Plant Index


 
 
 
 

Gymnopogon brevifolius

Gymnopogon brevifolius Trin.

shortleaf skeletongrass, pineland skeleton grass, pineland beard grass

Gymnopogon brevifolius (Shortleaf Skeletongrass)
Image ID: 14724
Image by: Sorrie, Bruce A.
Image Collection: NCBG Digital Library

PLANT INDEX

ID_PLANT: GYBR
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Gymnopogon brevifolius
Include in WOTAS: 0
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2018-09-25

GENUS INDEX

GENUS CODE: GYMNO3
GENUS SCIENTIFIC: Gymnopogon
GENUS AUTHORITY: P. Beauv.
GENUS COMMON: Skeletongrass
GENUS SUMMARY: A genus of about 15 species, in temperate and tropical areas of the Americas.
GENUS IDENTIFICATION: Identification notes: When sterile, Gymnopogon is sometimes confused with Dichanthelium. Gymnopogon differs in having the sheaths conspicuously overlapping (vs. not overlapping in Dichanthelium) and leaves that are definitely cordate-clasping and of stiff texture (only a few Dichanthelium have this combination).
GENUS REFERENCES: Cialdella & Zuloaga (2011)=Y; Smith in FNA (2007b); Smith (1971)=Z.

FAMILY INDEX

FAMILY CODE: POACEA
FAMILY SCIENTIFIC: Poaceae
FAMILY AUTHORITY: (R. Brown) Barnhart 1895 or GRAMINEAE A.L. de Jussieu 1789
FAMILY COMMON: Grass Family
FAMILY SUMMARY: A family of about 771 genera and 12,074 species, herbs (and some shrubs and trees), cosmopolitan. Tribal classification largely follows FNA (2003a, 2007a), with some changes based on subsequent research, as for instance in the Chloridoideae (Peterson, Romaschenko, & Johnson 2010a).
FAMILY REFERENCE: Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2003a, 2007a)=FNA; Hitchcock and Chase (1950)=HC; Blomquist (1948); Peterson, Romaschenko, & Johnson (2010a, 2010b). Key to genera adapted in large part from FNA.

NCBG DESCRIPTIVES

INTRO:
STEMS:
LEAVES:
INFLORESCENCE:
FLOWERS:
FRUITS:
COMMENTS:
HEIGHT: 2 ft

DURATION: Perennial
HABIT: Grass/Grasslike

LEAF ARRANGEMENT:
LEAF COMPLEXITY:
LEAF RETENTION:

FLORAL CHARACTERISTICS
SYMMETRY:
BLOOM TIME: Aug-Oct
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
x x x x x

BLOOM COLOR:
White Red Pink Orange Yellow Green Blue Lavender Purple Violet Brown Not Applicable
x

FRUITING PERIOD:

DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE: Pine savannas
NATIVE RANGE: southeastern United States

HORTICULTURAL
Plant Sale Text: Shortleaf skeletongrass is an interesting native grass that occurs in dry, sandy woodlands and roadsides throughout the Southeastern U.S. The sprawling stems of shortleaf skeletongrass are topped with open panicles of feathery flowers in late summer and into early fall. It has been suggested that this distinctive species gets its name because the leaves and flower stalks are perpendicular to the stem, like bones in a ribcage.

Bloom Table Text:

NCBG Location:

Cultural Notes:

SOIL MOISTURE: Dry, Average
LIGHT EXPOSURE: Sun, Part Shade, Shade
MINIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 6
MAXIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 9
GERMINATION CODE:
WILDLIFE VALUE: Bee Friendly, Butterfly Friendly
DEER RESISTANCE:

GRIM ACCESSIONS

acc_id acc_num acc_dt coll_id Action
298 2011-0162 2011-07-09 302 View


GRIM COLLECTIONS

Coll_id Project Collection date Collector Action
302 HORT 2010-10-27 NCBG staff View
2089 NPMD 2020-10-28 Adams View
2507 NPMD 2021-11-01 Marzolf View


GRIM PLANTINGS

plt_num acc_id loc_num pers_num inst_dt Action
707 298 20 NCBG staff 2011-07-06 View

USDA PLANTS DATABASE

USDA Symbol: GYBR
USDA Common Name: Shortleaf Skeletongrass
Native Status: L48 (N)
Distribution: USA (AL, AR, DE, FL, GA, KY, LA, MD, MS, NC, NJ, OK, SC, TN, TX, VA)
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Graminoid

NATIONAL WETLAND INDICATOR STATUS

Region:AGCPAKAWCBEMPGPHIMWNCNEWMVE
Status: FACU FACU

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers 2016 National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.3 (Lichvar, R.W., D.L. Banks, W.N. Kirchner, and N.C. Melvin. 2016. The National Wetland Plant List: 2016 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2016-30: 1-17. Published 28 April 2016. ISSN 2153 733X). Regions: AGCP-Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain, AK-Alaska, AW-Arid West, CB-Caribbean, EMP-Eastern Mountains and Piedmont, GP-Great Plains, HI-Hawaii, MW-Midwest, NCNE-Northcentral and Northeast, WMCV-Western Mountains, Valleys & Coast

WEAKLEY FLORA

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Gymnopogon brevifolius
COMMON NAME: Pineland Skeleton Grass, Pineland Beard Grass
SYNONYMY: [= C, F, FNA, G, HC, K, RAB, S, Va, WH3, Y, Z]
PHENOLOGY: Aug-Oct.
HABITAT: Pine savannas, sandhills, dry woodlands, prairies, calcareous glades, typically in dry sandy or clay hardpan soils.
COMMENTS: S. NJ south to s. FL, west to LA and AR; disjunct in the Highland Rim of KY and TN.
RANGE MAP: Gymnopogon brevifolius.png

Key to Map Symbols
ABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora)
Poaceae (R. Brown) Barnhart 1895 or GRAMINEAE A.L. de Jussieu 1789 (Grass Family)
SUMMARY: A family of about 771 genera and 12,074 species, herbs (and some shrubs and trees), cosmopolitan. Tribal classification largely follows FNA (2003a, 2007a), with some changes based on subsequent research, as for instance in the Chloridoideae (Peterson, Romaschenko, & Johnson 2010a).
REFERENCE: Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2003a, 2007a)=FNA; Hitchcock and Chase (1950)=HC; Blomquist (1948); Peterson, Romaschenko, & Johnson (2010a, 2010b). Key to genera adapted in large part from FNA.
ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora)
Gymnopogon P. Beauv. (Skeletongrass)
SUMMARY: A genus of about 15 species, in temperate and tropical areas of the Americas.
REFERENCE: Cialdella & Zuloaga (2011)=Y; Smith in FNA (2007b); Smith (1971)=Z.

HERBARIUM RESOURCES

SERNEC: Find Gymnopogon brevifolius in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)
UNC SERNEC: Find Gymnopogon brevifolius in University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)

WEB RESOURCES

USDA: Find Gymnopogon brevifolius in USDA Plants
NPIN: Find Gymnopogon brevifolius in NPIN Database
FNA: Find Gymnopogon brevifolius in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Gymnopogon brevifolius

NCBG IMAGE RECORDS

ID IMAGE1: 14724
ID IMAGE2: 14724
ID IMAGE3: 25796

From the Image Gallery


Image ID: 14725

Image ID: 37299

Image ID: 25796

Image ID: 11233
5 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

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