Plant Index


 
 
 
 

Ilex verticillata

Ilex verticillata (L.) A. Gray

common winterberry

Synonym(s): Ilex bronxensis, Ilex fastigiata, Ilex verticillata var. cyclophylla, Ilex verticillata var. fastigiata, Ilex verticillata var. padifolia, Ilex verticillata var. tenuifolia
Cultivar(s): Aurantica, Christmas Cheer, Fairfax, Jim Dandy, Nana, Red Sprite, Southern Gentleman, Spravy, Spriber, Winter Gold, Winter Red
Ilex verticillata (Common Winterberry)
Image ID: 8273
Image by: Parkins, Grant Morrow
Image Collection: NCBG Digital Library

PLANT INDEX

ID_PLANT: ILVE
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Ilex verticillata
Include in WOTAS: 0
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2018-09-17

CULTIVAR INDEX

Cult_id Cultivar_name Action
552 Aurantica View
553 Christmas Cheer View
554 Fairfax View
161 Jim Dandy View
555 Nana View
162 Red Sprite View
556 Southern Gentleman View
557 Spravy View
558 Spriber View
559 Winter Gold View
169 Winter Red View

GENUS INDEX

GENUS CODE: ILEX
GENUS SCIENTIFIC: Ilex
GENUS AUTHORITY: L.
GENUS COMMON: Holly
GENUS SUMMARY: A genus of 400-500 species, mostly trees and shrubs, cosmopolitan and widespread in tropical and temperate areas, especially Asia and America. The genus Nemopanthus is clearly best subsumed into Ilex.
GENUS IDENTIFICATION: Identification notes: Some of our species can be superficially similar to various shrubs and trees of the Rosaceae, in their alternate toothed leaves borne on spur shoots.
GENUS REFERENCES: Godfrey (1988)=Y; Krakow (1989)=Z; Powell et al. (2000)=X; Wunderlin & Poppleton (1977).

FAMILY INDEX

FAMILY CODE: AQUIFO
FAMILY SCIENTIFIC: Aquifoliaceae
FAMILY AUTHORITY: Bartling 1830
FAMILY COMMON: Holly Family
FAMILY SUMMARY: A monogeneric family of about 500 species, nearly cosmopolitan.
FAMILY REFERENCE:

NCBG DESCRIPTIVES

INTRO:
STEMS:
LEAVES:
INFLORESCENCE:
FLOWERS:
FRUITS:
COMMENTS:
HEIGHT: 6-10 ft.

DURATION: Perennial
HABIT: Shrub, Tree

LEAF ARRANGEMENT:
LEAF COMPLEXITY:
LEAF RETENTION: Deciduous

FLORAL CHARACTERISTICS
SYMMETRY:
BLOOM TIME: April-July
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
x x x x x

BLOOM COLOR:
White Red Pink Orange Yellow Green Blue Lavender Purple Violet Brown Not Applicable
x x x x

FRUITING PERIOD: Sep-Nov.

DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE: Bogs/pocosins, Moist forests
NATIVE RANGE: eastern North America

HORTICULTURAL
Plant Sale Text: Winterberry grows into a dense, oval shrub that tends to sucker from the ground. The axillary red berries are a wonderful winter attraction. This species is especially useful for wet areas and as a specimen plant in the shrub border to add winter color. It is found throughout North Carolina growing along streams, wooded pond banks and in swampy areas. This species is dioecious, and only female plants produce fruit. An important pollinator plant, and the genus Ilex supports up to 34 lepidoptera species. It is the host plant for the Henrys Elfin butterfly. Birds enjoy the berries.

Bloom Table Text:

NCBG Location:

Cultural Notes:

SOIL MOISTURE: Dry, Average, Moist/Wet
LIGHT EXPOSURE: Sun, Part Shade, Shade
MINIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 3
MAXIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 9
GERMINATION CODE:
WILDLIFE VALUE: Bee Friendly, Butterfly Friendly, Bird Friendly
DEER RESISTANCE:

GRIM COLLECTIONS

Coll_id Project Collection date Collector Action
486 SOS 2015-09-21 Dakar View
495 SOS 2015-09-22 Dakar View
767 SOS 2016-10-03 Flood View
1053 HORT 2004-10-14 Lewandowski View
1836 HORT 2006-10-01 Bryan View

GRIM ACCESSIONS

acc_id acc_num acc_dt coll_id Action
672 1985-0307 View
673 1985-0308 View
674 1985-0309 View
675 1985-0310 View
1950 1986-1737 View
3696 1991-0391 View
4536 1992-0692 View
6866 1998-0072 View
6867 1998-0073 View
6868 1998-0074 View
7179 1999-0140 1999-11-05 View
7181 1999-0142 1999-11-05 View
8282 2004-0319 2007-07-20 View
8296 2005-0013 2005-03-12 View
8297 2005-0014 2005-03-12 View
8298 2005-0015 2005-03-12 View
8304 2005-0021 2005-03-17 View
8305 2005-0022 2005-03-17 View
8317 2005-0033 2005-03-17 View
8388 2005-0164 2005-05-31 View
8556 2006-0134 2006-07-24 View
8719 2006-0415 2006-11-14 View
9673 2023-0121 2023-12-14 0 View
9695 2024-0002 2024-04-03 View

