Plant Index


 
 
 

Ilex glabra

Ilex glabra (L.) A. Gray

inkberry, little gallberry

Cultivar(s): Ivory Queen, Nigra, Red Tip, Shamrock
Ilex glabra (Inkberry)
Image ID: 2550
Image by: Gardner, Rob
Image Collection: Herbarium Collection

PLANT INDEX

ID_PLANT: ILGL
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Ilex glabra
Include in WOTAS: 0
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2019-09-27

CULTIVAR INDEX

Cult_id Cultivar_name Action
39 Ivory Queen View
1676 Nigra View
1681 Red Tip View
160 Shamrock View

GENUS INDEX

GENUS CODE: ILEX
GENUS SCIENTIFIC: Ilex
GENUS AUTHORITY: L.
GENUS COMMON: Holly
GENUS SUMMARY: A genus of 400-500 species, mostly trees and shrubs, cosmopolitan and widespread in tropical and temperate areas, especially Asia and America. The genus Nemopanthus is clearly best subsumed into Ilex.
GENUS IDENTIFICATION: Identification notes: Some of our species can be superficially similar to various shrubs and trees of the Rosaceae, in their alternate toothed leaves borne on spur shoots.
GENUS REFERENCES: Godfrey (1988)=Y; Krakow (1989)=Z; Powell et al. (2000)=X; Wunderlin & Poppleton (1977).

FAMILY INDEX

FAMILY CODE: AQUIFO
FAMILY SCIENTIFIC: Aquifoliaceae
FAMILY AUTHORITY: Bartling 1830
FAMILY COMMON: Holly Family
FAMILY SUMMARY: A monogeneric family of about 500 species, nearly cosmopolitan.
FAMILY REFERENCE:

NCBG DESCRIPTIVES

INTRO:
STEMS:
LEAVES:
INFLORESCENCE:
FLOWERS:
FRUITS:
COMMENTS:
HEIGHT: 5-8 ft.

DURATION: Perennial
HABIT: Shrub

LEAF ARRANGEMENT: Alternate
LEAF COMPLEXITY: Simple
LEAF RETENTION: Evergreen

FLORAL CHARACTERISTICS
SYMMETRY:
BLOOM TIME: May-Jun
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
x x x x x x

BLOOM COLOR: White flowers
White Red Pink Orange Yellow Green Blue Lavender Purple Violet Brown Not Applicable
x

FRUITING PERIOD: Sep-Nov.

DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE:
NATIVE RANGE: eastern North America

HORTICULTURAL
Plant Sale Text: Inkberry is an evergreen southeastern native shrub that has many uses in the landscape. Inkberry grows best in full sun, though it will tolerate a little bit of shade. It thrives in average to moist soils. Inkberry grows in pine savannahs and bogs, primarily in the coastal plains, from Nova Scotia to Texas. Its fruits have been documented as a valuable food source for at least fifty bird species.

Bloom Table Text:

NCBG Location:

Cultural Notes:

SOIL MOISTURE: Dry, Average, Moist/Wet
LIGHT EXPOSURE: Sun, Part Shade, Shade
MINIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 5
MAXIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 10
GERMINATION CODE:
WILDLIFE VALUE: Bee Friendly, Butterfly Friendly, Bird Friendly
DEER RESISTANCE:

GRIM ACCESSIONS

acc_id acc_num acc_dt coll_id Action
394 2011-0286 2011-12-21 398 View
653 1985-0288 View
1818 1986-1599 View
2194 1986-2006 View
4842 1994-0051 View
4843 1994-0052 View
6677 1996-0328 View
6864 1998-0070 View
6865 1998-0071 View
7093 1999-0044 1999-08-06 View
8453 2005-0527 2005-12-20 View
8482 2005-0576 2006-09-21 View
8551 2006-0129 2006-07-24 View
8660 2006-0265 2006-09-21 View
8880 2011-0293 2020-04-02 1890 View
8881 2011-0024 2011-01-27 1891 View
8886 2011-0025 2011-01-27 1896 View
9165 2008-0360 2020-04-07 1921 View


