Plant Index


 
 
 
 

Gaylussacia frondosa

Gaylussacia frondosa (L.) Torr. & A. Gray ex Torr.

dangleberry, blue huckleberry

Synonym(s): Decachaena frondosa
Gaylussacia frondosa (Dangleberry)
Image ID: 14640
Image by: Sorrie, Bruce A.
Image Collection: NCBG Digital Library

PLANT INDEX

ID_PLANT: GAFR2
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Gaylussacia frondosa
Include in WOTAS: 0
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2018-11-09

GENUS INDEX

GENUS CODE: GAYLU
GENUS SCIENTIFIC: Gaylussacia
GENUS AUTHORITY: Kunth
GENUS COMMON: Huckleberry
GENUS SUMMARY: A genus of ca. 50 species, shrubs, of North and South America (centered in South America). The sections and subsections follow Sleumer (1967a). A study of the phylogeny of the genus Gaylussacia provided some evidence for the treatment of Gaylussacia brachycera as a monotypic genus or within Vaccinium; additional study is needed.
GENUS IDENTIFICATION:
GENUS REFERENCES: Sorrie, Weakley, & Tucker in FNA (2009); Sleumer (1967a)=Z; Camp (1935)=Y; Godfrey (1988)=X; Duncan & Brittain (1966)=V; Sorrie & Weakley (2007a)=U; Gajdeczka et al. (2010)= Q; Fernald (1911); Stevens et al. in Kubitzki (2004).

FAMILY INDEX

FAMILY CODE: ERICAC
FAMILY SCIENTIFIC: Ericaceae
FAMILY AUTHORITY: A.L. de Jussieu 1789
FAMILY COMMON: Heath Family
FAMILY SUMMARY: A family of about 107-124 genera and 3400-4100 species, primarily shrubs, small trees, and subshrubs, nearly cosmopolitan. The Ericaceae is very important in our area, which is one of the north temperate centers of diversity for the Ericaceae, with a great diversity of genera and species, many of them rather narrowly endemic. Along with Quercus and Pinus, various members of this family are dominant in much of our landscape.
FAMILY REFERENCE: Tucker in FNA (2009); Gillespie & Kron (2010, 2013); Kron et al. (2002); Wood (1961); Judd & Kron (1993); Kron & Chase (1993); Luteyn et al. (1996)=L; Dorr & Barrie (1993); Cullings & Hileman (1997); Stevens et al. in Kubitzki (2004).

NCBG DESCRIPTIVES

INTRO:
STEMS:
LEAVES:
INFLORESCENCE:
FLOWERS:
FRUITS:
COMMENTS:
HEIGHT:

DURATION: Perennial
HABIT: Shrub

LEAF ARRANGEMENT:
LEAF COMPLEXITY: Simple
LEAF RETENTION: Deciduous

FLORAL CHARACTERISTICS
SYMMETRY:
BLOOM TIME: Late Mar-May
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
x x x x x

BLOOM COLOR:
White Red Pink Orange Yellow Green Blue Lavender Purple Violet Brown Not Applicable
x x x

FRUITING PERIOD: Jun-Aug.

DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE:
NATIVE RANGE: eastern United States

HORTICULTURAL
Plant Sale Text:

Bloom Table Text:

NCBG Location:

Cultural Notes:

SOIL MOISTURE: Dry, Average, Moist/Wet
LIGHT EXPOSURE: Part Shade, Shade
MINIMUM HARDINESS ZONE:
MAXIMUM HARDINESS ZONE:
GERMINATION CODE:
WILDLIFE VALUE:
DEER RESISTANCE:

GRIM ACCESSIONS

acc_id acc_num acc_dt coll_id Action
45 2014-0001 2014-02-04 47 View
1843 1986-1624 View
2716 1987-0193 View
3334 1990-0202 View
7776 2001-0132 2001-06-27 View


GRIM COLLECTIONS

Coll_id Project Collection date Collector Action
47 HORT Liloia View


GRIM PLANTINGS

plt_num acc_id loc_num pers_num inst_dt Action
59 45 6 Liloia 2013-02-03 View
2934 1843 64 NCBG staff 1984-03-11 View
4526 2716 8 NCBG staff 1979-06-11 View
5552 3334 58 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
5553 3334 59 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
10980 7776 6 NCBG staff 1978-01-01 View

