Plant Index


 
 
 

Fothergilla gardenii

Fothergilla gardenii L.

dwarf witchalder, coastal witch-alder

Synonym(s): Fothergilla parvifolia
Cultivar(s): Chattanooga
Fothergilla gardenii (Dwarf Witchalder)
Image ID: 14544
Image by: Sorrie, Bruce A.
Image Collection: NCBG Digital Library

PLANT INDEX

ID_PLANT: FOGA
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Fothergilla gardenii
Include in WOTAS: 0
Publish to Web: 1
Last Modified: 2018-11-08

CULTIVAR INDEX

Cult_id Cultivar_name Action
1347 Chattanooga View

GENUS INDEX

GENUS CODE: FOTHE
GENUS SCIENTIFIC: Fothergilla
GENUS AUTHORITY: L.
GENUS COMMON: Witchalder
GENUS SUMMARY: A genus of 3 species, shrubs, of temperate e. North America.
GENUS IDENTIFICATION: Identification notes: Fothergilla major often occurs with Hamamelis virginiana, with which it is easily confused in vegetative condition; a reliable character is the base of the lateral veins (marginal in Fothergilla, included in leaf tissue in Hamamelis). Most of the cultivated material of Fothergilla, including the best known cultivar ‘Mount Airy,’ are Fothergilla ×intermedia Ranney & Fantz, a pentaploid hybrid of tetraploid F. gardenii and hexaploid F. major (Ranney et al. 2007; Darke 2008).
GENUS REFERENCES: Qi et al. (2015); Meyer in FNA (1997); Weaver (1969)=Z; Darke (2008); Ranney et al. (2007); Endress in Kubitzki, Rohwer, & Bittrich (1993).

FAMILY INDEX

FAMILY CODE: HAMAME
FAMILY SCIENTIFIC: Hamamelidaceae
FAMILY AUTHORITY: R. Brown 1818
FAMILY COMMON: Witch-hazel Family
FAMILY SUMMARY: A family of ca. 27 genera and ca. 87 species, trees and shrubs, tropical to temperate, and especially e. Asian.
FAMILY REFERENCE: Meyer in FNA (1997); Endress in Kubitzki, Rohwer, & Bittrich (1993).

NCBG DESCRIPTIVES

INTRO:
STEMS:
LEAVES:
INFLORESCENCE:
FLOWERS:
FRUITS:
COMMENTS:
HEIGHT: 3 ft.

DURATION: Perennial
HABIT: Shrub

LEAF ARRANGEMENT: Alternate
LEAF COMPLEXITY: Simple
LEAF RETENTION: Deciduous

FLORAL CHARACTERISTICS
SYMMETRY:
BLOOM TIME: Mar-May
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
x x x

BLOOM COLOR: White flowers
White Red Pink Orange Yellow Green Blue Lavender Purple Violet Brown Not Applicable
x

FRUITING PERIOD: Sep-Oct.

DISTRIBUTION
HABITAT TYPE:
NATIVE RANGE: southeastern United States

HORTICULTURAL
Plant Sale Text: Amazing bottlebrush-like short spikes of fragrant white flowers in spring just before the leaves emerge, picture book fall foliage all orangey orange and sunset red (Dirr calls it “one of the great American native shrubs for fall color”) This little shrub easy to grow in average garden soil (as long as drainage is provided) and tolerant of a little shade. Not at all bothered by garden diseases. Early bloomer for the early pollinators. Every garden should have three.

