Plant Index


 
 
 

Fraxinus pennsylvanica

Fraxinus pennsylvanica Marshall

green ash, red ash

Synonym(s): Fraxinus campestris, Fraxinus darlingtonii, Fraxinus lanceolata, Fraxinus pennsylvanica var. austinii, Fraxinus pennsylvanica var. integerrima, Fraxinus pennsylvanica var. lanceolata, Fraxinus pennsylvanica var. subintegerrima, Fraxinus smallii
Fraxinus pennsylvanica (Green Ash)
Image ID: 14563
Image by: Sorrie, Bruce A.
Image Collection: NCBG Digital Library

PLANT INDEX

ID_PLANT: FRPE
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Fraxinus pennsylvanica
Include in WOTAS: 0
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2019-11-30

GENUS INDEX

GENUS CODE: FRAXI
GENUS SCIENTIFIC: Fraxinus
GENUS AUTHORITY: L.
GENUS COMMON: Ash
GENUS SUMMARY: A genus of about 43-65 species, trees, mostly north temperate (Asia, North America, Europe).
GENUS IDENTIFICATION:
GENUS REFERENCES: Nesom (2010i)=X; Ward (2010a)=X; Hardin & Beckmann (1982)=Z; Miller (1955)=Y; Wallander (2008); Green in Kadereit (2004).

FAMILY INDEX

FAMILY CODE: OLEACE
FAMILY SCIENTIFIC: Oleaceae
FAMILY AUTHORITY: Hoffmansegg & Link 1813
FAMILY COMMON: Olive Family
FAMILY SUMMARY: A family of about 25 genera and 600-615 species, trees and shrubs, nearly cosmopolitan, but centered in Asia.
FAMILY REFERENCE: Hardin (1974)=Z; Green in Kadereit (2004).

NCBG DESCRIPTIVES

INTRO:
STEMS: Pith continuous. Young twigs (1-year-old or less) brown or gray or green, glabrous or glabrate or pubescent, tomentose. Twigs (2–4 years old) glabrous or pubescent. Leaf scars crescent-shaped or half-round, bundle scars numerous, stipule scars absent. Bark of mature trunks flaky or furrowed or ridged. Buds axillary or superposed or terminal, reddish-brown, 3–5 mm long, conic or ovoid or ovoid-conic, blunt or sharp, pubescent, bud scales imbricate.
LEAVES: Leaves deciduous, compound, once pinnately compound, petiolate, opposite, 15–30 cm long. Leaf upper surface green or yellow-green, glabrous. Leaf lower surface green, glabrous or glabrate or pubescent. Leaflets petiolulate or nearly sessile, (5–)7–9(–11) per leaf, 5–15(–18) cm long, 1.2–9 cm wide, lanceolate or oblong or oval or ovate, leaflet margins entire or crenate or serrate, leaflet apices acuminate or acute, leaflet bases attenuate or cuneate or oblique or obtuse or rounded, leaflet venation pinnate, terminal leaflet present (odd-pinnate). Petioles glabrous or glabrate or pubescent, winged. Rachises glabrous or glabrate or pubescent. Stipules absent.
INFLORESCENCE: Inflorescences axillary, fascicles or panicles, flowers stalked.
FLOWERS: Flowers unisexual or pistillate or staminate, hypogynous. Perianth. Calyx radially symmetric, synsepalous. Sepals 4 per flower, calyx tubes 0.5–1.5 mm long, persistent. Corolla absent. Androecium. Stamens 2 per flower, separate. Gynoecium. Ovaries superior, pistils 1 per flower. Gynoecium syncarpous, 2 carpels per flower, styles 1 per pistil, placentation axile.
FRUITS: Fruits samaras, 2.5–7.5 cm long, brown or red or tan or yellow or yellow-green, fruit maturation 1 years.
COMMENTS: Abaxial surface of leaflets not papillose (use at least 20x magnification); upper edge of leaf scars usually straight or with a shallow notch; wing extending along the rounded body of the fruit about 1/2 its length.
HEIGHT: (10–)15–25(–45) m tall.

DURATION: Perennial
HABIT: Tree

LEAF ARRANGEMENT: Opposite
LEAF COMPLEXITY: Pinnate
LEAF RETENTION: Deciduous

FLORAL CHARACTERISTICS
SYMMETRY: Radial (Actinomorphic)
BLOOM TIME: April
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
x x x x

BLOOM COLOR:
White Red Pink Orange Yellow Green Blue Lavender Purple Violet Brown Not Applicable
x x

FRUITING PERIOD: Aug-Oct.

DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE: Bottomlands, Disturbed, Moist forests, Woods margins
NATIVE RANGE:

HORTICULTURAL
Plant Sale Text:

Bloom Table Text:

NCBG Location:

Cultural Notes:

SOIL MOISTURE: Average, Moist/Wet
LIGHT EXPOSURE: Sun, Part Shade, Shade
MINIMUM HARDINESS ZONE:
MAXIMUM HARDINESS ZONE:
GERMINATION CODE:
WILDLIFE VALUE:
DEER RESISTANCE:

GRIM ACCESSIONS

acc_id acc_num acc_dt coll_id Action
3795 1991-0490 View
4581 1992-0737 View
4943 1995-0061 View
5119 1995-0238 View
6105 1995-1236 View


GRIM COLLECTIONS

Coll_id Project Collection date Collector Action
542 SOS 2015-10-07 Faucette View


GRIM PLANTINGS

plt_num acc_id loc_num pers_num inst_dt Action
6104 3795 199 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View
6910 4581 200 NCBG staff 1993-03-01 View
7362 4943 202 NCBG staff 1992-01-01 View
7541 5119 203 NCBG staff 1992-01-01 View
8760 6105 2 NCBG staff 0000-00-00 View

USDA PLANTS DATABASE

USDA Symbol: FRPE
USDA Common Name: Green Ash
Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N)
Distribution: USA (AL, AR, CO, CT, DC, DE, FL, GA, IA, IL, IN, KS, KY, LA, MA, MD, ME, MI, MN, MO, MS, MT, NC, ND, NE, NH, NJ, NM, NY, OH, OK, PA, RI, SC, SD, TN, TX, UT, VA, VT, WI, WV, WY), CAN (AB, MB, NB, NS, ON, PE, QC, SK)
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Tree

NATIONAL WETLAND INDICATOR STATUS

Region:AGCPAKAWCBEMPGPHIMWNCNEWMVE
Status: FACW FACW FACW FAC FACW FACW FAC

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers 2016 National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.3 (Lichvar, R.W., D.L. Banks, W.N. Kirchner, and N.C. Melvin. 2016. The National Wetland Plant List: 2016 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2016-30: 1-17. Published 28 April 2016. ISSN 2153 733X). Regions: AGCP-Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain, AK-Alaska, AW-Arid West, CB-Caribbean, EMP-Eastern Mountains and Piedmont, GP-Great Plains, HI-Hawaii, MW-Midwest, NCNE-Northcentral and Northeast, WMCV-Western Mountains, Valleys & Coast

WEAKLEY FLORA

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Fraxinus pennsylvanica
COMMON NAME: Green Ash, Red Ash
SYNONYMY: [= C, GW, K1, Mo, Pa, Va, W, X, Z; > F. pennsylvanica var. subintegerrima (Vahl) Fernald - F, G, RAB, WV; > F. pennsylvanica var. pennsylvanica - F, G, RAB, WV; > F. pennsylvanica var. austinii Fernald - F; > F. darlingtonii Britton - S; > F. pennsylvanica - S; < F. pennsylvanica - WH3; ? F. pennsylvanica ssp. pennsylvanica - Y]
PHENOLOGY: Apr-May; Aug-Oct.
HABITAT: Bottomlands and swamps, especially along brownwater rivers and streams, rarely on mesic upland disturbed sites.
COMMENTS: NS west to AB, south to FL and TX. Variation in this species (see synonymy) needs further study.
RANGE MAP: Fraxinus pennsylvanica.png

Key to Map Symbols
ABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora)
Oleaceae Hoffmansegg & Link 1813 (Olive Family)
SUMMARY: A family of about 25 genera and 600-615 species, trees and shrubs, nearly cosmopolitan, but centered in Asia.
REFERENCE: Hardin (1974)=Z; Green in Kadereit (2004).
ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora)
Fraxinus L. (Ash)
SUMMARY: A genus of about 43-65 species, trees, mostly north temperate (Asia, North America, Europe).
REFERENCE: Nesom (2010i)=X; Ward (2010a)=X; Hardin & Beckmann (1982)=Z; Miller (1955)=Y; Wallander (2008); Green in Kadereit (2004).

HERBARIUM RESOURCES

SERNEC: Find Fraxinus pennsylvanica in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)
UNC SERNEC: Find Fraxinus pennsylvanica in University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)

WEB RESOURCES

USDA: Find Fraxinus pennsylvanica in USDA Plants
NPIN: Find Fraxinus pennsylvanica in NPIN Database
FNA: Find Fraxinus pennsylvanica in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Fraxinus pennsylvanica

NCBG IMAGE RECORDS

ID IMAGE1: 14563
ID IMAGE2: 14563
ID IMAGE3: 0

From the Image Gallery


Image ID: 14564

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Image ID: 34259
9 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

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