GENUS CODE: ILEX GENUS SCIENTIFIC:Ilex GENUS AUTHORITY: L. GENUS COMMON: Holly GENUS SUMMARY: A genus of 400-500 species, mostly trees and shrubs, cosmopolitan and widespread in tropical and temperate areas, especially Asia and America. The genus Nemopanthus is clearly best subsumed into Ilex. GENUS IDENTIFICATION: Identification notes: Some of our species can be superficially similar to various shrubs and trees of the Rosaceae, in their alternate toothed leaves borne on spur shoots. GENUS REFERENCES: Godfrey (1988)=Y; Krakow (1989)=Z; Powell et al. (2000)=X; Wunderlin & Poppleton (1977).
FAMILY CODE: AQUIFO FAMILY SCIENTIFIC:Aquifoliaceae FAMILY AUTHORITY: Bartling 1830 FAMILY COMMON: Holly Family FAMILY SUMMARY: A monogeneric family of about 500 species, nearly cosmopolitan. FAMILY REFERENCE:
FRUITING PERIOD: Oct-Nov. DISTRIBUTION
NATIVE RANGE: southeastern United States HORTICULTURAL
Plant Sale Text: Yaupon Holly is a long-lived, fine-textured woody evergreen. Its habit is upright and irregularly branched. It can be grown either as a small tree or a large shrub, as suckers will appear over time. This native species is easily transplanted, and is perhaps one of the most vigorous and adaptable hollies for southeastern gardens.
This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers 2016 National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.3 (Lichvar, R.W., D.L. Banks, W.N. Kirchner, and N.C. Melvin. 2016. The National Wetland Plant List: 2016 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2016-30: 1-17. Published 28 April 2016. ISSN 2153 733X). Regions: AGCP-Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain, AK-Alaska, AW-Arid West, CB-Caribbean, EMP-Eastern Mountains and Piedmont, GP-Great Plains, HI-Hawaii, MW-Midwest, NCNE-Northcentral and Northeast, WMCV-Western Mountains, Valleys & Coast
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Ilex vomitoria
COMMON NAME: Yaupon
SYNONYMY: [= C, F, G, GW, K2, RAB, S, Va, WH3, Y]
PHENOLOGY: Mar-May; Oct-Nov.
HABITAT: Maritime forests, other dry sandy forests.
COMMENTS: Widespread in the Southeastern United States, primarily on the Coastal Plain, from e. VA (from Northampton County south) south to c. peninsular FL and west to se. TX. I. vomitoria from the Deep South often has much smaller leaves than plants in our area. In NC and VA, yaupon is nearly restricted to maritime habitats, on the barrier islands and in a narrow band on the mainland, in forests with substantial maritime influence. I. vomitoria is increasingly popular as an ornamental shrub, and is persistent or establishing in suburban woodlands.
RANGE MAP: Ilex vomitoria.png
Key to Map SymbolsABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora) Aquifoliaceae Bartling 1830 (Holly Family) SUMMARY: A monogeneric family of about 500 species, nearly cosmopolitan. REFERENCE: ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora) Ilex L. (Holly) SUMMARY: A genus of 400-500 species, mostly trees and shrubs, cosmopolitan and widespread in tropical and temperate areas, especially Asia and America. The genus Nemopanthus is clearly best subsumed into Ilex. REFERENCE: Godfrey (1988)=Y; Krakow (1989)=Z; Powell et al. (2000)=X; Wunderlin & Poppleton (1977).
SERNEC: Find Ilex vomitoria in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available) UNC SERNEC: Find Ilex vomitoria in
University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)