Plant Index


 
 
 

Galax urceolata

Galax urceolata (Poir.) Brummitt

beetleweed, galax

Synonym(s): Galax aphylla
Galax urceolata (Beetleweed)
Image ID: 12475
Image by: Cressler, Alan M.
Image Collection: NCBG Digital Library

PLANT INDEX

ID_PLANT: GAUR2
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Galax urceolata
Include in WOTAS: 1
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2017-12-08

GENUS INDEX

GENUS CODE: GALAX
GENUS SCIENTIFIC: Galax
GENUS AUTHORITY: Sims
GENUS COMMON: Galax
GENUS SUMMARY: A monotypic genus, a perennial herb, endemic to eastern North America.
GENUS IDENTIFICATION:
GENUS REFERENCES: Nesom in FNA (2009); Nesom (1983); Soltis, Bohm, & Nesom (1983); Scott in Kubitzki (2004).

FAMILY INDEX

FAMILY CODE: DIAPEN
FAMILY SCIENTIFIC: Diapensiaceae
FAMILY AUTHORITY: (Link) Lindley 1836
FAMILY COMMON: Diapensia Family
FAMILY SUMMARY: A family of 5-6 genera and about 13-15 species, subshrubs and perennial herbs, largely arctic and north temperate.
FAMILY REFERENCE: Nesom in FNA (2009); Scott & Day (1983)=X; Scott in Kubitzki (2004).

NCBG DESCRIPTIVES

INTRO: Low-growing, colonial evergreen perennial spreading by rhizomes, found in mountain forests and around rock outcrops as well as on moist to dry slopes in the Piedmont and occasionally in the Coastal Plain, often associated with Kalmia latifolia or Rhododendron maximum.
STEMS: Stem consists of underground rhizomes.
LEAVES: Leaves emerging directly from rhizomes and usually in extensive colonies, round, leathery and shiny green, turning reddish-bronze in winter.
INFLORESCENCE:
FLOWERS: Flowers in a spike occupying the upper 1/3 of a slender, leafless flowering stalk; white; ¼ in. wide or less; consisting of 5 tiny ascending petals.
FRUITS:
COMMENTS: This plant is sometimes detected by its smell, which is often described as skunk-like. The collecting of Galax leaves for the florist trade is an important folk industry in the mountains, but over-collecting has become a significant threat.
HEIGHT: 8-15 in.

DURATION: Perennial
HABIT: Herb, Subshrub

LEAF ARRANGEMENT: Basal
LEAF COMPLEXITY: Simple
LEAF RETENTION: Evergreen

FLORAL CHARACTERISTICS
SYMMETRY: Radial (Actinomorphic)
BLOOM TIME: May-Jul
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
x x x x x

BLOOM COLOR: White
White Red Pink Orange Yellow Green Blue Lavender Purple Violet Brown Not Applicable
x

FRUITING PERIOD: Aug-Oct.

DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE: Dry forests, Moist forests, Outcrops and glades
NATIVE RANGE:

HORTICULTURAL
Plant Sale Text:

Bloom Table Text:

NCBG Location:

Cultural Notes:

SOIL MOISTURE: Dry, Average
LIGHT EXPOSURE: Part Shade, Shade
MINIMUM HARDINESS ZONE:
MAXIMUM HARDINESS ZONE:
GERMINATION CODE:
WILDLIFE VALUE:
DEER RESISTANCE:

GRIM ACCESSIONS

acc_id acc_num acc_dt coll_id Action
80 2013-0028 2013-11-27 83 View
101 2012-0073 2012-11-13 102 View
1299 1986-1073 View
2072 1986-1870 View
6108 1995-1239 View
9216 2006-0370 2020-05-07 1809 View


GRIM COLLECTIONS

Coll_id Project Collection date Collector Action
83 HORT 2011-08-27 Poythress View
102 HORT 2012-04-01 Tomberlin View
1809 HORT 2006-10-01 Bryan View


GRIM PLANTINGS

plt_num acc_id loc_num pers_num inst_dt Action
105 80 74 Liloia 2013-11-07 View
159 101 65 Poythress 2012-04-01 View
160 101 187 Poythress 2012-04-01 View
2257 1299 81 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
3422 2072 73 NCBG staff 1967-12-31 View
3423 2072 80 NCBG staff 1973-03-01 View
3424 2072 74 NCBG staff 1967-12-31 View
8763 6108 2 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
12303 9216 187 Liloia 2007-11-19 View
12304 9216 73 Liloia 2007-11-19 View
12305 9216 67 Liloia 2007-11-19 View