Bloom Table Text:

NCBG Location:

Cultural Notes:

SOIL MOISTURE: Average, Well-drained
LIGHT EXPOSURE: Sun, Part Shade
MINIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 5
MAXIMUM HARDINESS ZONE: 9
GERMINATION CODE:
WILDLIFE VALUE:
DEER RESISTANCE:

GRIM ACCESSIONS

acc_id acc_num acc_dt coll_id Action
185 2008-0357 2019-07-05 185 View
880 1985-0552 View
1933 1986-1719 View
3307 1990-0171 View
6661 1996-0310 View
6855 1998-0061 View
8057 2004-0065 2004-09-09 View
8414 2005-0236 2005-08-07 View


GRIM COLLECTIONS

Coll_id Project Collection date Collector Action
185 HORT 2008-04-09 Stern View
1295 HORT 2006-07-28 Bryan View


GRIM PLANTINGS

plt_num acc_id loc_num pers_num inst_dt Action
362 185 170 Stern 2008-04-09 View
1641 880 158 NCBG staff 1980-12-29 View
3073 1933 6 NCBG staff 1986-12-22 View
5491 3307 59 NCBG staff 1967-12-31 View
9420 6661 116 NCBG staff 1967-12-01 View
9717 6855 160 NCBG staff 1997-10-23 View
11323 8057 27 NCBG staff 2003-07-17 View

USDA PLANTS DATABASE

USDA Symbol: FOGA
USDA Common Name: Dwarf Witchalder
Native Status: L48 (N)
Distribution: USA (AL, FL, GA, NC, SC)
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Shrub

NATIONAL WETLAND INDICATOR STATUS

Region:AGCPAKAWCBEMPGPHIMWNCNEWMVE
Status: FACW FACW

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers 2016 National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.3 (Lichvar, R.W., D.L. Banks, W.N. Kirchner, and N.C. Melvin. 2016. The National Wetland Plant List: 2016 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2016-30: 1-17. Published 28 April 2016. ISSN 2153 733X). Regions: AGCP-Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain, AK-Alaska, AW-Arid West, CB-Caribbean, EMP-Eastern Mountains and Piedmont, GP-Great Plains, HI-Hawaii, MW-Midwest, NCNE-Northcentral and Northeast, WMCV-Western Mountains, Valleys & Coast

WEAKLEY FLORA

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Fothergilla gardenii
COMMON NAME: Coastal Witch-alder
SYNONYMY: [= F, FNA, GW, K, RAB, WH3, Z; > F. gardeni - S, orthographic variant; > F. parvifolia Kearney - S]
PHENOLOGY: Mar-May; Sep-Oct.
HABITAT: Wet savannas, pocosins, and margins of pocosins, Baygalls, and pitcherplant bogs.
COMMENTS: Se. NC (and allegedly se. VA) south to GA (?). An ornamental prized for its small size and attractive fall color. A tetraploid species (2n=4x=48) (Ranney et al. 2012).
RANGE MAP: Fothergilla gardenii.png

Key to Map Symbols
ABOUT FAMILY (Weakley Flora)
Hamamelidaceae R. Brown 1818 (Witch-hazel Family)
SUMMARY: A family of ca. 27 genera and ca. 87 species, trees and shrubs, tropical to temperate, and especially e. Asian.
REFERENCE: Meyer in FNA (1997); Endress in Kubitzki, Rohwer, & Bittrich (1993).
ABOUT GENUS (Weakley Flora)
Fothergilla L. (Witchalder)
SUMMARY: A genus of 3 species, shrubs, of temperate e. North America.
REFERENCE: Qi et al. (2015); Meyer in FNA (1997); Weaver (1969)=Z; Darke (2008); Ranney et al. (2007); Endress in Kubitzki, Rohwer, & Bittrich (1993).

HERBARIUM RESOURCES

SERNEC: Find Fothergilla gardenii in Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)
UNC SERNEC: Find Fothergilla gardenii in University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Herbarium - Southeast Regional Network of Experts and Collections (if available)

WEB RESOURCES

USDA: Find Fothergilla gardenii in USDA Plants
NPIN: Find Fothergilla gardenii in NPIN Database
FNA: Find Fothergilla gardenii in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Fothergilla gardenii

NCBG IMAGE RECORDS

ID IMAGE1: 14544
ID IMAGE2: 7323
ID IMAGE3: 5166

From the Image Gallery


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25 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

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