Plant Index


 
 
 

Illicium floridanum

Illicium floridanum Ellis

florida anise tree, florida star-anise

Cultivar(s): Compactum, Halley, Pink Flower Form, Semmes, Shady Lady, White flower form
Illicium floridanum (Florida Anise Tree)
Image ID: 12953
Image by: Cressler, Alan M.
Image Collection: NCBG Digital Library

PLANT INDEX

ID_PLANT: ILFL
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Illicium floridanum
Include in WOTAS: 0
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2019-09-27

CULTIVAR INDEX

Cult_id Cultivar_name Action
42 Compactum View
573 Halley View
176 Pink Flower Form View
574 Semmes View
575 Shady Lady View
55 white flower form View

GENUS INDEX

GENUS CODE: ILLIC
GENUS SCIENTIFIC: Illicium
GENUS AUTHORITY: L.
GENUS COMMON: Anisetree
GENUS SUMMARY: A genus of about 42 species, shrubs and trees, of temperate and subtropical se. Asia and se. North America (se. United States, Cuba, Haiti, and e. Mexico). Morris et al. (2007) studied the evolution of the genus and revised its sectional taxonomy; New World and Old World taxa form separate clades, treated as separate sections, our species being in section Cymbostemon.
GENUS IDENTIFICATION:
GENUS REFERENCES: Vincent in FNA (1997); Morris et al. (2007); Keng in Kubitzki, Rohwer, & Bittrich (1993); Stone & Freeman (1968).

FAMILY INDEX

FAMILY CODE: ILLICI
FAMILY SCIENTIFIC: Illiciaceae
FAMILY AUTHORITY: A.C. Smith 1947
FAMILY COMMON: Star-anise Family
FAMILY SUMMARY: A family of 1 genus and about 42 species, shrubs and trees, of temperate and subtropical se. Asia and se. North America (se. United States, Cuba, Haiti, and e. Mexico). The family is most closely related to the Schisandraceae, Austrobaileyaceae, and Trimeniaceae.
FAMILY REFERENCE: Keng in Kubitzki, Rohwer, & Bittrich (1993).

NCBG DESCRIPTIVES

INTRO:
STEMS:
LEAVES:
INFLORESCENCE:
FLOWERS:
FRUITS:
COMMENTS:
HEIGHT: 6-10 ft. tall

DURATION: Perennial
HABIT: Shrub, Tree

LEAF ARRANGEMENT:
LEAF COMPLEXITY:
LEAF RETENTION: Evergreen

FLORAL CHARACTERISTICS
SYMMETRY:
BLOOM TIME: Apr-June
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
x x x

BLOOM COLOR: Red burgundy flowers
White Red Pink Orange Yellow Green Blue Lavender Purple Violet Brown Not Applicable
x x

FRUITING PERIOD:

DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE:
NATIVE RANGE: GA, FL, AL, MS & LA

HORTICULTURAL
Plant Sale Text: Florida anise-tree is a useful evergreen shrub, easy to grow and tolerant of most conditions. This Southeastern native shrub develops a compact rounded form that is excellent for screening purposes. Unusual maroon-purple flowers in the spring, followed by fruits that are whorled in shape and reddish-brown at maturity. The leaves have a pleasant licorice-like aroma, especially when crushed. Prefers shady sites and moist to wet soil. If grown in sun the leaves are yellower, not nearly as handsome.

Bloom Table Text:

NCBG Location:

Cultural Notes:

SOIL MOISTURE: Average, Moist/Wet
LIGHT EXPOSURE: Sun, Part Shade
MINIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 6
MAXIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 9
GERMINATION CODE: 2
WILDLIFE VALUE: Bee Friendly, Butterfly Friendly, Hummingbird Friendly
DEER RESISTANCE:

GRIM ACCESSIONS

acc_id acc_num acc_dt coll_id Action
892 1985-0572 View
1951 1986-1739 View
2291 1986-2122 View
2880 1987-0405 View
4845 1994-0054 View
6560 1996-0190 View
6563 1996-0193 View
6678 1996-0329 View
6869 1998-0075 View
6939 1998-0146 View
6961 1998-0170 View
7370 2000-0113 2000-03-29 View
7496 2000-0254 2000-08-21 View
8563 2006-0142 2006-08-01 View
8656 2006-0261 2006-09-21 View
8668 2006-0273 2006-09-21 View



