Plant Index


 
 
 

Juncus effusus

Juncus effusus L.

common rush

Cultivar(s): Curly Wurly, Frenzy, Unicorn, Vittatus
Juncus effusus (Common Rush)
Image ID: 15090
Image by: Sorrie, Bruce A.
Image Collection: NCBG Digital Library

PLANT INDEX

ID_PLANT: JUEF
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Juncus effusus
Include in WOTAS: 0
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2017-01-26

CULTIVAR INDEX

Cult_id Cultivar_name Action
1408 Curly Wurly View
1703 Frenzy View
1702 Unicorn View
1409 Vittatus View

GENUS INDEX

GENUS CODE: JUNCU
GENUS SCIENTIFIC: Juncus
GENUS AUTHORITY: L.
GENUS COMMON: Rush
GENUS SUMMARY: (by B.A. Sorrie and W.M. Knapp)
GENUS IDENTIFICATION: Identification Notes: For identification of most rushes, it is important to collect plants with mature capsules and seeds. Stamen number is often a diagnostic character and can be determined after anthesis by counting the number of persistent filaments located behind the tepals. Care must be taken to collect specimens with uninjured heads, especially for the group of rushes in Key D; the long beaks of the capsules are often fragile and easily broken off.
GENUS REFERENCES: Brooks & Clemants in FNA (2000); Kirschner et al. (2002b, 2002c)= Y; Knapp (2014)=X; Bridges & Orzell (2008); Clemants (1990); Balslev in Kubitzki (1998b); Zika (2003)=Z; Drábková et al. (2003). The key based, in part, on those references.

FAMILY INDEX

FAMILY CODE: JUNCAC
FAMILY SCIENTIFIC: Juncaceae
FAMILY AUTHORITY: A.L. de Jussieu 1789
FAMILY COMMON: Rush Family
FAMILY SUMMARY: A family of about 8 genera and 350-440 species, herbs (and a few shrubs), largely of temperate regions of the Old and New World.
FAMILY REFERENCE: Brooks & Clemants in FNA (2000); Balslev in Kubitzki (1998b); Drábková et al. (2003).

NCBG DESCRIPTIVES

INTRO:
STEMS:
LEAVES:
INFLORESCENCE:
FLOWERS:
FRUITS:
COMMENTS:
HEIGHT: 2-4 ft.

DURATION: Perennial
HABIT: Grass/Grasslike

LEAF ARRANGEMENT:
LEAF COMPLEXITY:
LEAF RETENTION:

FLORAL CHARACTERISTICS
SYMMETRY:
BLOOM TIME: Jun-Sep
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
x x x x x x

BLOOM COLOR:
White Red Pink Orange Yellow Green Blue Lavender Purple Violet Brown Not Applicable
x x

FRUITING PERIOD:

DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE:
NATIVE RANGE: throughout North America

HORTICULTURAL
Plant Sale Text: Common rush, also called soft rush, has upright needle-like stems and will provide interesting texture and structure in boggy areas or at the edge of a pond or water garden. It is rhizomatous and will form clumps up to 3 ft. wide.

Bloom Table Text:

NCBG Location:

Cultural Notes:

SOIL MOISTURE: Average, Moist/Wet
LIGHT EXPOSURE: Sun, Part Shade, Shade
MINIMUM HARDINESS ZONE:
MAXIMUM HARDINESS ZONE:
GERMINATION CODE: 2, 4
WILDLIFE VALUE:
DEER RESISTANCE:

GRIM ACCESSIONS

acc_id acc_num acc_dt coll_id Action
2753 1987-0240 View
7342 2000-0079 2000-03-14 View
7507 2000-0265 2000-09-15 View
9171 2008-0362 2020-04-08 1927 View
9172 2008-0363 2020-04-08 1928 View


