Plant Index


 
 
 
 

Gentiana catesbaei

Gentiana catesbaei Walter

elliott’s gentian, coastal plain gentian

Synonym(s): Dasystephana latifolia, Dasystephana parvifolia, Gentiana catesbaei var. nummulariifolia, Gentiana elliottii, Gentiana elliottii var. latifolia
Gentiana catesbaei (Elliott’s Gentian)
Image ID: 19342
Image by: Stuart, Will
Image Collection: NCBG Digital Library

PLANT INDEX

ID_PLANT: GECA10
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Gentiana catesbaei
Include in WOTAS: 1
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2018-09-16

GENUS INDEX

GENUS CODE: GENTI
GENUS SCIENTIFIC: Gentiana
GENUS AUTHORITY: L.
GENUS COMMON: Gentian
GENUS SUMMARY: A genus of about 350-400 species, herbs, primarily temperate and arctic. Even following the removal of Gentianopsis and Gentianella (to separate genera and a different subtribe), Gentiana is a large and apparently heterogeneous group, perhaps not monophyletic. No satisfactory comprehensive treatment is available, however. All of the species treated here as Gentiana are in the distinctive group often treated as section, subgenus, or genus Pneumonanthe.
GENUS IDENTIFICATION: Identification Notes: In some species it may be somewhat difficult to interpret the corolla lobes and the corolla appendages. The filaments are alternate to the corolla lobes, and are therefore attached to the lower portion of the corolla appendages.
GENUS REFERENCES: Pringle (1967)=Z; Halda (1996)=Y; Ho & Liu (2001)=X; Pringle & Weakley (2009)=Q; Ho & Liu (1990); Yuan, Küpfer, & Doyle (1996); Pringle (1977). Key adapted from Z.

FAMILY INDEX

FAMILY CODE: GENTIA
FAMILY SCIENTIFIC: Gentianaceae
FAMILY AUTHORITY: A.L. de Jussieu 1789
FAMILY COMMON: Gentian Family
FAMILY SUMMARY: A family of about 87 genera and about 1650 species, herbs, shrubs, and trees, cosmopolitan (Struwe & Albert 2002).
FAMILY REFERENCE: Ho & Liu (1999); Wood & Weaver (1982); Struwe & Albert (2002). [also see MENYANTHACEAE]

NCBG DESCRIPTIVES

INTRO: Erect perennial found in pocosins, moist longleaf pine savanna edges, edges of moist hardwood forests and bluff seepages.
STEMS: Stems unbranched, slightly rough and hairy.
LEAVES: Leaves opposite, sessile, elliptic to lance-shaped, to 3 in. long, with minutely rough-ciliate margins.
INFLORESCENCE:
FLOWERS: Flowers essentially sessile in dense clusters of 1-9 at top of stem and in upper leaf axils; the blue to blue-violet (with darker stripes, inside and out) tubular and vase-shaped corolla, about 1 1/2 in. long, opens to 4-5 ascending rounded or short-triangular lobes, which are connected to each other with fringed pleats.
FRUITS: Fruit an ellipsoid capsule.
COMMENTS:
HEIGHT: 1-2 ft.

DURATION: Perennial
HABIT: Herb

LEAF ARRANGEMENT: Opposite
LEAF COMPLEXITY: Simple
LEAF RETENTION:

FLORAL CHARACTERISTICS
SYMMETRY: Radial (Actinomorphic)
BLOOM TIME: September-November
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
x x x x x

BLOOM COLOR: Blue
White Red Pink Orange Yellow Green Blue Lavender Purple Violet Brown Not Applicable
x

FRUITING PERIOD:

DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE: Bogs/pocosins, Moist forests, Pine savannas
NATIVE RANGE: southeastern United States

HORTICULTURAL
Plant Sale Text: Elliott’s gentian is found throughout the coastal plain of the Southeast, typically along the moist edges of savannahs, along creeks, and other wet habitats. It has bright blue bottle-type flowers, whereas the petals curve inwards to close the opening of the flower. This causes pollinators, typically bees, to force themselves through the opening to get to the nectar. The tight fit ensures the bees brush against the anthers and stigma. Gentians are a source of the bitters used as an additive to drinks.

