Plant Index


 
 
 

Ilex vomitoria

Ilex vomitoria Aiton

yaupon holly, yaupon

Cultivar(s): Bordeaux, Nana, Pendula, Shadow's Female, Stokes Dwarf, Yellow Berry
Ilex vomitoria (Yaupon Holly)
Image ID: 14978
Image by: Sorrie, Bruce A.
Image Collection: NCBG Digital Library

PLANT INDEX

ID_PLANT: ILVO
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Ilex vomitoria
Include in WOTAS: 0
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2017-01-01

CULTIVAR INDEX

Cult_id Cultivar_name Action
33 Bordeaux View
560 Nana View
561 Pendula View
562 Shadow's Female View
563 Stokes Dwarf View
9 Yellow Berry View

GENUS INDEX

GENUS CODE: ILEX
GENUS SCIENTIFIC: Ilex
GENUS AUTHORITY: L.
GENUS COMMON: Holly
GENUS SUMMARY: A genus of 400-500 species, mostly trees and shrubs, cosmopolitan and widespread in tropical and temperate areas, especially Asia and America. The genus Nemopanthus is clearly best subsumed into Ilex.
GENUS IDENTIFICATION: Identification notes: Some of our species can be superficially similar to various shrubs and trees of the Rosaceae, in their alternate toothed leaves borne on spur shoots.
GENUS REFERENCES: Godfrey (1988)=Y; Krakow (1989)=Z; Powell et al. (2000)=X; Wunderlin & Poppleton (1977).

FAMILY INDEX

FAMILY CODE: AQUIFO
FAMILY SCIENTIFIC: Aquifoliaceae
FAMILY AUTHORITY: Bartling 1830
FAMILY COMMON: Holly Family
FAMILY SUMMARY: A monogeneric family of about 500 species, nearly cosmopolitan.
FAMILY REFERENCE:

NCBG DESCRIPTIVES

INTRO:
STEMS:
LEAVES:
INFLORESCENCE:
FLOWERS:
FRUITS:
COMMENTS:
HEIGHT: 12-20 feet, or more

DURATION: Perennial
HABIT: Shrub, Tree

LEAF ARRANGEMENT: Alternate
LEAF COMPLEXITY: Simple
LEAF RETENTION: Evergreen

FLORAL CHARACTERISTICS
SYMMETRY:
BLOOM TIME: Mar-May
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
x x x x x

BLOOM COLOR: Small white flowers
White Red Pink Orange Yellow Green Blue Lavender Purple Violet Brown Not Applicable
x

FRUITING PERIOD: Oct-Nov.

DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE:
NATIVE RANGE: southeastern United States

HORTICULTURAL
Plant Sale Text: Yaupon Holly is a long-lived, fine-textured woody evergreen. Its habit is upright and irregularly branched. It can be grown either as a small tree or a large shrub, as suckers will appear over time. This native species is easily transplanted, and is perhaps one of the most vigorous and adaptable hollies for southeastern gardens.

Bloom Table Text:

NCBG Location:

Cultural Notes:

SOIL MOISTURE: Dry, Average, Well-drained
LIGHT EXPOSURE: Sun, Part Shade, Shade
MINIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 7
MAXIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 10
GERMINATION CODE:
WILDLIFE VALUE:
DEER RESISTANCE:

GRIM ACCESSIONS

acc_id acc_num acc_dt coll_id Action
676 1985-0311 View
677 1985-0312 View
2289 1986-2120 View
2290 1986-2121 View
2618 1987-0062 View
2669 1987-0126 View
3494 1991-0144 View
3853 1991-0548 View
4788 1993-0078 View
5140 1995-0259 View
5913 1995-1041 View
8299 2005-0016 2005-03-12 View
8300 2005-0017 2005-03-12 View
8332 2005-0049 2005-04-12 View
8756 2006-0691 2007-07-25 View
9099 2004-0320 2007-07-20 1245 View


