Plant Index


 
 
 

Hibiscus moscheutos

Hibiscus moscheutos L.

crimson-eyed rose-mallow, crimsoneyed rosemallow, eastern rose-mallow

Synonym(s): Hibiscus incanus, Hibiscus moscheutos ssp. incanus, Hibiscus moscheutos ssp. moscheutos, Hibiscus moscheutos ssp. palustris, Hibiscus moscheutos var. purpurascens, Hibiscus oculiroseus, Hibiscus opulifolius, Hibiscus palustris, Hibiscus pinetorum
Cultivar(s): Pink Cloud
Hibiscus moscheutos (Crimson-eyed Rose-mallow)
Image ID: 9145
Image by: Ware, Richard & Teresa
Image Collection: NCBG Digital Library

PLANT INDEX

ID_PLANT: HIMO
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Hibiscus moscheutos
Include in WOTAS: 1
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2018-01-09

CULTIVAR INDEX

Cult_id Cultivar_name Action
1368 Pink Cloud View

GENUS INDEX

GENUS CODE: HIBIS2
GENUS SCIENTIFIC: Hibiscus
GENUS AUTHORITY: L.
GENUS COMMON: Rosemallow
GENUS SUMMARY: A genus of about 200-300 species, trees, shrubs, and herbs, of tropical to warm temperate areas.
GENUS IDENTIFICATION:
GENUS REFERENCES: Blanchard in FNA (2015); Blanchard (2008)=Z; Wise & Menzel (1971); Bayer & Kubitzki in Kubitzki & Bayer (2003).

FAMILY INDEX

FAMILY CODE: MALVAC
FAMILY SCIENTIFIC: Malvaceae
FAMILY AUTHORITY: A.L. de Jussieu 1789
FAMILY COMMON: Mallow Family
FAMILY SUMMARY: A family of about 243 genera and 4000-4500 species, herbs, shrubs, and trees, of cosmopolitan distribution, but especially diverse in the tropics and subtropics. Malvaceae has always been difficult to circumscribe cleanly, relative to members of such families as Sterculiaceae and Tiliaceae. Molecular evidence now adds to morphologic evidence that traditional circumscriptions of these families are highly polyphyletic. Bayer et al. (1999) present a classification of an expanded Malvaceae, with 9 subfamilies recognized. This family includes several economically important species, including cotton (Gossypium spp.), cacao or chocolate (Theobroma cacao Linnaeus), and cola (Cola acuminata R. Brown).
FAMILY REFERENCE: Bayer et al. (1999); Bayer & Kubitzki in Kubitzki & Bayer (2003); Fryxell (1988). [including STERCULIACEAE and TILIACEAE]

NCBG DESCRIPTIVES

INTRO: Tall, shrublike perennial of marshes, swamps and river sandbars.
STEMS: Stems few to many arising from single crown, fuzzy-hairy.
LEAVES: Leaves alternate, long petiolate, oval to lance-shaped, shallowly toothed, smooth to furry above and densely furry with white hairs beneath.
INFLORESCENCE:
FLOWERS: Flowers on long stalks from upper leaf axils; white to pink with maroon throat; 5-8 in. wide; funnel-shaped; consisting of 5 rounded petals, a central column of fused reddish stamens and a style, all surrounded by a 5-lobed calyx and an outer whorl of 10-15 very narrow, green bracts.
FRUITS: Fruit a smooth, oval capsule with tapering, pointy tip.
COMMENTS:
HEIGHT: 4-6 ft.

DURATION: Annual, Perennial
HABIT: Herb, Subshrub

LEAF ARRANGEMENT: Alternate
LEAF COMPLEXITY: Simple
LEAF RETENTION:

FLORAL CHARACTERISTICS
SYMMETRY: Radial (Actinomorphic)
BLOOM TIME: Jun-Sep
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
x x x x x x

BLOOM COLOR: White w/ red eye
White Red Pink Orange Yellow Green Blue Lavender Purple Violet Brown Not Applicable
x x

FRUITING PERIOD: Jul-Oct.

DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE: Bogs/pocosins, Bottomlands
NATIVE RANGE: eastern United States

HORTICULTURAL
Plant Sale Text: The blooms of crimson-eyed rose-mallow are among the largest of any of our native perennials. This shrubby perennial has plump, conspicuous flower buds - marvels of architecture and design in their own right which cluster at the tip of each stem and open several at a time. Crimson-eyed rose-mallow normally grows in wet areas such as in marshes and along shorelines, though this perennial also thrives in garden soils with average moisture. 1997 N.C. Wildflower of the Year

Bloom Table Text:

NCBG Location:

Cultural Notes: Crimson-eyed rose-mallow is a native perennial that occurs in open swamps and fresh and brackish marshes. Full sun and good air circulation are necessary for optimum blooms and disease suppression. Unfortunately its creamy-white, crimson-throated flowers are a favorite food of the Japanese beetle. The blossoms create a showy display throughout the summer, but as with other Hibiscus, each flower lasts for just one day.

SOIL MOISTURE: Average, Moist/Wet
LIGHT EXPOSURE: Sun, Part Shade
MINIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 4
MAXIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 9
GERMINATION CODE: 3
WILDLIFE VALUE: Bee Friendly, Butterfly Friendly, Hummingbird Friendly
DEER RESISTANCE:

GRIM ACCESSIONS

acc_id acc_num acc_dt coll_id Action
209 2011-0022 2011-01-27 208 View
1939 1986-1725 View
2683 1987-0148 View
3346 1990-0217 View
4553 1992-0709 View
5355 1995-0477 View
5707 1995-0833 View
8331 2005-0048 2005-04-12 View
9055 2000-0400 2007-01-26 1230 View
9373 2021-0036 2021-04-05 0 View


GRIM COLLECTIONS

Coll_id Project Collection date Collector Action
208 HORT 2000-08-25 Bryan View
428 SOS 2015-08-06 Maynard View
446 SOS 2015-08-19 Dakar View
469 SOS 2015-08-26 Maynard View
477 SOS 2015-08-27 Faucette View
501 SOS 2015-09-13 Maynard View
578 SOS 2015-10-16 Driskill View
676 SOS 2016-08-04 Flood View
691 SOS 2016-08-24 Flood View
702 SOS 2016-09-01 Flood View
733 SOS 2016-09-20 Faucette View
1230 HORT View
1275 HORT 2005-08-29 Bryan View
2250 NPMD 2019-09-24 Touloupas View


GRIM PLANTINGS

plt_num acc_id loc_num pers_num inst_dt Action
421 209 16 Liloia 2011-04-29 View
422 209 19 Liloia 2011-04-29 View
423 209 44 NCBG staff 2011-05-10 View
424 209 34 Mixon 2012-03-28 View
3086 1939 6 NCBG staff 1967-01-01 View
3087 1939 61 NCBG staff 1986-12-22 View
4495 2683 27 NCBG staff 1988-02-05 View
5571 3346 27 NCBG staff 1989-11-11 View
6882 4553 200 NCBG staff 1993-03-01 View
7828 5355 203 NCBG staff 1992-01-01 View
8221 5707 204 NCBG staff 1993-01-01 View
10808 9055 142 NCBG staff 2000-01-01 View
11603 8331 112 NCBG staff 1967-12-01 View
12173 209 18 Liloia 2014-01-01 View
12174 209 17 Liloia 2013-01-01 View
12175 209 33 Mixon 2013-01-01 View
12241 209 23 Liloia 2011-09-27 View
12597 9373 236 Wait 2020-06-25 View
12771 9373 23 Liloia 0000-00-00 View
12790 9373 17 Liloia 0000-00-00 View
12815 9373 18 Liloia 0000-00-00 View

