GENUS CODE: ILEX GENUS SCIENTIFIC:Ilex GENUS AUTHORITY: L. GENUS COMMON: Holly GENUS SUMMARY: A genus of 400-500 species, mostly trees and shrubs, cosmopolitan and widespread in tropical and temperate areas, especially Asia and America. The genus Nemopanthus is clearly best subsumed into Ilex. GENUS IDENTIFICATION: Identification notes: Some of our species can be superficially similar to various shrubs and trees of the Rosaceae, in their alternate toothed leaves borne on spur shoots. GENUS REFERENCES: Godfrey (1988)=Y; Krakow (1989)=Z; Powell et al. (2000)=X; Wunderlin & Poppleton (1977).
FAMILY CODE: AQUIFO FAMILY SCIENTIFIC:Aquifoliaceae FAMILY AUTHORITY: Bartling 1830 FAMILY COMMON: Holly Family FAMILY SUMMARY: A monogeneric family of about 500 species, nearly cosmopolitan. FAMILY REFERENCE:
FRUITING PERIOD: Sep-Nov. DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE: Bogs/pocosins, Moist forests
NATIVE RANGE: eastern North America HORTICULTURAL
Plant Sale Text: Winterberry grows into a dense, oval shrub that tends to sucker from the ground. The axillary red berries are a wonderful winter attraction. This species is especially useful for wet areas and as a specimen plant in the shrub border to add winter color. It is found throughout North Carolina growing along streams, wooded pond banks and in swampy areas. This species is dioecious, and only female plants produce fruit. An important pollinator plant, and the genus Ilex supports up to 34 lepidoptera species. It is the host plant for the Henrys Elfin butterfly. Birds enjoy the berries.
This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers 2016 National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.3 (Lichvar, R.W., D.L. Banks, W.N. Kirchner, and N.C. Melvin. 2016. The National Wetland Plant List: 2016 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2016-30: 1-17. Published 28 April 2016. ISSN 2153 733X). Regions: AGCP-Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain, AK-Alaska, AW-Arid West, CB-Caribbean, EMP-Eastern Mountains and Piedmont, GP-Great Plains, HI-Hawaii, MW-Midwest, NCNE-Northcentral and Northeast, WMCV-Western Mountains, Valleys & Coast
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Ilex verticillata
COMMON NAME: Winterberry
SYNONYMY: [= GW, Il, K2, Pa, RAB, S, Va, W, WH3, WV, Y; > I. verticillata var. padifolia (Willdenow) Torrey & A. Gray ex S. Watson - C, F, G; > I. verticillata var. verticillata - C, F, G]
PHENOLOGY: Apr-Jun; Sep-Nov.
HABITAT: Bogs, pocosins, swampy forests.
COMMENTS: NL (Newfoundland) west to MN, south to FL and TX.
RANGE MAP: Ilex verticillata.png
Key to Map SymbolsABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora) Aquifoliaceae Bartling 1830 (Holly Family) SUMMARY: A monogeneric family of about 500 species, nearly cosmopolitan. REFERENCE: ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora) Ilex L. (Holly) SUMMARY: A genus of 400-500 species, mostly trees and shrubs, cosmopolitan and widespread in tropical and temperate areas, especially Asia and America. The genus Nemopanthus is clearly best subsumed into Ilex. REFERENCE: Godfrey (1988)=Y; Krakow (1989)=Z; Powell et al. (2000)=X; Wunderlin & Poppleton (1977).
SERNEC: Find Ilex verticillata in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available) UNC SERNEC: Find Ilex verticillata in
University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)