Plant Index


 
 
 

Hypericum galioides

Hypericum galioides Lam.

bedstraw st. john's-wort

Synonym(s): Hypericum ambiguum, Hypericum galioides var. pallidum
Hypericum galioides (Bedstraw St. John's-wort)
Image ID: 39903
Image by: Gocke, Matt
Image Collection: NCBG Digital Library

PLANT INDEX

ID_PLANT: HYGA
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Hypericum galioides
Include in WOTAS: 0
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2018-11-12

GENUS INDEX

GENUS CODE: HYPER
GENUS SCIENTIFIC: Hypericum
GENUS AUTHORITY: L.
GENUS COMMON: St. Johnswort
GENUS SUMMARY: A genus of 370-420 species, trees, shrubs, and herbs, primarily temperate. Hypericum in our area is a large, complex, and interesting genus, with a number of unresolved questions remaining. Following Nürk et al. (2013), it seems best to circumscribe Hypericum to include Triadenum (in Key A) and Thornea (the latter not relevant to our area), but not Vismia and Harungana. The species treated in Key C have often been treated in the segregate genus Ascyrum; evidence from a variety of disciplines now suggests that they should be included in Hypericum (Adams & Robson 1961; Calie, Schilling, & Webb 1983; Robson 1996; Nürk et al. 2013). Triadenum, while almost basal in Hypericum, should also be included (Nürk et al. 2013).
GENUS IDENTIFICATION: Identification notes: “Longest leaves” should be sought at branch nodes.
GENUS REFERENCES: Sorrie (2012)=U; Adams (1973)=Z; Godfrey (1988)=Y; Robson (1977, 1981, 1990, 1996, 2001, 2002, 2006)=X; Adams (1962)=V; Allison (2011)=Q; Adams (1957); Webb (1980); Robson & Adams (1968); Adams & Robson (1961); Calie, Schilling, & Webb (1983); Culwell (1970); Nürk et al. (2013); Cooperrider (1989); Stevens in Kubitzki, Bayer, & Stevens (2007). Key based in part on Adams (1973), Godfrey (1988), C, and GW. {add for FL: Hypericum cumulicola, Hypericum edisonianum, and also add ‘not yet keyed’ Hypericum dolabriforme and Hypericum erythreae}

FAMILY INDEX

FAMILY CODE: HYPERIC
FAMILY SCIENTIFIC: Hypericaceae
FAMILY AUTHORITY: A.L. de Jussieu 1789
FAMILY COMMON: St. John's-wort Family
FAMILY SUMMARY: A family of 7-9 genera and 480-560 species, herbs, shrubs, and trees, nearly cosmopolitan. It appears from molecular analysis that recognition of the Hypericaceae is (after all) warranted. Hypericum is in a clade with Podostemum and Bonnetia, sister to a clade including Clusiaceae s.s. (Savolainen et al. 2000), and unless the morphologically very different Podostemaceae is to be included in a broad Clusiaceae, Hypericaceae and Podostemaceae must be recognized.
FAMILY REFERENCE: Adams (1973)=Z; Godfrey (1988)=Y; Wood & Adams (1976); Stevens in Kubitzki, Bayer, & Stevens (2007).

NCBG DESCRIPTIVES

INTRO:
STEMS:
LEAVES:
INFLORESCENCE:
FLOWERS:
FRUITS:
COMMENTS:
HEIGHT: 2-3 ft.

DURATION: Perennial
HABIT: Subshrub

LEAF ARRANGEMENT:
LEAF COMPLEXITY:
LEAF RETENTION:

FLORAL CHARACTERISTICS
SYMMETRY:
BLOOM TIME: June-August
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
x x x

BLOOM COLOR:
White Red Pink Orange Yellow Green Blue Lavender Purple Violet Brown Not Applicable
x

FRUITING PERIOD:

DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE:
NATIVE RANGE: southeastern United States

HORTICULTURAL
Plant Sale Text: Bedstraw St. Johns-wort is a southeastern native shrub that adds lively color to the summer garden. Its growth habit is compact, multibranched and fine-textured. In midsummer, profuse small yellow flowers bloom for several weeks. Although it is easily grown, Bedstraw St. Johns-wort is relatively uncommon in the nursery trade.The genus name Hypericum is derived from the Greek and means ‘over an apparition,’ referring to the common belief that St. Johns-worts repel evil spirits.

