Plant Index


 
 
 

Gelsemium sempervirens

Gelsemium sempervirens (L.) W.T. Aiton

carolina jessamine, evening trumpetflower

Synonym(s): Bignonia sempervirens, Bigonia sempervirens
Cultivar(s): Pride of Augusta
Gelsemium sempervirens (Carolina Jessamine)
Image ID: 9085
Image by: Ware, Richard & Teresa
Image Collection: NCBG Digital Library

PLANT INDEX

ID_PLANT: GESE
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Gelsemium sempervirens
Include in WOTAS: 0
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2019-02-12

CULTIVAR INDEX

Cult_id Cultivar_name Action
1355 Pride of Augusta View

GENUS INDEX

GENUS CODE: GELSE
GENUS SCIENTIFIC: Gelsemium
GENUS AUTHORITY: Juss.
GENUS COMMON: Trumpetflower
GENUS SUMMARY: A genus of 3 species, vines, our 2 species in se. North America (and also Central America) and 1 species in e. Asia. See Wyatt et al. (1993) and Duncan & Dejong (1964) for extensive discussions of morphology, habitat, pollination, genetics, distribution, and evolutionary relationships of our two species of Gelsemium.
GENUS IDENTIFICATION:
GENUS REFERENCES: Krings in FNA (in prep.); Wyatt et al. (1993); Duncan & Dejong (1964); Godfrey (1988); Rogers (1986)=Z; GW.

FAMILY INDEX

FAMILY CODE: GELSEM
FAMILY SCIENTIFIC: Gelsemiaceae
FAMILY AUTHORITY: (G. Don) Struwe & V. Albert 1995
FAMILY COMMON: Jessamine Family
FAMILY SUMMARY: A family of 2 genera and about 10 species, shrubs and vines, of tropical and warm temperate America, Africa, and Asia. There is persuasive evidence that Gelsemium and Mostuea Didr., traditionally treated as part of a heterogeneous Loganiaceae, should be accorded family status as Gelsemiaceae (Backlund, Oxelman, & Bremer 2000; Struwe, Albert, & Bremer 1994; Sennblad & Bremer 1996). The Gelsemiaceae form a clade most closely related to the Apocynaceae (Backlund, Oxelman, & Bremer 2000).
FAMILY REFERENCE: Backlund, Oxelman, & Bremer (2000); Struwe, Albert, & Bremer (1994); Sennblad & Bremer (1996); Rogers (1986).

NCBG DESCRIPTIVES

INTRO:
STEMS:
LEAVES:
INFLORESCENCE:
FLOWERS:
FRUITS:
COMMENTS:
HEIGHT: Climbs 8-10 feet or more

DURATION: Perennial
HABIT: Shrub, Vine

LEAF ARRANGEMENT:
LEAF COMPLEXITY: Simple
LEAF RETENTION: Evergreen

FLORAL CHARACTERISTICS
SYMMETRY:
BLOOM TIME: Feb-May
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
x x x x x x x

BLOOM COLOR: Yellow flowers
White Red Pink Orange Yellow Green Blue Lavender Purple Violet Brown Not Applicable
x

FRUITING PERIOD: Sep-Nov.

DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE:
NATIVE RANGE: southeastern U.S. & Mexico

HORTICULTURAL
Plant Sale Text: Carolina jessamine produces many fragrant bell-shaped yellow flowers in spring. It is one of the most versatile native evergreen vines for our area. It blooms best in full sun but will tolerate some shade. It is a useful vine for your home landscape and a vigorous grower once established. Train it on a lamppost, downspout, trellis or fence. It can also grow up a tree or on shrubs just as it does in the wild. Be aware that all parts of this plant are poisonous!

Bloom Table Text: This evergreen native vine can be seen throughout the south, and is frequently used as a porch, trellis, or bank cover. Yellow, trumpet-shaped flowers appear in March or April, and will occur in profusion in full sun. However, Gelsemium will grow and flower in shady conditions as well, and is a generally trouble-free and versatile addition to the garden. Be aware that all parts of this plant are poisonous!

NCBG Location: Piedmont Habitat

Cultural Notes:

SOIL MOISTURE: Dry, Average, Moist/Wet
LIGHT EXPOSURE: Sun, Part Shade, Shade
MINIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 6
MAXIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 10
GERMINATION CODE:
WILDLIFE VALUE: Butterfly Friendly
DEER RESISTANCE:

GRIM ACCESSIONS

acc_id acc_num acc_dt coll_id Action
883 1985-0556 View
1303 1986-1077 View
1935 1986-1721 View
2463 1986-2304 View
2912 1987-0452 View
3617 1991-0292 View
3782 1991-0477 View
4583 1992-0739 View
5034 1995-0153 View
5123 1995-0242 View
6115 1995-1246 View
6511 1996-0136 View
6816 1998-0021 View
7719 2001-0074 2001-05-16 View
7932 2002-0077 2002-09-17 View
8478 2005-0572 2006-09-21 View



