Plant Index


 
 
 

Hamamelis virginiana

Hamamelis virginiana L.

american witch-hazel, northern witch-hazel

Synonym(s): Hamamelis macrophylla, Hamamelis virginiana var. henryi, Hamamelis virginiana var. macrophylla, Hamamelis virginiana var. parvifolia
Cultivar(s): Little Suzie, Mohonk Red, Morris Arboretum
Hamamelis virginiana (American Witch-hazel)
Image ID: 14739
Image by: Sorrie, Bruce A.
Image Collection: NCBG Digital Library

PLANT INDEX

ID_PLANT: HAVI4
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Hamamelis virginiana
Include in WOTAS: 0
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2018-09-16

CULTIVAR INDEX

Cult_id Cultivar_name Action
1685 Little Suzie View
200 Mohonk Red View
330 Morris Arboretum View

GENUS INDEX

GENUS CODE: HAMAM
GENUS SCIENTIFIC: Hamamelis
GENUS AUTHORITY: L.
GENUS COMMON: Witchhazel
GENUS SUMMARY: A genus of 5-6 species, shrubs and small trees, of e. North America and e. Asia (China and Japan). The other North American species, H. vernalis Sargent, is endemic to the Ozark/Ouachita region of AR, OK, and MO.
GENUS IDENTIFICATION:
GENUS REFERENCES: Leonard (2006)=X; Meyer in FNA (1997); Lane (2005)=Z; Jenne (1966)=Y; Wen & Shi (1999); Endress in Kubitzki, Rohwer, & Bittrich (1993).

FAMILY INDEX

FAMILY CODE: HAMAME
FAMILY SCIENTIFIC: Hamamelidaceae
FAMILY AUTHORITY: R. Brown 1818
FAMILY COMMON: Witch-hazel Family
FAMILY SUMMARY: A family of ca. 27 genera and ca. 87 species, trees and shrubs, tropical to temperate, and especially e. Asian.
FAMILY REFERENCE: Meyer in FNA (1997); Endress in Kubitzki, Rohwer, & Bittrich (1993).

NCBG DESCRIPTIVES

INTRO:
STEMS:
LEAVES:
INFLORESCENCE:
FLOWERS:
FRUITS:
COMMENTS:
HEIGHT: 8-20 ft.; width 8-20 ft.

DURATION: Perennial
HABIT: Shrub, Tree

LEAF ARRANGEMENT: Alternate
LEAF COMPLEXITY: Simple
LEAF RETENTION: Deciduous

FLORAL CHARACTERISTICS
SYMMETRY:
BLOOM TIME: October-January
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
x x x x x

BLOOM COLOR: Yellow flowers
White Red Pink Orange Yellow Green Blue Lavender Purple Violet Brown Not Applicable
x x

FRUITING PERIOD:

DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE:
NATIVE RANGE: eastern North America

HORTICULTURAL
Plant Sale Text: This native plant provides something that most plants do not: flowers in autumn. As temperatures drop the leaves turn a brilliant yellow-gold followed by unusual yellow, fragrant flowers that hang on to the bare stems for a month or more. With zigzag branches it provides an aesthetically pleasing architectural form in winter. American witch-hazel can be used as a specimen, for massing in the home landscape, or for naturalizing a woodland area. The genus Hamamelis supports up to 62 species of lepidoptera.

Bloom Table Text:

NCBG Location:

Cultural Notes:

SOIL MOISTURE: Average, Moist/Wet
LIGHT EXPOSURE: Sun, Part Shade, Shade
MINIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 4
MAXIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 8
GERMINATION CODE:
WILDLIFE VALUE: Bee Friendly, Butterfly Friendly, Bird Friendly
DEER RESISTANCE:

GRIM ACCESSIONS

acc_id acc_num acc_dt coll_id Action
163 2008-0012 2008-02-14 164 View
353 2011-0225 2011-11-04 357 View
639 1985-0273 View
640 1985-0274 View
1304 1986-1078 View
3520 1991-0173 View
3765 1991-0460 View
4503 1992-0659 View
4844 1994-0053 View
4948 1995-0066 View
5126 1995-0245 View
5660 1995-0784 View
6122 1995-1253 View
8278 2004-0314 2007-07-20 View
8865 2011-0050 2011-03-16 1876 View
8890 2011-0049 2011-03-16 1900 View


GRIM COLLECTIONS

Coll_id Project Collection date Collector Action
164 HORT 2007-04-01 Morris View
357 HORT 2010-08-17 Poythress View
1464 HORT View
1796 HORT 2005-01-01 Bell View
1876 HORT 2011-03-15 Gocke View
1900 HORT 2011-03-15 Gocke View


