Plant Index


 
 
 
 

Gentiana villosa

Gentiana villosa L.

striped gentian

Synonym(s): Dasystephana villosa, Gentiana deloachii
Gentiana villosa (Striped Gentian)
Image ID: 19343
Image by: Stuart, Will
Image Collection: NCBG Digital Library

PLANT INDEX

ID_PLANT: GEVI5
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Gentiana villosa
Include in WOTAS: 1
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2019-01-23

GENUS INDEX

GENUS CODE: GENTI
GENUS SCIENTIFIC: Gentiana
GENUS AUTHORITY: L.
GENUS COMMON: Gentian
GENUS SUMMARY: A genus of about 350-400 species, herbs, primarily temperate and arctic. Even following the removal of Gentianopsis and Gentianella (to separate genera and a different subtribe), Gentiana is a large and apparently heterogeneous group, perhaps not monophyletic. No satisfactory comprehensive treatment is available, however. All of the species treated here as Gentiana are in the distinctive group often treated as section, subgenus, or genus Pneumonanthe.
GENUS IDENTIFICATION: Identification Notes: In some species it may be somewhat difficult to interpret the corolla lobes and the corolla appendages. The filaments are alternate to the corolla lobes, and are therefore attached to the lower portion of the corolla appendages.
GENUS REFERENCES: Pringle (1967)=Z; Halda (1996)=Y; Ho & Liu (2001)=X; Pringle & Weakley (2009)=Q; Ho & Liu (1990); Yuan, Küpfer, & Doyle (1996); Pringle (1977). Key adapted from Z.

FAMILY INDEX

FAMILY CODE: GENTIA
FAMILY SCIENTIFIC: Gentianaceae
FAMILY AUTHORITY: A.L. de Jussieu 1789
FAMILY COMMON: Gentian Family
FAMILY SUMMARY: A family of about 87 genera and about 1650 species, herbs, shrubs, and trees, cosmopolitan (Struwe & Albert 2002).
FAMILY REFERENCE: Ho & Liu (1999); Wood & Weaver (1982); Struwe & Albert (2002). [also see MENYANTHACEAE]

NCBG DESCRIPTIVES

INTRO: Erect, sometimes clumped perennial of upland forests and sandhill/pocosin ecotones.
STEMS: Stems 1-several from a single crown, unbranched, smooth.
LEAVES: Leaves opposite, sessile to short-petiolate, elliptic to oblong-lance-shaped, to 4 in. long, glossy and smooth.
INFLORESCENCE:
FLOWERS: Flowers 2-several in leafy, compact terminal cluster; greenish- or yellowish-white tinged or striped with purple; 1-2 in. long; tubular, with 5 triangular lobes that are erect or closed over the opening. A green, cup-shaped calyx with 5 irregular, linear lobes surrounds the base of each flower.
FRUITS: Fruit an ellipsoid to oblong capsule.
COMMENTS:
HEIGHT: 8-22 in.

DURATION: Perennial
HABIT: Herb

LEAF ARRANGEMENT: Opposite
LEAF COMPLEXITY: Simple
LEAF RETENTION:

FLORAL CHARACTERISTICS
SYMMETRY: Radial (Actinomorphic)
BLOOM TIME: Late Aug-Nov
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
x x x x x

BLOOM COLOR: Greenish-white tinged with purple
White Red Pink Orange Yellow Green Blue Lavender Purple Violet Brown Not Applicable
x x x

FRUITING PERIOD:

DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE: Dry forests, Moist forests
NATIVE RANGE: eastern United States

HORTICULTURAL
Plant Sale Text:

Bloom Table Text:

NCBG Location:

Cultural Notes:

SOIL MOISTURE: Dry, Average
LIGHT EXPOSURE: Sun, Part Shade, Shade
MINIMUM HARDINESS ZONE:
MAXIMUM HARDINESS ZONE:
GERMINATION CODE:
WILDLIFE VALUE:
DEER RESISTANCE:

GRIM ACCESSIONS

acc_id acc_num acc_dt coll_id Action
339 2011-0208 2011-10-19 343 View
4637 1992-0793 View
4945 1995-0063 View
5124 1995-0243 View
6116 1995-1247 View


GRIM COLLECTIONS

Coll_id Project Collection date Collector Action
343 HORT 2010-11-12 Poythress View


GRIM PLANTINGS

plt_num acc_id loc_num pers_num inst_dt Action
819 339 44 NCBG staff 2011-10-18 View
820 339 43 NCBG staff 2011-10-25 View
821 339 16 NCBG staff 2011-11-20 View
822 339 15 NCBG staff 2011-10-31 View
823 339 19 NCBG staff 2011-10-31 View
824 339 18 NCBG staff 2011-10-31 View
825 339 12 Heiney 2011-12-06 View
6966 4637 200 NCBG staff 1993-03-01 View
7364 4945 202 NCBG staff 1992-01-01 View
7546 5124 203 NCBG staff 1992-01-01 View
8771 6116 2 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
12267 339 16 Liloia 2020-03-03 View

USDA PLANTS DATABASE

USDA Symbol: GEVI5
USDA Common Name: Striped Gentian
Native Status: L48 (N)
Distribution: USA (AL, DC, DE, FL, GA, IN, KY, LA, MD, MS, NC, NJ, OH, PA, SC, TN, VA, WV)
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Forb/herb

WEAKLEY FLORA

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Gentiana villosa
COMMON NAME: Striped Gentian
SYNONYMY: [= C, F, G, K1, K3, Pa, RAB, Va, W, WH3, X, Y, Z; = Dasystephana villosa (Linnaeus) Small - S; = Pneumonanthe villosa (Linnaeus) F.W. Schmidt]
PHENOLOGY: Late Aug-Nov.
HABITAT: Upland forests, sandhill/pocosin ecotones.
COMMENTS: Se. PA west to n. KY and w. TN, south to Panhandle FL and e. LA.
RANGE MAP: Gentiana villosa.png

Key to Map Symbols
ABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora)
Gentianaceae A.L. de Jussieu 1789 (Gentian Family)
SUMMARY: A family of about 87 genera and about 1650 species, herbs, shrubs, and trees, cosmopolitan (Struwe & Albert 2002).
REFERENCE: Ho & Liu (1999); Wood & Weaver (1982); Struwe & Albert (2002). [also see MENYANTHACEAE]
ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora)
Gentiana L. (Gentian)
SUMMARY: A genus of about 350-400 species, herbs, primarily temperate and arctic. Even following the removal of Gentianopsis and Gentianella (to separate genera and a different subtribe), Gentiana is a large and apparently heterogeneous group, perhaps not monophyletic. No satisfactory comprehensive treatment is available, however. All of the species treated here as Gentiana are in the distinctive group often treated as section, subgenus, or genus Pneumonanthe.
REFERENCE: Pringle (1967)=Z; Halda (1996)=Y; Ho & Liu (2001)=X; Pringle & Weakley (2009)=Q; Ho & Liu (1990); Yuan, Küpfer, & Doyle (1996); Pringle (1977). Key adapted from Z.

HERBARIUM RESOURCES

SERNEC: Find Gentiana villosa in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)
UNC SERNEC: Find Gentiana villosa in University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)

WEB RESOURCES

USDA: Find Gentiana villosa in USDA Plants
NPIN: Find Gentiana villosa in NPIN Database
FNA: Find Gentiana villosa in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Gentiana villosa

NCBG IMAGE RECORDS

ID IMAGE1: 19343
ID IMAGE2: 0
ID IMAGE3: 21580

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16 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

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