USDA PLANTS DATABASE

USDA Symbol: GAUR2
USDA Common Name: Beetleweed
Native Status: L48 (N)
Distribution: USA (AL, CT, GA, KY, MA, NC, NY, OH, SC, TN, VA, WV)
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Subshrub, Shrub, Forb/herb

NATIONAL WETLAND INDICATOR STATUS

Region:AGCPAKAWCBEMPGPHIMWNCNEWMVE
Status: FACU FACU FACU

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers 2016 National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.3 (Lichvar, R.W., D.L. Banks, W.N. Kirchner, and N.C. Melvin. 2016. The National Wetland Plant List: 2016 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2016-30: 1-17. Published 28 April 2016. ISSN 2153 733X). Regions: AGCP-Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain, AK-Alaska, AW-Arid West, CB-Caribbean, EMP-Eastern Mountains and Piedmont, GP-Great Plains, HI-Hawaii, MW-Midwest, NCNE-Northcentral and Northeast, WMCV-Western Mountains, Valleys & Coast

WEAKLEY FLORA

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Galax urceolata
COMMON NAME: Galax
SYNONYMY: [= FNA, K, Va, W, X; = G. aphylla Linnaeus - C, F, G, RAB, S, WV, misapplied]
PHENOLOGY: May-Jul; Aug-Oct.
HABITAT: Mountain forests, rock outcrops, nearly ubiquitous in the Mountains, more restricted in habitat elsewhere, moist to dry slopes in the Piedmont and Coastal Plain, often associated with Kalmia latifolia or Rhododendron maximum.
COMMENTS: The genus consists of this single species, with a range centered in the Southern Appalachians, occurring in NC, SC, GA, AL, e. TN, KY, VA, WV, and MD. Diploid and tetraploid races exist, and both are present in our area (Nesom 1983). In NC, diploids are the predominant race in the Mountains, the s. Piedmont, and the s. and c. Coastal Plain; tetraploids predominate along the Blue Ridge Escarpment, the n. Piedmont, and the n. Coastal Plain. In SC, diploids occur in the Coastal Plain and Piedmont, tetraploids in the mountains and escarpment. In GA, the pattern is similar, with diploids extending farther into the Piedmont and tetraploids restricted to the Mountains and upper Piedmont. In AL, only diploids are known. In VA, however, tetraploids occupy the Coastal Plain and e. Piedmont, diploids in the upper Piedmont and Mountains. A study of the flavonoids supported the idea that the tetraploid is an autopolyploid derivative of the diploid. Because of the close morphologic similarity, substantially sympatric distributions, and apparent general absence of demonstrable ecologic differentiation between the two races, it seems best not to attempt to taxonomically distinguish them (Nesom 1983; Soltis, Bohm, & Nesom 1983). Galax-pulling (the gathering of the often bronze-colored evergreen leaves for the florist trade) is an important folk industry in the mountains.
RANGE MAP: Galax urceolata.png

Key to Map Symbols
ABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora)
Diapensiaceae (Link) Lindley 1836 (Diapensia Family)
SUMMARY: A family of 5-6 genera and about 13-15 species, subshrubs and perennial herbs, largely arctic and north temperate.
REFERENCE: Nesom in FNA (2009); Scott & Day (1983)=X; Scott in Kubitzki (2004).
ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora)
Galax Sims (Galax)
SUMMARY: A monotypic genus, a perennial herb, endemic to eastern North America.
REFERENCE: Nesom in FNA (2009); Nesom (1983); Soltis, Bohm, & Nesom (1983); Scott in Kubitzki (2004).

HERBARIUM RESOURCES

SERNEC: Find Galax urceolata in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)
UNC SERNEC: Find Galax urceolata in University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)

WEB RESOURCES

USDA: Find Galax urceolata in USDA Plants
NPIN: Find Galax urceolata in NPIN Database
FNA: Find Galax urceolata in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Galax urceolata

NCBG IMAGE RECORDS

ID IMAGE1: 12475
ID IMAGE2: 23492
ID IMAGE3: 23484

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35 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

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