GENUS CODE: FOTHE GENUS SCIENTIFIC:Fothergilla GENUS AUTHORITY: L. GENUS COMMON: Witchalder GENUS SUMMARY: A genus of 3 species, shrubs, of temperate e. North America. GENUS IDENTIFICATION: Identification notes: Fothergilla majoroften occurs with Hamamelis virginiana, with which it is easily confused in vegetative condition; a reliable character is the base of the lateral veins (marginal in Fothergilla, included in leaf tissue in Hamamelis). Most of the cultivated material of Fothergilla, including the best known cultivar ‘Mount Airy,’ are Fothergilla ×intermedia Ranney & Fantz, a pentaploid hybrid of tetraploid F. gardenii and hexaploid F. major (Ranney et al. 2007; Darke 2008). GENUS REFERENCES: Qi et al. (2015); Meyer in FNA (1997); Weaver (1969)=Z; Darke (2008); Ranney et al. (2007); Endress in Kubitzki, Rohwer, & Bittrich (1993).
FAMILY CODE: HAMAME FAMILY SCIENTIFIC:Hamamelidaceae FAMILY AUTHORITY: R. Brown 1818 FAMILY COMMON: Witch-hazel Family FAMILY SUMMARY: A family of ca. 27 genera and ca. 87 species, trees and shrubs, tropical to temperate, and especially e. Asian. FAMILY REFERENCE: Meyer in FNA (1997); Endress in Kubitzki, Rohwer, & Bittrich (1993).
FRUITING PERIOD: Sep-Oct. DISTRIBUTION
NATIVE RANGE: southeastern United States HORTICULTURAL
Plant Sale Text: Amazing bottlebrush-like short spikes of fragrant white flowers in spring just before the leaves emerge, picture book fall foliage all orangey orange and sunset red (Dirr calls it â€śone of the great American native shrubs for fall colorâ€ť) This little shrub easy to grow in average garden soil (as long as drainage is provided) and tolerant of a little shade. Not at all bothered by garden diseases. Early bloomer for the early pollinators. Every garden should have three.
This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers 2016 National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.3 (Lichvar, R.W., D.L. Banks, W.N. Kirchner, and N.C. Melvin. 2016. The National Wetland Plant List: 2016 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2016-30: 1-17. Published 28 April 2016. ISSN 2153 733X). Regions: AGCP-Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain, AK-Alaska, AW-Arid West, CB-Caribbean, EMP-Eastern Mountains and Piedmont, GP-Great Plains, HI-Hawaii, MW-Midwest, NCNE-Northcentral and Northeast, WMCV-Western Mountains, Valleys & Coast
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Fothergilla gardenii
COMMON NAME: Coastal Witch-alder
SYNONYMY: [= F, FNA, GW, K, RAB, WH3, Z; > F. gardeni - S, orthographic variant; > F. parvifolia Kearney - S]
PHENOLOGY: Mar-May; Sep-Oct.
HABITAT: Wet savannas, pocosins, and margins of pocosins, Baygalls, and pitcherplant bogs.
COMMENTS: Se. NC (and allegedly se. VA) south to GA (?). An ornamental prized for its small size and attractive fall color. A tetraploid species (2n=4x=48) (Ranney et al. 2012).
RANGE MAP: Fothergilla gardenii.png
Key to Map SymbolsABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora) Hamamelidaceae R. Brown 1818 (Witch-hazel Family) SUMMARY: A family of ca. 27 genera and ca. 87 species, trees and shrubs, tropical to temperate, and especially e. Asian. REFERENCE: Meyer in FNA (1997); Endress in Kubitzki, Rohwer, & Bittrich (1993).ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora) Fothergilla L. (Witchalder) SUMMARY: A genus of 3 species, shrubs, of temperate e. North America. REFERENCE: Qi et al. (2015); Meyer in FNA (1997); Weaver (1969)=Z; Darke (2008); Ranney et al. (2007); Endress in Kubitzki, Rohwer, & Bittrich (1993).
SERNEC: Find Fothergilla gardenii in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available) UNC SERNEC: Find Fothergilla gardenii in
University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)