GRIM PLANTINGS

plt_num acc_id loc_num pers_num inst_dt Action
1351 672 160 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
1352 672 166 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
1353 673 161 NCBG staff 1981-03-24 View
1354 674 161 NCBG staff 1981-03-24 View
1355 675 166 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
3111 1950 6 NCBG staff 1986-12-22 View
6000 3696 199 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
6864 4536 200 NCBG staff 1993-03-01 View
9728 6866 169 NCBG staff 1997-11-07 View
9729 6867 169 NCBG staff 1997-11-07 View
9730 6868 169 NCBG staff 1997-11-07 View
10125 7179 169 NCBG staff 1999-11-01 View
10127 7181 170 NCBG staff 1999-11-01 View
11564 8282 160 NCBG staff 2003-01-01 View
11565 8282 166 NCBG staff 2003-01-01 View
11577 8296 170 NCBG staff 1967-12-01 View
11578 8297 205 NCBG staff 1967-01-01 View
11579 8298 112 NCBG staff 2005-03-15 View
11580 8298 205 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
11586 8304 153 NCBG staff 2006-02-01 View
11648 8388 112 NCBG staff 2005-03-15 View
11945 8719 153 NCBG staff 2006-11-01 View
12224 8298 45 Liloia 2011-03-18 View
12350 8304 45 Liloia 2011-11-14 View
12360 8388 43 Liloia 2011-04-04 View
13985 0 81 Briggs 0000-00-00 View
14161 9673 166 Neal 0000-00-00 View
14164 9673 166 Neal 0000-00-00 View
14262 9695 81 Briggs 2024-03-25 View
14264 8304 94 NCBG staff 2023-10-01 View

USDA PLANTS DATABASE

USDA Symbol: ILVE
USDA Common Name: Common Winterberry
Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N), SPM (N)
Distribution: USA (AL, AR, CT, DC, DE, FL, GA, IA, IL, IN, KY, LA, MA, MD, ME, MI, MN, MO, MS, NC, NH, NJ, NY, OH, PA, RI, SC, TN, TX, VA, VT, WI, WV), CAN (NB, NF, NS, ON, PE, QC), FRA (SPM)
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Tree, Shrub

NATIONAL WETLAND INDICATOR STATUS

Region:AGCPAKAWCBEMPGPHIMWNCNEWMVE
Status: FACW FACW FACW FACW

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers 2016 National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.3 (Lichvar, R.W., D.L. Banks, W.N. Kirchner, and N.C. Melvin. 2016. The National Wetland Plant List: 2016 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2016-30: 1-17. Published 28 April 2016. ISSN 2153 733X). Regions: AGCP-Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain, AK-Alaska, AW-Arid West, CB-Caribbean, EMP-Eastern Mountains and Piedmont, GP-Great Plains, HI-Hawaii, MW-Midwest, NCNE-Northcentral and Northeast, WMCV-Western Mountains, Valleys & Coast

WEAKLEY FLORA

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Ilex verticillata
COMMON NAME: Winterberry
SYNONYMY: [= GW, Il, K2, Pa, RAB, S, Va, W, WH3, WV, Y; > I. verticillata var. padifolia (Willdenow) Torrey & A. Gray ex S. Watson - C, F, G; > I. verticillata var. verticillata - C, F, G]
PHENOLOGY: Apr-Jun; Sep-Nov.
HABITAT: Bogs, pocosins, swampy forests.
COMMENTS: NL (Newfoundland) west to MN, south to FL and TX.
RANGE MAP: Ilex verticillata.png

Key to Map Symbols
ABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora)
Aquifoliaceae Bartling 1830 (Holly Family)
SUMMARY: A monogeneric family of about 500 species, nearly cosmopolitan.
REFERENCE:
ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora)
Ilex L. (Holly)
SUMMARY: A genus of 400-500 species, mostly trees and shrubs, cosmopolitan and widespread in tropical and temperate areas, especially Asia and America. The genus Nemopanthus is clearly best subsumed into Ilex.
REFERENCE: Godfrey (1988)=Y; Krakow (1989)=Z; Powell et al. (2000)=X; Wunderlin & Poppleton (1977).

HERBARIUM RESOURCES

SERNEC: Find Ilex verticillata in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)
UNC SERNEC: Find Ilex verticillata in University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)

WEB RESOURCES

USDA: Find Ilex verticillata in USDA Plants
NPIN: Find Ilex verticillata in NPIN Database
FNA: Find Ilex verticillata in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Ilex verticillata

IMAGE USE RECORDS

ID IMAGE: 8273 - Primary Image FloraQuest Plant Detail Page (Landscape Preferred)
ID IMAGE1: 8273 - Primary Image WOTAS
ID IMAGE2: 8304 - Secondary Image WOTAS
ID IMAGE3: 4594 - Primary Image Plant Sale Sign (Landscape Only)
ID IMAGE4: 0 - Primary Image New Plant Sale Label (Portrait Only)

From the Image Gallery


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117 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

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