GRIM COLLECTIONS

Coll_id Project Collection date Collector Action
398 HORT 2009-01-12 Gocke View
633 SOS 2015-11-12 Faucette View
824 SOS 2016-10-27 Flood View
1890 HORT 2011-01-01 Gocke View
1891 HORT 2010-09-04 Gocke View
1896 HORT 2010-09-04 Gocke View
1921 HORT 2008-04-03 Stern View


GRIM PLANTINGS

plt_num acc_id loc_num pers_num inst_dt Action
940 394 45 Neal 2011-11-14 View
992 8880 38 Heiney 2011-04-20 View
993 8881 45 Liloia 2011-05-10 View
1323 653 160 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
2906 1818 6 NCBG staff 1967-12-31 View
3793 2194 56 NCBG staff 1986-12-23 View
3794 2194 59 NCBG staff 1986-12-23 View
7243 4842 27 NCBG staff 1994-12-15 View
7244 4843 9 NCBG staff 1994-12-15 View
9438 6677 114 NCBG staff 1967-12-01 View
9726 6864 166 NCBG staff 1997-11-07 View
9727 6865 198 NCBG staff 1997-11-07 View
10026 7093 172 NCBG staff 1999-04-14 View
11674 8453 171 NCBG staff 1967-12-01 View
11712 8482 170 NCBG staff 2005-09-15 View
11876 8660 153 NCBG staff 2006-10-01 View
12134 9165 170 Stern 2008-04-03 View

USDA PLANTS DATABASE

USDA Symbol: ILGL
USDA Common Name: Inkberry
Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N)
Distribution: USA (AL, AR, CT, DE, FL, GA, LA, MA, MD, ME, MS, NC, NH, NJ, NY, PA, RI, SC, TX, VA), CAN (NS)
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Shrub

NATIONAL WETLAND INDICATOR STATUS

Region:AGCPAKAWCBEMPGPHIMWNCNEWMVE
Status: FACW FAC FACW

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers 2016 National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.3 (Lichvar, R.W., D.L. Banks, W.N. Kirchner, and N.C. Melvin. 2016. The National Wetland Plant List: 2016 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2016-30: 1-17. Published 28 April 2016. ISSN 2153 733X). Regions: AGCP-Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain, AK-Alaska, AW-Arid West, CB-Caribbean, EMP-Eastern Mountains and Piedmont, GP-Great Plains, HI-Hawaii, MW-Midwest, NCNE-Northcentral and Northeast, WMCV-Western Mountains, Valleys & Coast

WEAKLEY FLORA

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Ilex glabra
COMMON NAME: Little Gallberry, Inkberry
SYNONYMY: [= C, F, G, GW, K2, Pa, RAB, S, WH3, Va, Y]
PHENOLOGY: May-Jun; Sep-Nov.
HABITAT: Savannas, pine flatwoods, pocosin margins, swamps, primarily in wetlands, but extending upslope even into sandhills, with a clay lens or spodic horizon below to maintain additional moisture.
COMMENTS: NS and ME south to FL, west to TX.
RANGE MAP: Ilex glabra.png

Key to Map Symbols
ABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora)
Aquifoliaceae Bartling 1830 (Holly Family)
SUMMARY: A monogeneric family of about 500 species, nearly cosmopolitan.
REFERENCE:
ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora)
Ilex L. (Holly)
SUMMARY: A genus of 400-500 species, mostly trees and shrubs, cosmopolitan and widespread in tropical and temperate areas, especially Asia and America. The genus Nemopanthus is clearly best subsumed into Ilex.
REFERENCE: Godfrey (1988)=Y; Krakow (1989)=Z; Powell et al. (2000)=X; Wunderlin & Poppleton (1977).

HERBARIUM RESOURCES

SERNEC: Find Ilex glabra in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)
UNC SERNEC: Find Ilex glabra in University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)

WEB RESOURCES

USDA: Find Ilex glabra in USDA Plants
NPIN: Find Ilex glabra in NPIN Database
FNA: Find Ilex glabra in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Ilex glabra

NCBG IMAGE RECORDS

ID IMAGE1: 2550
ID IMAGE2: 14966
ID IMAGE3: 4591

From the Image Gallery


Image ID: 14966

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Image ID: 20185

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Image ID: 34531

Image ID: 34533

Image ID: 35105

Image ID: 4591

Image ID: 34532

Image ID: 35104

Image ID: 35106

Image ID: 37511

Image ID: 11324
14 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

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