Plant Index


 
 
 

Gaultheria procumbens

Gaultheria procumbens L.

eastern teaberry, checkerberry, teaberry, wintergreen

Gaultheria procumbens (Eastern Teaberry)
Image ID: 12477
Image by: Cressler, Alan M.
Image Collection: NCBG Digital Library

PLANT INDEX

ID_PLANT: GAPR2
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Gaultheria procumbens
Include in WOTAS: 1
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2018-09-16

GENUS INDEX

GENUS CODE: GAULT
GENUS SCIENTIFIC: Gaultheria
GENUS AUTHORITY: L.
GENUS COMMON: Snowberry
GENUS SUMMARY: A genus of 115-135 species, shrubs and subshrubs, of Asia, Australia and New Zealand, South America, West Indies, Central America, and North America (primarily Asian).
GENUS IDENTIFICATION:
GENUS REFERENCES: Trock in FNA (2009); Stevens et al. in Kubitzki (2004).

FAMILY INDEX

FAMILY CODE: ERICAC
FAMILY SCIENTIFIC: Ericaceae
FAMILY AUTHORITY: A.L. de Jussieu 1789
FAMILY COMMON: Heath Family
FAMILY SUMMARY: A family of about 107-124 genera and 3400-4100 species, primarily shrubs, small trees, and subshrubs, nearly cosmopolitan. The Ericaceae is very important in our area, which is one of the north temperate centers of diversity for the Ericaceae, with a great diversity of genera and species, many of them rather narrowly endemic. Along with Quercus and Pinus, various members of this family are dominant in much of our landscape.
FAMILY REFERENCE: Tucker in FNA (2009); Gillespie & Kron (2010, 2013); Kron et al. (2002); Wood (1961); Judd & Kron (1993); Kron & Chase (1993); Luteyn et al. (1996)=L; Dorr & Barrie (1993); Cullings & Hileman (1997); Stevens et al. in Kubitzki (2004).

NCBG DESCRIPTIVES

INTRO: Rhizomatous, colonial perennial of heath balds, woodlands, openings and bogs, usually on acidic (often dry) sites.
STEMS: Stem unbranched, somewhat woody and smooth or hairy.
LEAVES: Leaves alternate but clustered toward the top of the short stem, elliptical, 1–2 in. long, with widely spaced bristle-tipped teeth, evergreen-leathery and shiny.
INFLORESCENCE:
FLOWERS: Flowers (1–several) dangling from leaf axils, white to pink, 1/4-1/2 in. long, urn-shaped with bell-shaped, shorter calyx.
FRUITS: Fruit a bright red, many-seeded, persistent berry-like capsule.
COMMENTS: Leaves and fruit with strong wintergreen fragrance and flavor; an extract of this plant has been used to flavor teas, chewing gum, candy and medicines.
HEIGHT: 2–6 in.

DURATION: Perennial
HABIT: Subshrub, Shrub

LEAF ARRANGEMENT: Alternate
LEAF COMPLEXITY: Simple
LEAF RETENTION: Evergreen

FLORAL CHARACTERISTICS
SYMMETRY: Radial (Actinomorphic)
BLOOM TIME: June-August
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
x x x x x

BLOOM COLOR: White to pink
White Red Pink Orange Yellow Green Blue Lavender Purple Violet Brown Not Applicable
x x

FRUITING PERIOD: Sep.-Nov.

DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE: Bogs/pocosins, Dry forests, High elevation, Woods margins
NATIVE RANGE: eastern North America

HORTICULTURAL
Plant Sale Text: Wintergreen is a rhizomatous, evergreen member of the heath family with glossy, leathery dark green leaves. In early summer, the plants develop waxy, nodding, bell-shaped, white flowers that ripen into edible bright red berries which can persist through winter and serve as an important source of food for many forms of wildlife. Wintergreen is an excellent groundcover for rock gardens and as a companion plant for other acid-loving shrubs such as azaleas, rhododendrons, kalmias and blueberries in woodland shade gardens.

Bloom Table Text:

NCBG Location:

Cultural Notes:

SOIL MOISTURE: Dry, Average, Moist/Wet
LIGHT EXPOSURE: Sun, Part Shade, Shade
MINIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 3
MAXIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 8
GERMINATION CODE:
WILDLIFE VALUE: Bird Friendly
DEER RESISTANCE:

GRIM ACCESSIONS

acc_id acc_num acc_dt coll_id Action
38 2017-0040 2019-02-01 40 View
387 2011-0278 2011-12-20 391 View
1810 1986-1591 View
1934 1986-1720 View
3197 1990-0036 View
4576 1992-0732 View
7166 1999-0127 1999-11-02 View
7668 2001-0022 2001-03-26 View
7803 2001-0162 2001-09-12 View
9253 2019-0012 2019-06-26 1966 View


