Plant Index


 
 
 

Ilex decidua

Ilex decidua Walter

deciduous holly, possum-haw, possumhaw

Synonym(s): Ilex curtissii, Ilex decidua var. curtissii
Cultivar(s): Byer's Golden, Council Fire, Finch's Golden
Ilex decidua (Deciduous Holly)
Image ID: 14965
Image by: Sorrie, Bruce A.
Image Collection: NCBG Digital Library

PLANT INDEX

ID_PLANT: ILDE
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Ilex decidua
Include in WOTAS: 0
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2019-08-30

CULTIVAR INDEX

Cult_id Cultivar_name Action
534 Byer's Golden View
535 Council Fire View
202 Finch's Golden View

GENUS INDEX

GENUS CODE: ILEX
GENUS SCIENTIFIC: Ilex
GENUS AUTHORITY: L.
GENUS COMMON: Holly
GENUS SUMMARY: A genus of 400-500 species, mostly trees and shrubs, cosmopolitan and widespread in tropical and temperate areas, especially Asia and America. The genus Nemopanthus is clearly best subsumed into Ilex.
GENUS IDENTIFICATION: Identification notes: Some of our species can be superficially similar to various shrubs and trees of the Rosaceae, in their alternate toothed leaves borne on spur shoots.
GENUS REFERENCES: Godfrey (1988)=Y; Krakow (1989)=Z; Powell et al. (2000)=X; Wunderlin & Poppleton (1977).

FAMILY INDEX

FAMILY CODE: AQUIFO
FAMILY SCIENTIFIC: Aquifoliaceae
FAMILY AUTHORITY: Bartling 1830
FAMILY COMMON: Holly Family
FAMILY SUMMARY: A monogeneric family of about 500 species, nearly cosmopolitan.
FAMILY REFERENCE:

NCBG DESCRIPTIVES

INTRO:
STEMS:
LEAVES:
INFLORESCENCE:
FLOWERS:
FRUITS:
COMMENTS:
HEIGHT: 7-20 ft.

DURATION: Perennial
HABIT: Shrub, Tree

LEAF ARRANGEMENT:
LEAF COMPLEXITY: Simple
LEAF RETENTION: Deciduous

FLORAL CHARACTERISTICS
SYMMETRY:
BLOOM TIME: Mar-May
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
x x x

BLOOM COLOR:
White Red Pink Orange Yellow Green Blue Lavender Purple Violet Brown Not Applicable
x x

FRUITING PERIOD: Sep-Oct.

DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE:
NATIVE RANGE: southeastern U.S. & ne. Mexico

HORTICULTURAL
Plant Sale Text:

Bloom Table Text:

NCBG Location:

Cultural Notes:

SOIL MOISTURE: Average
LIGHT EXPOSURE: Sun, Part Shade
MINIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 5
MAXIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 9
GERMINATION CODE:
WILDLIFE VALUE: Bird Friendly
DEER RESISTANCE:

GRIM ACCESSIONS

acc_id acc_num acc_dt coll_id Action
224 2011-0052 2011-03-17 223 View
652 1985-0287 View
2193 1986-2005 View
2287 1986-2118 View
2914 1987-0454 View
2915 1987-0455 View
3681 1991-0376 View
3682 1991-0377 View
3694 1991-0389 View
4534 1992-0690 View
4957 1995-0075 View
5138 1995-0257 View
5445 1995-0568 View
5910 1995-1038 View
8110 2004-0118 View
8119 2004-0127 View
8598 2006-0177 2006-08-11 View
8745 2006-0496 2006-11-30 View
8804 2007-0074 2007-03-13 View
8812 2007-0082 2007-03-13 View
8917 1986-2361 0000-00-00 1186 View
9232 2005-0065 2020-05-08 1522 View


GRIM COLLECTIONS

Coll_id Project Collection date Collector Action
223 HORT 2011-03-17 Liloia View
1186 HORT 1980-01-01 View
1522 HORT 2005-03-08 Bryan View
1810 HORT 2006-10-01 Bryan View