GRIM PLANTINGS

plt_num acc_id loc_num pers_num inst_dt Action
327 163 65 Tomberlin 2008-02-05 View
857 353 23 Steen 2011-11-03 View
858 353 111 Steen 2011-11-03 View
859 353 18 Steen 2011-11-03 View
860 353 25 Liloia 2013-04-25 View
971 8865 45 NCBG staff 2011-11-15 View
972 8865 36 Randall 2011-04-19 View
1000 8890 44 NCBG staff 2011-05-10 View
1305 639 166 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
1306 640 166 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
2267 1304 92 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
5779 3520 187 NCBG staff 1991-12-04 View
6072 3765 199 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
6831 4503 200 NCBG staff 1993-03-01 View
7245 4844 27 NCBG staff 1994-12-15 View
7367 4948 202 NCBG staff 1992-01-01 View
7548 5126 203 NCBG staff 1992-01-01 View
8174 5660 204 NCBG staff 1993-01-01 View
8777 6122 2 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
11559 8278 166 NCBG staff 2004-01-01 View
12264 8865 42 Liloia 2012-03-21 View

USDA PLANTS DATABASE

USDA Symbol: HAVI4
USDA Common Name: American Witchhazel
Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N)
Distribution: USA (AL, AR, CT, DC, DE, FL, GA, IA, IL, IN, KY, LA, MA, MD, ME, MI, MN, MO, MS, NC, NH, NJ, NY, OH, OK, PA, RI, SC, TN, TX, VA, VT, WI, WV), CAN (NB, NS, ON, PE, QC)
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Tree, Shrub

NATIONAL WETLAND INDICATOR STATUS

Region:AGCPAKAWCBEMPGPHIMWNCNEWMVE
Status: FACU FACU FACU FAC FACU FACU FACU

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers 2016 National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.3 (Lichvar, R.W., D.L. Banks, W.N. Kirchner, and N.C. Melvin. 2016. The National Wetland Plant List: 2016 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2016-30: 1-17. Published 28 April 2016. ISSN 2153 733X). Regions: AGCP-Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain, AK-Alaska, AW-Arid West, CB-Caribbean, EMP-Eastern Mountains and Piedmont, GP-Great Plains, HI-Hawaii, MW-Midwest, NCNE-Northcentral and Northeast, WMCV-Western Mountains, Valleys & Coast

WEAKLEY FLORA

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Hamamelis virginiana var. virginiana
COMMON NAME: Northern Witch-hazel
SYNONYMY: [= Va, Y, Z; < H. virginiana - C, FNA, G, GW, K, Mo, Pa, TAB, S, W, WH3, WV; > H. virginiana var. parvifolia Nuttall - F; > H. virginiana var. virginiana - F]
PHENOLOGY: Oct-Dec; Oct-Nov (of the following year).
HABITAT: Moist to dryish forests.
COMMENTS: QC and NS west to n. MI and MN, south to FL and TX. The bark is still gathered in large quantities in the Southern Appalachians, as the source for witch hazel liniment. The name ‘witch-hazel’ alludes to its superficial resemblance to Corylus, the true hazel, and to its ‘perverse’ habit of flowering in the fall, as it drops its leaves.
RANGE MAP: Hamamelis virginiana var. virginiana.png

Key to Map Symbols
ABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora)
Hamamelidaceae R. Brown 1818 (Witch-hazel Family)
SUMMARY: A family of ca. 27 genera and ca. 87 species, trees and shrubs, tropical to temperate, and especially e. Asian.
REFERENCE: Meyer in FNA (1997); Endress in Kubitzki, Rohwer, & Bittrich (1993).
ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora)
Hamamelis L. (Witchhazel)
SUMMARY: A genus of 5-6 species, shrubs and small trees, of e. North America and e. Asia (China and Japan). The other North American species, H. vernalis Sargent, is endemic to the Ozark/Ouachita region of AR, OK, and MO.
REFERENCE: Leonard (2006)=X; Meyer in FNA (1997); Lane (2005)=Z; Jenne (1966)=Y; Wen & Shi (1999); Endress in Kubitzki, Rohwer, & Bittrich (1993).

HERBARIUM RESOURCES

SERNEC: Find Hamamelis virginiana in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)
UNC SERNEC: Find Hamamelis virginiana in University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)

WEB RESOURCES

USDA: Find Hamamelis virginiana in USDA Plants
NPIN: Find Hamamelis virginiana in NPIN Database
FNA: Find Hamamelis virginiana in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Hamamelis virginiana

NCBG IMAGE RECORDS

ID IMAGE1: 14739
ID IMAGE2: 5179
ID IMAGE3: 14740

From the Image Gallery


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Image ID: 29330

Image ID: 29331
12 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

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