Synonym(s): Galax aphylla
Image ID: 12475
Image by: Cressler, Alan M.
Image Collection: NCBG Digital Library
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Galax urceolata
Include in WOTAS: 1
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2017-12-08
GENUS CODE: GALAX GENUS SCIENTIFIC:Galax GENUS AUTHORITY: Sims GENUS COMMON: Galax GENUS SUMMARY: A monotypic genus, a perennialherb, endemic to eastern North America. GENUS IDENTIFICATION: GENUS REFERENCES: Nesom in FNA (2009); Nesom (1983); Soltis, Bohm, & Nesom (1983); Scott in Kubitzki (2004).
FAMILY CODE: DIAPEN FAMILY SCIENTIFIC:Diapensiaceae FAMILY AUTHORITY: (Link) Lindley 1836 FAMILY COMMON: Diapensia Family FAMILY SUMMARY: A family of 5-6 genera and about 13-15 species, subshrubs and perennial herbs, largely arctic and north temperate. FAMILY REFERENCE: Nesom in FNA (2009); Scott & Day (1983)=X; Scott in Kubitzki (2004).
INTRO: Low-growing, colonial evergreenperennialspreading by rhizomes, found in mountain forests and around rock outcrops as well as on moist to dry slopes in the Piedmont and occasionally in the Coastal Plain, often associated with Kalmia latifolia or Rhododendron maximum. STEMS:Stem consists of underground rhizomes. LEAVES: Leaves emerging directly from rhizomes and usually in extensive colonies, round, leathery and shiny green, turning reddish-bronze in winter. INFLORESCENCE: FLOWERS: Flowers in a spike occupying the upper 1/3 of a slender, leafless flowering stalk; white; Â¼ in. wide or less; consisting of 5 tiny ascending petals. FRUITS: COMMENTS: This plant is sometimes detected by its smell, which is often described as skunk-like. The collecting of Galax leaves for the florist trade is an important folk industry in the mountains, but over-collecting has become a significant threat. HEIGHT: 8-15 in. DURATION:
Basal LEAF COMPLEXITY:
Simple LEAF RETENTION:
Evergreen FLORAL CHARACTERISTICS
BLOOM TIME: May-Jul
BLOOM COLOR: White
FRUITING PERIOD: Aug-Oct. DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE: Dry forests, Moist forests, Outcrops and glades
NATIVE RANGE: HORTICULTURAL
Plant Sale Text:
Bloom Table Text:
Part Shade, Shade
MINIMUM HARDINESS ZONE:
MAXIMUM HARDINESS ZONE:
This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers 2016 National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.3 (Lichvar, R.W., D.L. Banks, W.N. Kirchner, and N.C. Melvin. 2016. The National Wetland Plant List: 2016 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2016-30: 1-17. Published 28 April 2016. ISSN 2153 733X). Regions: AGCP-Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain, AK-Alaska, AW-Arid West, CB-Caribbean, EMP-Eastern Mountains and Piedmont, GP-Great Plains, HI-Hawaii, MW-Midwest, NCNE-Northcentral and Northeast, WMCV-Western Mountains, Valleys & Coast
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Galax urceolata
COMMON NAME: Galax
SYNONYMY: [= FNA, K, Va, W, X; = G. aphylla Linnaeus - C, F, G, RAB, S, WV, misapplied]
PHENOLOGY: May-Jul; Aug-Oct.
HABITAT: Mountain forests, rock outcrops, nearly ubiquitous in the Mountains, more restricted in habitat elsewhere, moist to dry slopes in the Piedmont and Coastal Plain, often associated with Kalmia latifolia or Rhododendron maximum.
COMMENTS: The genus consists of this single species, with a range centered in the Southern Appalachians, occurring in NC, SC, GA, AL, e. TN, KY, VA, WV, and MD. Diploid and tetraploid races exist, and both are present in our area (Nesom 1983). In NC, diploids are the predominant race in the Mountains, the s. Piedmont, and the s. and c. Coastal Plain; tetraploids predominate along the Blue Ridge Escarpment, the n. Piedmont, and the n. Coastal Plain. In SC, diploids occur in the Coastal Plain and Piedmont, tetraploids in the mountains and escarpment. In GA, the pattern is similar, with diploids extending farther into the Piedmont and tetraploids restricted to the Mountains and upper Piedmont. In AL, only diploids are known. In VA, however, tetraploids occupy the Coastal Plain and e. Piedmont, diploids in the upper Piedmont and Mountains. A study of the flavonoids supported the idea that the tetraploid is an autopolyploid derivative of the diploid. Because of the close morphologic similarity, substantially sympatric distributions, and apparent general absence of demonstrable ecologic differentiation between the two races, it seems best not to attempt to taxonomically distinguish them (Nesom 1983; Soltis, Bohm, & Nesom 1983). Galax-pulling (the gathering of the often bronze-colored evergreen leaves for the florist trade) is an important folk industry in the mountains.
RANGE MAP: Galax urceolata.png
Key to Map SymbolsABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora) Diapensiaceae (Link) Lindley 1836 (Diapensia Family) SUMMARY: A family of 5-6 genera and about 13-15 species, subshrubs and perennial herbs, largely arctic and north temperate. REFERENCE: Nesom in FNA (2009); Scott & Day (1983)=X; Scott in Kubitzki (2004).ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora) Galax Sims (Galax) SUMMARY: A monotypic genus, a perennialherb, endemic to eastern North America. REFERENCE: Nesom in FNA (2009); Nesom (1983); Soltis, Bohm, & Nesom (1983); Scott in Kubitzki (2004).
SERNEC: Find Galax urceolata in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available) UNC SERNEC: Find Galax urceolata in
University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)