GENUS CODE: ILEX GENUS SCIENTIFIC:Ilex GENUS AUTHORITY: L. GENUS COMMON: Holly GENUS SUMMARY: A genus of 400-500 species, mostly trees and shrubs, cosmopolitan and widespread in tropical and temperate areas, especially Asia and America. The genus Nemopanthus is clearly best subsumed into Ilex. GENUS IDENTIFICATION: Identification notes: Some of our species can be superficially similar to various shrubs and trees of the Rosaceae, in their alternate toothed leaves borne on spur shoots. GENUS REFERENCES: Godfrey (1988)=Y; Krakow (1989)=Z; Powell et al. (2000)=X; Wunderlin & Poppleton (1977).
FAMILY CODE: AQUIFO FAMILY SCIENTIFIC:Aquifoliaceae FAMILY AUTHORITY: Bartling 1830 FAMILY COMMON: Holly Family FAMILY SUMMARY: A monogeneric family of about 500 species, nearly cosmopolitan. FAMILY REFERENCE:
FRUITING PERIOD: Oct-Nov. DISTRIBUTION
NATIVE RANGE: southeastern United States HORTICULTURAL
Plant Sale Text: The Myrtle-leaf holly, when mature, typically has an attractive, upright, cone-like shape. There is a distinctive fine texture to its foliage. Females have abundant small red fruits that add color for several months and provide food for birds. In the wild, it can be seen growing on riverbanks and in cypress swamps. Myrtle-leaf holly has evergreen leaves and tolerates pruning well. These plants are all fruit bearing females. To increase fruit production, plant a male nearby.
Bloom Table Text:
Sun, Part Shade
MINIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 7
MAXIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 9
Bee Friendly, Butterfly Friendly, Bird Friendly
This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers 2016 National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.3 (Lichvar, R.W., D.L. Banks, W.N. Kirchner, and N.C. Melvin. 2016. The National Wetland Plant List: 2016 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2016-30: 1-17. Published 28 April 2016. ISSN 2153 733X). Regions: AGCP-Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain, AK-Alaska, AW-Arid West, CB-Caribbean, EMP-Eastern Mountains and Piedmont, GP-Great Plains, HI-Hawaii, MW-Midwest, NCNE-Northcentral and Northeast, WMCV-Western Mountains, Valleys & Coast
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Ilex myrtifolia
COMMON NAME: Myrtle Holly
SYNONYMY: [= GW, K2, S, Y; = I. cassine var. myrtifolia (Walter) Sargent - RAB, WH3]
PHENOLOGY: May-Jun; Oct-Nov.
HABITAT: Limesink (doline) ponds, wet savannas.
COMMENTS: A Southeastern Coastal Plain endemic: se. NC south to n. peninsular FL and west to e. LA. See I. cassine for comments about these two taxa.
RANGE MAP: Ilex myrtifolia.png
Key to Map SymbolsABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora) Aquifoliaceae Bartling 1830 (Holly Family) SUMMARY: A monogeneric family of about 500 species, nearly cosmopolitan. REFERENCE: ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora) Ilex L. (Holly) SUMMARY: A genus of 400-500 species, mostly trees and shrubs, cosmopolitan and widespread in tropical and temperate areas, especially Asia and America. The genus Nemopanthus is clearly best subsumed into Ilex. REFERENCE: Godfrey (1988)=Y; Krakow (1989)=Z; Powell et al. (2000)=X; Wunderlin & Poppleton (1977).
SERNEC: Find Ilex myrtifolia in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available) UNC SERNEC: Find Ilex myrtifolia in
University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)