USDA PLANTS DATABASE

USDA Symbol: HIMO
USDA Common Name: Crimsoneyed Rosemallow
Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N)
Distribution: USA (AL, CT, DC, DE, FL, GA, IL, IN, KS, KY, LA, MA, MD, MI, MO, MS, NC, NJ, NM, NY, OH, OK, PA, RI, SC, TN, TX, UT, VA, WI, WV), CAN (ON)
Duration: Annual, Perennial
Growth Habit: Subshrub, Forb/herb

NATIONAL WETLAND INDICATOR STATUS

Region:AGCPAKAWCBEMPGPHIMWNCNEWMVE
Status: OBL OBL OBL OBL OBL OBL OBL

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers 2016 National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.3 (Lichvar, R.W., D.L. Banks, W.N. Kirchner, and N.C. Melvin. 2016. The National Wetland Plant List: 2016 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2016-30: 1-17. Published 28 April 2016. ISSN 2153 733X). Regions: AGCP-Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain, AK-Alaska, AW-Arid West, CB-Caribbean, EMP-Eastern Mountains and Piedmont, GP-Great Plains, HI-Hawaii, MW-Midwest, NCNE-Northcentral and Northeast, WMCV-Western Mountains, Valleys & Coast

WEAKLEY FLORA

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Hibiscus moscheutos
COMMON NAME: Eastern Rose-mallow
SYNONYMY: [= Pa, Va; > H. moscheutos Linnaeus ssp. moscheutos - GW, RAB, W; > H. moscheutos Linnaeus ssp. incanus (Wendland f.) H.E. Ahles - GW, RAB; > H. moscheutos Linnaeus ssp. palustris (Linnaeus) R.T. Clausen - GW, RAB, W; = H. moscheutos var. moscheutos - C; > H. incanus Wendland f. - G, S; = H. moscheutos ssp. moscheutos - FNA, K1, K3, Z; > H. moscheutos Linnaeus - F, G, W; > H. oculiroseus Britton - S; > H. palustris Linnaeus - F, G; > H. moscheutos - S; < H. moscheutos - WH3]
PHENOLOGY: Jun-Sep; Jul-Oct.
HABITAT: Marshes, swamps, river sandbars.
COMMENTS: E. MA west to MI, south to c. peninsular FL and e. TX.
RANGE MAP: Hibiscus moscheutos.png

Key to Map Symbols
ABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora)
Malvaceae A.L. de Jussieu 1789 (Mallow Family)
SUMMARY: A family of about 243 genera and 4000-4500 species, herbs, shrubs, and trees, of cosmopolitan distribution, but especially diverse in the tropics and subtropics. Malvaceae has always been difficult to circumscribe cleanly, relative to members of such families as Sterculiaceae and Tiliaceae. Molecular evidence now adds to morphologic evidence that traditional circumscriptions of these families are highly polyphyletic. Bayer et al. (1999) present a classification of an expanded Malvaceae, with 9 subfamilies recognized. This family includes several economically important species, including cotton (Gossypium spp.), cacao or chocolate (Theobroma cacao Linnaeus), and cola (Cola acuminata R. Brown).
REFERENCE: Bayer et al. (1999); Bayer & Kubitzki in Kubitzki & Bayer (2003); Fryxell (1988). [including STERCULIACEAE and TILIACEAE]
ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora)
Hibiscus L. (Rosemallow)
SUMMARY: A genus of about 200-300 species, trees, shrubs, and herbs, of tropical to warm temperate areas.
REFERENCE: Blanchard in FNA (2015); Blanchard (2008)=Z; Wise & Menzel (1971); Bayer & Kubitzki in Kubitzki & Bayer (2003).

HERBARIUM RESOURCES

SERNEC: Find Hibiscus moscheutos in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)
UNC SERNEC: Find Hibiscus moscheutos in University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)

WEB RESOURCES

USDA: Find Hibiscus moscheutos in USDA Plants
NPIN: Find Hibiscus moscheutos in NPIN Database
FNA: Find Hibiscus moscheutos in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Hibiscus moscheutos

NCBG IMAGE RECORDS

ID IMAGE1: 9145
ID IMAGE2: 0
ID IMAGE3: 9145

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