GRIM PLANTINGS

plt_num acc_id loc_num pers_num inst_dt Action
463 224 39 Liloia 2011-05-01 View
464 224 44 Liloia 2011-05-01 View
465 224 102 Liloia 2011-05-01 View
466 224 103 Liloia 2011-05-01 View
1320 652 158 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
1321 652 155 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
1322 652 159 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
3787 2193 11 NCBG staff 1967-12-31 View
3788 2193 53 NCBG staff 1967-12-31 View
3789 2193 1 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
3790 2193 1 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
3791 2193 1 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
3792 2193 78 NCBG staff 1986-12-23 View
3962 2287 98 NCBG staff 1967-12-31 View
4258 8917 205 NCBG staff 1967-12-01 View
4259 8917 138 NCBG staff 1980-01-01 View
4260 8917 139 NCBG staff 1980-01-01 View
4825 2914 8 NCBG staff 1983-07-07 View
4826 2915 8 NCBG staff 1983-07-07 View
5984 3681 200 NCBG staff 1989-11-01 View
5985 3682 200 NCBG staff 1989-11-01 View
5997 3694 199 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
5998 3694 52 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
6862 4534 200 NCBG staff 1993-03-01 View
7376 4957 202 NCBG staff 1992-01-01 View
7564 5138 203 NCBG staff 1992-01-01 View
7959 5445 204 NCBG staff 1993-01-01 View
8454 5910 2 NCBG staff 1992-01-01 View
11788 8598 205 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
11983 8745 81 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
12058 8804 70 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
12070 8812 71 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
12232 8110 42 Liloia 2011-04-15 View
12338 9232 28 Randall 2011-03-03 View
12339 9232 17 Easterling 2011-03-09 View
12677 0 16 Liloia 0000-00-00 View
12786 0 14 Liloia 0000-00-00 View

USDA PLANTS DATABASE

USDA Symbol: ILDE
USDA Common Name: Possumhaw
Native Status: L48 (N)
Distribution: USA (AL, AR, DC, FL, GA, IL, IN, KS, KY, LA, MD, MO, MS, NC, OK, SC, TN, TX, VA)
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Tree, Shrub

NATIONAL WETLAND INDICATOR STATUS

Region:AGCPAKAWCBEMPGPHIMWNCNEWMVE
Status: FACW FACW FAC FACW

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers 2016 National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.3 (Lichvar, R.W., D.L. Banks, W.N. Kirchner, and N.C. Melvin. 2016. The National Wetland Plant List: 2016 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2016-30: 1-17. Published 28 April 2016. ISSN 2153 733X). Regions: AGCP-Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain, AK-Alaska, AW-Arid West, CB-Caribbean, EMP-Eastern Mountains and Piedmont, GP-Great Plains, HI-Hawaii, MW-Midwest, NCNE-Northcentral and Northeast, WMCV-Western Mountains, Valleys & Coast

WEAKLEY FLORA

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Ilex decidua
COMMON NAME: Possum-haw
SYNONYMY: [= S; = I. decidua Walter var. decidua - Va, Z; < I. decidua var. decidua - RAB; < I. decidua - C, F, G, GW, Il, K2, WH3; > I. decidua var. decidua - Y (also including I. cuthbertii)]
PHENOLOGY: Mar-May; Sep-Oct.
HABITAT: Floodplain forests, less commonly on mesic (or even dry), upland slopes.
COMMENTS: MD south to Panhandle FL, west to TX on the Coastal Plain, extending also to adjacent provinces (the Piedmont and rarely Mountains in our area), and extending north in the interior to c. TN, w. KY, s. IL, c. MO, se. KS, and e. OK; also disjunct (as an unnamed variety) in the Sierra Madre Oriental of e. Mexico. The Mexican material was recognized by Krakow (1989) at the varietal level, but has not been formally named; it is known from a single collection from Nuevo Len, Mexico.
RANGE MAP: Ilex decidua.png

Key to Map Symbols
ABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora)
Aquifoliaceae Bartling 1830 (Holly Family)
SUMMARY: A monogeneric family of about 500 species, nearly cosmopolitan.
REFERENCE:
ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora)
Ilex L. (Holly)
SUMMARY: A genus of 400-500 species, mostly trees and shrubs, cosmopolitan and widespread in tropical and temperate areas, especially Asia and America. The genus Nemopanthus is clearly best subsumed into Ilex.
REFERENCE: Godfrey (1988)=Y; Krakow (1989)=Z; Powell et al. (2000)=X; Wunderlin & Poppleton (1977).

HERBARIUM RESOURCES

SERNEC: Find Ilex decidua in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)
UNC SERNEC: Find Ilex decidua in University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)

WEB RESOURCES

USDA: Find Ilex decidua in USDA Plants
NPIN: Find Ilex decidua in NPIN Database
FNA: Find Ilex decidua in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Ilex decidua

NCBG IMAGE RECORDS

ID IMAGE1: 14965
ID IMAGE2: 0
ID IMAGE3: 14965

From the Image Gallery


Image ID: 20184

Image ID: 4590

Image ID: 4596

Image ID: 11323
5 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

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