Plant Index


 
 
 

Hypericum hypericoides

Hypericum hypericoides (L.) Crantz

st. andrew's cross, st. andrew's cross

Hypericum hypericoides (St. Andrew's Cross)
Image ID: 14908
Image by: Sorrie, Bruce A.
Image Collection: NCBG Digital Library

PLANT INDEX

ID_PLANT: HYHY
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Hypericum hypericoides
Include in WOTAS: 0
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2018-09-25

GENUS INDEX

GENUS CODE: HYPER
GENUS SCIENTIFIC: Hypericum
GENUS AUTHORITY: L.
GENUS COMMON: St. Johnswort
GENUS SUMMARY: A genus of 370-420 species, trees, shrubs, and herbs, primarily temperate. Hypericum in our area is a large, complex, and interesting genus, with a number of unresolved questions remaining. Following Nürk et al. (2013), it seems best to circumscribe Hypericum to include Triadenum (in Key A) and Thornea (the latter not relevant to our area), but not Vismia and Harungana. The species treated in Key C have often been treated in the segregate genus Ascyrum; evidence from a variety of disciplines now suggests that they should be included in Hypericum (Adams & Robson 1961; Calie, Schilling, & Webb 1983; Robson 1996; Nürk et al. 2013). Triadenum, while almost basal in Hypericum, should also be included (Nürk et al. 2013).
GENUS IDENTIFICATION: Identification notes: “Longest leaves” should be sought at branch nodes.
GENUS REFERENCES: Sorrie (2012)=U; Adams (1973)=Z; Godfrey (1988)=Y; Robson (1977, 1981, 1990, 1996, 2001, 2002, 2006)=X; Adams (1962)=V; Allison (2011)=Q; Adams (1957); Webb (1980); Robson & Adams (1968); Adams & Robson (1961); Calie, Schilling, & Webb (1983); Culwell (1970); Nürk et al. (2013); Cooperrider (1989); Stevens in Kubitzki, Bayer, & Stevens (2007). Key based in part on Adams (1973), Godfrey (1988), C, and GW. {add for FL: Hypericum cumulicola, Hypericum edisonianum, and also add ‘not yet keyed’ Hypericum dolabriforme and Hypericum erythreae}

FAMILY INDEX

FAMILY CODE: HYPERIC
FAMILY SCIENTIFIC: Hypericaceae
FAMILY AUTHORITY: A.L. de Jussieu 1789
FAMILY COMMON: St. John's-wort Family
FAMILY SUMMARY: A family of 7-9 genera and 480-560 species, herbs, shrubs, and trees, nearly cosmopolitan. It appears from molecular analysis that recognition of the Hypericaceae is (after all) warranted. Hypericum is in a clade with Podostemum and Bonnetia, sister to a clade including Clusiaceae s.s. (Savolainen et al. 2000), and unless the morphologically very different Podostemaceae is to be included in a broad Clusiaceae, Hypericaceae and Podostemaceae must be recognized.
FAMILY REFERENCE: Adams (1973)=Z; Godfrey (1988)=Y; Wood & Adams (1976); Stevens in Kubitzki, Bayer, & Stevens (2007).

NCBG DESCRIPTIVES

INTRO:
STEMS:
LEAVES:
INFLORESCENCE:
FLOWERS:
FRUITS:
COMMENTS:
HEIGHT: 1-3 ft.

DURATION: Perennial
HABIT: Subshrub, Shrub

LEAF ARRANGEMENT: Opposite
LEAF COMPLEXITY:
LEAF RETENTION:

FLORAL CHARACTERISTICS
SYMMETRY:
BLOOM TIME: May-Oct
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
x x x x x x x

BLOOM COLOR:
White Red Pink Orange Yellow Green Blue Lavender Purple Violet Brown Not Applicable
x

FRUITING PERIOD:

DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE:
NATIVE RANGE: eastern & central U.S.

HORTICULTURAL
Plant Sale Text: St. Andrew's cross is a small, low growing shrub with a lovely, open mounding form. The showy, bright yellow flowers have 4 petals that are arranged in the shape of an “X”. The older stems are reddish-brown, with shedding bark that can be quite attractive. St. Andrew's cross prefers well-drained, sandy soils and can be fairly drought-tolerant once established. The genus Hypericum supports up to 20 species of lepidoptera.

Bloom Table Text:

NCBG Location:

Cultural Notes:

SOIL MOISTURE: Dry, Average
LIGHT EXPOSURE: Sun, Part Shade, Shade
MINIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 5
MAXIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 9
GERMINATION CODE:
WILDLIFE VALUE: Bee Friendly, Butterfly Friendly
DEER RESISTANCE:

GRIM ACCESSIONS

acc_id acc_num acc_dt coll_id Action
48 2014-0004 2014-04-16 50 View
2188 1986-2000 View
2703 1987-0176 View
3720 1991-0415 View
3928 1992-0081 View
4554 1992-0710 View
4955 1995-0073 View
5290 1995-0411 View
5556 1995-0680 View
6134 1995-1265 View


GRIM COLLECTIONS

Coll_id Project Collection date Collector Action
50 HORT 2010-09-22 Poythress View
2196 NPMD 2019-09-04 Touloupas View
2205 NPMD 2019-09-09 Touloupas View
2211 NPMD 2019-09-09 Touloupas View
2217 NPMD 2019-09-10 Touloupas View
2230 NPMD 2019-09-16 Touloupas View