Bloom Table Text:

NCBG Location:

Cultural Notes:

SOIL MOISTURE: Average, Moist/Wet, Well-drained
LIGHT EXPOSURE: Sun, Part Shade
MINIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 7
MAXIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 10
GERMINATION CODE:
WILDLIFE VALUE: Bee Friendly, Butterfly Friendly
DEER RESISTANCE:

GRIM ACCESSIONS

acc_id acc_num acc_dt coll_id Action
1941 1986-1728 View
2662 1987-0115 View
6615 1996-0250 View



GRIM PLANTINGS

plt_num acc_id loc_num pers_num inst_dt Action
3093 1941 6 NCBG staff 1986-12-22 View
4456 2662 9 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
9342 6615 142 NCBG staff 1996-06-06 View

USDA PLANTS DATABASE

USDA Symbol: HYGA
USDA Common Name: Bedstraw St. Johnswort
Native Status: L48 (N)
Distribution: USA (AL, FL, GA, LA, MS, NC, SC, TX)
Duration:
Growth Habit: Subshrub

NATIONAL WETLAND INDICATOR STATUS

Region:AGCPAKAWCBEMPGPHIMWNCNEWMVE
Status: OBL OBL OBL

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers 2016 National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.3 (Lichvar, R.W., D.L. Banks, W.N. Kirchner, and N.C. Melvin. 2016. The National Wetland Plant List: 2016 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2016-30: 1-17. Published 28 April 2016. ISSN 2153 733X). Regions: AGCP-Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain, AK-Alaska, AW-Arid West, CB-Caribbean, EMP-Eastern Mountains and Piedmont, GP-Great Plains, HI-Hawaii, MW-Midwest, NCNE-Northcentral and Northeast, WMCV-Western Mountains, Valleys & Coast

WEAKLEY FLORA

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Hypericum galioides
COMMON NAME:
SYNONYMY: [= GW, K, RAB, U, V, WH3, X, Y, Z; > H. ambiguum Elliott - S; > H. galioides - S]
PHENOLOGY: Jun-Aug.
HABITAT: Wet pine savannas, wet pine flatwoods, pools, edges of bottomlands.
COMMENTS: E. NC south to c. peninsular FL, west to se. TX.
RANGE MAP: Hypericum galioides.png

Key to Map Symbols
ABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora)
Hypericaceae A.L. de Jussieu 1789 (St. John's-wort Family)
SUMMARY: A family of 7-9 genera and 480-560 species, herbs, shrubs, and trees, nearly cosmopolitan. It appears from molecular analysis that recognition of the Hypericaceae is (after all) warranted. Hypericum is in a clade with Podostemum and Bonnetia, sister to a clade including Clusiaceae s.s. (Savolainen et al. 2000), and unless the morphologically very different Podostemaceae is to be included in a broad Clusiaceae, Hypericaceae and Podostemaceae must be recognized.
REFERENCE: Adams (1973)=Z; Godfrey (1988)=Y; Wood & Adams (1976); Stevens in Kubitzki, Bayer, & Stevens (2007).
ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora)
Hypericum L. (St. Johnswort)
SUMMARY: A genus of 370-420 species, trees, shrubs, and herbs, primarily temperate. Hypericum in our area is a large, complex, and interesting genus, with a number of unresolved questions remaining. Following Nürk et al. (2013), it seems best to circumscribe Hypericum to include Triadenum (in Key A) and Thornea (the latter not relevant to our area), but not Vismia and Harungana. The species treated in Key C have often been treated in the segregate genus Ascyrum; evidence from a variety of disciplines now suggests that they should be included in Hypericum (Adams & Robson 1961; Calie, Schilling, & Webb 1983; Robson 1996; Nürk et al. 2013). Triadenum, while almost basal in Hypericum, should also be included (Nürk et al. 2013).
REFERENCE: Sorrie (2012)=U; Adams (1973)=Z; Godfrey (1988)=Y; Robson (1977, 1981, 1990, 1996, 2001, 2002, 2006)=X; Adams (1962)=V; Allison (2011)=Q; Adams (1957); Webb (1980); Robson & Adams (1968); Adams & Robson (1961); Calie, Schilling, & Webb (1983); Culwell (1970); Nürk et al. (2013); Cooperrider (1989); Stevens in Kubitzki, Bayer, & Stevens (2007). Key based in part on Adams (1973), Godfrey (1988), C, and GW. {add for FL: Hypericum cumulicola, Hypericum edisonianum, and also add ‘not yet keyed’ Hypericum dolabriforme and Hypericum erythreae}

HERBARIUM RESOURCES

SERNEC: Find Hypericum galioides in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)
UNC SERNEC: Find Hypericum galioides in University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)

WEB RESOURCES

USDA: Find Hypericum galioides in USDA Plants
NPIN: Find Hypericum galioides in NPIN Database
FNA: Find Hypericum galioides in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Hypericum galioides

NCBG IMAGE RECORDS

ID IMAGE1: 39903
ID IMAGE2: 0
ID IMAGE3: 39903

From the Image Gallery

1 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

Go back