Synonym(s): Goodyera ophioides, Goodyera repens ssp. ophioides, Goodyera repens var. ophioides, Peramium ophioides
Image ID: 20969
Image by: Cressler, Alan M.
Image Collection: NCBG Digital Library
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Goodyera repens
Include in WOTAS: 1
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2017-12-11
GENUS CODE: GOODY GENUS SCIENTIFIC:Goodyera GENUS AUTHORITY: R. Br. GENUS COMMON: Rattlesnake plantain GENUS SUMMARY: A genus of about 55-100 species, widespread in distribution but primarily Northern Hemisphere. GENUS IDENTIFICATION: GENUS REFERENCES: Kallunki in FNA (2002a); Pridgeon et al. (1999c); Correll (1950)=X.
FAMILY CODE: ORCHID FAMILY SCIENTIFIC:Orchidaceae FAMILY AUTHORITY: A.L. de Jussieu 1789 FAMILY COMMON: Orchid Family FAMILY SUMMARY: A family of about 800 genera and 19,000 species, perennial (rarely annual), mycotrophic herbs and vines (many epiphytic). FAMILY REFERENCE: Luer (1972) and Luer (1975)=L; Correll (1950)=X; Romero-GonzŠlez, FernŠndez-Concha, Dressler, Magrath, & Argus in FNA (Williams & Williams (1983); Brown (2003); Homoya (1993); Correll (1937); Pridgeon et al. (1999a, 1999b, 1999c).
INTRO:Erect, rhizomatous perennial found in moist forests, usually under conifers and rhododendrons. STEMS:Stem an unbranched, glandular-hairy flowering scape bearing a few bracts. LEAVES: Leaves 3-7 in a basal rosette, petiolate,oval to oblong-elliptic, 1/2-1 1/4 in. long, dark green with light green mid-vein and side veins. INFLORESCENCE: FLOWERS: Flowers in a narrow, lax terminalspike covered with glandular hairs, mostly on one side of the spike; white (may be green-tinged); 1/4 in. long; hairy; consisting of 2 petals and 1 sepal forming a hood over a lower, sac-like lip-petal with downward-pointing tip and 2 flanking white sepals. FRUITS:Fruit an oval capsule. COMMENTS: HEIGHT: 4-9 in. DURATION:
Basal LEAF COMPLEXITY:
Simple LEAF RETENTION: FLORAL CHARACTERISTICS
BLOOM TIME: Jun-Sep
BLOOM COLOR: White
FRUITING PERIOD: DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE: Moist forests
NATIVE RANGE: HORTICULTURAL
Plant Sale Text:
Bloom Table Text:
Part Shade, Shade
MINIMUM HARDINESS ZONE:
MAXIMUM HARDINESS ZONE:
This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers 2016 National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.3 (Lichvar, R.W., D.L. Banks, W.N. Kirchner, and N.C. Melvin. 2016. The National Wetland Plant List: 2016 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2016-30: 1-17. Published 28 April 2016. ISSN 2153 733X). Regions: AGCP-Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain, AK-Alaska, AW-Arid West, CB-Caribbean, EMP-Eastern Mountains and Piedmont, GP-Great Plains, HI-Hawaii, MW-Midwest, NCNE-Northcentral and Northeast, WMCV-Western Mountains, Valleys & Coast
2018 Natural Heritage Program List of Rare Plant Species of North Carolina
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Goodyera repens
COMMON NAME: Lesser Rattlesnake-orchid
SYNONYMY: [= FNA, K, L, Pa, Tn, Va, W; > Goodyera repens var. ophioides Fernald - C, F, G, RAB, WV, X; > Peramium ophioides (Fernald) Rydberg - S]
HABITAT: Moist forests, usually under conifers and rhododendrons.
COMMENTS: A circumboreal species of northern North America and Eurasia, this species reaching its southern limit in e. North America in NC and SC.
RANGE MAP: Goodyera repens.png
Key to Map SymbolsABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora) Orchidaceae A.L. de Jussieu 1789 (Orchid Family) SUMMARY: A family of about 800 genera and 19,000 species, perennial (rarely annual), mycotrophic herbs and vines (many epiphytic). REFERENCE: Luer (1972) and Luer (1975)=L; Correll (1950)=X; Romero-GonzŠlez, FernŠndez-Concha, Dressler, Magrath, & Argus in FNA (Williams & Williams (1983); Brown (2003); Homoya (1993); Correll (1937); Pridgeon et al. (1999a, 1999b, 1999c).ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora) Goodyera R. Br. (Rattlesnake plantain) SUMMARY: A genus of about 55-100 species, widespread in distribution but primarily Northern Hemisphere. REFERENCE: Kallunki in FNA (2002a); Pridgeon et al. (1999c); Correll (1950)=X.
SERNEC: Find Goodyera repens in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available) UNC SERNEC: Find Goodyera repens in
University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)