GRIM PLANTINGS

plt_num acc_id loc_num pers_num inst_dt Action
1647 883 153 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
2263 1303 81 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
2264 1303 83 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
2265 1303 86 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
2266 1303 91 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
3075 1935 6 NCBG staff 1967-01-01 View
3076 1935 56 NCBG staff 1967-12-31 View
3077 1935 59 NCBG staff 1967-12-31 View
3078 1935 115 NCBG staff 1967-12-31 View
3079 1935 58 NCBG staff 1986-12-22 View
3080 1935 74 NCBG staff 1986-12-22 View
3081 1935 51 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
4180 2463 27 NCBG staff 1986-12-31 View
4823 2912 8 NCBG staff 1982-07-08 View
5911 3617 143 NCBG staff 1990-01-01 View
6090 3782 199 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
6912 4583 200 NCBG staff 1993-03-01 View
7453 5034 202 NCBG staff 1992-01-01 View
7545 5123 203 NCBG staff 1992-01-01 View
8770 6115 2 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
9204 6511 95 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
9639 6816 154 NCBG staff 1997-10-28 View
9640 6816 179 NCBG staff 1997-10-28 View
9641 6816 160 NCBG staff 1967-12-01 View
9642 6816 153 NCBG staff 1997-10-28 View
9643 6816 166 NCBG staff 1997-10-28 View
10911 7719 83 NCBG staff 2001-02-15 View
11165 7932 83 NCBG staff 2002-09-12 View
11166 7932 94 NCBG staff 2002-09-12 View
11708 8478 166 NCBG staff 2005-09-01 View
12659 0 19 Liloia 0000-00-00 View
12675 0 16 Liloia 0000-00-00 View
12717 0 12 Liloia 0000-00-00 View
12785 0 14 Liloia 0000-00-00 View
12824 0 18 Liloia 0000-00-00 View

USDA PLANTS DATABASE

USDA Symbol: GESE
USDA Common Name: Evening Trumpetflower
Native Status: L48 (N)
Distribution: USA (AL, AR, FL, GA, LA, MS, NC, SC, TN, TX, VA)
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Vine, Shrub

NATIONAL WETLAND INDICATOR STATUS

Region:AGCPAKAWCBEMPGPHIMWNCNEWMVE
Status: FAC FAC FACU

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers 2016 National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.3 (Lichvar, R.W., D.L. Banks, W.N. Kirchner, and N.C. Melvin. 2016. The National Wetland Plant List: 2016 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2016-30: 1-17. Published 28 April 2016. ISSN 2153 733X). Regions: AGCP-Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain, AK-Alaska, AW-Arid West, CB-Caribbean, EMP-Eastern Mountains and Piedmont, GP-Great Plains, HI-Hawaii, MW-Midwest, NCNE-Northcentral and Northeast, WMCV-Western Mountains, Valleys & Coast

WEAKLEY FLORA

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Gelsemium sempervirens
COMMON NAME: Carolina Jessamine
SYNONYMY: [= F, FNA, G, GW, K, RAB, S, Va, W, WH3, Z]
PHENOLOGY: Feb-early May; Sep-Nov.
HABITAT: In a wide range of habitats, from swamp forests to dry uplands and thickets, also commonly planted as an ornamental.
COMMENTS: VA, se. TN, and AR south to c. peninsular FL and e. TX; disjunct in Guatemala and Mexico (Chiapas, Oaxaca, Puebla, and Veracruz). Jessamine climbs to the tops of trees.
RANGE MAP: Gelsemium sempervirens.png

Key to Map Symbols
ABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora)
Gelsemiaceae (G. Don) Struwe & V. Albert 1995 (Jessamine Family)
SUMMARY: A family of 2 genera and about 10 species, shrubs and vines, of tropical and warm temperate America, Africa, and Asia. There is persuasive evidence that Gelsemium and Mostuea Didr., traditionally treated as part of a heterogeneous Loganiaceae, should be accorded family status as Gelsemiaceae (Backlund, Oxelman, & Bremer 2000; Struwe, Albert, & Bremer 1994; Sennblad & Bremer 1996). The Gelsemiaceae form a clade most closely related to the Apocynaceae (Backlund, Oxelman, & Bremer 2000).
REFERENCE: Backlund, Oxelman, & Bremer (2000); Struwe, Albert, & Bremer (1994); Sennblad & Bremer (1996); Rogers (1986).
ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora)
Gelsemium Juss. (Trumpetflower)
SUMMARY: A genus of 3 species, vines, our 2 species in se. North America (and also Central America) and 1 species in e. Asia. See Wyatt et al. (1993) and Duncan & Dejong (1964) for extensive discussions of morphology, habitat, pollination, genetics, distribution, and evolutionary relationships of our two species of Gelsemium.
REFERENCE: Krings in FNA (in prep.); Wyatt et al. (1993); Duncan & Dejong (1964); Godfrey (1988); Rogers (1986)=Z; GW.

HERBARIUM RESOURCES

SERNEC: Find Gelsemium sempervirens in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)
UNC SERNEC: Find Gelsemium sempervirens in University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)

WEB RESOURCES

USDA: Find Gelsemium sempervirens in USDA Plants
NPIN: Find Gelsemium sempervirens in NPIN Database
FNA: Find Gelsemium sempervirens in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Gelsemium sempervirens

NCBG IMAGE RECORDS

ID IMAGE1: 9085
ID IMAGE2: 7293
ID IMAGE3: 9085

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28 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

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