet Brown Not Applicable
x

FRUITING PERIOD:

DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE: Bottomlands, Disturbed, Dry forests, Moist forests, Woods margins
NATIVE RANGE: eastern & central North America

HORTICULTURAL
Plant Sale Text: Eastern redcedar is commonly found in old fields, fence-lines, and along woodland edges in the Southeast. Though most trees are less than 20 feet tall, very old specimens may reach 60 feet. With sun and space, it grows much like a Christmas tree. The species is dioecious: females bear light blue berries and males bear small cones on the tips of twigs. Good choice as a stand-alone specimen or as a screen tree. The fruits are a staple for small mammals and birds. The genus Juniperus supports up to 37 lepidoptera species.

Bloom Table Text:

NCBG Location:

Cultural Notes:

SOIL MOISTURE: Dry, Average
LIGHT EXPOSURE: Sun
MINIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 4
MAXIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 9
GERMINATION CODE:
WILDLIFE VALUE: Butterfly Friendly, Bird Friendly
DEER RESISTANCE:

GRIM ACCESSIONS

acc_id acc_num acc_dt coll_id Action
495 1985-0111 View
496 1985-0112 View
497 1985-0113 View
498 1985-0114 View
499 1985-0115 View
1322 1986-1097 View
1957 1986-1745 View
3495 1991-0145 View
3725 1991-0420 View
4453 1992-0609 View
4895 1995-0013 View
5142 1995-0261 View
5570 1995-0694 View
6150 1995-1282 View
8608 2006-0190 2006-08-18 View
8609 2006-0191 2006-08-18 View
8754 2006-0686 2007-01-19 View
8776 2007-0046 2007-03-14 View
8805 2007-0075 2007-03-13 View
8815 2007-0085 2007-03-13 View
9316 2011-0295 2011-10-25 View
9362 2021-0023 2021-03-29 2453 View


GRIM COLLECTIONS

Coll_id Project Collection date Collector Action
455 SOS 2015-08-19 Dakar View
555 SOS 2015-10-14 Heraty View
571 SOS 2015-10-16 Driskill View
584 SOS 2015-10-21 Heraty View
1791 HORT 2005-01-01 Liloia View
1799 HORT 2005-01-01 Liloia View
2453 HORT 2021-02-26 Stern View


GRIM PLANTINGS

plt_num acc_id loc_num pers_num inst_dt Action
1119 495 167 NCBG staff 1996-01-01 View
1120 495 154 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
1121 495 158 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
1122 495 162 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
1123 495 173 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
1124 495 174 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
1125 496 177 NCBG staff 1980-01-21 View
1126 497 160 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
1127 498 176 NCBG staff 1980-01-21 View
1128 499 177 NCBG staff 1980-01-21 View
2301 1322 81 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
2302 1322 81 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
3123 1957 6 NCBG staff 1967-12-31 View
3124 1957 58 NCBG staff 1986-12-22 View
3125 1957 64 NCBG staff 1986-12-22 View
3126 1957 79 NCBG staff 1986-12-22 View
3127 1957 136 NCBG staff 1967-12-31 View
5750 3495 81 NCBG staff 1990-01-01 View
6031 3725 52 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
6032 3725 199 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
6781 4453 200 NCBG staff 1993-03-01 View
7314 4895 202 NCBG staff 1992-01-01 View
7568 5142 203 NCBG staff 1992-01-01 View
8084 5570 204 NCBG staff 1993-01-01 View
8805 6150 2 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
11800 8608 140 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
11801 8609 140 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
11999 8754 134 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
12028 8776 69 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
12059 8805 70 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
12073 8815 71 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
12453 9316 23 Liloia 2011-10-25 View
12454 9316 12 Liloia 2011-10-25 View
12568 9362 238 Stern 2021-03-12 View
12569 9362 237 Stern 2021-03-12 View
12787 0 14 Liloia 0000-00-00 View

USDA PLANTS DATABASE

USDA Symbol: JUVI
USDA Common Name: Eastern Redcedar
Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N)
Distribution: USA (AL, AR, CO, CT, DC, DE, FL, GA, IA, IL, IN, KS, KY, LA, MA, MD, ME, MI, MN, MO, MS, NC, ND, NE, NH, NJ, NY, OH, OK, OR, PA, RI, SC, SD, TN, TX, VA, VT, WI, WV), CAN (ON, QC)
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Tree

NATIONAL WETLAND INDICATOR STATUS

Region:AGCPAKAWCBEMPGPHIMWNCNEWMVE
Status: FACU FACU FACU UPL FACU FACU FACU

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers 2016 National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.3 (Lichvar, R.W., D.L. Banks, W.N. Kirchner, and N.C. Melvin. 2016. The National Wetland Plant List: 2016 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2016-30: 1-17. Published 28 April 2016. ISSN 2153 733X). Regions: AGCP-Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain, AK-Alaska, AW-Arid West, CB-Caribbean, EMP-Eastern Mountains and Piedmont, GP-Great Plains, HI-Hawaii, MW-Midwest, NCNE-Northcentral and Northeast, WMCV-Western Mountains, Valleys & Coast

WEAKLEY FLORA

SCIENTIFIC NAME:
COMMON NAME:
SYNONYMY:
PHENOLOGY:
HABITAT:
COMMENTS:
RANGE MAP:

Key to Map Symbols
ABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora)
Cupressaceae Bartlett 1830 (Cypress Family)
SUMMARY: A family of about 29 genera and about 130 species. Recent studies indicate that the separation of the Taxodiaceae from the Cupressaceae is not warranted, and they are here combined (Gadek et al. 2000; Brunsfeld et al. 1994). The subfamilial classification used here follows Gadek et al. (2000).
REFERENCE: Farjon (2005); Hart & Price (1990); Hardin (1971b); Watson & Eckenwalder in FNA (1993b); Page in Kramer & Green (1990).
ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora)
Juniperus L. (Juniper)
SUMMARY: A genus of about 60 species, trees and shrubs, of temperate, boreal, and subtropical regions of the Northern Hemisphere. Various species of Juniperus, especially creeping species, are frequently used in landscaping. Molecular studies suggest that section Juniperus (J. communis var. depressa in our area) and section Sabina (J. virginiana in our area) are quite divergent (Adams & Demeke 1993). Smalls (1933) recognition of the genus Sabina may prove to be warranted; some modern authors accept it (especially Europeans) and recent molecular evidence provides some support.
REFERENCE: Adams (2008b, 2008c)=Z; Adams in FNA (1993b); Adams (1986); Adams & Demeke (1993); Adams (1995, 2008a); Page in Kramer & Green (1990).

HERBARIUM RESOURCES

SERNEC: Find Juniperus virginiana in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)
UNC SERNEC: Find Juniperus virginiana in University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)

WEB RESOURCES

USDA: Find Juniperus virginiana in USDA Plants
NPIN: Find Juniperus virginiana in NPIN Database
FNA: Find Juniperus virginiana in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Juniperus virginiana

NCBG IMAGE RECORDS

ID IMAGE1: 19682
ID IMAGE2: 0
ID IMAGE3: 19682

From the Image Gallery


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18 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

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