Plant Index


 
 
 

Itea virginica

Itea virginica L.

virginia sweetspire, sweetspire, tassel-white, virginia-willow

Cultivar(s): Beppu, Henry's Garnet, Merlot, Saturnalia, Sprich
Itea virginica (Virginia Sweetspire)
Image ID: 7678
Image by: Parkins, Grant Morrow
Image Collection: NCBG Digital Library

PLANT INDEX

ID_PLANT: ITVI
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Itea virginica
Include in WOTAS: 0
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2018-11-09

CULTIVAR INDEX

Cult_id Cultivar_name Action
581 Beppu View
58 Henry's Garnet View
583 Merlot View
584 Saturnalia View
585 Sprich View

GENUS INDEX

GENUS CODE: ITEA
GENUS SCIENTIFIC: Itea
GENUS AUTHORITY: L.
GENUS COMMON: Sweetspire
GENUS SUMMARY: A genus of about 27 species, shrubs and trees, all but 2 (ours and 1 in sub-Saharan Africa) are in e. and se. Asia. The closest relative of our species is I. japonica Oliver, of Japan. Variously treated in a very broadly-conceived Saxifragaceae (RAB, F, G, GW, W), a less comprehensive Grossulariaceae (C, K), a narrow Escalloniaceae, or a very narrow (single genus) Iteaceae (S), the relationships of Itea remain problematic. Recent molecular data suggest that the relationship between Itea and other woody saxifragaceous genera (including Escallonia) is only distant (Morgan & Soltis 1993). Itea is here conservatively treated in a narrow Iteaceae.
GENUS IDENTIFICATION: Identification notes: Sometimes confused needlessly with Clethra, whose much more coarsely serrate, obovate leaves contrast with the serrulate, elliptic leaves of Itea. Also often confused with Eubotrys racemosus in vegetative condition.
GENUS REFERENCES: Morin in FNA (2009); Spongberg (1972); Morgan & Soltis (1993); Bohm et al. (1999); Kubitzki in Kubitzki, Bayer, & Stevens (2007).

FAMILY INDEX

FAMILY CODE: ITEACE
FAMILY SCIENTIFIC: Iteaceae
FAMILY AUTHORITY: J. Agardh 1858
FAMILY COMMON: Sweetspire Family
FAMILY SUMMARY: A family of 1 genus and about 27 species, shrubs, of e. and se. Asia (about 25 species), e. North America (1 species), and sub-Saharan Africa (1 species).
FAMILY REFERENCE: Kubitzki in Kubitzki, Bayer, & Stevens (2007).

NCBG DESCRIPTIVES

INTRO:
STEMS:
LEAVES:
INFLORESCENCE:
FLOWERS:
FRUITS:
COMMENTS:
HEIGHT: 3-4 ft.; width 3-4 ft.

DURATION: Perennial
HABIT: Shrub

LEAF ARRANGEMENT:
LEAF COMPLEXITY:
LEAF RETENTION: Deciduous

FLORAL CHARACTERISTICS
SYMMETRY:
BLOOM TIME: May-June
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
x x x x

BLOOM COLOR: Fragrant/White Flowers
White Red Pink Orange Yellow Green Blue Lavender Purple Violet Brown Not Applicable
x

FRUITING PERIOD:

DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE: Moist forests
NATIVE RANGE: eastern United States

HORTICULTURAL
Plant Sale Text: Virginia sweetspire is a southeastern native shrub valued for its beautiful bloom. Pendant spikes of white, sweetly scented flowers appear in May. They are a good source of nectar for butterflies and pollinators. In the fall, leaves turn red to purple in fall and last well into the winter. In the wild, Virginia sweetspire often grows in wetter areas and on stream banks. It also thrives in average garden soil. Bloom and leaf color are best in full sun.

Bloom Table Text:

NCBG Location:

Cultural Notes:

SOIL MOISTURE: Average, Moist/Wet
LIGHT EXPOSURE: Sun, Part Shade, Shade
MINIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 5
MAXIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 9
GERMINATION CODE:
WILDLIFE VALUE: Bee Friendly, Butterfly Friendly
DEER RESISTANCE:

GRIM ACCESSIONS

acc_id acc_num acc_dt coll_id Action
146 2010-0061 2010-11-29 147 View
175 2007-0410 2019-07-03 176 View
895 1985-0575 View
1206 1986-0127 View
1955 1986-1743 View
2196 1986-2009 View
2943 1988-0015 View
3054 1989-0002 View
3821 1991-0516 View
3868 1992-0011 View
6142 1995-1273 View
6684 1996-0335 View
6963 1998-0172 View
6964 1998-0173 View
8069 2004-0077 2004-09-09 View
8195 2004-0212 2006-05-19 View
8444 2005-0518 2005-12-20 View
8650 2006-0255 2006-09-21 View
8654 2006-0259 2006-09-21 View
8874 2011-0097 2011-05-04 1884 View
8878 2011-0291 2020-04-02 1888 View
8879 2011-0292 2020-04-02 1889 View


GRIM COLLECTIONS

Coll_id Project Collection date Collector Action
147 HORT 2005-01-01 Morris View
176 HORT 2007-12-31 Stern View
534 SOS 2015-10-08 Heraty View
1440 HORT 2006-11-06 Bryan View
1884 HORT 2011-03-11 Tomberlin View
1888 HORT 2011-01-01 Gocke View
1889 HORT 2011-01-01 Gocke View