GRIM PLANTINGS

plt_num acc_id loc_num pers_num inst_dt Action
63 48 24 Liloia 2014-06-01 View
3780 2188 58 NCBG staff 1967-12-31 View
3781 2188 54 Liloia 1986-12-23 View
3782 2188 57 NCBG staff 1986-12-23 View
3783 2188 56 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
4513 2703 8 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
6026 3720 199 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
6252 3928 55 NCBG staff 1967-12-31 View
6883 4554 200 NCBG staff 1993-03-01 View
7374 4955 202 NCBG staff 1992-01-01 View
7746 5290 203 NCBG staff 1992-01-01 View
8070 5556 204 NCBG staff 1993-01-01 View
8789 6134 2 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View

USDA PLANTS DATABASE

USDA Symbol: HYHY
USDA Common Name: St. Andrew's Cross
Native Status: L48 (N), PR (N)
Distribution: USA (AL, AR, DC, DE, FL, GA, IL, IN, KS, KY, LA, MA, MD, MO, MS, NC, NJ, NY, OH, OK, PA, SC, TN, TX, VA, WV), USA+ (PR)
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Subshrub, Shrub

NATIONAL WETLAND INDICATOR STATUS

Region:AGCPAKAWCBEMPGPHIMWNCNEWMVE
Status: FAC FAC FACU FACU FACU FACU

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers 2016 National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.3 (Lichvar, R.W., D.L. Banks, W.N. Kirchner, and N.C. Melvin. 2016. The National Wetland Plant List: 2016 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2016-30: 1-17. Published 28 April 2016. ISSN 2153 733X). Regions: AGCP-Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain, AK-Alaska, AW-Arid West, CB-Caribbean, EMP-Eastern Mountains and Piedmont, GP-Great Plains, HI-Hawaii, MW-Midwest, NCNE-Northcentral and Northeast, WMCV-Western Mountains, Valleys & Coast

WEAKLEY FLORA

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Hypericum hypericoides
COMMON NAME: St. Andrew's Cross
SYNONYMY: [= C, GW, RAB, V, Va, W, WH3, Y, Z; > Ascyrum hypericoides Linnaeus var. hypericoides - F, G; > Ascyrum hypericoides Linnaeus var. oblongifolium (Spach) Fernald - F, G; = H. hypericoides ssp. hypericoides - K, X; > Ascyrum hypericoides Linnaeus - S; > Ascyrum linifolium Spach - S]
PHENOLOGY: May-Aug.
HABITAT: Dry forests and woodlands.
COMMENTS: NJ, w. VA, c. KY, se. MO, and c. OK, south to s. FL and e. TX; also in the West Indies, Mexico, and Central America.
RANGE MAP: Hypericum hypericoides.png

Key to Map Symbols
ABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora)
Hypericaceae A.L. de Jussieu 1789 (St. John's-wort Family)
SUMMARY: A family of 7-9 genera and 480-560 species, herbs, shrubs, and trees, nearly cosmopolitan. It appears from molecular analysis that recognition of the Hypericaceae is (after all) warranted. Hypericum is in a clade with Podostemum and Bonnetia, sister to a clade including Clusiaceae s.s. (Savolainen et al. 2000), and unless the morphologically very different Podostemaceae is to be included in a broad Clusiaceae, Hypericaceae and Podostemaceae must be recognized.
REFERENCE: Adams (1973)=Z; Godfrey (1988)=Y; Wood & Adams (1976); Stevens in Kubitzki, Bayer, & Stevens (2007).
ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora)
Hypericum L. (St. Johnswort)
SUMMARY: A genus of 370-420 species, trees, shrubs, and herbs, primarily temperate. Hypericum in our area is a large, complex, and interesting genus, with a number of unresolved questions remaining. Following Nürk et al. (2013), it seems best to circumscribe Hypericum to include Triadenum (in Key A) and Thornea (the latter not relevant to our area), but not Vismia and Harungana. The species treated in Key C have often been treated in the segregate genus Ascyrum; evidence from a variety of disciplines now suggests that they should be included in Hypericum (Adams & Robson 1961; Calie, Schilling, & Webb 1983; Robson 1996; Nürk et al. 2013). Triadenum, while almost basal in Hypericum, should also be included (Nürk et al. 2013).
REFERENCE: Sorrie (2012)=U; Adams (1973)=Z; Godfrey (1988)=Y; Robson (1977, 1981, 1990, 1996, 2001, 2002, 2006)=X; Adams (1962)=V; Allison (2011)=Q; Adams (1957); Webb (1980); Robson & Adams (1968); Adams & Robson (1961); Calie, Schilling, & Webb (1983); Culwell (1970); Nürk et al. (2013); Cooperrider (1989); Stevens in Kubitzki, Bayer, & Stevens (2007). Key based in part on Adams (1973), Godfrey (1988), C, and GW. {add for FL: Hypericum cumulicola, Hypericum edisonianum, and also add ‘not yet keyed’ Hypericum dolabriforme and Hypericum erythreae}

HERBARIUM RESOURCES

SERNEC: Find Hypericum hypericoides in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)
UNC SERNEC: Find Hypericum hypericoides in University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)

WEB RESOURCES

USDA: Find Hypericum hypericoides in USDA Plants
NPIN: Find Hypericum hypericoides in NPIN Database
FNA: Find Hypericum hypericoides in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Hypericum hypericoides

NCBG IMAGE RECORDS

ID IMAGE1: 14908
ID IMAGE2: 0
ID IMAGE3: 25798

From the Image Gallery


Image ID: 37492

Image ID: 14909

Image ID: 25798

Image ID: 11310
5 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

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