GRIM COLLECTIONS

Coll_id Project Collection date Collector Action
40 HORT 2014-10-12 Gocke View
391 HORT 2009-10-01 Poythress View
1966 HORT 2015-09-09 Gocke View


GRIM PLANTINGS

plt_num acc_id loc_num pers_num inst_dt Action
48 38 74 NCBG staff 2017-05-22 View
925 387 15 NCBG staff 2011-11-20 View
926 387 34 Mixon 2012-05-31 View
927 387 37 Mixon 2012-05-01 View
928 387 42 Mixon 2012-03-11 View
2893 1810 84 NCBG staff 1985-11-27 View
2894 1810 90 NCBG staff 1985-11-27 View
3074 1934 6 NCBG staff 1986-12-22 View
5352 3197 81 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
5353 3197 90 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
5354 3197 81 NCBG staff 1989-10-01 View
5355 3197 81 NCBG staff 1989-10-01 View
5356 3197 90 NCBG staff 1989-10-01 View
5357 3197 90 NCBG staff 1989-10-01 View
6905 4576 200 NCBG staff 1993-03-01 View
10112 7166 166 NCBG staff 1999-09-01 View
10849 7668 81 NCBG staff 2001-03-22 View
11012 7803 81 NCBG staff 2001-08-01 View
11013 7803 90 NCBG staff 2003-04-23 View
12377 9253 145 Liloia 2019-04-01 View

USDA PLANTS DATABASE

USDA Symbol: GAPR2
USDA Common Name: Eastern Teaberry
Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N), SPM (N)
Distribution: USA (AL, CT, DC, DE, GA, IL, IN, KY, MA, MD, ME, MI, MN, NC, NH, NJ, NY, OH, PA, RI, SC, TN, VA, VT, WI, WV), CAN (MB, NB, NF, NS, ON, PE, QC), FRA (SPM)
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Subshrub, Shrub

NATIONAL WETLAND INDICATOR STATUS

Region:AGCPAKAWCBEMPGPHIMWNCNEWMVE
Status: FACU FACU FACU FACU FACU

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers 2016 National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.3 (Lichvar, R.W., D.L. Banks, W.N. Kirchner, and N.C. Melvin. 2016. The National Wetland Plant List: 2016 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2016-30: 1-17. Published 28 April 2016. ISSN 2153 733X). Regions: AGCP-Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain, AK-Alaska, AW-Arid West, CB-Caribbean, EMP-Eastern Mountains and Piedmont, GP-Great Plains, HI-Hawaii, MW-Midwest, NCNE-Northcentral and Northeast, WMCV-Western Mountains, Valleys & Coast

WEAKLEY FLORA

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Gaultheria procumbens
COMMON NAME: Wintergreen, Teaberry, Checkerberry
SYNONYMY: [= C, F, FNA, G, Il, K, L, Pa, RAB, S, Va, W, WV]
PHENOLOGY: Jun-Aug; Sep-Nov.
HABITAT: Heath balds, woodlands, and openings, usually acidic and xeric.
COMMENTS: NL (Newfoundland) west to MB, south to e. NC, ne. GA, AL, c. TN, KY, n. IN, and MN.
RANGE MAP: Gaultheria procumbens.png

Key to Map Symbols
ABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora)
Ericaceae A.L. de Jussieu 1789 (Heath Family)
SUMMARY: A family of about 107-124 genera and 3400-4100 species, primarily shrubs, small trees, and subshrubs, nearly cosmopolitan. The Ericaceae is very important in our area, which is one of the north temperate centers of diversity for the Ericaceae, with a great diversity of genera and species, many of them rather narrowly endemic. Along with Quercus and Pinus, various members of this family are dominant in much of our landscape.
REFERENCE: Tucker in FNA (2009); Gillespie & Kron (2010, 2013); Kron et al. (2002); Wood (1961); Judd & Kron (1993); Kron & Chase (1993); Luteyn et al. (1996)=L; Dorr & Barrie (1993); Cullings & Hileman (1997); Stevens et al. in Kubitzki (2004).
ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora)
Gaultheria L. (Snowberry)
SUMMARY: A genus of 115-135 species, shrubs and subshrubs, of Asia, Australia and New Zealand, South America, West Indies, Central America, and North America (primarily Asian).
REFERENCE: Trock in FNA (2009); Stevens et al. in Kubitzki (2004).

HERBARIUM RESOURCES

SERNEC: Find Gaultheria procumbens in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)
UNC SERNEC: Find Gaultheria procumbens in University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)

WEB RESOURCES

USDA: Find Gaultheria procumbens in USDA Plants
NPIN: Find Gaultheria procumbens in NPIN Database
FNA: Find Gaultheria procumbens in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Gaultheria procumbens

NCBG IMAGE RECORDS

ID IMAGE1: 12477
ID IMAGE2: 0
ID IMAGE3: 12477

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9 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

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