GRIM PLANTINGS

plt_num acc_id loc_num pers_num inst_dt Action
1660 892 166 NCBG staff 1979-01-01 View
3112 1951 6 NCBG staff 1986-12-22 View
3968 2291 94 NCBG staff 1967-12-31 View
4782 2880 8 NCBG staff 1985-06-25 View
4783 2880 8 NCBG staff 1985-06-25 View
7246 4845 27 NCBG staff 1994-12-15 View
9266 6560 142 NCBG staff 1996-06-06 View
9270 6563 142 Liloia 1996-03-25 View
9439 6678 119 NCBG staff 1967-12-01 View
9731 6869 166 NCBG staff 1997-11-07 View
9801 6939 163 NCBG staff 1998-03-11 View
9826 6961 166 NCBG staff 1998-04-22 View
10353 7370 171 NCBG staff 2000-03-24 View
10518 7496 166 NCBG staff 1967-12-31 View
12202 8668 179 Stern 2007-12-15 View
12206 8656 168 Stern 2007-12-15 View
12244 4845 45 Liloia 2011-12-20 View
12245 8563 45 Liloia 2011-12-20 View

USDA PLANTS DATABASE

USDA Symbol: ILFL
USDA Common Name: Florida Anisetree
Native Status: L48 (N)
Distribution: USA (AL, FL, GA, LA, MS)
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Tree, Shrub

NATIONAL WETLAND INDICATOR STATUS

Region:AGCPAKAWCBEMPGPHIMWNCNEWMVE
Status: FACW FACW

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers 2016 National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.3 (Lichvar, R.W., D.L. Banks, W.N. Kirchner, and N.C. Melvin. 2016. The National Wetland Plant List: 2016 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2016-30: 1-17. Published 28 April 2016. ISSN 2153 733X). Regions: AGCP-Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain, AK-Alaska, AW-Arid West, CB-Caribbean, EMP-Eastern Mountains and Piedmont, GP-Great Plains, HI-Hawaii, MW-Midwest, NCNE-Northcentral and Northeast, WMCV-Western Mountains, Valleys & Coast

WEAKLEY FLORA

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Illicium floridanum
COMMON NAME: Florida Star-anise
SYNONYMY: [= Fl, FNA, GW, K, S, WH3]
PHENOLOGY: Apr-Jun.
HABITAT: Acid ravines and small stream swamps.
COMMENTS: Sw. GA west to e. LA. Most closely related to I. mexicanum. Sparingly naturalized north of its native range from plantings, as along Black Creek, at Kalmia Gardens, Hartsville, Darlington County, SC (D. Hope, pers.comm. 2008).
RANGE MAP: Illicium floridanum.png

Key to Map Symbols
ABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora)
Illiciaceae A.C. Smith 1947 (Star-anise Family)
SUMMARY: A family of 1 genus and about 42 species, shrubs and trees, of temperate and subtropical se. Asia and se. North America (se. United States, Cuba, Haiti, and e. Mexico). The family is most closely related to the Schisandraceae, Austrobaileyaceae, and Trimeniaceae.
REFERENCE: Keng in Kubitzki, Rohwer, & Bittrich (1993).
ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora)
Illicium L. (Anisetree)
SUMMARY: A genus of about 42 species, shrubs and trees, of temperate and subtropical se. Asia and se. North America (se. United States, Cuba, Haiti, and e. Mexico). Morris et al. (2007) studied the evolution of the genus and revised its sectional taxonomy; New World and Old World taxa form separate clades, treated as separate sections, our species being in section Cymbostemon.
REFERENCE: Vincent in FNA (1997); Morris et al. (2007); Keng in Kubitzki, Rohwer, & Bittrich (1993); Stone & Freeman (1968).

HERBARIUM RESOURCES

SERNEC: Find Illicium floridanum in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)
UNC SERNEC: Find Illicium floridanum in University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)

WEB RESOURCES

USDA: Find Illicium floridanum in USDA Plants
NPIN: Find Illicium floridanum in NPIN Database
FNA: Find Illicium floridanum in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Illicium floridanum

NCBG IMAGE RECORDS

ID IMAGE1: 12953
ID IMAGE2: 7353
ID IMAGE3: 12953

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17 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

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