GRIM COLLECTIONS

Coll_id Project Collection date Collector Action
1245 HORT 2003-01-01 View


GRIM PLANTINGS

plt_num acc_id loc_num pers_num inst_dt Action
1356 676 153 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
1357 676 154 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
1358 676 162 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
1359 677 155 NCBG staff 1980-12-19 View
1360 677 6 NCBG staff 1986-12-22 View
3964 2289 81 NCBG staff 1967-01-01 View
3965 2289 81 NCBG staff 1967-01-01 View
3966 2289 6 NCBG staff 1967-01-01 View
3967 2290 83 NCBG staff 1967-12-31 View
4404 2618 84 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
4480 2669 140 NCBG staff 2001-06-07 View
5749 3494 98 NCBG staff 1990-04-01 View
6162 3853 199 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
7157 4788 83 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
7158 4788 99 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
7566 5140 203 NCBG staff 1992-01-01 View
8464 5913 2 NCBG staff 1992-01-01 View
11566 9099 159 NCBG staff 2003-01-01 View
11581 8299 223 NCBG staff 1967-12-31 View
11582 8300 135 NCBG staff 1967-01-01 View
11604 8332 27 NCBG staff 1967-01-01 View
12501 8299 219 NCBG staff 1967-12-31 View
12502 8299 221 NCBG staff 1967-12-31 View
12550 8299 221 NCBG staff 1967-12-31 View

USDA PLANTS DATABASE

USDA Symbol: ILVO
USDA Common Name: Yaupon
Native Status: L48 (N)
Distribution: USA (AL, AR, FL, GA, LA, MS, NC, OK, SC, TX, VA)
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Tree, Shrub

NATIONAL WETLAND INDICATOR STATUS

Region:AGCPAKAWCBEMPGPHIMWNCNEWMVE
Status: FAC FAC FAC

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers 2016 National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.3 (Lichvar, R.W., D.L. Banks, W.N. Kirchner, and N.C. Melvin. 2016. The National Wetland Plant List: 2016 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2016-30: 1-17. Published 28 April 2016. ISSN 2153 733X). Regions: AGCP-Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain, AK-Alaska, AW-Arid West, CB-Caribbean, EMP-Eastern Mountains and Piedmont, GP-Great Plains, HI-Hawaii, MW-Midwest, NCNE-Northcentral and Northeast, WMCV-Western Mountains, Valleys & Coast

WEAKLEY FLORA

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Ilex vomitoria
COMMON NAME: Yaupon
SYNONYMY: [= C, F, G, GW, K2, RAB, S, Va, WH3, Y]
PHENOLOGY: Mar-May; Oct-Nov.
HABITAT: Maritime forests, other dry sandy forests.
COMMENTS: Widespread in the Southeastern United States, primarily on the Coastal Plain, from e. VA (from Northampton County south) south to c. peninsular FL and west to se. TX. I. vomitoria from the Deep South often has much smaller leaves than plants in our area. In NC and VA, yaupon is nearly restricted to maritime habitats, on the barrier islands and in a narrow band on the mainland, in forests with substantial maritime influence. I. vomitoria is increasingly popular as an ornamental shrub, and is persistent or establishing in suburban woodlands.
RANGE MAP: Ilex vomitoria.png

Key to Map Symbols
ABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora)
Aquifoliaceae Bartling 1830 (Holly Family)
SUMMARY: A monogeneric family of about 500 species, nearly cosmopolitan.
REFERENCE:
ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora)
Ilex L. (Holly)
SUMMARY: A genus of 400-500 species, mostly trees and shrubs, cosmopolitan and widespread in tropical and temperate areas, especially Asia and America. The genus Nemopanthus is clearly best subsumed into Ilex.
REFERENCE: Godfrey (1988)=Y; Krakow (1989)=Z; Powell et al. (2000)=X; Wunderlin & Poppleton (1977).

HERBARIUM RESOURCES

SERNEC: Find Ilex vomitoria in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)
UNC SERNEC: Find Ilex vomitoria in University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)

WEB RESOURCES

USDA: Find Ilex vomitoria in USDA Plants
NPIN: Find Ilex vomitoria in NPIN Database
FNA: Find Ilex vomitoria in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Ilex vomitoria

NCBG IMAGE RECORDS

ID IMAGE1: 14978
ID IMAGE2: 14977
ID IMAGE3: 4595

From the Image Gallery


Image ID: 14977

Image ID: 19678

Image ID: 4595

Image ID: 4600

Image ID: 4601

Image ID: 11327
7 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

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