Plant Index


 
 
 

Gillenia trifoliata

Gillenia trifoliata (L.) Moench

mountain indian-physic, bowman’s root

Synonym(s): Porteranthus trifoliatus
Cultivar(s): Pink Profusion
Gillenia trifoliata (Mountain Indian-physic)
Image ID: 14681
Image by: Sorrie, Bruce A.
Image Collection: NCBG Digital Library

PLANT INDEX

ID_PLANT: GITR6
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Gillenia trifoliata
Include in WOTAS: 1
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2019-02-15

CULTIVAR INDEX

Cult_id Cultivar_name Action
1356 Pink Profusion View

GENUS INDEX

GENUS CODE: GILLE2
GENUS SCIENTIFIC: Gillenia
GENUS AUTHORITY: Moench
GENUS COMMON: Indian-physic
GENUS SUMMARY: A genus of 2 species, herbs, of e. North America. The contention that Gillenia is a later homonym of Gillena and must therefore be rejected for the later name Porteranthus has been ruled against (Robertson 1974; Brummitt 1988; Parkinson 1988).
GENUS IDENTIFICATION:
GENUS REFERENCES: Nesom in FNA (2014); Robertson (1974)=Z; Kalkman in Kubitzki (2004).

FAMILY INDEX

FAMILY CODE: ROSACE
FAMILY SCIENTIFIC: Rosaceae
FAMILY AUTHORITY: A.L. de Jussieu 1789
FAMILY COMMON: Rose Family
FAMILY SUMMARY: A family of about 85-95 genera and 2000-3000 species, trees, shrubs, and herbs, nearly cosmopolitan, but mainly boreal and temperate.
FAMILY REFERENCE: Phipps in FNA (2014); Potter et al. (2007); Eriksson et al. (2003); Kalkman in Kubitzki (2004); Ertter (2007).

NCBG DESCRIPTIVES

INTRO: Erect perennial found in moist forests, forest edges and on road banks.
STEMS: Stems 1-several from woody root crown, branched, thinly hairy.
LEAVES: Leaves alternate; nearly sessile and with linear stipules (about 1/4 in. long); divided into 3 oblong-oval to lance-shaped, finely toothed leaflets (to 4 in. long); thin and smooth to hairy.
INFLORESCENCE:
FLOWERS: Flowers on reddish stalks in a widely branched, open, terminal cluster; white (sometimes pink-tinged); 1-1 1/2 in. wide; consisting of 5 widely spreading, unequal, linear petals and a reddish, tubular, 5-lobed calyx that persists after petals drop.
FRUITS:
COMMENTS: The similar G. stipulata has leaflets of lower leaves lobed rather than toothed and its stipules are wider and longer (1/3-3/4 in.); it is less frequently seen and more likely on mafic/calcareous substrates.
HEIGHT: 2-3 ft.

DURATION: Perennial
HABIT: Herb, Subshrub

LEAF ARRANGEMENT: Alternate
LEAF COMPLEXITY: Trifoliate
LEAF RETENTION: Deciduous

FLORAL CHARACTERISTICS
SYMMETRY: Bilateral (Zygomorphic)
BLOOM TIME: April-June
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
x x x x x

BLOOM COLOR: White
White Red Pink Orange Yellow Green Blue Lavender Purple Violet Brown Not Applicable
x x

FRUITING PERIOD: Aug-Oct.

DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE: Moist forests
NATIVE RANGE: eastern North America

HORTICULTURAL
Plant Sale Text: Mountain Indian-physic has beautiful starry white flowers tinged with pink, each with five slender, pointed petals, in early summer. Its white flowers are held in loose corymbs above its foliage. Its stems are a dark reddish color, as are its persistent calyxes. This member of the rose family has an open, airy habit. It is an easily grown and adaptable perennial that is not often offered for sale. This is a long-lived perennial that is tolerant of droughts, once it has become well established.

Bloom Table Text:

NCBG Location:

Cultural Notes:

SOIL MOISTURE: Dry, Average
LIGHT EXPOSURE: Sun, Part Shade, Shade
MINIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 4
MAXIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 9
GERMINATION CODE:
WILDLIFE VALUE: Bee Friendly, Butterfly Friendly
DEER RESISTANCE:

GRIM ACCESSIONS

acc_id acc_num acc_dt coll_id Action
367 2011-0239 2011-11-29 371 View
406 2014-0010 2020-01-28 371 View
2075 1986-1873 View
6712 1996-0367 View
8565 2006-0144 2006-08-01 View


GRIM COLLECTIONS

Coll_id Project Collection date Collector Action
371 HORT 2010-09-11 Walker View
1605 HORT 2005-08-02 Lewandowski View
1752 HORT 2005-01-01 Bryan View


GRIM PLANTINGS

plt_num acc_id loc_num pers_num inst_dt Action
893 367 44 NCBG staff 2011-11-03 View
894 367 44 Liloia 2012-05-31 View
952 406 74 Liloia 2014-08-01 View
3435 2075 74 NCBG staff 1986-12-31 View
9480 6712 114 NCBG staff 1967-12-31 View

USDA PLANTS DATABASE

USDA Symbol: GITR6
USDA Common Name: Bowman's Root
Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N)
Distribution: USA (AL, AR, DC, DE, GA, IL, KY, MA, MD, MI, MO, NC, NJ, NY, OH, PA, RI, SC, TN, VA, WV), CAN (ON)
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Forb/herb, Subshrub

WEAKLEY FLORA

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Gillenia trifoliata
COMMON NAME: Mountain Indian-physic
SYNONYMY: [= F, FNA, G, Pa, RAB, Va, WV; = Porteranthus trifoliatus (Linnaeus) Britton - C, K, S, W, Z]
PHENOLOGY: Apr-Jun; Aug-Oct.
HABITAT: Moist forests, roadbanks, forest edges.
COMMENTS: ON west to MI, south to SC, AL, nc. GA, and MO.
RANGE MAP: Gillenia trifoliata.png

Key to Map Symbols
ABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora)
Rosaceae A.L. de Jussieu 1789 (Rose Family)
SUMMARY: A family of about 85-95 genera and 2000-3000 species, trees, shrubs, and herbs, nearly cosmopolitan, but mainly boreal and temperate.
REFERENCE: Phipps in FNA (2014); Potter et al. (2007); Eriksson et al. (2003); Kalkman in Kubitzki (2004); Ertter (2007).
ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora)
Gillenia Moench (Indian-physic)
SUMMARY: A genus of 2 species, herbs, of e. North America. The contention that Gillenia is a later homonym of Gillena and must therefore be rejected for the later name Porteranthus has been ruled against (Robertson 1974; Brummitt 1988; Parkinson 1988).
REFERENCE: Nesom in FNA (2014); Robertson (1974)=Z; Kalkman in Kubitzki (2004).

HERBARIUM RESOURCES

SERNEC: Find Gillenia trifoliata in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)
UNC SERNEC: Find Gillenia trifoliata in University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)

WEB RESOURCES

USDA: Find Gillenia trifoliata in USDA Plants
NPIN: Find Gillenia trifoliata in NPIN Database
FNA: Find Gillenia trifoliata in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Gillenia trifoliata

NCBG IMAGE RECORDS

ID IMAGE1: 14681
ID IMAGE2: 0
ID IMAGE3: 29313

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32 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

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