USDA PLANTS DATABASE

USDA Symbol: GAFR2
USDA Common Name: Blue Huckleberry
Native Status: L48 (N)
Distribution: USA (AL, CT, DC, DE, GA, KY, MA, MD, MS, NC, NH, NJ, NY, PA, RI, SC, TN, VA, WV)
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Shrub

NATIONAL WETLAND INDICATOR STATUS

Region:AGCPAKAWCBEMPGPHIMWNCNEWMVE
Status: FAC FAC FAC

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers 2016 National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.3 (Lichvar, R.W., D.L. Banks, W.N. Kirchner, and N.C. Melvin. 2016. The National Wetland Plant List: 2016 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2016-30: 1-17. Published 28 April 2016. ISSN 2153 733X). Regions: AGCP-Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain, AK-Alaska, AW-Arid West, CB-Caribbean, EMP-Eastern Mountains and Piedmont, GP-Great Plains, HI-Hawaii, MW-Midwest, NCNE-Northcentral and Northeast, WMCV-Western Mountains, Valleys & Coast

WEAKLEY FLORA

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Gaylussacia frondosa
COMMON NAME: Dangleberry
SYNONYMY: [= C, F, FNA, G, K, L, Pa, Q, W, V, Va; = G. frondosa var. frondosa - GW, RAB, X, Y, Z; = Decachaena frondosa (Linnaeus) Torrey & Gray - S]
PHENOLOGY: Late Mar-May; Jun-Aug.
HABITAT: Mesic, acidic woodlands, especially in sandhill-pocosin and savanna-pocosin ecotones, also in xeric chestnut oak forests in the lower Piedmont.
COMMENTS: Primarily a Southeastern Coastal Plain species: s. NH south to s. SC, less commonly inland to w. NY, c. and w. PA, w. VA, and w. SC.
RANGE MAP: Gaylussacia frondosa.png

Key to Map Symbols
ABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora)
Ericaceae A.L. de Jussieu 1789 (Heath Family)
SUMMARY: A family of about 107-124 genera and 3400-4100 species, primarily shrubs, small trees, and subshrubs, nearly cosmopolitan. The Ericaceae is very important in our area, which is one of the north temperate centers of diversity for the Ericaceae, with a great diversity of genera and species, many of them rather narrowly endemic. Along with Quercus and Pinus, various members of this family are dominant in much of our landscape.
REFERENCE: Tucker in FNA (2009); Gillespie & Kron (2010, 2013); Kron et al. (2002); Wood (1961); Judd & Kron (1993); Kron & Chase (1993); Luteyn et al. (1996)=L; Dorr & Barrie (1993); Cullings & Hileman (1997); Stevens et al. in Kubitzki (2004).
ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora)
Gaylussacia Kunth (Huckleberry)
SUMMARY: A genus of ca. 50 species, shrubs, of North and South America (centered in South America). The sections and subsections follow Sleumer (1967a). A study of the phylogeny of the genus Gaylussacia provided some evidence for the treatment of Gaylussacia brachycera as a monotypic genus or within Vaccinium; additional study is needed.
REFERENCE: Sorrie, Weakley, & Tucker in FNA (2009); Sleumer (1967a)=Z; Camp (1935)=Y; Godfrey (1988)=X; Duncan & Brittain (1966)=V; Sorrie & Weakley (2007a)=U; Gajdeczka et al. (2010)= Q; Fernald (1911); Stevens et al. in Kubitzki (2004).

HERBARIUM RESOURCES

SERNEC: Find Gaylussacia frondosa in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)
UNC SERNEC: Find Gaylussacia frondosa in University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)

WEB RESOURCES

USDA: Find Gaylussacia frondosa in USDA Plants
NPIN: Find Gaylussacia frondosa in NPIN Database
FNA: Find Gaylussacia frondosa in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Gaylussacia frondosa

NCBG IMAGE RECORDS

ID IMAGE1: 14640
ID IMAGE2: 14639
ID IMAGE3: 0

From the Image Gallery


Image ID: 14639

Image ID: 11205
3 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

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