GRIM PLANTINGS

plt_num acc_id loc_num pers_num inst_dt Action
286 146 14 NCBG staff 2011-03-09 View
351 175 170 Stern 2007-12-31 View
983 8874 36 Randall 2011-04-19 View
984 8874 37 Randall 2011-04-19 View
988 8878 101 Mixon 2011-02-01 View
989 8878 30 Mixon 2011-03-10 View
990 8879 30 Liloia 2011-03-10 View
991 8879 38 Liloia 2011-04-20 View
1663 895 164 NCBG staff 1980-05-05 View
2087 1206 9 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
3119 1955 6 NCBG staff 1986-12-22 View
3799 2196 56 NCBG staff 1986-12-23 View
4857 2943 164 NCBG staff 1988-11-21 View
4858 2943 198 NCBG staff 1988-11-21 View
4859 2943 198 NCBG staff 1988-11-21 View
5076 3054 164 NCBG staff 1989-06-01 View
6130 3821 199 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
6178 3868 132 NCBG staff 1967-12-31 View
6179 3868 81 Liloia 2003-07-30 View
8797 6142 2 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
9445 6684 114 NCBG staff 1967-12-01 View
9828 6963 160 NCBG staff 1998-04-22 View
9829 6964 166 NCBG staff 1998-04-22 View
9830 6964 157 NCBG staff 1967-12-31 View
11341 8069 27 NCBG staff 2003-11-03 View
11460 8195 81 NCBG staff 2003-07-30 View
11868 8650 153 NCBG staff 2006-10-01 View
11872 8654 153 NCBG staff 2006-10-01 View
12222 8444 101 Liloia 2011-02-24 View
12242 8879 32 Liloia 2012-11-07 View
12243 8879 42 Liloia 2012-04-25 View

USDA PLANTS DATABASE

USDA Symbol: ITVI
USDA Common Name: Virginia Sweetspire
Native Status: L48 (N)
Distribution: USA (AL, AR, DC, DE, FL, GA, IL, IN, KY, LA, MD, MO, MS, NC, NJ, OK, PA, SC, TN, TX, VA)
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Shrub

NATIONAL WETLAND INDICATOR STATUS

Region:AGCPAKAWCBEMPGPHIMWNCNEWMVE
Status: FACW OBL OBL OBL OBL

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers 2016 National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.3 (Lichvar, R.W., D.L. Banks, W.N. Kirchner, and N.C. Melvin. 2016. The National Wetland Plant List: 2016 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2016-30: 1-17. Published 28 April 2016. ISSN 2153 733X). Regions: AGCP-Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain, AK-Alaska, AW-Arid West, CB-Caribbean, EMP-Eastern Mountains and Piedmont, GP-Great Plains, HI-Hawaii, MW-Midwest, NCNE-Northcentral and Northeast, WMCV-Western Mountains, Valleys & Coast

WEAKLEY FLORA

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Itea virginica
COMMON NAME: Virginia-willow, Sweetspire, Tassel-white
SYNONYMY: [= C, F, FNA, K, G, GW, Mo, Pa, RAB, S, Va, W, WH3]
PHENOLOGY: May-Jun.
HABITAT: Moist forests and thickets, especially along the banks of small streams.
COMMENTS: S. NJ south to s. FL and west to e. TX and OK, north in the interior (especially in the Mississippi Embayment) to s. IL and se. MO.
RANGE MAP: Itea virginica.png

Key to Map Symbols
ABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora)
Iteaceae J. Agardh 1858 (Sweetspire Family)
SUMMARY: A family of 1 genus and about 27 species, shrubs, of e. and se. Asia (about 25 species), e. North America (1 species), and sub-Saharan Africa (1 species).
REFERENCE: Kubitzki in Kubitzki, Bayer, & Stevens (2007).
ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora)
Itea L. (Sweetspire)
SUMMARY: A genus of about 27 species, shrubs and trees, all but 2 (ours and 1 in sub-Saharan Africa) are in e. and se. Asia. The closest relative of our species is I. japonica Oliver, of Japan. Variously treated in a very broadly-conceived Saxifragaceae (RAB, F, G, GW, W), a less comprehensive Grossulariaceae (C, K), a narrow Escalloniaceae, or a very narrow (single genus) Iteaceae (S), the relationships of Itea remain problematic. Recent molecular data suggest that the relationship between Itea and other woody saxifragaceous genera (including Escallonia) is only distant (Morgan & Soltis 1993). Itea is here conservatively treated in a narrow Iteaceae.
REFERENCE: Morin in FNA (2009); Spongberg (1972); Morgan & Soltis (1993); Bohm et al. (1999); Kubitzki in Kubitzki, Bayer, & Stevens (2007).

HERBARIUM RESOURCES

SERNEC: Find Itea virginica in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)
UNC SERNEC: Find Itea virginica in University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)

WEB RESOURCES

USDA: Find Itea virginica in USDA Plants
NPIN: Find Itea virginica in NPIN Database
FNA: Find Itea virginica in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Itea virginica

NCBG IMAGE RECORDS

ID IMAGE1: 7678
ID IMAGE2: 17872
ID IMAGE3: 23507

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42 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

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