GRIM COLLECTIONS

Coll_id Project Collection date Collector Action
404 SOS 2015-06-22 Driskill View
406 SOS 2015-06-18 Maynard View
413 SOS 2015-07-08 Driskill View
415 SOS 2015-07-13 Dakar View
417 SOS 2015-07-13 Dakar View
419 SOS 2015-07-14 Driskill View
660 SOS 2016-07-14 Flood View
1927 HORT 2008-03-20 Stern View
1928 HORT 2008-03-20 Stern View


GRIM PLANTINGS

plt_num acc_id loc_num pers_num inst_dt Action
4579 2753 8 NCBG staff 1985-05-14 View
4580 2753 8 NCBG staff 1985-05-14 View
4581 2753 8 NCBG staff 1985-05-14 View
4582 2753 8 NCBG staff 1985-05-14 View
10315 7342 175 NCBG staff 2000-03-08 View
10530 7507 123 NCBG staff 1998-01-01 View
12141 9171 170 Stern 2008-03-21 View
12142 9172 170 Stern 2008-03-21 View

USDA PLANTS DATABASE

USDA Symbol: JUEF
USDA Common Name: Common Rush
Native Status: L48 (N), AK (N), HI (I), PR (N), CAN (N), SPM (N)
Distribution: USA (AK, AL, AR, AZ, CA, CO, CT, DC, DE, FL, GA, HI, IA, ID, IL, IN, KS, KY, LA, MA, MD, ME, MI, MN, MO, MS, MT, NC, ND, NE, NH, NJ, NM, NV, NY, OH, OK, OR, PA, RI, SC, TN, TX, VA, VT, WA, WI, WV), USA+ (PR), CAN (BC, MB, NB, NF, NS, ON, PE, QC), FRA (SPM
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Graminoid

NATIONAL WETLAND INDICATOR STATUS

Region:AGCPAKAWCBEMPGPHIMWNCNEWMVE
Status: OBL OBL FACW FACW OBL OBL OBL OBL FACW

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers 2016 National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.3 (Lichvar, R.W., D.L. Banks, W.N. Kirchner, and N.C. Melvin. 2016. The National Wetland Plant List: 2016 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2016-30: 1-17. Published 28 April 2016. ISSN 2153 733X). Regions: AGCP-Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain, AK-Alaska, AW-Arid West, CB-Caribbean, EMP-Eastern Mountains and Piedmont, GP-Great Plains, HI-Hawaii, MW-Midwest, NCNE-Northcentral and Northeast, WMCV-Western Mountains, Valleys & Coast

WEAKLEY FLORA

SCIENTIFIC NAME:
COMMON NAME:
SYNONYMY:
PHENOLOGY:
HABITAT:
COMMENTS:
RANGE MAP:

Key to Map Symbols
ABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora)
Juncaceae A.L. de Jussieu 1789 (Rush Family)
SUMMARY: A family of about 8 genera and 350-440 species, herbs (and a few shrubs), largely of temperate regions of the Old and New World.
REFERENCE: Brooks & Clemants in FNA (2000); Balslev in Kubitzki (1998b); Drábková et al. (2003).
ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora)
Juncus L. (Rush)
SUMMARY: (by B.A. Sorrie and W.M. Knapp)
REFERENCE: Brooks & Clemants in FNA (2000); Kirschner et al. (2002b, 2002c)= Y; Knapp (2014)=X; Bridges & Orzell (2008); Clemants (1990); Balslev in Kubitzki (1998b); Zika (2003)=Z; Drábková et al. (2003). The key based, in part, on those references.

HERBARIUM RESOURCES

SERNEC: Find Juncus effusus in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)
UNC SERNEC: Find Juncus effusus in University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)

WEB RESOURCES

USDA: Find Juncus effusus in USDA Plants
NPIN: Find Juncus effusus in NPIN Database
FNA: Find Juncus effusus in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Juncus effusus

NCBG IMAGE RECORDS

ID IMAGE1: 15090
ID IMAGE2: 15089
ID IMAGE3: 0

From the Image Gallery


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Image ID: 33845
24 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

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