Plant Index


 
 
 
 

Goodyera repens

Goodyera repens (L.) R. Br.

lesser rattlesnake plantain, lesser rattlesnake-orchid

Synonym(s): Goodyera ophioides, Goodyera repens ssp. ophioides, Goodyera repens var. ophioides, Peramium ophioides
Goodyera repens (Lesser Rattlesnake Plantain)
Image ID: 20969
Image by: Cressler, Alan M.
Image Collection: NCBG Digital Library

PLANT INDEX

ID_PLANT: GORE2
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Goodyera repens
Include in WOTAS: 1
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2017-12-11

GENUS INDEX

GENUS CODE: GOODY
GENUS SCIENTIFIC: Goodyera
GENUS AUTHORITY: R. Br.
GENUS COMMON: Rattlesnake plantain
GENUS SUMMARY: A genus of about 55-100 species, widespread in distribution but primarily Northern Hemisphere.
GENUS IDENTIFICATION:
GENUS REFERENCES: Kallunki in FNA (2002a); Pridgeon et al. (1999c); Correll (1950)=X.

FAMILY INDEX

FAMILY CODE: ORCHID
FAMILY SCIENTIFIC: Orchidaceae
FAMILY AUTHORITY: A.L. de Jussieu 1789
FAMILY COMMON: Orchid Family
FAMILY SUMMARY: A family of about 800 genera and 19,000 species, perennial (rarely annual), mycotrophic herbs and vines (many epiphytic).
FAMILY REFERENCE: Luer (1972) and Luer (1975)=L; Correll (1950)=X; Romero-GonzŠlez, FernŠndez-Concha, Dressler, Magrath, & Argus in FNA (Williams & Williams (1983); Brown (2003); Homoya (1993); Correll (1937); Pridgeon et al. (1999a, 1999b, 1999c).

NCBG DESCRIPTIVES

INTRO: Erect, rhizomatous perennial found in moist forests, usually under conifers and rhododendrons.
STEMS: Stem an unbranched, glandular-hairy flowering scape bearing a few bracts.
LEAVES: Leaves 3-7 in a basal rosette, petiolate, oval to oblong-elliptic, 1/2-1 1/4 in. long, dark green with light green mid-vein and side veins.
INFLORESCENCE:
FLOWERS: Flowers in a narrow, lax terminal spike covered with glandular hairs, mostly on one side of the spike; white (may be green-tinged); 1/4 in. long; hairy; consisting of 2 petals and 1 sepal forming a hood over a lower, sac-like lip-petal with downward-pointing tip and 2 flanking white sepals.
FRUITS: Fruit an oval capsule.
COMMENTS:
HEIGHT: 4-9 in.

DURATION: Perennial
HABIT: Herb

LEAF ARRANGEMENT: Basal
LEAF COMPLEXITY: Simple
LEAF RETENTION:

FLORAL CHARACTERISTICS
SYMMETRY: Bilateral (Zygomorphic)
BLOOM TIME: Jun-Sep
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
x x x x

BLOOM COLOR: White
White Red Pink Orange Yellow Green Blue Lavender Purple Violet Brown Not Applicable
x

FRUITING PERIOD:

DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE: Moist forests
NATIVE RANGE:

HORTICULTURAL
Plant Sale Text:

Bloom Table Text:

NCBG Location:

Cultural Notes:

SOIL MOISTURE: Dry, Average
LIGHT EXPOSURE: Part Shade, Shade
MINIMUM HARDINESS ZONE:
MAXIMUM HARDINESS ZONE:
GERMINATION CODE:
WILDLIFE VALUE:
DEER RESISTANCE:

GRIM ACCESSIONS

acc_id acc_num acc_dt coll_id Action
156 2007-0262 2007-11-09 157 View


GRIM COLLECTIONS

Coll_id Project Collection date Collector Action
157 HORT Walker View


GRIM PLANTINGS

plt_num acc_id loc_num pers_num inst_dt Action
316 156 188 Liloia 2007-11-09 View

USDA PLANTS DATABASE

USDA Symbol: GORE2
USDA Common Name: Lesser Rattlesnake Plantain
Native Status: L48 (N), AK (N), CAN (N), SPM (N)
Distribution: USA (AK, AZ, CO, CT, ID, KY, MA, MD, ME, MI, MN, MT, NC, NH, NJ, NM, NY, OH, PA, SD, TN, VA, VT, WI, WV, WY), CAN (AB, BC, LB, MB, NB, NF, NS, NT, ON, PE, QC, SK, YT), FRA (SPM)
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Forb/herb

NATIONAL WETLAND INDICATOR STATUS

Region:AGCPAKAWCBEMPGPHIMWNCNEWMVE
Status: UPL FAC FACU FACU FACU FACU FACU

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers 2016 National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.3 (Lichvar, R.W., D.L. Banks, W.N. Kirchner, and N.C. Melvin. 2016. The National Wetland Plant List: 2016 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2016-30: 1-17. Published 28 April 2016. ISSN 2153 733X). Regions: AGCP-Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain, AK-Alaska, AW-Arid West, CB-Caribbean, EMP-Eastern Mountains and Piedmont, GP-Great Plains, HI-Hawaii, MW-Midwest, NCNE-Northcentral and Northeast, WMCV-Western Mountains, Valleys & Coast

2018 Natural Heritage Program List of Rare Plant Species of North Carolina

NHP IDS RANKROUNDED S RANKG RANKROUNDED G RANKSTATE STATUSFEDERAL STATUS
18277 S2S3 S2 G5 G5 W1

This information is derived from the 2018 North Carolina Natural Heritage Program List of Rare Plant Species.

WEAKLEY FLORA

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Goodyera repens
COMMON NAME: Lesser Rattlesnake-orchid
SYNONYMY: [= FNA, K, L, Pa, Tn, Va, W; > Goodyera repens var. ophioides Fernald - C, F, G, RAB, WV, X; > Peramium ophioides (Fernald) Rydberg - S]
PHENOLOGY: Jun-Sep.
HABITAT: Moist forests, usually under conifers and rhododendrons.
COMMENTS: A circumboreal species of northern North America and Eurasia, this species reaching its southern limit in e. North America in NC and SC.
RANGE MAP: Goodyera repens.png

Key to Map Symbols
ABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora)
Orchidaceae A.L. de Jussieu 1789 (Orchid Family)
SUMMARY: A family of about 800 genera and 19,000 species, perennial (rarely annual), mycotrophic herbs and vines (many epiphytic).
REFERENCE: Luer (1972) and Luer (1975)=L; Correll (1950)=X; Romero-GonzŠlez, FernŠndez-Concha, Dressler, Magrath, & Argus in FNA (Williams & Williams (1983); Brown (2003); Homoya (1993); Correll (1937); Pridgeon et al. (1999a, 1999b, 1999c).
ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora)
Goodyera R. Br. (Rattlesnake plantain)
SUMMARY: A genus of about 55-100 species, widespread in distribution but primarily Northern Hemisphere.
REFERENCE: Kallunki in FNA (2002a); Pridgeon et al. (1999c); Correll (1950)=X.

HERBARIUM RESOURCES

SERNEC: Find Goodyera repens in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)
UNC SERNEC: Find Goodyera repens in University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)

WEB RESOURCES

USDA: Find Goodyera repens in USDA Plants
NPIN: Find Goodyera repens in NPIN Database
FNA: Find Goodyera repens in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Goodyera repens

NCBG IMAGE RECORDS

ID IMAGE1: 20969
ID IMAGE2: 20969
ID IMAGE3: 20969

From the Image Gallery


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Image ID: 11228
7 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

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