Plant Index


 
 
 

Iva frutescens

Iva frutescens L.

southern maritime marsh-elder

Iva frutescens (Southern Maritime Marsh-elder)
Image ID: 19681
Image by: Dakar, Jacob
Image Collection: NCBG Digital Library

PLANT INDEX

ID_PLANT: IVFR
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Iva frutescens
Include in WOTAS: 0
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2016-03-04

GENUS INDEX

GENUS CODE: IVA
GENUS SCIENTIFIC: Iva
GENUS AUTHORITY: L.
GENUS COMMON: Marsh elder
GENUS SUMMARY: A genus of about 9 species, shrubs and herbs, of North America and the West Indies, as circumscribed more narrowly by recent authors.
GENUS IDENTIFICATION:
GENUS REFERENCES: Turner (2009a)=Z; Cronquist (1980)=SE; Jackson (1960)=Y; Strother in FNA (2006c).

FAMILY INDEX

FAMILY CODE: ASTERA
FAMILY SCIENTIFIC: Asteraceae
FAMILY AUTHORITY: Dumortier 1822 or COMPOSITAE Giseke 1792
FAMILY COMMON: Aster Family
FAMILY SUMMARY: A family of about 1500-1700 genera and 20,000-25,000 species, shrubs, herbs, trees, and vines, cosmopolitan in distribution.
FAMILY REFERENCE: Cronquist (1980)=SE throughout family treatment.

NCBG DESCRIPTIVES

INTRO:
STEMS:
LEAVES:
INFLORESCENCE:
FLOWERS:
FRUITS:
COMMENTS:
HEIGHT:

DURATION: Perennial
HABIT: Herb, Subshrub

LEAF ARRANGEMENT:
LEAF COMPLEXITY:
LEAF RETENTION: Deciduous

FLORAL CHARACTERISTICS
SYMMETRY:
BLOOM TIME: Late Aug-Nov
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
x x x x x

BLOOM COLOR:
White Red Pink Orange Yellow Green Blue Lavender Purple Violet Brown Not Applicable
x

FRUITING PERIOD:

DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE:
NATIVE RANGE:

HORTICULTURAL
Plant Sale Text:

Bloom Table Text:

NCBG Location:

Cultural Notes:

SOIL MOISTURE: Dry, Average, Moist/Wet
LIGHT EXPOSURE: Sun, Part Shade
MINIMUM HARDINESS ZONE:
MAXIMUM HARDINESS ZONE:
GERMINATION CODE:
WILDLIFE VALUE:
DEER RESISTANCE:


GRIM COLLECTIONS

Coll_id Project Collection date Collector Action
503 SOS 2015-09-24 Dakar View
529 SOS 2015-10-03 Driskill View
546 SOS 2015-10-13 Dakar View
550 SOS 2015-10-15 Maynard View
567 SOS 2015-10-16 Driskill View
795 SOS 2016-10-05 Faucette View
846 SOS 2016-11-02 Dakar View
945 SOS 2017-10-10 Dakar View
946 SOS 2017-10-11 Faucette View


USDA PLANTS DATABASE

USDA Symbol: IVFR
USDA Common Name: Jesuit's Bark
Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N)
Distribution: USA (AL, CT, DE, FL, GA, LA, MA, MD, ME, MS, NC, NH, NJ, NY, PA, RI, SC, TX, VA), CAN (NS)
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Subshrub, Forb/herb

NATIONAL WETLAND INDICATOR STATUS

Region:AGCPAKAWCBEMPGPHIMWNCNEWMVE
Status: FACW FACW FACW FACW

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers 2016 National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.3 (Lichvar, R.W., D.L. Banks, W.N. Kirchner, and N.C. Melvin. 2016. The National Wetland Plant List: 2016 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2016-30: 1-17. Published 28 April 2016. ISSN 2153 733X). Regions: AGCP-Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain, AK-Alaska, AW-Arid West, CB-Caribbean, EMP-Eastern Mountains and Piedmont, GP-Great Plains, HI-Hawaii, MW-Midwest, NCNE-Northcentral and Northeast, WMCV-Western Mountains, Valleys & Coast

WEAKLEY FLORA

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Iva frutescens var. frutescens
COMMON NAME: Southern Maritime Marsh-elder
SYNONYMY: [= C, F, G, SE; = I. frutescens ssp. frutescens - GW, Y; < I. frutescens - FNA, K2, Pa, RAB, S, Va, WH3]
PHENOLOGY: Late Aug-Nov.
HABITAT: Brackish marshes and marsh edges, normally on the back side of barrier islands.
COMMENTS: NJ south to s. FL, west to TX. See I. frutescens var. oraria for discussion of the two taxa.
RANGE MAP: Iva frutescens var. frutescens.png

Key to Map Symbols
ABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora)
Asteraceae Dumortier 1822 or COMPOSITAE Giseke 1792 (Aster Family)
SUMMARY: A family of about 1500-1700 genera and 20,000-25,000 species, shrubs, herbs, trees, and vines, cosmopolitan in distribution.
REFERENCE: Cronquist (1980)=SE throughout family treatment.
ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora)
Iva L. (Marsh elder)
SUMMARY: A genus of about 9 species, shrubs and herbs, of North America and the West Indies, as circumscribed more narrowly by recent authors.
REFERENCE: Turner (2009a)=Z; Cronquist (1980)=SE; Jackson (1960)=Y; Strother in FNA (2006c).

HERBARIUM RESOURCES

SERNEC: Find Iva frutescens in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)
UNC SERNEC: Find Iva frutescens in University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)

WEB RESOURCES

USDA: Find Iva frutescens in USDA Plants
NPIN: Find Iva frutescens in NPIN Database
FNA: Find Iva frutescens in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Iva frutescens

NCBG IMAGE RECORDS

ID IMAGE1: 19681
ID IMAGE2: 0
ID IMAGE3: 0

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29 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

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