Bloom Table Text:

NCBG Location:

Cultural Notes:

SOIL MOISTURE: Average, Moist/Wet, Well-drained
LIGHT EXPOSURE: Sun, Part Shade, Shade
MINIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 6
MAXIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 8
GERMINATION CODE:
WILDLIFE VALUE: Bee Friendly, Butterfly Friendly
DEER RESISTANCE:

GRIM COLLECTIONS

Coll_id Project Collection date Collector Action
344 HORT 2010-12-21 Poythress View
2719 NPMD 2022-12-13 Kunz View

GRIM ACCESSIONS

acc_id acc_num acc_dt coll_id Action
340 2011-0209 2011-10-19 344 View
2179 1986-1991 View
3491 1991-0140 View

GRIM PLANTINGS

plt_num acc_id loc_num pers_num inst_dt Action
827 340 44 NCBG staff 2011-10-18 View
828 340 42 Liloia 2011-11-02 View
829 340 43 NCBG staff 2011-11-02 View
830 340 42 Mixon 2012-04-25 View
3758 2179 59 NCBG staff 1967-12-31 View
5745 3491 94 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View

USDA PLANTS DATABASE

USDA Symbol: GECA10
USDA Common Name: Elliott's Gentian
Native Status: L48 (N)
Distribution: USA (AL, DE, FL, GA, MD, NC, NJ, PA, SC, VA)
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Forb/herb

NATIONAL WETLAND INDICATOR STATUS

Region:AGCPAKAWCBEMPGPHIMWNCNEWMVE
Status: OBL OBL

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers 2016 National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.3 (Lichvar, R.W., D.L. Banks, W.N. Kirchner, and N.C. Melvin. 2016. The National Wetland Plant List: 2016 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2016-30: 1-17. Published 28 April 2016. ISSN 2153 733X). Regions: AGCP-Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain, AK-Alaska, AW-Arid West, CB-Caribbean, EMP-Eastern Mountains and Piedmont, GP-Great Plains, HI-Hawaii, MW-Midwest, NCNE-Northcentral and Northeast, WMCV-Western Mountains, Valleys & Coast

WEAKLEY FLORA

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Gentiana catesbaei
COMMON NAME: Coastal Plain Gentian
SYNONYMY: [= C, G, GW, K1, K3, Pa, RAB, Va, WH3, X, Y, Z; > G. catesbaei var. catesbaei - F; > G. catesbaei var. nummulariifolia Fernald - F; > Dasystephana latifolia (Chapman) Small - S; > D. parvifolia (Chapman) Small - S; = Pneumonanthe catesbaei (Walter) F.W. Schmidt]
PHENOLOGY: Late Sep-Nov.
HABITAT: Pocosins, moist longleaf pine savanna edges, edges of moist hardwood forests, bluff seepages.
COMMENTS: S. NJ south to ne. FL and e. Panhandle FL, on the Coastal Plain.
RANGE MAP: Gentiana catesbaei.png

Key to Map Symbols
ABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora)
Gentianaceae A.L. de Jussieu 1789 (Gentian Family)
SUMMARY: A family of about 87 genera and about 1650 species, herbs, shrubs, and trees, cosmopolitan (Struwe & Albert 2002).
REFERENCE: Ho & Liu (1999); Wood & Weaver (1982); Struwe & Albert (2002). [also see MENYANTHACEAE]
ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora)
Gentiana L. (Gentian)
SUMMARY: A genus of about 350-400 species, herbs, primarily temperate and arctic. Even following the removal of Gentianopsis and Gentianella (to separate genera and a different subtribe), Gentiana is a large and apparently heterogeneous group, perhaps not monophyletic. No satisfactory comprehensive treatment is available, however. All of the species treated here as Gentiana are in the distinctive group often treated as section, subgenus, or genus Pneumonanthe.
REFERENCE: Pringle (1967)=Z; Halda (1996)=Y; Ho & Liu (2001)=X; Pringle & Weakley (2009)=Q; Ho & Liu (1990); Yuan, Küpfer, & Doyle (1996); Pringle (1977). Key adapted from Z.

HERBARIUM RESOURCES

SERNEC: Find Gentiana catesbaei in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)
UNC SERNEC: Find Gentiana catesbaei in University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)

WEB RESOURCES

USDA: Find Gentiana catesbaei in USDA Plants
NPIN: Find Gentiana catesbaei in NPIN Database
FNA: Find Gentiana catesbaei in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Gentiana catesbaei

IMAGE USE RECORDS

ID IMAGE: 19342 - Primary Image FloraQuest Plant Detail Page (Landscape Preferred)
ID IMAGE1: 19540 - Primary Image WOTAS
ID IMAGE2: 0 - Secondary Image WOTAS
ID IMAGE3: 19342 - Primary Image Plant Sale Sign (Landscape Only)
ID IMAGE4: 0 - Primary Image New Plant Sale Label (Portrait Only)

From the Image Gallery


Image ID: 14656

Image ID: 14657

Image ID: 14658

Image ID: 19341

Image ID: 37230

Image ID: 19540

Image ID: 11208
8 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

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